Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Book suggestions for foundation of Newtonian Mechanics

I'm not looking for books which deal with the mathematical foundations of Newtonian mechanics. What I'm looking for are modern books which deal with conceptual foundations of Newtonian mechanics - by ...
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Is gecko-like friction Coulombic? What is the highest known Coulombic $\mu_s$ for any combination of surfaces?

Materials with large coefficients of static friction would be cool and useful. Rubber on rough surfaces typically has $\mu_s\sim1-2$. When people talk about examples with very high friction, often ...
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How to calculate the exit velocity of a coil gun projectile?

First off, what quantities need to be factored in? Voltage and current through the coils, the magnetism of the projectile, the magnetic fields, etc.? Next, how would you calculate the speed of the ...
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Which direction does a pendulum swing in a car going through a ramp?

Suppose you have a car going clockwise around a ramp at constant speed. A pendulum is hanging from the rear view mirror. Does the pendulum swing outward or inward to the turn?
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Any interesting physics theroies/equations to be used in a video game? [closed]

I am designing a little game based on Newtons Graviational Law. Are there any theories that I can use to create games? thanks
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Could Jupiter's gravity destabilize Earth's artificial satellites over a long timescale?

Could Jupiter's gravity destabilize Earth's artificial satellites over a long timescale? After all, it can destabilize Mercury's orbit, and it can also destabilize orbits in the asteroid belt.
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Are orbits interior to Jupiter's orbit less stable than orbits exterior to Jupiter's orbit?

Or in other words, are there differences in average Lyapunov timescale between orbits interior to Jupiter and orbits exterior to Jupiter? I'm trying to answer a question at ...
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N particles, will there be any rotation after a period of time or everything will collapse

This is in context of classical Newtonian physics. Consider a system of n different point mass particles. Initially all are spread around on one plane. No particle possess any velocity to begin with. ...
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Rocket launch from a mountain

If we were to build a high speed rail up the side of a mountain like in some ScFi movies, what is the velocity needed at the point of living the mountain excluding angular momentum from earth’s ...
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Deriving Newton's Third Law from homogeneity of Space

I am following the first volume of the course of theoretical physics by Landau. So, whatever I say below mainly talks regarding the first 2 chapters of Landau and the approach of deriving Newton's ...
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Is this simulation following real physics?

I am trying to simulate a game in Box2D(Physics engine). The game that I am trying to simulate is very simple and can be found here: http://www.makaimedia.com/#/speartoss What I want to know is that, ...
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Can Vesta dominate the orbits of other asteroids?

I think I remember a talk where a professor said that Vesta is a particularly important asteroid because its gravity is strong enough to perturb other asteroids. In spite of Vesta's size, this effect ...
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Does it matter how you order your tug-of-war participants?

In a tug-of-war match today, my summer camp students were very concerned about putting the biggest people at the back of the rope. Is there any advantage to this strategy?
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Constrained particles under distance dependent force

This question is from the 1975 Canadian Association of Physicists Exam. No solutions are posted and I am quite lost on how to proceed with it. A particle is constrained to move along the x-axis of a ...
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Why do two bodies of different masses fall at the same rate (in the absence of air resistance)?

I'm far from being a physics expert and figured this would be a good place to ask a beginner question that has been confusing me for some time. According to Galileo, two bodies of different masses, ...
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a question on Lagrange's equation when the time derivative of the generalized co-ordinates is constant

Consider a system whose generalized co-ordinates are $q_i$ and is under the constraints $\dot{q_i} = K_i \forall i = 1,2,3,...$ where $K_i$ are constants. I have a problem in writing the Lagrange's ...
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Analyzing the motion of a ball rolling without slipping inside a hemispherical bowl

Consider a solid ball of radius $r$ and mass $m$ rolling without slipping in a hemispherical bowl of radius $R$ (simple back and forth motion). Now, I assume the oscillations are small and so the ...
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infinite grid of planets with newtonian gravity

Assuming only Newtonian gravity, suppose that the universe consists of an infinite number of uniform planets, uniformly distributed in a two-dimensional grid infinite in both directions and not moving ...
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Can someone explain the physics of a standing jump?

I would like to use something like a kinematic equation to know where the person will be in the jump at a given time. However since I think acceleration is not constant because of the jump force it ...
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Energy produced by a swing?

Please can someone help me with a equation for how much energy a person generates when swinging on a swing?
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Work done by gravitational field

To calculate the work done by a gravitational field, the equation is written as $$W=GMm(r_\text{initial}^{-2} - r_\text{final}^{-2})$$ Suppose a small mass has distance $R$ from a big mass. So here ...
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Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun?

In history we are taught that the Catholic Church was wrong, because the Sun does not move around the Earth, instead the Earth moves around the Sun. But then in physics we learn that movement is ...
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How does gravity affect bullets?

I read recently that if you hold a bullet in one hand and a pistol in the other, both hands at the same height, and subsequently fired the pistol at the same time as dropping the bullet, both bullets ...
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Wheel moving without sliding

Suppose we have a wheel moving on an horizontal surface, with constant velocity $v$, without sliding. This latter condition implies that the wheel rotates around its centre with angular speed $\omega ...
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Why are orbits elliptical?

