Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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How random is a lottery machine? What conditions would make it less random?

Professional lottery machines like this one are accepted as producing genuinely random results. (Or random enough?). However, it seems like the results are a largely a product of Newtonian ...
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Force exerted by pressure on projectile

Imagine a free cylindrical body around a pipe that is pressurized with air. How does one find the force exerted on the cylindrical free body at the moment this body becomes a projectile? *air ...
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How do grandfather clocks keep going?

How do grandfather clocks keep going? The pendulum is what makes the clock go. However, the pendulum will slow down due to friction. What energy source keeps the pendulum from eventually stopping?
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Gravity effect on moving bodies

If we imagine two suns of equal mass, and a small object in their combined center of gravity, which is not moving, it will stay there forever. If the object is displaced a little bit towards one of ...
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2answers
83 views

Block slides down a movable ramp, 2 approaches yields different answer

My Question is exactly as this Phys.SE post: block slides on smooth triangular wedge kept on smooth floor.Find velocity of wedge when block reaches bottom The Problem is I used 2 methods ...
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2answers
73 views

Hot air ballon and a sandbag moving at constant velocity

Suppose you are in a hot air balloon with a sandbag that has a certain mass. The hot air balloon is moving upwards at a constant velocity of $15$ $m$.$s^{-1}$. If you throw the sandbag out of the hot ...
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2answers
33 views

Support reaction on rotating object

If I cut the thread holding the rod (see image), what will be the vertical support reactions immediately after? I can't for the life of me get my head around this. Apparently it is $ mg - V = ma_t$ ...
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57 views

How to find the period of a simple pendulum in an elevator going up with an acceleration?

How to find the period of a simple pendulum in an elevator going up with an acceleration of $a$. Don't just say, $T=2 \pi$ $\sqrt{ \frac l {g+a}}$ I want to know how the above equation is formed.
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2answers
674 views

Does energy expenditure require movement? [duplicate]

In every formula I've seen that involves energy, I've also seen a distance element. Is there nothing that doesn't involve movement? For instance if I hold my arm out parallel to the ground with a ...
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2answers
52 views

Does momentum change if rotation radius changes?

Angular momentum is defined as $L = r \times p$ where r is the center of rotation and p is the momentum. Since angular momentum is conserved, if r decreases then p must increase. And since p is m*v ...
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1answer
124 views

if the Earth's rotation was slowed down, would it naturally speed back up as it was before? [closed]

Fact: The Earth is rotating on it's own axis every 24 hours. Question: If, for some reason I won't specify the current speed of the Earth and could slow it down(say by 5%). Will it speed up again ...
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2answers
32 views

Proof that oscillations in 1d potential well occur between certain points

In >>this<< situation, a particle with energy $E$ will oscillate between the positions $x_1$ and $x_2$ indicated on the diagram. This simple fact is taught in many introductory courses however I ...
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3answers
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Paradox in the two block problem [closed]

UPDATE (regarding duplicate) : This question is not a duplicate of another question. Sure, the situation in both the questions is same and, yes, both questions ultimately provide a methodology to ...
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2answers
87 views

Is a string taut if the tension is zero?

I'm studying vertical circles and a particle on a string will remain in motion as long as the string is taut. However, what if there is 0 tension in the string? Is it still technically taut?
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1answer
52 views

The physics behind tilting trains

So I'm trying to get an intuition behind the physics behind banked curves (and tilting trains). I know how to do the calculations, but I'm still struggling with the "why". If I'm sitting in a train, ...
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1answer
59 views

Cube bouncing off a wall

An elastic cube sliding without friction along a horizontal floor hits a vertical wall with one of its faces parallel to the wall. The coefficient of friction between the wall and the cube is ...
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1answer
46 views

Using energy conservation for equation of motion

I am trying to get $\phi(t)$ out of this equation: $$\frac12 J \dot\phi^2 + mgl ( 1- \cos\phi) = E_0.$$ I know it's a common method to say $\sin(\phi) \approx \phi $ and $\cos(\phi) \approx 1 $, but ...
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4answers
939 views

Two people are holding either end of a couch, is one person exerting more force than the other?

