Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Reaction Force on Garden Hose

In the lecture: Newton's First, Second and Third laws, (@ 20:34) whilst discussing Newton's third law of motion, Walter Lewin states that a garden hose snakes across his lawn when he turns the tap on ...
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83 views

Importance of the Galilean principle of relativity

The Galilean principle of relativity states that: The laws of mechanics are invariant in all inertial reference frames That means that if we have two inertial frames of reference $S$ and $S'$ ...
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Distinguishing between solid spheres and hollow spheres (equal mass)

If there are two spheres (hollow and solid) with equal mass and radius and we want to find the hollow sphere without using any equipment. What's the best way(s) to recognize the hollow sphere and ...
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Why does the Moon not rotate about its axis, relative to Earth's rotation [duplicate]

One of the common features of the Moon is the fact that only one face of the Moon is ever visible from Earth, regardless of how much of its orbit the moon has made about the Earth. This would imply ...
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1answer
46 views

The stronger the gravity, the faster an object will fall? [closed]

On a planet with gravitation ten times stronger than that of Earth's, will an object fall faster? Let's suppose that there are two planets; Roddo and Earth, respectively. Roddo has ten times the ...
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35 views

Equations of motion for a rocket

I'm trying to figure out how Tsiolkovsky rocket equation is derived. I've tried following along in the Wikipedia page and from my book, but I'm not getting it. First, are they assuming the ...
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1answer
91 views

Is it possible for the Normal Force to do work?

Can a normal force do work? Note: work = $Fd\cos(\theta)$, where $F$ is the magnitude of the force, $d$ is the magnitude of the displacement, and $\theta$ is the angle between the two. Attempt at an ...
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1answer
35 views

Help me with inertia [closed]

An example of inertia in action is trying to slow down to a complete stop after running a race . what could you do in this situation to increase your inertia? would this help you slow down more ...
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3answers
121 views

Does the Earth revolve around the Sun?

I am aware of this Phys.SE question: Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun? but I don't think this is a duplicate. In a binary star system, where the masses of the 2 stars are not so ...
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1answer
54 views

Do we need Escape Velocity [duplicate]

This may seem silly a lot but I really need some clarification on the necessity of escape velocity for a rocket leaving the Earth's gravity. A stone thrown vertically upwards reaches to a certain ...
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3answers
72 views

Intuition behind Rocket propulsion equation (in Momentum context) [closed]

What's the intuition behind the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation: $$v - v_0 = v_{ex} \ln{\frac{m_o}{m}}.$$
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55 views

Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, velocity, question? [closed]

A man standing a certain height above the ground throws a rock straight up with an initial velocity of $10 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. A few moments later, the rock hits the ground with a kinetic energy of ...
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2answers
76 views

Is my answer possible? (Newtonian Third Law Pairs and Forces, Multiple Choice Word Problem)

So I recently took a test and the teacher graded my answer correct, yet my friends saw that the other answer was correct and they protest that it should be the right answer: The question goes: ...
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1answer
68 views

How do I find the angle given the mass, the acceleration and the force acted on a body?

My Issue I have the mass, the horizontal acceleration and a force that acts on a body. The force forms an angle $\alpha$ of unknown degrees with the x-axis. I would like to know how I can find the ...
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1answer
74 views

How do I find the horizontal acceleration of a body given its mass and the force that acts on it? [closed]

My issue I have the mass of a body and the force that is acted on a body. I am trying to calculate the horizontal acceleration and to understand how the horizontal acceleration is connected with the ...
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0answers
34 views

Calculation of angular acceleration [closed]

Hi I am doing a physics question and it's like this: Two identical blocks, each of mass M, are connected by a massless string over a pulley of radius R and rotational inertia I . When the system is ...
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2answers
61 views

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity?

