Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Newtons 2nd law and longitudibal dynamics of bicycle

When a bicycle (of gross vehicle mass $m$) accelerates ($a$) forward, such that both the wheels are in pure rolling (no slipping), then: static friction ($f_{s1}$) acts on the front wheel backwards, ...
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29 views

Writing collision equations with the help of coefficient of resistitution

Suppose we have a frictionless surface and a small particle of mass $m$ which collides with velocity of $V$ with stationary particle of $2m$ elastically. I know how to deal with this simple problem ...
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157 views

Air resistance force [closed]

How do I find the air resistance force and the maximum air resistance force when all I'm given is the mass, terminal velocity, and I know it's falling in quite air? I found a formula online but it ...
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How could a cord withstand a force greater than its breaking strength?

How could a 100 N object be lowered from a roof using a cord with a breaking strength of 80 N without breaking the cord?? My attempt to answer this question is that we could use a counter weight. But ...
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Why does it take a projectile as long to get to its apex as it does to hit the ground?

I was once asked the following question by a student I was tutoring; and I was stumped by it: When one throws a stone why does it take the same amount of time for a stone to rise to its peak and then ...
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133 views

Normal force for car banking turn vs object sliding down slope

When describing an object sliding down a slope, we say that the normal force is less than the weight of the object, and that the vector weight minus the normal force equals the force with which the ...
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39 views

weightlessness and forces conceptional question

I am currently learning about forces and newton's laws of motion. I have a question in my book which I don't understand though... Here it is: (note: I dont want the answer I just want to understand ...
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1answer
208 views

When do we assume that a rope has different tensions in different places?

Working a problem with 2 pulleys and masses in class this week the professor at one point assumed that the tension on the two sides of a pulley would be different. Every other time we've done a ...
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1answer
101 views

Can energy be extracted indefinitely from a mass dipole/mass negative mass pair in perpetual motion?

Some days ago I have read this short piece of article by Hammond which caused me to revisit the theoretical properties of negative mass. It is known that a pair consists of ordinary mass and negative ...
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4answers
144 views

Conservation of energy, and Newtonian physics that does not fit

Here is a theoretical example where the energy into the system does not mach the energy output. There is no friction or air resistance. A sledge with a rocket engine attached to it is lying still on ...
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2answers
195 views

A simple pendulum

The idealized simple pendulum model (see the following figure) assumes that at every point of time the string to which the bob is attached exerts an equal and opposite force on the bob as does the ...
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1answer
171 views

A twist on the leaning ladder problem

For the first part, I know will need to form moment equations and resolve horizontally and vertically. But how do I decide which position to take for the dog while I form moment equations?
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89 views

Given the radius and angle of a frictionless banked curve, is it possible to find centripetal force?

A car is driving on a frictionless banked curve of radius 45 metres and 25 degrees. Is it possible to find centripetal force? If not possible, explain why.
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1answer
221 views

Motion in the gravitational field along a trajectory [closed]

A point particle of mass $m$ is moving in the gravitational field along some trajectory which is described by the function $y=y(x)$, which is in a vertical plane and is continuous. Initial ...
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1answer
53 views

On a banked turn, why isn't weight in x the centripetal force?

Why does the x component of the Normal force act as centripetal force in a banked turn and not the weight component in x? I know it may sound silly but please respond.
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1answer
135 views

Two body problem with given start positions and velocities [duplicate]

I am trying to program a $n$-body problem simulation. To calculate the position and velocity after a time-step I want to split it in multiple 2 body problems. Now I am stuck, trying to find the ...
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2answers
128 views

Direction of friction vector when acceleration is zero

There is a box on a ramp, there is Wx that makes it fall, Tension that pulls it up the ramp (a rope) and Friction. The thing is, how can I determine the direction of the friction? For me, friction ...
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1answer
229 views

What happens to the velocity distribution during constructive interference?

Two pulses(one inverted & having velocity in the opposite direction) moving towards each other with same wavelength & amplitude after undergoing destructive interference do re-appear. Why? ...
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3answers
172 views

An object is placed on an inclined plane. Does it roll? [closed]

An object is placed on in inclined plane. There may or may not be friction, your choice. My question is, how do we figure out whether or not it rolls? For example a sphere rolls but a cube doesn't.
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1answer
67 views

Pendulum forces in orbit

On Earth a pendulum is governed by a set of equations, relating the angle of the swing, the mass etc. However with a pendulum in orbit there is no fixed point (assume 2 masses attached via a string). ...
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1answer
89 views

Buoyancy force on a hung object [closed]

If an object is hung with a cord and it have been embedded in a fluid, then the buoyancy force will reduce the cord tension.What is the formula that governs this reduction ?.
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1answer
225 views

Torsional spring and Euler angles

I have a question about the moments generated by torsional springs. Consider an inertial reference frame A and a body fixed reference frame B. The frames are connected by 3 rotational springs acting ...
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2answers
180 views

Kinetics energy with different reference frame (a fighter plane shoots a bullet)?

Suppose a plane flies at 1km/s and shoots a 2kg projectile at 1km/s, so to the Earth the projectile flies at 2km/s with 2*2*2/2 = 4MJ. The same gun, when fixed on Earth, shoots the same 2kg ...
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1answer
363 views

Mass spring system, elongation of the spring [closed]

Is it possible to calculate the elongation of a spring with only the length of the spring, a spring constant and the mass that is attached to the spring?
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54 views

What's wrong with this calculation of the center of mass of a triangle?

Find the center of mass $(x_G,y_G)$ of a homogeneous triangle of mass $m$. Divide it into infinitesimal rectangles of width $dy$, length $x$, mass $dm$ and area $dA$. We have $d A = x dy $ ...
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73 views

Why in analysis of coupled oscillator, restoring force for uncoupled condition is taken in account?