I was carrying a couch with my flatmate yesterday, and I started thinking about this. Often when carrying objects like this, one person will be taller and has thus lifted his end of the couch higher ...
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1answer
78 views

How to calculate torque neccessary to move bar?

How would I calculate the amount of torque required for a motor to move the bar in the diagram below? I'm looking the general solution to solve this. The givens are below. The drawing is of a cart ...
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2answers
92 views

Spin angular momentum conservation and entanglement

Suppose we have a system with $S=0$ . Suddenly, this system decays into two particles, A and B, so we know the sum of the spin of these two particles is zero. Suppose we measure the spin of A in the z ...
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1answer
71 views

Total tension in a rope caused by two hanging masses at opposite ends?

Q. A load of bricks with mass m1 = 14.0 kg hangs from one end of a rope that passes over a small, frictionless pulley. A counterweight of mass m2 = 27.8 kg is suspended from the other end of the ...
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2answers
68 views

Why does the ball lose contact if it has velocity great or less than $\sqrt{rg}$, while moving over a smooth sphere of radius $r$?

Let a ball of mass $m$ is given a velocity over the the top of a smooth sphere of radius $r$. The equation of motion at the topmost point will be $$mg - N = m\dfrac{v^2}{r}.$$ As $v$ increases, $N$ ...
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3answers
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Is there any tension in a massless spring that connects two free falling bodies in different horizontal planes?

Two bodies A and B of same mass $m$ are attached with a massless spring and are hanging from a ceiling with a massless rope. They are in same vertical plane but not in same horizontal plane. Now the ...
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2answers
96 views

What force needs to be applied to produce twice as much acceleration as already present in a body? [closed]

Let the current body of mass $m$ be moving with acceleration $a$, produced by applying $F = ma$. So, I thought that if I apply force $F$ again (same magnitude and direction as before), I would get ...
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1answer
104 views

simple question on torques on an ellipsoid

I have an ellipsoid, and in the reference frame where the x-, y- and z-axis are aligned with its eigenvectors I compute the torque $\vec\tau$ acting on it. And I'm asking myself how can I quantify ...
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2answers
56 views

Connection between moment/torque and centre of gravity?

So I understand how moments work with regards to basic examples like pushing a door, in that the further you are away from the hinges of the door, the greater the moment, which is like a turning ...
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Why is a beam reach the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats?

I've heard that a beam reach (perpendicular to the wind) is the fastest point of sail on modern sailboats, but I haven't heard a satisfying explanation of the physics behind the claim. Triangular ...
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1answer
38 views

What does a scale accelerating on an incline read?

I was watching an online video lecture about dynamics, and then I came across this brain teaser, and I've been thinking it over for a couple of hours but can't seem to find the solution. I hope ...
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2answers
93 views

Conceptual question regarding work

Here is a problem I am having some trouble with: The solution is below, my question is, why is conservation of energy valid in this situation. From my understanding, just before the box hits the ...
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2answers
39 views

Collsion in 2D, find angle and final momentum

Suppose that the collision is completely inelastic. Disregard friction as the surface is smooth. Suppose that one is in the direction of $(1,0)$ and the other $(0,1)$. Is the final momentum the ...
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1answer
46 views

Coriolis Effect vs airplane

So, if I build a highway from north pole towards equator and sit in a car, speed pretty fast towards it, I should feel force with the Earths rotation due to the different rotation speeds of this ...
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1answer
42 views

If I shoot a hockey puck on ice, is the force of me shooting it applied throughout its travel, or is it a one time force?

For example, if I take a slap shot on a hockey puck, from what I understand, the forces acting on the puck are friction, the normal force, and the puck's weight. And, since I'm not constantly either ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Force needed to roll wheel over edge [closed]

I'm looking to find F. See image below. What we know: Mass of the wheel: $ m = 14 $ kg Wheel radius: $ r = 0.32 $ m What I've tried so far: $$ mg + N + \sin(38.7)k = 0 $$ Once the wheel ...
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1answer
47 views

Greater momentum than initial?

