Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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70 views

Is a rope wave a perfectly transverse wave?

When i create a disturbance in a rope.What is happening at the particle level.I imagine the particles and the forces on the particles like this: According to my model there should be some horizontal ...
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1answer
177 views

Solving Lagrangian equations of motion for two point-bodies with gravitational interaction

I would like to solve the equations of motion with the Lagrangian function for two point-bodies that interact gravitationally via the potential $$V= {-Gm_1m_2 \over r_{12}} $$ where $$r_{12} = **r_1 ...
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1answer
162 views

What causes angular and linear deceleration in a sliding and rotating ring?

I was solving an AP Physics problem involving a ring sliding and rotating over a frictional surface. When I started to think about why the ring eventually comes to a stop I started to become confused. ...
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1answer
201 views

Can someone explain this solution for the motion of a falling chain?

In an example of Marion's classical dynamics 5th edition, I found example 9.2 not making sense, which states: My questions are: The horizontal motion cannot be ignored even in the idealized ...
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1answer
476 views

Understanding Millikan's oil-drop experiment

This is quoted from A.P. French's Newtonian Mechanicsabout Millikan's oil-drop experiment: The droplets randomly produced in a mist of oil vapor are of various sizes. The ones that Millikan found ...
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3answers
107 views

Why isn't the terminal velocity completely achieved but only asymptotically achieved due to action of resistive force?

Motion against resistive forces is given by: $$F_0 - R(v) = m\frac{dv}{dt}$$ where $R(v) = A.v + B.v^2$. Terminal velocity can be found by solving $$B.v^2 + A.v - F_0 = 0$$ ie. $v_t$ is the velocity ...
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2answers
76 views

How would a plane hitting a ball move (opposite of Pong)?

When a moving ball hits a stationary plane at an angle of incidence to the normal, it bounces away at the same angle (the angle of reflection), which is commonly understood. My question is 1) What ...
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1answer
586 views

How to calculate the normal force exerted by a fulcrum off-center?

So I know that $F_N$ exerted by a fulcrum right under the centre of mass for, say, a long horizontal rod, is equal to $mg$. But what if the fulcrum is off the centre of mass either to the right or the ...
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2answers
686 views

Period of a simple pendulum accounting for friction

The period of a simple pendulum is $$T=2\pi\sqrt{\ell/g},$$ but no where in there do I see that it accounts for friction. Does it somehow account for friction, and if not, how could you do that?
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2answers
967 views

Why aren't satellites increasing speed because of gravitational acceleration?

Satellites orbiting the earth are experiencing almost as strong gravitation as we do, but they don't hit the earth because of their velocity outwards and the earth's curvature. But if they're ...
2
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1answer
314 views

Calculating wind force and drag force on a falling object

I'm trying to numerically integrate the motion of an object (say, a falling vertical cylinder). Here, there's a drag force: the wind "acting" on the body (presumably adding horizontal velocity) and ...
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1answer
96 views

if you have an object on an inclined slope, by applying a horizontal force would you be able to lift the object from the slope?

I am programming a free body force diagram and as part of it a am allowing the user to adjust the angle of the plane and apply a force to an object on such plane at any angle to the horizontal. My ...
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5answers
198 views

Which one acts first: friction or tension?

I have a block kept on a rough surface with a string attaching it to the wall. I pull the block opposite to the string with a certain force $F \leq \mu mg$ where $\mu$ is the coefficient of friction ...
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2answers
267 views

Why do particles of equal mass (with one at rest) undergoing elastic collisions scatter at only right angles?

This is from the Section 9.6, page 351 of "Classical Dynamics of Particles and Systems" by Thornton and Marion. By setting a up a system where mass 1 has initial momentum $m_1 u_1$ and mass 2 is at ...
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1answer
530 views

Lead bullet vs a Rubber bullet?

Our teacher says that rubber bullet is more effective than a lead bullet for knocking down a bear/human/whatever. He says that change in momentum for rubber bullet is greater than that for lead bullet....
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8answers
5k views

Does it take more energy to open a door when applying force close to the hinge?

Assuming an ordinary hinged door (without any springs), would it take more energy to open it when applying force in the middle of the door (point b), rather than at the end of the door (point a), ...
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1answer
369 views

Why doesn't the string slack in the motion in a vertical circle even if tension is zero?

