Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Who does work while walking?

While walking the work done by friction is zero. But who does the work, actually? How someone is getting displaced? This situation also arises when someone climbs without slipping or is climbing a ...
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35 views

Will I be able to push a small object in front of me in the outer space?

Imagine I am standing on Earth, and pushing a tennis ball away from me. The ball moves. If it is very heavy, I will move back instead of the ball. Now consider the same scenario in outer space, where ...
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2answers
449 views

The Relationship Between Crater Diameter and the Velocity of an Object

I'm doing a design lab, where I have to "investigate the nature of craters formed on sand." I've done some research and figured out that the cube of the diameter ($d$) of the crater formed by an ...
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2answers
485 views

Which force is responsible for victory in tug of war?

I'm confused: In a tug of war game on rough ground who will win? The one who applies greater force on the rope or the one who applies greater force on ground?
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2answers
323 views

How does escape velocity relate to energy and speed?

I have several confusions regarding escape velocity. I am sure I am missing something(s) obvious or maybe I am taught wrong. Lets say we throw an object of any mass at exactly escape velocity of ...
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1answer
83 views

How far do atoms move in a wire when whirling it horizontally? [on hold]

so the question is: I whirl a mass m attached to a wire with length L and diameter d around my head in the horizontal plane. The mass takes t seconds to move around a circle. How far do the ...
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2answers
44 views

Application of Newton's third law

By newton's third law , we know that every action has an equal and opposite reaction .We move left when we push slightly on the right and move forward as we push backward . But how do rockets , ...
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2answers
76 views

Which Force would help find the mass?

A and B are connected to a rope. A constant upward force 86.0N is applied to box A. Starting from rest, box B descends 12.1m in 4.70s . The tension in the rope connecting the two boxes is 32.0N. What ...
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1answer
33 views

Weight held by jet stream of water

Consider a bucket of weight $W$, held in air by a jet stream of water from the ground (moving vertically upwards) at height $h$. The water is fired from the ground at the rate of $\mu$ (units ...
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2answers
64 views

Why doesn't a car slide down a banked road when there is no friction?

In case of banked roads without friction, there is an additional $mg \sin(\theta)$ which is unbalanced. Why isn't this taken into account because it is responsible for making the vehicle slide down ...
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1answer
152 views

Is work is equal to $mv^2$ (without $\frac{1}{2}$)?

I was trying to come up with an equation for work that doesn't include time, because I don't know time. Here's what I did: $$ work = Fd = mad = m{v\over t}d = m{v\over\left({d\over v}\right)}d = ...
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2answers
28 views

Restoring Force

Consider a pendulum hanging straight down. Say I pull it to the $\textbf{right}$ some angle $\phi$. Using Newton's laws in polar coordinates, I find that in the that force in the $\hat\phi$ direction ...
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1answer
29 views

Calculating deceleration from a non-constant force [on hold]

As a background : I am trying to design a spring to locate at the end of a zip-line (flying fox) to decelerate a person slowly. I am having some trouble working out the deceleration because it ...
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1answer
16 views

Forces acting on a double pulley

In a double pulley system, if the mass of the object is 10 kg and the object is accelerating upwards at 2 m/s$^2$, what is the tension in the ropes? I figured the weight of the box is 100N and the ...
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0answers
40 views

Show that the profile of the hill is a cycloid [on hold]

I'm struggling with this problem: From George Simmons_ Differential Equations I've tried different things and I showed that the $x$ component and the $y$ component of the shadow should move with ...
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3answers
107 views

Different results to a basic question ( Newton's law and perservation of momentum)

Trolley with mass of $m_0=1 \ kg$ is moving without friction on the railway track. It is raining so there is a constant mass flow of water $\Phi_m=0.1\ kg/s$. Constant force $F=0.1 \ N$ is ...
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1answer
110 views

Feynman's derivation of Bernoulli (part of it)

OK, so what's up with the $\Delta M$ here? I don't get it. In fact, my textbook doesn't even put it in. I don't think it is a type-o because he continues on with the explanation. If anything I got ...
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1answer
27 views

Pseudoforce and friction: confusion

Consider the following situation. A block of mass $M$ is resting on a rough horizontal ground, and a frame is moving towards the right horizontally with an acceleration $a$. Suppose the coefficient of ...
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3answers
175 views

Confused about Newton's 3rd law

I am confused about Newton's 3rd Law. If a person jumps off the ground a force is applied both to the person and to the ground. However, as $F=ma$ acceleration experienced by the Earth is much less ...
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0answers
30 views

Solenoid pull force & Velocity calculation

So I am building a circular accelerator (like a slightly oversimplified model version of CERN) as a physics project, and I'm at a dead end. I believe I need to know how to work out differential ...
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2answers
27 views

Does the coefficient of restitution matter in a collision?

Suppose two particles are colliding. Let initial velocities be $u_1$ and $u_2$ .Their final velocities are $v_1$ and $v_2$. Now $u_1$ and $u_2$ are known. By intuition I can understand that $v_1$ and ...
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1answer
45 views

A moving inclined plane with block problem

I'm trying to solve for a challenging problem : a moving inclined plane with a block I want to solve for the acceleration components for the block and the plane and the normal force acting on the ...
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1answer
23 views

Normal force on varying mass

A cart filled with a mass $m_0$ of sand leaks it at a constant rate of $\mu \ \mathrm{kg/s}$ through a hole at the bottom of the cart. Suppose that the cart is moving on rails. Find the ...
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2answers
41 views

equivalent spring constant for a drum floating in water

If I have a drum floating in water, how do I find the equivalent spring constant? I know that the water has density $\rho$, the drum has diameter $d$ and height $\ell$, and the positive direction is ...
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2answers
328 views

