Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Few questions related to Tension

I am struggling with the concept of tension in a rope. Below specific questions. I am understanding tension to be an elastic force between rope molecules. If so, is it fair to say the net tension ...
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2answers
138 views

Is sonic boom louder than the sounds that a object traveling at the speed of sound makes, if so why?

Here are the wave-front models for both: I am in an introductory physics course. Just learned about this. I am not entirely sure if sonic boom is louder. But from what I saw, it's loudness is ...
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0answers
37 views

High School Physics [on hold]

Two girls are standing on a bridge over a river. One girl falls freely and the other ties a rope to her legs. Both jump at the same time from the bridge. The length of the rope is more than the ...
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2answers
38 views

Question regarding elastic collisions and the conservation of momentum / energy [on hold]

I've been working on this question for a few hours and I cannot quite convince myself that my answer is correct. I've read the relevant section in my textbook, but I guess the lightbulb just isn't ...
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0answers
48 views

Why move from Special Relativity to General Relativity? [on hold]

The concept of relativity is simple. Why take Maxwell's equations to a new Special Relativity level with the unproven assumption that photons have no mass? All other physical data (momentum, affected ...
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1answer
32 views

basic question about work exercise

I am learning independently from Tobochnik's statistical physics text. He asks a warm up question about work: A person pushes a block up a frictionless ramp. Is the work positive, negative, ...
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1answer
27 views

Force dependence on velocity : Drag

I just listened to the second lecture of Leonard Susskind on classical mechanics where he discussed that force can't be proportional to velocity, since it's unable to retro-dict (predict past). He ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the longest distance that can be jumped after swinging from a rope?

In the movie Mission Impossible 3, the main character Ethan Hunt tries to enter a building in Shanghai by swing through the sky, as shown below: The jump consists of 2 sections, the red part, which ...
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0answers
18 views

Analysing kinetic energy in different frames [duplicate]

Case A: Say we observe a body X moving with a velocity of 30 on the +x and we(the observer) are stationary. Case B: The observer moves with a velocity of 50 on the -x. The body X is moving in the ...
2
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4answers
277 views

Rate at which a pendulum bob slows due to air resistance?

I know that "perfect" pendulums would be able to swing forever, unperturbed by air resistance. However, since there is air resistance around us, pendulums (swinging bobs) slow down and move closer and ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Velocity of satellite to crash into the earth

I was reading through this post today and was very impressed by the response that was given. However, what would have to happen to the velocity in order to collide with the Earth? Velocity of ...
-1
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2answers
40 views

Does displacement affect force? [on hold]

I am sorry for being unclear with my previous question. The main topic of the experiment we conducted was about work. As we learned: $W = Fd$ Work, from my understanding, is the product of work and ...
2
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2answers
435 views

How do I describe the order of events in spacetime?

In Newtonian mechanics, we have 3-space and time. Time allows us to order events. For example, I hold a ball in the air at time $t_0$. Then I drop it at some later time $t_1 > t_0$. Finally it hits ...
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1answer
179 views

Is the double pendulum an example of a strange attractor?

Imagine a pendulum to which is attached another one (not necessarily the same length). Does this pendulum, when you let it go (which can be done in many ways but let's keep the total potential ...
1
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0answers
35 views

What really is force? [duplicate]

I know the second law of Newton says $F=ma$ which seems to me the most fundamental expression of the force. In other words, force cannot exist without a "forced" one. It is somehow a "secondary" being,...
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1answer
113 views

Problem in constraint equations

In this, if I want the acceleration constraint between $M$ and $2M$, I write $AM+2AB$=LENGTH OF STRING, which on differentiating twice gives $a_{m}=2a_{2m}$(which turns out to be correct). However, if ...
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3answers
376 views

Are Newton's laws followed in non-inertial frame of references having all their objects and observer moving with same acceleration? [on hold]

Consider a hypothetical scenario. In our universe there are two merry-go-rounds 1 and 2 and a distant planet. There is no other object having mass. There is a robot X on the planet. There are two ...
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0answers
16 views