Suppose a particle of mass $m$ is attached to an inextensible string of length $R$ and is undergoing vertical - circular motion. The centripetal force is given by the tension & its weight: $$T -...
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0answers
158 views

Newton's Second Law And Horse Racing

I'm a big racing fan and decided that I'd like to develop a better understanding of how weight impacts a horses performance. I did some searching on the internet and came across this article: The ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Tensions in a rope [duplicate]

If two tensions are acting on a rope such that they are equal (each is 10 N) and opposite (180 degrees) then what will be the total tension in the rope? I cant seem to figure out if these two will ...
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2answers
115 views

Does air density influence a football player's ability to “bend” the ball?

Whilst reading an article on nasa.gov, there was a claim that I found interesting: At higher altitudes, the density r is lower producing a larger radius of curvature and a straighter path. The ...
74
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9answers
12k views

Can we theoretically balance a perfectly symmetrical pencil on its one-atom tip?

I was asked by an undergrad student about this question. I think if we were to take away air molecules around the pencil and cool it to absolute zero, that pencil would theoretically balance. Am I ...
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1answer
372 views

Simple pendulum cartesian coordinates

I'm reading Vibrations and Waves from French. I don't understand the following approximation when considering the simple pendulum: Referring to the last figure if the angle $\theta$ is small we ...
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1answer
48 views

The applied and friction forces of a particle along a straight wire in horizontal plane

A particle of mass $14~\text{kg}$, slides along a straight wire in a horizontal plane. The coefficient of dynamic friction $\mu_k = 0.6$ The equation of the line of the wire is $y = \sqrt{3}x$ so that ...
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1answer
151 views

If the cord has a breaking strength of 25.0 N, explain why the cord broke when supporting a load so much lesser than its breaking strength [closed]

A picture of weight 5.0 N is suspended from a hook on the wall by a cord. The tension of the cord is 7.07 N. It was found that the picture is hung too low on the wall and was adjusted by shortening ...
2
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5answers
284 views

How to interpret that forces do not depend on acceleration?

I was told forces can depend on time, location and velocity, but never on acceleration. At first I thought this must be wrong, thinking of $F=m\cdot a$. But I think/hope I now got what was meant, what ...
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2answers
118 views

Clarify excerpt from Feynman Lectures on rotations in three dimensions

In The Feynman Lectures, vol. I, chapter 20 Feynman discusses rotations in three dimensions and explains angular velocities may be added as vectors; in particular he says: What about angular ...
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1answer
137 views

Using Conservation of momentum and Energy to solve a problem [closed]

A 9kg bullet is fired horizontally into a 10 kg block of wood suspended by a rope from the ceiling. The block swings in an arc, rising 6mm above its lowest position. Find the velocity of the bullet. ...
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2answers
1k views

Speed needed to make a car jump from a ramp

(I've posted this question on GameDev and I've been told to ask here so I'm pasting the question) I need to make a car jump from a ramp to another, and I need this to be done using AI so I thought it ...
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2answers
262 views

Is potential energy an energy exists or potentiality of energy? [closed]

I want to ask whether Potential Energy is truly existing Energy - though i know the energy concept is abstract and we do not know what is energy truly as Feynman said - or it is the potentiality that ...
2
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0answers
53 views

What is the effect of vibrations on an object's properties?

What do vibrations do to an object's properties? By making an object vibrate at a high frequency (compared to its static state) would vibrations: Increase or reduce its moment of inertia? Increase ...
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4answers
103 views

Sun and planets orbit each other

Do not the planets and the Sun revolve in orbits around each other and the shape of the orbit depends on where the center of gravity of the system is? The greater the mass of the Sun, the closer the ...
1
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1answer
348 views

Spring compressed between two blocks [closed]

I´m trying to solve this problem and I don't understand it well. We have a block whose mass is $m_2$, a block whose mass is $ m_1$, and a spring of length $8a$. If you connect the blocks like this: ...
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2answers
143 views

Clarify an assertion on torques from the Feynman lectures

In The Feynman Lectures, vol.I, chapter 18, Feynman discusses torques on a rigid body in two dimensions and says: Now we pause briefly to note that our foregoing introduction of torque, through ...
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5answers
2k views

How can static friction do work?