Almost all of the orbits of planets and other celestial bodies are elliptical, not circular. Is this due to gravitational pull by other nearby massive bodies? If this was the case a two body system ...
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Action - Reaction pair, through photons

Here's an example to describe the issue Supossed a high power laser (eg a 100 kW laser, ie, electromagnetic weapons) is fired to a target, then it will receive energy and move. (and likely to burn or ...
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Torque required to turn a drum/barrel

I need to spec a motor to turn a mixing barrel. The barrel contains loose earth and can be filled to a maximum of 50% of its interior volume. It is a horizontal cylinder, and will rotate through its ...
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physics- momentum ( a space question) [closed]

An astronaut is conducting repairs on a satellite 50.0m from a space shuttle. Her mass is 120kg (including space suit) and she is using a 0.5kg spanner. She realises that she only has 5 minutes oxygen ...
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How are Euler's laws of motion applied to gyroscopes?

Euler's laws of motion for a distributed mass are: $$F = \frac{d}{dt} MV_{cm},\ N = \frac{d}{dt} L$$ $F$ are the sum of the external forces, $M$ the total mass, $V_{cm}$ the velocity of the centre ...
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How do you explain spinning tops to a nine year old?

Why don't spinning tops fall over? (The young scientist version) My nine year old son asked me this very question when playing with his "Battle Strikers" set. Having studied Physics myself, I am very ...
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Why don't we consider centrifugal force on a mass placed on earth?

Let us say a block of mass is placed on the surface of earth. Then while drawing the forces on that body, we say: Force $F = mg$ acting towards the center of Earth. Normal reaction $N$ offered by ...
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324 views

resistance of a flywheel to change of angular momentum

I've got a flywheel with angular momentum $\vec L$. Now I'd like to change the orientation of $\vec L$ by an angle $φ$ (in degrees). How do I calculate the angular momentum $\vec M$ for that change?
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Mechanical energy problem - please help [closed]

Quite new to all this - simple question. "A ball starting from rest rolls down a hill and reaches 10m/s at the bottom. If the same ball starts rolling down the hill from an initial velocity of 5m/s, ...
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Projectile motion question [closed]

A ball is struck such that its max height is equal to its range. determine the angle its struck at. Air resistance is ignored and the ground is horizontal. my reasoning is that: using vectors ...
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A question on Galilean Relativity

In a test I took recently in my beginning Physics class there was a question that really irked me: A man is swimming upstream at 10 mph. The water is flowing downstream at 5 mph. How fast is ...
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What is the probability that a half dollar coin lands on heads?

I recently found a half dollar coin in my basement. It's strange but I think when you flip it, that heads is a big favorite to land face up! I really could have sworn I heard that somewhere before; ...
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Physics: Tension on a string from a system [closed]

Ok, I am stumped by this question: In the system in the diagram below, block M (15.7 kg) is initially moving to the left. A force F , with magnitude 60.5 N, acts on it directed at an angle of 35.0 ...
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What is the force on the arms in a pushup?

What force do the arms have to generate to do a pushup? Let us look a this simplified model: The body can be represented by the green plank of mass B. Its angle to the ground is $\theta$. This ...
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Rocket engine, perpendicular to the end of stick, in space

Rocket engine, perpendicular to the end of stick, located in cosmos, without atmosphere and gravitation. As in picture below: In what direction will the stick move? In V or another direction?
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What exactly is $F$ in $W = \int_{a}^{b} F dx$?

I am trying to teach myself some basic physics, here is something I do not really understand about the definition of work: When moving from $a$ to $b$ (in one dimension), the work done is defined to ...
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jumping into water

Two questions: Assuming you dive head first or fall straight with your legs first, what is the maximal height you can jump into water from and not get hurt? In other words, an H meter fall into ...
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What is the difference between Newtonian and Lagrangian mechanics in a nutshell?

What is Lagrangian mechanics, and what's the difference compared to Newtonian mechanics? I'm a mathematician/computer scientist, not a physicist, so I'm kind of looking for something like the ...
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Basic question about force and acceleration

This is a very basic question about the concepts of force and acceleration. Consider the following situations: I sit on the floor of my room on earth I sit on the floor of a spaceship that ...
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Investigating damped Harmonic Motion in a Spring?

I'm going to conduct an investigation into the dampening of a spring. Essentially, what specific factors could be investigated? Currently I'm planning to investigate the effect of changing the mass ...
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Forces in a Pendulum

Help me visualise the forces found in a pendulum. I know weight can be decomposed into $F_x$ and $F_y$. Centripetal force, acceleration and velocity are three words that I'm confused. Centripetal ...
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Are there examples in classical mechanics where D'Alembert's principle fails?

D'Alembert's principle suggests that the work done by the internal forces for a virtual displacement of a mechanical system in harmony with the constraints is zero. This is obviously true for the ...
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projectile power with air resistance [closed]

I need to get the x/y values of a fired projectile given the angle of the initial power, and air resistance. The formulas I have are $$V_x=V_o \cos\theta$$ $$X=V_o \cos \theta t$$ $$V_y=V_o \sin ...
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Is there a good Modern English translation of Newton's “Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica” available for free viewing or download?

I have found several nice versions available for purchase, but all of the free ones are either Latin, old English, or pixellated. I searched google and was only able to locate the free ones linked to ...
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The physics of two circles colliding [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Physics of simple collisions I have looked around the internet and gradually built up a better understanding. However I'm still not 100% clear on the physics. If I have ...
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How to explain independence of momentum and energy conservation in elementary terms?

I'm trying to explain to someone learning elementary physics (16 year old) that linear momentum and energy are conserved independently. I'm not a professional physicist and haven't tried to explain ...