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity or they just mean the same thing? My textbook does not clarifies this point. Thank you in advance for your help!
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1answer
41 views

Potential energies of charges and spring

I wonder if someone could sanity check this very simple calculation. Consider a pair of charges $+q$ at rest separated by a spring of length $d$ and stiffness $k$. The spring provides the force that ...
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1answer
77 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
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45 views

Is there a typology of different fundamental physical objects?

As I understand it (and of course, I may be wrong!).... In classical mechanics, all objects are basically the same in the sense that They are composed of atoms bunched together. These atoms occupy ...
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Zero velocity, zero acceleration?

In one dimension, the acceleration of a particle can be written as: $$a = \frac{dv}{dt} = \frac{dv}{dx} \frac{dx}{dt} = v \frac{dv}{dx}$$ Does this equation imply that if: $$v = 0$$ Then, ...
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2answers
69 views

Orbital Velocity Question

I have a satellite in a stable trajectory around Earth, of a Mass $m$. I know that its velocity is: $$ v = \sqrt{mG/r}\, $$ But now it begins accelerating directly against the gravity vector (i.e. ...
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2answers
134 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
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2answers
62 views

What are the forces acting when we squeeze a ball? Free Body Diagram?

As part of my project, I am trying to figure out the forces acting while squeezing a ball. The ball in question is a foam rubber ball (stress ball). The ball deforms when we squeeze & the mode of ...
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1answer
47 views

Equations for a collision between two particles

Say I have two particles on a 2D plane, they have a x and y coordinate, a x and y velocity, a mass, a coefficient of restitution and a coefficient of friction. What formulae would I need to determine ...
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1answer
47 views

Pipe in space outputs gas - what is its angular momentum at $t$ and $t+dt$? [closed]

Given a pipe in space (neglect gravitational force): The speed of the gas is $v_0$ (in relative to the edge of the pipe) The length of the pipe is $l$ The pipe rests (not moving) at $t=0$ The gas ...
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2answers
62 views

Does the conservation of linear momentum for a ball hitting a wall and changing direction?

The conservation of linear momentum essentially says: $$\sum m \vec{v_1}=\sum m \vec{v_2}$$ But if I take the absolute value of both sides, and drop summation, is it also equivalent to say that: ...
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2answers
88 views

Would it be possible to make a space elevator only in the atmosphere?

I wonder if with current day technology we could make a "floating platform" which hangs from a satellite by a space elevator. This could allow a "launch process" involving floating a balloon to the ...
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2answers
90 views

Balancing a pencil

I came across this equation for balancing a pencil while solving some problems: $$ml\ddot { \theta } =mg\theta $$ Where $l=$the length of the pencil, and $\theta$ is the angle it makes with vertical. ...
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1answer
33 views

kinematics: parabolic movement [closed]

How does the formula $ax^2$ is affected by the angle and the power of the launch of, let's say, a cannon ball, (regardless of its mass)? I am trying to create a simulation, and everything I have to ...
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2answers
45 views

How do we prove that the initial velocity is equal to final velocity relative to centre of mass?

In elastic collision it is stated that the initial velocity relative to centre of mass is equivalent to final velocity of centre of mass of the same object. How do we prove that?
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2answers
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Can there be friction unless the objects in contact are not acted upon by an external force?

The definition of friction I read from The book, General Physics written by Henry Crew is that, The resistance which either one of the body offers to the motion is called force of friction". If it is ...
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How would swimming in low gravity work?

Sorry I know very little of actual physics, I'm not looking for hard and fast numbers just a general idea of how the mechanics would work. For the sake of argument, say you were on a planet or moon ...
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49 views

Torsion Spring Moment Calculation

I'm trying to extend the idea of a translational spring to a rotational spring. Consider a spring that acts on all displacements of a body: $$ \mathbf{F} = \begin{bmatrix} F_x \\ F_y \\ F_z ...
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3answers
94 views

On the definition of elastic restoring force in a spring

How is the elastic restoring force defined exactly for a spring? We know by hooke's law that $$F_{restoring} = -kx$$ but what does $F_{restoring}$ really mean? I thought up till now that it was the ...
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1answer
47 views