Simple harmonic motion [on hold]

A body executing shm has 10cm as amplitude and time period is 1.5s. Calculate the time taken by the body to travel a distance 5√3 cm from the mean position. I have used the formula x=asim(wt) And ...
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2answers
10k views

Understanding tension

I'm trying to understand tension. So here it goes: I'll start from the beginning. Let's assume I'm in space and can move around and apply forces. Let's say a rope is attached to a body(which is in ...
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2answers
47 views

Work done by internal forces of a rigid body

I am reading Goldstein's Classical Mechanics book, and I came across that: In a rigid body the internal forces do no work Is this statement based on the assumption that the internal forces are ...
2
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4answers
291 views

Centripetal and centrifugal force

If a stone is rotated with the help of a rope, then both centripetal force and centrifugal force will be liberated. The magnitude of that forces are same, but direction of them are opposite to each ...
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3answers
5k views

Uniform chain falls off table Diff EQ

I really need some assistance setting up this problem. any assistance would be a Godsend: a uniform heavy chain of length a initially has length ...
6
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1answer
331 views

Derivation of Universal Variables

Does anyone know of link to the derivation of the Universal Variables? This is in regards to Kepler's equations. The Wikipedia link didn't have enough information for me, and the Colorado page doesn'...
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1answer
102 views

Why do icebergs move perpendicular to the wind?

I know it has to do with to Coriolis force and the Ekman layer but I didn't really understand the explanation. From Wikipedia: "Ekman transport, part of Ekman motion theory first investigated in ...
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0answers
24 views

Stuck with 2D kinetics problem [on hold]

I've been trying to solve this exercise for the last four hours and I'm totally stuck. The problems goes like this: Given the mechanism in the image, located in the vertical plane, the OB cord ...
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0answers
11 views

How do rockets fly? [duplicate]

Is it that when a rocket loses its mass due to the escaping gases that results in its acceleration due to the same force acting upwards? If so, how is Newton's Third Law associated with it?
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2answers
32 views

Forces on body above body moving at constant velocity [on hold]

Let's say the system is moving at constant velocity. What are the forces applied on B? Is there a static friction force? I find it hard to imagine what is happening to object B. $\Sigma F$ is $0$ on A ...
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1answer
45 views

How do gravitational sling shots work? [duplicate]

How can an object move faster after leaving the gravity of a planet, should a gain in potential energy by moving away from the planet lead to a loss of kinetic energy? Or am I missing something ...
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6answers
1k views

Why is Newton's first law necessary?

Newton's second law says $F=ma$. Now if we put $F=0$ we get $a=0$ which is Newton's first law. So why do we need Newton's first law ? Before asking I did some searching and I got this: Newtons first ...
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1answer
56 views

Conservation of enegry in case of Exploding Projectile [on hold]

Consider the following problem : A projectile of mass M explodes, while in flight, into three fragments. One fragment of mass $m_1 =\frac12 M$ travels in the original direction of the projectile. ...
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1answer
142 views

Why is the object's maximum speed at $x=0$ for spring? [on hold]

My book derives velocity of the hanging object of a horizontal spring (on frictionless surface) as a function position: $$v=\pm \sqrt{\frac{k}{m}(A^2-x^2)}$$ and shows the maximum speed is at when x (...
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2answers
159 views

Normal Force in Circular Motion

In the above diagram, sec 1 (on the left side), an object of mass $m$, after releasing from rest from a slant track, continues into a vertical circular track. At a random position on the circular ...
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0answers
40 views

Friction and movement in a system with body above moving body in newtonian mechanics [on hold]

I have a problem in analyzing movement with friction involved. I do not know how to correctly analyze systems as such and what is the correct view. I have tried to answer the several question below. ...
-1
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1answer
36 views

understanding kinetic friction [on hold]

I have a pen on my table. I apply force horizontally to my pen. The force I apply is stronger then the maximum static friction so it moves. I move the pen at constant velocity. Now if we look ...
3
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1answer
240 views

Torsional spring and Euler angles

I have a question about the moments generated by torsional springs. Consider an inertial reference frame A and a body fixed reference frame B. The frames are connected by 3 rotational springs acting ...
0
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1answer
45 views

In the following problem, where did $v_{cm}$ come from? [on hold]

In the following problem, where did come from? I don't recall any formula that this equation could be derived from...?
3
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2answers
170 views

How can one conclude upward force is related to tension in this question?

