Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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2answers
309 views

Understanding units manipulation (speed of falling coconut after 20m)

When I was on holidays, I was told a story about how someone passing under a palmtree and almost got a coconut fall on his head. Given that these palmtrees where about $20m$ high, we wondered at what ...
0
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1answer
499 views

Rotating frame of reference

Can you help me to do this: Two frames of references $S$ and $S'$ have a common origin $O$ and $S'$ rotates with constant angular velocity $\omega$ with respect to $S$. A square hoop $ABCD$ is made ...
1
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2answers
12k views

Pendulum period of different masses [duplicate]

Why does a larger mass in a pendulum have the same period as a lighter mass? i know it has something to do with gravity and length but how can this be explained in depth? like for example the ...
11
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4answers
2k views

How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
4
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2answers
275 views

What is happening in this video of a hamster running?

The forces acting in this charming video of a hamster running don't make sense to me so I thought I'd bring it here. It's very unusual indeed, but hopeful it spreads a little bit of entertaining ...
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0answers
157 views

Is the traditional free-body diagram invalid in situations in which equal forces produce unequal powers?

This question is in response to question B1 in the problems/solutions located at http://aapt.org/physicsteam/2013/upload/E3-1-7-solutions.pdf. In question B1, there is a wind-powered vehicle that can ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Why this perpetuum mobile can't be possible? [duplicate]

I know that this won't work but I'm asking Why? Becuase as far as the vehicle POV - there is a force which drags him to the right. Isnt $F=ma$ applies here? What is that im missing?
2
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1answer
731 views

Dominos vs. Conservation of Energy

In this video a single flick of a finger tips 116000 dominos. Domino video I understand the work that needs to be done to move 116000 pieces (at least 100 kilos) of plastic is greater then that ...
2
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2answers
128 views

Path of Orbital Bodies

I am trying to figure out how to parametrize the path of a body under the influence of gravity from another body, but I am stuck. I have looked at the Wikipedia page on Kepler orbits, but it is ...
1
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1answer
2k views

How does the height of a jump change if the body is scaled down?

This is a physics question that appeared in the movie 'The Internship.' If you are reduced to the size of a coin and put into a blender what would you do? Apparently the answer was that with a ...
2
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2answers
218 views

How do you travel in a circular orbit around a massive body?

I am trying to figure out how an object could achieve a perfectly circular orbit. Given a mass for the planet or other body the object is orbiting and a distance from the center of mass, how fast ...
1
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1answer
255 views

Motion of block on wedge

there is some confusion to me in the case of "motion of block on a frictionless wedge" Below is a simple diagram! Let us consider a situation as above in which there is a block of mass $m$ moving ...
0
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1answer
99 views

Where to begin with Physics beyond high school? [duplicate]

So I'm in grade 10 but I finished all my physics classes, maths and further maths (Calculus). I would like to start with some harder stuff (university physics). What books do you recommend for both ...
4
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2answers
321 views

Understanding the different kinds of mass in gravity

On this site, the Phys.SE question Is there a fundamental reason why gravitational mass is the same as inertial mass? has been asked. See also this Phys.SE question. The 'answer' provided on this ...
2
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2answers
512 views

Falling chain with friction

I really need some help with a physics problem, and I guess my doubt is more conceptual, than question based. But still, let me pose it to you: A uniform chain of mass $M$ and length $L$ lies on ...
1
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3answers
544 views

If kinetic energy is a function of the square of velocity, how can gravitiational acceleration be constant?

Kinetic energy is defined as: \begin{equation} E_k = \frac{mv^2}{2} \end{equation} Because of the squared velocity term in there, the faster you're going, the more energy it takes to further ...
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3answers
5k views

Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

Please correct me if I'm going wrong - By the gravitation formula: $F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} $, So if the mass of a bob is greater then the torque on it should increase because the Force increased ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Mechanics of a disk

I have an interesting problem. A disk travels in air at velocity v1. It travels in glass (assuming that the disk can enter the glass without breaking it) at velocity v2. v1 is greater than v2. The ...
0
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2answers
100 views

Conservation of momentum

I've got following problem. There are $N$ particles in an isolated system. The equation of motion for a particle $i$ is ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Energy transfer in a coupled pendulum

If you take a look at this video you will see what kind of a coupled pendulum I'm talking about. So I made a similar one in my high school's physics lab, using light metal bobs(much lighter than the ...
2
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1answer
239 views

A bumpy ride on a bike?

While riding a bike at a higher velocity, I go over the speed breakers (Hump) I get jumped over the bike for a certain height. How do I calculate this height of jump with respect to the seat of the ...
0
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2answers
207 views

Initial velocity of an orbiting object that lands on the planet with zero speed w.r.t the surface

How would you determine what initial velocity $v(r)$ of an object would have to be at some arbitrary point in the vicinity of a planet such that the object will end up on the surface of the planet ...
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0answers
28 views

Static friction greater than kinetic friction [duplicate]

Please explain why static friction is greater than kinetic friction logically. Speak about it microscopically and tell what does happen on surfaces of objects by considering electromagnetic force ...
0
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1answer
52 views

characterization of potential

So i have a force field $F(x,y)$ and i have to find out wether it is a potential or not. My first idea was to calculate : $dU=Fdr$ (where $r$ is the radius vector) , to integrate on both sides and ...
3
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2answers
387 views

Determination of mass density distribution of an object

This is a follow-up to a previous question How can you weigh your own head in an accurate way?. My purpose is not to restart the flurry of more or less humorous jokes (which are not such a bad thing ...
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1answer
3k views

What force does bathroom scale measure?