Can individual forces be regarded as momentum flows? [closed]

Net force on an object can be defined in two ways equivalently (from a classical point of view): $$\vec{F} = m\frac{d\vec{v}}{dt}=\frac{d\vec{p}}{dt}$$ Looking at the last expression (definition in ...
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How much work can a single grain of rice do? [closed]

I found a website saying a grain of rice contains 1/10 kcal. I'm not a physicist and haven't done maths for a long time. But here's what I came up with: E = m * g * h One small calorie equals ...
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2answers
90 views

What does the force mean in $dp/dt$ form?

One was to write Newton's laws is: $$F=\frac{dp}{dt}.$$ I don't understand what is the force there. I believe that $F$ is the net external force on the system. So supposedly I have a mass which is ...
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2answers
53 views

Working out velocity (including air resistance) [duplicate]

For my computing project, I am creating a projectile simulator but I cant seem to get my head round the air resistance. I tried by working out the horizontal and vertical velocity by solving it ...
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2answers
82 views

How does the object at constant speed pass the accelerating object?

A car starts from rest and move with constant acceleration of $4\frac{m}{s^2}$ and at the same time a motorcyclist moving with a constant speed of $36\frac{km}{hr}$ overtakes and passes the car. ...
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5answers
156 views

Why am I not accelerated by the reaction force applied by Earth on me? [duplicate]

Newton's third law says that "to every action, there is always an equal but opposite reaction". And Newton's second law of motion says that, $F=ma$ $=>$ $a=\frac{F}{m}$. People says that If I stand ...
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1answer
23 views

If two bodies move opposite to each other when brought in contact, what is the direction of force of friction?

We know that when a body is at rest and other is dragged over it then a force is produced which opposes the motion and consequently its direction is negative to the force applied on body to produce ...
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2answers
34 views

If the force of friction is 20 N for a moving body does acceleration increase with the increase of the mass?

A body is moving and the only force acting on it is the force of friction. If we put another body on this moving body somehow the force of friction will increase; does its acceleration change?
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3answers
138 views

Why is it easier to go uphill on a lower gear?

In cars as well as bicycles, when we are on a lower gear, the driving wheel (the one on the wheels) has a bigger radius compared to when on a higher gear. So on a lower gear the bike/car would move ...
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0answers
23 views

Dynamic mass or static mass?

I am testing a cantilever beam assuming it as a single degree of freedom system, therefore it can be described by the equation $$m_d \ddot{y}(d) + c_d \dot{y}(d) + k_d y(d) = p(t) $$ Where $d$ is ...
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2answers
49 views

Understanding incompressibility (of rubber or viscoelastic material)

Literature gives a lot of explanation why rubber is incompressible. However, I still need some thinking to understand physical behavior of rubber or any such material. Often, incompressibility is ...
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1answer
99 views

How does frequency change with centripetal force?

Using the equation $$F_c = {{mv^2}\over{r}}$$ I can see that mass and velocity are directly proportional to centripetal force. I can also see that the radius length is inversely proportional to ...
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5answers
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Freefall into snow

In the movie Frozen, the following dialogue takes place: Anna: "It's a hundred-foot drop." Kristoff: "It's two hundred." Anna: "Okay, what if we fall?" Kristoff: "There's 20 feet of ...
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1answer
40 views

Probability flux: spatial variation of the phase equal to momentum?

We can write any wave function as $$\psi(\vec x, t) = \sqrt{\rho(\vec x,t)}\exp{\left[\frac{iS(\vec x,t)}{\hbar}\right]}$$ for $S$ real and $\rho >0$. Here we interpret $\rho$ as the probability ...
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2answers
86 views

Velocity increase calculated from kinetic energy in different frames

Say we have an aeroplane cruising along at constant height with velocity $v_0$. It dives by height $h$ and levels out, at a new velocity $v_1$, in a gravitational field of strength $g$. If all the ...