In preparation for the SAT Physics Subject Test, I have been doing extra practice problems. This one states: A garment bag hangs from a clothesline. The tension in the clothesline is $10 \,\text{N}$ ...
15
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4answers
327 views

Why don't hexapods gallop?

I haven't observed any terrestrial hexapods that gallop like agile tetrapods(cheetahs/horses). Instead, I've observed that all of them scuttle which constrains their maximum velocity. And after ...
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0answers
24 views

Riemann Invariants

I understand that the Riemann Invariants for an expansion wave (isentropic) are constant along the particular characteristic line i.e.: $u + \frac{2c}{\gamma-1} = const $ along $dx/dt=u+a$ (1) ...
34
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7answers
5k views

Why don't we feel the subtle speed change of Earth's elliptical orbit?

Earth's orbit is a slight ellipse, so to conserve momentum its speed increases when it is closest to the Sun. If the speed changes there is an acceleration. If there is an acceleration there is a ...
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2answers
30 views

Setting up equations for a vertical spring-mass system [on hold]

I am preparing for an exam in classical mechanics and today I have encountered a slight problem when solving a more complex spring-mass system. Consider the following setup: Then the system of ...
-4
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0answers
29 views

Moment of Inertia of a curved part of a graph [closed]

How to find the moment of inertia of a curve about a given axis. For example : How can we find the MI of the curved part of :$$\sin x\ $$ EDIT: Assume the range from $$[0 ,2\pi ]$$ and the axis to ...
1
vote
2answers
227 views

Breaking Newton's 3rd Law?

I am having trouble explaining how the following experiment actually works, but it does.? Place a neodymium magnet on a piece of Styrofoam and a test tube of water next to it on the same piece of ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Please tell me which of the Equation is wrong; the Angular momentum or the momentum? [closed]

(Sorry, it's not 2M. It's m+M) Two rigid body is fastened at a stick. A bullet collides into the first body and become one, and the stick rotates. When the bullet collides, there is no outer torque ...
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2answers
80 views

Why does Goldstein's derivation of orbits from Newton's law not yield the orbit consisting of symmetric oscillation along a line thru center of Sun?

Why does Goldstein's derivation of Keplerian orbits from Newton's law of gravity not yield the orbit consisting of symmetric oscillation along a line passing thru the center of the Sun? The fact that ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Foucault pendulum, where did I go wrong?

I wanted to approximate the number $N$ of periodes needed, such that the foucault pendelum turns one time. Though my result is off by the factor 2 of the results I found. What I did: I assume the ...
5
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2answers
146 views

Kepler Orbits: Small Perturbations->Elliptical Orbits

A group of my physics classmates and I have been stuck on this problem. We have tried a few approaches. The problem is to show that a body following a circular orbit, when given a small radial ...
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0answers
37 views

All about Frictions. (Help me) [on hold]

A 20-kg body is on a plane inclined at 60° from the horizontal. The coefficient of friction is 0.22. What force at 30° with the plane will cause the body to move upward at a uniform speed? 2.A block ...
13
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3answers
2k views

Why is the period of rotation the same for two stars orbiting the same centre?

In a binary star system, two stars $A$ and $B$ follow circular orbits, of radius $R$ and $r$ respectively, centred on their common centre of mass $O$. The mass of star $A$ is $M$, and that of star $B$ ...
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3answers
110 views

Why centripetal force does not increase the value of tangential velocity?

I found in a text book that the value does not change because the centripetal force is perpendicular to the tangential velocity. But I am confused, because a vector can have a component, which is ...