When you stand on a bathroom scale, I know that the force displayed is the normal force. Since it is the normal force, then technically the force displayed would actually be Fg= (mass)(acceleration) ...
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5answers
9k views

How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
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3answers
976 views

SMBC ball bouncing problem

This comes from a Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal (SMBC) comic with a joke answer. The problem states: A 5 kilogram ball is shot directly right at 20 meters per second from a height of 10 ...
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3answers
1k views

Physical Variables of Circular Motion

To me, the definitions of variables involved in circular motion are rather confusing (perhaps due to the lack of understanding on my part), hence the question. As I understand it, there are two ...
3
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1answer
403 views

Is my textbook teaching an incorrect concept of Work?

I fear my textbook is teaching an incorrect concept of Work. I am very frustrated right now since I was struggling to understand the concept in the way that was explained in the textbook and my ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What provides the centrifugal force for planets orbiting a star?

this is a question I had when I was a kid. I'm a bit ashamed because I think I am missing out on something very obvious since I have the same question despite almost being an engineer now! From ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Momentum paradox [duplicate]

A cistern rail car is standing on infinitely slippery ice. The cistern is filled with water and it has an outlet in the form of a thin vertical pipe (spout) at the left end, so when the valve is open ...
1
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1answer
145 views

Calculating Mass for a Reduced Trajectory while Keeping Projectile Force Constant

Apologies if this is not a research-specific question, but applied mechanics. A firefighter has to pass a test in which he is to throw a medicine ball a certain distance. The ball is thrown at a 45 ...
2
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1answer
622 views

What if exactly half the Earth's population jumped at one instant? + Secondary Question

I read somewhere that when you jump, the sole effect caused by your jump on the earth moves it about $10^{-18}m$ (I don't remember the figure exactly, but I think it was that). However - obviously ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Cylinder rolling down an inclined plane

I've been trying to solve this problem: A cylinder is rolling down an inclined plane (angle between plane and horizon α). Coefficient of friction is µ. What is the translational and angular speed of ...
-1
votes
1answer
117 views

Force-Weight Pinewood Derby Car [closed]

Force-Weight Pinewood Derby Car. I'm trying to make a fast derby car. I was wondering if I could make a car that can drop/eject weight once it comes off of the incline. Would that increase speed or ...
1
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3answers
580 views

Beads in 'perpetual motion'?

This page has an interesting video of beads 'syphoning' out of a glass beaker: http://blog.zennioptical.com/weekly-optical-illusion-crazy-beads/ The host has a few explanations for the effect, but ...
0
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1answer
975 views

Is there another way to calculate the work done by air resistance?

A ball of mass $0.37\text{ kg}$ is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of $14\text{ m/s}$, and reaches a maximum height of $8.4\text{ m}$. a) What is the work done by air ...
16
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4answers
1k views

Are Newton's “laws” of motion laws or definitions of force and mass?

If you consider them as laws, then there must be independent definitions of force and mass but I don't think there's such definitions. If you consider them as definitions, then why are they still ...
20
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3answers
1k views

A rope attaches the Moon to the Earth. What happens?

Consider the Earth (mass $M$, radius $R$, rotating about its own axis at $\Omega$) and the moon (mass $m$, radius $r$, with axial rotation equal to $\omega_m$), whose centre of masses are $d$ apart. ...
13
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7answers
11k views

Why don't planets have Circular orbits?

This might be a completely wrong question, but this is bothering me since many days ago. Given the mass (Sun) curves the space around it, gravitation is the result of such curved space (Correct me if ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Are the forces I'm using correct? (ball in air) [closed]

I have been working on a program which should simulate all the forces on a spherical object. Right now those are balls, but they can easily be changed to something else. These are the formulas I use ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

Does ABS shorten stopping distance of a car?

ABS, from German Antiblockiersystem, is a device put in almost every new automobile. The web has lots of explanations about the system, how it works, but I don't understand how it shortens the way of ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

How is the Principle of Conservation of Momentum proven using the Momentum-Impulse Principle?

Consider two particles moving in the same direction on the same line, $A$ and $B$, with mass $m_A$ and $m_B$, respectively. They also have velocies $u_A$ and $u_B$. They collide. After the collision A ...
1
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1answer
276 views

Relative angular momentum in two-particle problem

Assume the two particle problem i.e. two particles with equations of motions as follows: $\ddot{x_i} = -\frac{1}{m_i}\frac{\partial}{\partial x_i}V(|x_1 - x_2|)$ Since the angular momentum is ...
1
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2answers
284 views

Potential and Kinetic Energy

In engineering school you learn the basic swing problem. Essentially that there is a transfer of kinetic energy (as seen in the velocity at the bottom of as swing) to potential energy at the top of ...
2
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1answer
197 views

Mechanics of a rolling drum

I have no clue on how to approach this. The professor only discussed centripetal acceleration and angular velocity (As in $2πr\over T$ $= ωr$). Does the acceleration along the axis of the drum act ...
2
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1answer
190 views

Definition of Kinetic energy

In class we had that $ T= \frac{1}{2}T_{ij}v_iv_j$ where we used the Einstein summation convention. Hitherto we only discussed examples where the kinetic energy was dependent of the square of one ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do objects sometimes fall on their own?

I have observed sometimes that when I keep some objects precariously balanced, for e.g. some objects in a cupboard, they seem quite stable at the time when I place them there but after a certain ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Since when the term 'mass' is being used in physics?

I was wondering who used the term 'mass' in physics and in what context? The Online Etymology Dictionary says it is in use since 1704. According to the Wiki article the year is contemporary to the ...