Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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If we dropped an object into the Pacific Ocean, would it completely sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or not?

Obviously if the density of the object is smaller than the density of water it would not sink at all. But I was thinking that, even if the density of the object is greater than the density of water, ...
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20 views

Reaction Force on Garden Hose

In the lecture: Newton's First, Second and Third laws, (@ 20:34) whilst discussing Newton's third law of motion, Walter Lewin states that a garden hose snakes across his lawn when he turns the tap on ...
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1answer
28 views

Help me with inertia [closed]

An example of inertia in action is trying to slow down to a complete stop after running a race . what could you do in this situation to increase your inertia? would this help you slow down more ...
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0answers
23 views

Practical setup to measure angular velocity [migrated]

I have got a spinning top from a Canadian manufacturer, and I am deeply amazed by how neatly it spins. My interest in physics has led me to try to find out at what top speed I can spin the top and ...
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2answers
258 views

Validity of work-energy theorem in presence of non-conservative forces?

How can the work-energy theorem be valid in presence of non-conservative forces since conservation of energy is not there?
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1answer
61 views

How do I find the horizontal acceleration of a body given its mass and the force that acts on it? [closed]

My issue I have the mass of a body and the force that is acted on a body. I am trying to calculate the horizontal acceleration and to understand how the horizontal acceleration is connected with the ...
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1answer
72 views

Is it possible for the Normal Force to do work?

Can a normal force do work? Note: work = $Fd\cos(\theta)$, where $F$ is the magnitude of the force, $d$ is the magnitude of the displacement, and $\theta$ is the angle between the two. Attempt at an ...
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1answer
45 views

The stronger the gravity, the faster an object will fall? [closed]

On a planet with gravitation ten times stronger than that of Earth's, will an object fall faster? Let's suppose that there are two planets; Roddo and Earth, respectively. Roddo has ten times the ...
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1answer
31 views

Equations of motion for a rocket

I'm trying to figure out how Tsiolkovsky rocket equation is derived. I've tried following along in the Wikipedia page and from my book, but I'm not getting it. First, are they assuming the ...
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3answers
3k views

Why does the Moon face Earth with the same side?

I know that the rotation period of the moon equals its revolution period. It's just so astonishing that these 2 values have such a small difference. I mean, what is the probability of these 2 values ...
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0answers
20 views

Why does the Moon not rotate about its axis, relative to Earth's rotation [duplicate]

One of the common features of the Moon is the fact that only one face of the Moon is ever visible from Earth, regardless of how much of its orbit the moon has made about the Earth. This would imply ...
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10answers
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Why does it take a projectile as long to get to its apex as it does to hit the ground?

I was once asked the following question by a student I was tutoring; and I was stumped by it: When one throws a stone why does it take the same amount of time for a stone to rise to its peak and then ...
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1answer
225 views

Does a pivot exert an additional force, normal to the centripetal force, on an object rotating about it?

A thin plank of mass $M$ and length $l$ is pivoted at one end. The plank is released at 60$^{\circ}$ from the vertical. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the pivot when the plank ...
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3answers
114 views

Does the Earth revolve around the Sun?

I am aware of this Phys.SE question: Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun? but I don't think this is a duplicate. In a binary star system, where the masses of the 2 stars are not so ...
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3answers
68 views

Intuition behind Rocket propulsion equation (in Momentum context) [closed]

What's the intuition behind the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation: $$v - v_0 = v_{ex} \ln{\frac{m_o}{m}}.$$
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3answers
191 views

Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise

Using a tennis ball as an example object, if one ball weighs 1 ounce and the other is 2 ounces, and both are struck at 100 mph on the same trajectory, would there be any difference in the deceleration ...
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1answer
237 views

Tension in string and gravitational force on bob relative strength

When calculating time period of simple pendulum (an approximation of SHM at small amplitudes) we take gravitational force greater than tension in string and resolve gravitational force in two ...
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2answers
57 views

What are the forces acting when we squeeze a ball? Free Body Diagram?

As part of my project, I am trying to figure out the forces acting while squeezing a ball. The ball in question is a foam rubber ball (stress ball). The ball deforms when we squeeze & the mode of ...
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1answer
49 views

Do we need Escape Velocity [duplicate]

This may seem silly a lot but I really need some clarification on the necessity of escape velocity for a rocket leaving the Earth's gravity. A stone thrown vertically upwards reaches to a certain ...
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1answer
103 views

Changing momentum of moving trolley

We have a trolley of mass $m$ and it is moving at a velocity $v$ along a smooth horizontal plane. It is full of water, and is leaking water at a constant rate out of the bottom of the trolley, i.e ...
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0answers
50 views

Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, velocity, question? [closed]

A man standing a certain height above the ground throws a rock straight up with an initial velocity of $10 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. A few moments later, the rock hits the ground with a kinetic energy of ...
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1answer
324 views

How can spatially extended objects behave like point particles?