If the pendulums were free & either one were displaced a small distance $x$, the restoring force would be $m{\omega_0}^2 x$. But in the present situation the coupling spring is stretched a ...
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1answer
360 views

Weight of an object at different angles [closed]

I'm trying to either find a calculator online or help with an equation to work out how much weight I'm lifting when I pick up my dirt bike off the floor [edit: when it's lying on it's side on the ...
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179 views

Second Law for Rotational Motion

Moment of inertia is analogous to mass, and angular acceleration is analogous to linear acceleration. What is analogous quantity to net force? In other words, what is moment of inertia*angular ...
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2answers
214 views

Lagrange's equation implying Newton's 2nd law? [duplicate]

The typical first application of Lagrange's equation is showing that it implies Newton's law for a particle whose Lagrangian is $L=\frac{1}{2}mv^2-V(x)$. Plugging this Lagrangian into Lagrange's ...
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1answer
292 views

How to draw the free body diagram of this? [closed]

There is a smooth light peg at C. The system is in equilibrium. The ground is rough. How do I draw the free body diagram for this? Here is the system, and my attempt.
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2answers
178 views

Coriolis force in free fall: Directions?

Inspired by this Phys.SE question, Coriolis force in free fall, I have to ask: Why does the Coriolis force act in the east-direction? I would say, if I jump from a high distance and look at the ...
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1answer
72 views

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force? [closed]

Is the force experienced by a particle influenced by its distance to the focus of the force?
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2answers
346 views

Intuitive understanding of Lagrange point L3

I learned about Lagrange points today and the physics behind L1, L2, L4 and L5 make intuitive sense to me. But I'm stumped by L3. Wikipedia says "L3 in the Sun–Earth system exists on the opposite ...
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A more rigid explanation of “path of least resistance”

In order to try to understand the centripetal force and more specifically how it works for cars, I watched this YouTube video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bB6R1rx5bOA The video offers a good ...
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1answer
807 views

Elastic Collisions and Relative Velocities

In a 1D elastic collision, it is well-known that the relative velocities of the two objects (before and after the collision) are reversed. What is the extension of this result to 2D or higher? Is ...
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1answer
152 views

Wheel slowing down with constant acceleration

A wheel of radius $R$ spins about its center with a centripetal acceleration of $v^2/R$. I get that the acceleration at all points on the rim of the wheel point towards the center of the wheel. But, ...
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2answers
311 views

Is momentum conserved in the collision of a ball with a hanging rod?

Suppose we have a situation like A ball of some mass $m$ with some velocity collides with rod hinged at point $A$. Is momentum conserved in this situation? I know that hinge will give impulsive ...
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1answer
80 views

light falling on a completely reflecting friction less mirror

If you had a perfectly reflective mirror whose face was perpendicular to the ground and was kept on a friction less track on the ground, and you shined a flashlight on it, what would happen? Would ...
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4answers
1k views

Is the work done walking up an escalator in the same speed and opposite direction of the escalator zero?

Work equals force times distance, but what about walking up an escalator in the same speed and opposite direction of the escalator? In the frame of the ground, the distance is zero so the work must ...
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1answer
327 views

How to observe Newton's third law violation? [duplicate]

I met a statement, that Lorentz force disobeys the third Newton's law. Is this true? Also I met some setups, where it was stated, that third law is violated. Also I met some explanations about WHY ...
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84 views

Work power and energy

When you push your bicycle up on an inclined the potential energy of the bicycle and yourself increases. Where does this energy come from?
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How is it that Force = Mass $\times$ Length / Time ^2?

I understand how $F=ma$ but what I am looking for is a diagram, idiom or concept that explains how force can be explained (in a partial layman's terms) as a combination of the dimensions; Length, Mass ...
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3answers
235 views

Newton's first law: unclear multiple choice question

Everyone knows that a body with no external forces acting on it remains at rest or moves with a constant velocity. But how would you answer the following multiple choice question: Question: A body ...
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1answer
103 views

Prove thrust is double the dynamic pressure across a nozzle

I'm trying to teach myself some of the content from 'Rocket Propulsion Elements' by George P. Sutton. After reading over the first couple of chapters feeling like I understood everything, I came ...
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4answers
580 views

Car “oomph”: power or torque?

Two of the most important magnitudes that characterize a car's engine are maximum power and maximum torque. How are those two magnitudes related to the sensation that the car has "oomph" or is ...
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0answers
57 views

Why is it harder to flip my cell phone about one axis than the other two? [duplicate]

There are three ways (three differenent axis about which) I can flip my cell phone - over the front (like a frontflip), about the center (like a disc of pizza dough being spun by a baker), and over ...
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0answers
30 views

Lovely flow rate [duplicate]

How can we calculate the measure of the air flow rate when it is coming out of the balloon? (I mean that which parameter affects that? For example, the measure of balloons neck or the ratios or ...
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0answers
60 views

How much energy does it take to hold a bag? [duplicate]

I'm holding a bag with some mass $m$. The force required for not letting it fall is equal to its weight $m \cdot g_L$ (where $g_L$ is the local gravity, assuming Earth this is $\approx 9.8 \; \text{m} ...
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1answer
121 views

Finding the centripetal force at any random point in a wheel which is rotating as well as translating

If we have a wheel which is decelerating due to friction with acceleration $-A$ and angular acceleration $-\alpha$, and we want to find the acceleration at any point, then we can simply find it using ...
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2answers
122 views

Has this double-slit experiment been performed?

A weak, single photon, source is controlled by a fast shutter and directs photons toward a double-slit. Quite far beyond the slits, compared to shutter speed, is the photon detector (perhaps a film). ...