By definition, the work done by a force is $W = F\cdot d$, so how can static friction do work? Can this force move the body a distance of $75~\text{m}$?
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1answer
67 views

Frequency response of a capstan-like mechanical amplifier

Tension on a wire can be amplified by wrapping the wire around a powered rotating capstan, with output force governed by the linear capstan equation, Tout = Tin * emu*theta. Will this equation hold ...
0
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1answer
230 views

Confusion about average force applied over a time interval

If I understand correctly, the word average implies the average of forces acting during a certain time. $$F_{avg}=\frac{\int_{t_i}^{t_f}{F(t)\,dt}}{t_f-t_i}$$ The teacher gave us tasks with answers ...
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0answers
23 views

Constant 2 in kinetic energy equation [duplicate]

Trying to understand where the constant 2 comes from in the kinetic energy equation, $mv^2/2$. Why 2 and not another number?
1
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1answer
134 views

Exam review problem. Weird answer [closed]

The question asks us to calculate the holding force of the triangular mounting if the rock weighs exactly $2kg$ and the mounting supports the rod at exactly $\frac{1}{4}$ of its length. ($g=9.81 \frac{...
0
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1answer
62 views

Two Bodies Orbiting Around Each Other and Kepler’s Laws?

If two bodies are orbiting around a central center of gravity, how does Kepler’s first law (the one regarding the ellipse) apply?
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2answers
159 views

Comparing the orbit radius of two spherical objects [duplicate]

Assume the mass of star 2 is 4 times the mass of star 1. Compare the radius of the orbit of star 1 to that of star 2. Possible answers: R1:R2=1:4 R1:R2=1:2 R1:R2=2:1 R1:R2=4:1 R1:R2=16:1 ...
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1answer
202 views

Variation in spring constant with respect to the length and no. of coils

Do the spring constant depend upon the length of the spring? No. of coils? Like what happens to the spring constant if you cut it in the half?
0
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3answers
112 views

Why is there a contradiction in this Newton's equations of motion related question? [closed]

One second after being thrown straight down, an object is falling with a speed of 20 m/s. How much distance does the object travel in the first second? We took: $$v = 20\,{\rm m/s}$$ $$u = 0\,{\rm m/...
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1answer
258 views

Work done by friction on car

David Morin, in "Introduction to Classical Mechanics" says that friction does not exert a force on a car because the ground is fixed but that KE of the car is changing to internal kinetic energy in ...
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0answers
28 views

How fast does the force of pulling a straight rope propagate along the rope? [duplicate]

Is it instantaneous or does it somehow propagate like a wave along the particles of the rope ?
0
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1answer
73 views

Does it take more effort to move against earth's rotation?

I know that if we stand still, we are traveling at 0 m/s relative to the Earth. But if we move against the rotation of the Earth we lower our speed, so, wouldn't we have to fight against the ...
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1answer
392 views

Difference between kilogram-force and kilogram

I know that a 1 kilogram-force is the force of 1 kilogram acted upon by 1 standard unit of gravity (9.80665 m/s^2). However, in torque descriptions I find that some use $kgf*cm$ while others use $...
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1answer
44 views

What does $\bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}$ represent?

In the context of centroids and moments, what do $\bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}$ and $\bar{y}_{\textrm{el}}$ represent? For example: $$\bar{x}L = \int \bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}dL$$ Some references that use ...
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1answer
164 views

Largest size of a low gravity, Earth-like planet with Volcanoes and Earthquakes?

Provided that the Solar System consists only of Sol, a planet, and the planet's moon.... How large can my planet be so that it has low enough gravity that teenage human girls trained for jumping, are ...
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1answer
146 views

Coriolis force: why is pole-to-equator air flow eastly?

I have little knowledge in fluid dynamics, so this may be naive. But I have a question while reading a textbook about the Coriolis force, by which the rotation of the earth from west to east changes ...
19
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12answers
5k views

How can the contact point of rolling body have zero velocity?

They say that for a rolling body, the velocity of the contact point is zero. I'm not getting this. How can it be zero when it's in continuous motion?