Wikipedia states: Sometimes due to specific combinations of properties extended objects behave as point-like even in their immediate vicinity. For example, spherical objects interacting in ...
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2answers
68 views

Is my answer possible? (Newtonian Third Law Pairs and Forces, Multiple Choice Word Problem)

So I recently took a test and the teacher graded my answer correct, yet my friends saw that the other answer was correct and they protest that it should be the right answer: The question goes: ...
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2answers
297 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum and linear velocity

I have a problem where a cylinder is moving on a horizontal surface, starting with velocity $v_0$. It is given that its radius is $10\text{cm}$, its mass is $200\text g$ and the coefficient of ...
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1answer
61 views

How do I find the angle given the mass, the acceleration and the force acted on a body?

My Issue I have the mass, the horizontal acceleration and a force that acts on a body. The force forms an angle $\alpha$ of unknown degrees with the x-axis. I would like to know how I can find the ...
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0answers
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equilibrium pulley system [duplicate]

the question asks what mass i need for m1 to be in static equilibrium while m2 is given as 60kg. im not sure first of all if that means the two masses have to be equal in length balanced. secondly, ...
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5answers
3k views

Zero velocity, zero acceleration?

In one dimension, the acceleration of a particle can be written as: $$a = \frac{dv}{dt} = \frac{dv}{dx} \frac{dx}{dt} = v \frac{dv}{dx}$$ Does this equation imply that if: $$v = 0$$ Then, ...
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1answer
81 views

Clearing up confusion about orbital mechanics

When I see an orbital mechanics problem, I recall the following things from my "toolbox": Angular momentum is conserved for a body orbiting a planet, since the torque due to gravity is 0. Kinetic ...
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2answers
344 views

How did Newton discover the universal law of gravitation?

I am having trouble comprehending how anyone could come up with this formula: $F = \frac{GMm}{d^2}$ Could someone walk me through this?
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2answers
56 views

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity?

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity or they just mean the same thing? My textbook does not clarifies this point. Thank you in advance for your help!
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0answers
34 views

Calculation of angular acceleration [closed]

Hi I am doing a physics question and it's like this: Two identical blocks, each of mass M, are connected by a massless string over a pulley of radius R and rotational inertia I . When the system is ...
1
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2answers
157 views

“Skidding” to Brake on a Skateboard

When people are skateboarding, sometimes they kind of push out their back foot when they turn while carving, causing the board to skid a bit. I was wondering the physics behind this, any details on ...
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3answers
331 views

Why does the moment of force (aka. torque) depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
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1answer
111 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
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1answer
155 views

Rotating platform with pulleys and stacked blocks

This was a practice test question. Consider the following figure. (If the frictional coefficients are unclear, between A and B we have $k_1 = 0.3$, B and platform is $k_2 = 0.2$. If you further ...
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1answer
82 views

Friction force in rolling motion

In rolling without slipping motion we know that the friction acting is static friction and so we treat it as an unknown while solving equations of dynamics. Is the static friction during pure rolling ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Potential energies of charges and spring

I wonder if someone could sanity check this very simple calculation. Consider a pair of charges $+q$ at rest separated by a spring of length $d$ and stiffness $k$. The spring provides the force that ...
0
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1answer
73 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
3
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1answer
111 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
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2answers
101 views

Reflection - reaction force direction

Let's say an object hits a wall. When the object is reflected does the direction of the reaction force caused on the wall look like the red arrow? Does that direction depend on how "strong" object is ...
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5answers
9k views

How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
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0answers
42 views

Is there a typology of different fundamental physical objects?

As I understand it (and of course, I may be wrong!).... In classical mechanics, all objects are basically the same in the sense that They are composed of atoms bunched together. These atoms occupy ...
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2answers
67 views

Orbital Velocity Question

I have a satellite in a stable trajectory around Earth, of a Mass $m$. I know that its velocity is: $$ v = \sqrt{mG/r}\, $$ But now it begins accelerating directly against the gravity vector (i.e. ...
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2answers
98 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
36
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5answers
5k views

Freefall into snow

In the movie Frozen, the following dialogue takes place: Anna: "It's a hundred-foot drop." Kristoff: "It's two hundred." Anna: "Okay, what if we fall?" Kristoff: "There's 20 feet of ...
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1answer
35 views

Equations for a collision between two particles

Say I have two particles on a 2D plane, they have a x and y coordinate, a x and y velocity, a mass, a coefficient of restitution and a coefficient of friction. What formulae would I need to determine ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Pipe in space outputs gas - what is its angular momentum at $t$ and $t+dt$? [closed]

Given a pipe in space (neglect gravitational force): The speed of the gas is $v_0$ (in relative to the edge of the pipe) The length of the pipe is $l$ The pipe rests (not moving) at $t=0$ The gas ...
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1answer
54 views

Rolling w/o slipping - does a friction force acts in this scenario?

Assume the following scenario of rolling without slipping: A small disk starts rolling w/o slipping at $\vec{r}_{CM}=-9R\hat{x}$ (scenario A) and reaches the bottom of the large hollow disk ...
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2answers
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Can there be friction unless the objects in contact are not acted upon by an external force?

The definition of friction I read from The book, General Physics written by Henry Crew is that, The resistance which either one of the body offers to the motion is called force of friction". If it is ...
3
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1answer
200 views

Rolling a ball into a cone; what should the forces overall be?

This is my solution to finding angular displacement/velocity/acceleration on cone so far. Consider a cone, with an apex of half-angle $\psi$ pointing down, and a height of $h$. If I roll a ball into ...