Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Calculating the moment of inertia in bifilar pendulums

I'm an A2 student, and I've been looking into how experimental and theoretical determined mass moments of inertia differ. I came across a method (search Youtube for Measuring Mass Moment of Inertia - ...
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26 views

Pulley inertia momentum of inertia

Considering a pulley with some mass, or some friction, How can its inertia (or momentum of inertia) influence the tension on 1 rope? Which part of the rope is influenced? Before or after the pulley?
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Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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2answers
109 views

Elastic collisions and 90 degrees angles [closed]

Why is it that if the angle between the two objects that collided together is 90 degrees then it must be perfectly elastic? Is there any theoretical proof other than convention?
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1answer
20 views

where does deformation take place in a shaft subjected to a torsion?

If we rotate a shaft about an axis it is said to be under torsion. It is also said that there will be a deformation. What I'd like to know is will the shaft actually WARP during the process? If not ...
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50 views

How can a pulley work?

Assuming $g=10m/s^2$, the $2M$ mass would exert a $20M$ force on $M$, and by newton's third law, the $M$ mass would exert an equal and opposite force of $20M$ on the $2M$ mass. How would this ...
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31 views

Strength of the centrifugal force

Let's say you're on a roundabout. When you're radially further away from the roundabout would you feel more centrifugal force or less? I feel like intuitively you'd feel less, but from the actual ...
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1answer
34 views

Question about Thrust; am I correct?

Basically, here's what I understand about Thrust: Thrust is a force. You get it by doing $v\times\frac{dM}{dT}$. Pretty basic, because that's the formula you're given. However, because I'm trying to ...
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2answers
397 views

Why does spinning a golf ball one way make it go further than spinning it the other way?

In golf, you'll often hear people say that one person hits the ball further than another because the one person "draws" the ball while the other "fades" it. I want to know why the direction of ...
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1answer
21 views

Normal force and weight

If two books are placed on top of each other on a table, why would it be incorrect to say that the weight on the upper book acts on the lower book? I thought that the weight of the upper book would ...
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1answer
71 views

Different forms of centripetal acceleration

For a circular motion centripetal acceleration can be expressed as $$a_{c}=\frac{v^2}{R} \hat{u_N}\tag{1}$$ Where $\hat{u_n}$ is the normal unit vector. Nevertheless in the expression for ...
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18 views

When to consider friction as an impulsive force?

Suppose a ball obliquely strikes a rough horizontal surface then it experiences a frictional impulse and conservation of linear momentum cannot be done on the horizontal direction. Now consider ...
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23 views

Finding mass with an estimated gravitational force

As asteroids orbit the sun, they experience gravitational force exerted on them by the sun, and they in turn exert a very minute force back on the sun. Because of their small size, asteroids don't tug ...
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2answers
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Do mechanical waves also carry momentum as well as energy? [closed]

I have read that electromagnetic waves carry momentum because they carry energy, while energy is equivalent to mass. So they carry momentum. But this explanation is in the context of special ...
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0answers
18 views

Collision time of two particles [duplicate]

The question I am trying to answer is the following. Consider two particles of mass $m_1,m_2$, initially at rest at a distance $2a$ apart. They are attracted to each other via Newton's law with ...
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1answer
35 views

Vector interpretation of Kepler's 2nd law ( r X a = 0 )

I just read the vector interpretation of Kepler's second law and the conclusion put me in a confusion. The interpretation concludes by demonstrating that r X a = 0, where boldfaced r and a are ...
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3answers
127 views

Where does the energy go when engine braking?

If you're in gear in a car and not accelerating, the car slows down faster than it would from just air resistance and tire deformation. In normal braking, the energy is turned into heat from the brake ...
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3answers
41 views

How to calculate projectile path having starting and end point?

I want to show a projectile path between two points (x1,y1) (x2,y2 ) on graph. Here I know two points, start point and end point. I tried solving by taking launch angle as 45 degree, it doesn't seem ...
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4answers
64 views

Why are objects (such as planets) in motion and not static? [duplicate]

I am just curious, why are all the planets, rocks etc in motion? Would they fall into objects with larger gravity if they were not in motion? What is stopping the earth from falling into the sun or ...
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6answers
71 views

Elevator normal force

In the above case, the normal force exerted by the elevator on the box would be $= 10kg * g + 10kg*5m/s^2$, assuming $g = 10m/s^2$, the elevator would exert a normal force of $150N$ on the box. But ...
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1answer
208 views

We cannot solve this inclined plane problem, right?

We drag a sledge along a snow-covered hillside with constant speed. Distance is 150m. The time it takes to reach the top is 300 secs. The sledge is 12kg. And the coefficient of friction $\mu$ = 0.04. ...
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0answers
15 views

Can a 2 HP motor move a 1,000 lbs flat-bottom boat across a flat material surface? [migrated]

There is a small 13' long x 6' wide, 1,000 lbs (total weight of everything) all-fiberglass white pontoon boat with dual flat-bottom fiberglass pontoons. (Each flat pontoon bottom is 2' in width, with ...
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2answers
61 views

How is a mass, suspended vertically by two springs in parallel, kept stable? [closed]

Consider a mass suspended vertically from above by two springs in parallel with different spring constants. Wouldn't the tension be different in each spring? How is this system kept in equilibrium?
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2answers
111 views

Calculating velocity based on applied force

If I have a block sitting on a spring, ignoring air resistance, with 45N of stored elastic energy in the spring, and the block weighs 500g, what would be the process for calculating its maximum ...
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0answers
21 views

Impulse on the pivot of a physical pendulum

Homogenous rod can oscillate around the pivot some distance from the center of mass. Impulse is applied horizontally at some other distance from CM. I guess the time duration while the force is ...
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2answers
349 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newton's third law and momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take a ball mass of $m_1$ (index 1 is the ...
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1answer
89 views

Spinning a string with a mass on the end. What makes the mass rotate parallel to the ground? [closed]

Say you use your hand to rotate a string with a mass attached to the end. The string will first become taunt and then the mass and string will move upwards until they are spinning parallel to the ...
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1answer
45 views

Amplitude of damped driven harmonic oscillator [closed]

I have a question that I can reason physically but mathematically I am not sure if my approach is correct. The amplitude of the oscillator is: $$A(\omega) = \frac{QF_{0}}{m}(\frac{1}{\omega_{0} ...
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1answer
189 views

How can angular velocity be constant even when there is a torque by friction?