The acceleration vector of a simple pendulum

In this picture the acceleration vector $\vec{a}$ points upward when the pendulum is halfway Click To see animated GIF But according to this picture, the force acts tangentially: Which means the ...
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2answers
88 views

Two expressions for potential energy in the gravitational field of the earth

Let $M$ be the mass of the earth, considered as a point mass, then the potential energy of a point with distance $r$ away from the center (assume $r > \textrm{radius of earth})$ is $$ U(r) = ...
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1answer
60 views

An oscillating skateboard

A half pipe of a skateboard park consists of a concrete trough with a semicircular section of radius 5m, I hold a frictionless skateboard on the side of the trough, pointing down toward the bottom and ...
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2answers
71 views

Calculating the rate at which a car turns

This is going to be difficult to describe, as I have no real concept of this sort of physics, so please bear with me. If this is too much or beyond the scope of this website, I apologize. I am making ...
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3answers
33 views

Work done by gravity on a ball & the ball on earth

I have studied today that if a ball was to fall a certain height, then the work done by gravity on the ball would equal the work done by the ball's equal and opposite gravitational pull. By $W=Fd$, ...
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1answer
84 views

Rotation and fictitious forces

A bug eats through an apple and forms a vertical, infinitesimally thin canal parallel to the vertical diameter at a distance $\frac{R}{2}$ from the center. The apple rotates at angular velocity around ...
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1answer
2k views

Is angular momentum always conserved in the absence of an external torque?

Consider either the angular momentum of the earth around the sun or equivalently swinging a ball horizontally on a string. I know that with respect to the point of rotation of the swinging ball, ...
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1answer
51 views

“Rocket in a box” thought experiment

Here's a thought experiment that I came up with a while ago. It might be hard to visualize, so I'll describe it as best I can. Take a rocket in a vacuum, in outer space. Attach a large "box" to the ...
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0answers
45 views

Infinite Atwood (pulley) system - what's wrong with this? [on hold]

Each block has mass $m$. We are finding acceleration of topmost block. Assume the tension $T$ acting on topmost block and acceleration $a$ in upward direction. Then tension on second block is ...
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2answers
41 views

Time of flight for a projectile with stated initial velocity and size at various distances

I've been mooching round the internet looking for an answer to this one and can't find a ready resource, hence the question. In short, I'm trying to discover the flight time of a shotgun pellet at ...
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2answers
1k views

What causes light to move through a vacuum

I was looking at rockets and stuff and thought about how they move through a vacuum using newtons 3rd law, and then I started thinking of any other ways you could move through a vacuum without using ...
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1answer
24 views

Why is there a static frictional force on an object that rolls without slipping?

It is clear that if a frictional force must exist on an object that rolls without slipping, it must a static frictional force because the contact point of the object with the ground does not move. I ...
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4answers
93 views

Turning a car on a perfect surface

Say you have a car with perfect wheels and a perfect surface with so much friction that it never skids. When the car is traveling forward, the wheels INSTANTANEOUSLY turn 90 degrees. Does the car ...
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1answer
31 views

Why potential energy of external force on particle attached to spring is equal to full force multiplied by full displacement?

I am having quite difficult time to understand the meaning of total potential energy on spring. All references I read say that the total potential energy on particle attached to spring is: ...
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2answers
129 views

Why does moment of force depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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5answers
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A force opposing Gravity

Every Action Has An Equal and Opposite Reaction (Newton's Third Law.) If this is the case, does gravity have an equal-opposing force? From asking around I still haven't got a very clear answer; ...
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2answers
69 views

Inertial frames

I'm just starting my study of relativity, and I have a rough understanding of the connection between inertial frames, newton's laws, and galilean transformations, but I'd probably benefit more if ...
14
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3answers
496 views

Conservation of Mathematical Constraints when deriving Energy and Momentum from $F=ma$

Background: Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to time, and using basic calc, one can derive $\int Fdt = m (v_f - v_i)$ Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to distance, ...
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3answers
67 views

Foucault pendulum initial velocity

This is a basic question I can't solve and it seems it is not addressed on the web. Sorry for my lame painting skills. Assume we have a foucault pendulum suspended in the north pole. the pivot is ...
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0answers
34 views

Length of the missing part [closed]

I have got a very interesting question. A car is driving this way on the picture down. In the looping is a missing part. The radius of the looping is r = 40cm. The car starts at the height h = 3r. If ...
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0answers
24 views

A ball rolling in a bowl [closed]

There is a small ball with a radius of 2 mm inside of a bowl with a radius of 22 mm. If the bowl is tilted 1 degree in any direction, what does the slope of the bowl need to be in order to get the ...
10
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7answers
2k views

Why do we fall down when the bicycle slows down? [duplicate]

My question is: It is easy to balance a bicycle when it is moving at a fairly high velocity, say 7 m/s or 25 km/hr. But when a bicycle slows down, it is hard to keep it upright, and the person riding ...
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1answer
90 views

What is the constant $K_1$ in these orbital equations?

I want to compute the derivatives of argument of periapsis and longitude of the ascending node of the orbit of a GPS satellite from the following formula. $$\frac{d\Omega}{dt} = -K \cos{i} \\ ...
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2answers
95 views

Optimal speed for the water wheel

The hydroelectricity plants extract the potential energy of highly deployed massive object (water) as it falls down. Without turbine, all that energy would be converted into speed (kinetic energy) at ...
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1answer
32 views

Amplitude of motion for a cart on an inclined plane attached to a spring

A very practical question. So, let's imagine that we have a small cart attached to a spring lying on an inclined plane. If I move my cart by 10 cm (measured as if there were a ruler lying along the ...
1
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1answer
345 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...