The question is : Heavier object A, initially at rest, is struck by lighter object B. Is it possible for object A to have a larger final momentum than the initial momentum of object B? The ...
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0answers
29 views

pascals law of liquids in terms of kinetic theory of molecules

Suppose a cylindrical container of base area A filled with water is carrying a piston on top. If the piston applies no force on the liquid, assume the pressure is P for a point located on the boundary ...
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1answer
93 views

How to explain this to my sir

We all know that $f = ma$. But for finding displacement, we always use: $$ s = s_0 + ut + \tfrac{1}{2} a t^2 $$ My sir, i don't know why for some reason uses this weird method: $$ F = ...
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5answers
152 views

in Newtons 3rd law, where does the second body get its energy to react?

A very basic question, and apologies if I have overlooked something obvious. In newtons 3rd law, presumably energy is transfered to the second body from the first body (which itself was subject to an ...
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2answers
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How does a spacecraft enter Earth's atmosphere?

If Earth whirls around the center of our galaxy at some 220 kilometers per second, how can a spacecraft, which is much slower, enter Earth's atmosphere when returning from Mars for example?
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0answers
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How to prove by symmetry that tension in a section of rapidly rotating wheel act tangentially?

Suppose a thin uniform wheel of radius $r$ is rotating rapidly about its axis; its spokes have almost negligible strength. According to the book, the centripetal force is provided by the tension ...
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Why can this question about Centripetal Force not be answered in this way?

Here is the question: "A car travels round a bend which has radius $100 m$ and is banked at an angle of $20°$ to the horizontal. The car is travelling at a speed of $30 ms^{-1}$. What is the least ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Period of a spring in SHM (simple harmonic motion)

An object with unknown mass M is hanged on a vertical spring with unknown spring constant K, the spring is in rest and is 14 cm from its normal point (if it didn't had the mass hanged it had less 14 ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Condition for sliding of two blocks placed one over another and connected by spring

A constant force F is applied to smaller mass till M slides. The spring constant is k. Now it is asked to find k. I'm confused with the condition at which the block will start sliding. Can ...
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0answers
31 views

Action-Reaction pair in case of rocket accelerating in space [duplicate]

I understand Rocket works on Newton's 3rd law. So there has to be action-reaction pair acting on two different bodies. I know rockets accelerate in space, where there is nothing. So now I want to ...
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0answers
18 views

Path of puck through a turntable

I was looking a problem which tells me to consider myself standing on the ground beside a perfectly flat horizontal turntable rotating with constant angular velocity w. Then I lean over and shove a ...
0
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2answers
68 views

Static friction and Kinetic friction

I can't seem to find this anywhere on the internet or on stack... Sadly. Very basic question: I have a block that is on a surface. The coefficient of static friction between the two is $0.3$, ...
2
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1answer
103 views

If the effects of gravity cannot travel faster than the “c”, does this mean we are only gravitationally bound by masses in our observable universe?

I'm 17 and fascinated by the differences and omissions Newton made in his equations of motion. However it makes sense that gravity can't travel faster than light because of the force-carrying ...
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Object moving with 2 linear accelerations

Say I have an object moving with an acceleration of 5 m/s$^2$. At a certain point X, due to some forces, the acceleration of the object changes from 5 m/s$^2$ to 2 m/s$^2$. Would this change in ...
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2answers
48 views

Best coordinate system for Projectile motion [closed]

What is the best coordinate system for describing the projectile motion? Rectangular coordinate system or n-t(normal and tangential) coordinate system.
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0answers
18 views

Simulating the rudder of a ship? [duplicate]

Assuming a calm body of water, what would be the correct way to calculate the force to turn a ship based on the angle of its rudder? I've read this post which I'm not fully clear on. For instance, ...
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5answers
365 views

$F=ma$, so if acceleration is zero the force must also be zero?

I was just pushing a huge rock which I couldn't move at all. Given that the acceleration was zero as a result of my efforts, since $F=ma$, doesn't this mean that the force must also have been zero? ...