A cylinder at rest lying on a rough ground is given an impulse which imparts a translational velocity (no angular velocity) to it. The question goes ahead with finding time after which rolling starts ...
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0answers
18 views

Locus of a point on Euler's disk

I have been struggling to find how a point on the surface of Euler's disk varies with time in $x$ ,$y$ and $z$ coordinates. The disk has a radius $R$ and a thickness say $T$. It originally makes an ...
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0answers
46 views

Thought Experiment On Newton's Second Law [closed]

Imagine a rectangular area defined using imaginary boundaries in 2D space. It is not moving. Now, imagine a much smaller rectangle entering the bigger rectangle from one of its sides. This smaller ...
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3answers
323 views

Are Newton's laws followed in non-inertial frame of references having all their objects and observer moving with same acceleration?

Consider a hypothetical scenario. In our universe there are two merry-go-rounds 1 and 2 and a distant planet. There is no other object having mass. There is a robot X on the planet. There are two ...
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2answers
671 views

Magnetic field and Newton's third law

If a magnet exerts force on a iron block (opposite and EQUAL), does a iron block also exerts force on magnet (via Newton's third law)? If yes then what magnetic property does it has to produce equal ...
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2answers
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If I spinned a fan in a vacuum it will keep spinning forever. Why can we not make energy out of it? [duplicate]

Suppose we created a vacuum and spinned a turbine inside it with some amount of force. According to newton's second law it will keep spinning as there is no air resistance, so why can we not make ...
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1answer
37 views

Friction forces on stack of blocks

Consider a block sliding on a surface, with friction between the two. The friction force will be equal to $\mu N$, where $N$ is the normal reaction force, which is usually equal to $mg$, where, $m$ is ...
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1answer
45 views

Force of baseball bat given force of ball and recoil distance

Say I swing a baseball bat and hit a ball. The ball is moving at 60 miles per hour and impacts the baseball bat squarely at that speed. The ball has moved twenty feet before impacting the bat. The ...
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1answer
30 views

Tension as a function of distance from the centre of a rod AB rotating about its end A [duplicate]

My confusion is- 1) While taking limits, tension at end B of rod is taken 0, The function comes showing maximum Tension at end A. But it seems to me that that at end A, T must be 0 as x=0 and at end ...
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1answer
23 views

Can a part of a soundwave also sounds a bit higher?

A soundwave has a certain wavelength. If you hear a half wavelength it is enough to hear this sound. But if you only receive a part of that half soundwave that wave sounds a bit weaker but is it ...
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4answers
846 views

Where does movement come from? [closed]

When you put a body in motion, where does that movement come from? Ok, you will say things like "acceleration", but where does that acceleration come from? Then you might say "a force is creating the ...
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0answers
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Is this differential equation solved properly? [migrated]

I have following differential equation for the speed of a particle: $g=\dfrac{3\alpha}{\alpha t + R_0}v + \overset{.}{v}$ Is my approach right? $\int (g-\dfrac{3\alpha}{\alpha t + R_0}v)dt = \int ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the relationship between potential energy and inertia?

It seems to me that the two are very similar! Potential energy seems to either explain, or partially explain, directly or indirectly, the law of inertia. I already know that bodies do not move because ...
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1answer
29 views

Angular momentum in rolling about the point of contact

A cylinder of mass 5 kg and radius 10 cm is moving on a horizontal surface with velocity of centre of mass 5 m/s towards right and angular speed 10 rad/s (clockwise) . Find the angular momentum of the ...
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33 views

Relative angular momentum?

Let there be a point $P$. A point $C$ is located at a radius vector $r$ from $P$. $C$ is the centre of mass of a rigid body. The rigid body is rotating with an angular velocity $\omega$ about an axis ...
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1answer
28 views

Circular motion on rotating body

Theory of circular motion is described at many references, such as https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circular_motion. In this case, a body performs circular motion on a stationary path. For example, a car ...
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2answers
40 views

Atmospheric pressure

What is the significance of atmospheric pressure being referenced as 100 kPa ? Does that really mean 10000 kg/m$^2$ acting upon us ? If we are measuring only collision force on the surface and not ...
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1answer
580 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...
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4answers
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Is there an underlying physical reason why the Coriolis force is similar to the magnetic component of the Lorentz force?

I couldn't help but notice that the expression for the magnetic component of the Lorentz force, $$\mathbf F = q\,\mathbf v \times \mathbf B\,,$$ is very similar in its mathematical form to the ...
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Rope tension definition

What is the exact definition of the tension of a rope? Here http://web.mit.edu/8.01t/www/materials/modules/chapter08.pdf the following definition is given The tension $T(x)$ in a rope at a ...
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1answer
181 views

Calculating output forces of bicycle wheels

Based on the force on the rear gear $F_t$ and the radii of the rear gear $R_g$ and rear wheel $R_w$ , how would you calculate the force the bicycle exerts on the ground when it is accelerating? I ...