Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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2answers
162 views

Galaxy rotation equation problem

I would like to know if in this equation for the rotation of galaxies: $$v^2=\frac{GM}r.$$ Is $M$ the mass of the black hole at the center of our galaxy? Someone said to me that No, $M$ is the ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Force From Distance

I'm working on a physics engine for a game and I need something clarified. Let's say I have a stationary sphere, sitting atop a platform. The sphere's mass is 10kg, and gravity is $10m/s^2$, for the ...
0
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0answers
1k views

Statics: particle mechanics versus rigid body mechanics

In particle mechanics where the notion of rotation does not apply, particles are said to be in static equilibrium when the sum of the external forces acting on the particle of interest in all ...
5
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5answers
742 views

Does the reaction force appear without delay?

According to Newton's law of action-reaction, there is a reaction force for the action force. He did not say when the reaction appears, whether immediately or with a delay. Could you tell me the ...
5
votes
2answers
592 views

How to derive relation for time derivative in a rotating reference frame

I am looking for an appropriate derivation of the $(\frac{d}{dt})_{\text{laboratory}} = (\frac{d}{dt})_{\text{rotating}} + \omega \times $ relationship that enables one to calculate all desired ...
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1answer
2k views

Net torque on a frictionless pulley

If we consider a system comprising a massless string over a frictionless pulley,then we write the torque equation as $(T_2-T_1)R=I a$ ,where $T_2$ and $T_1$ are tensions on either side of the pulley. ...
3
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2answers
246 views

How much more energy would I spend if my bicycle was 2 kilos heavier? [closed]

I have a bicycle weighing 8 kilos. An 10 kilometer ride averaging 20 km/h requires z kWh's of energy. How much more energy would I spend if I added 2 kilos to my ...
-1
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1answer
431 views

Speed of a falling pencil [closed]

If you balance a pencil of length $d$ on its tip, and let it fall, how do you compute the final velocity of its other end just before it touches the ground? (Assume the pencil is a uniform one ...
0
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1answer
350 views

Centripetal acceleration for particle that moves in a circle at non-constant speed

How is $a_{R}=v_T^{2}/r$ derived for changing tangential speed? ($a_R$-centripetal component $r$-distance from axis $v_T$- tangential speed)
5
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1answer
461 views

Do higher-order mass moments have any physical meaning?

The zeroth moment of mass of an object is simply its total mass. The first moment of mass yields an object's center of gravity (after normalization). The second moment of mass yields an object's ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Notation of $\nabla_{ij}V_{ij}$ Referring to a Potential

There's a brief section in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics book in chapter 1 that derives some useful basic mechanics things. In talking about the total internal energy of the system, there's a ...
3
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5answers
2k views

Veritasium - Firing bullet in block - along center and away from center

This question is about this video on YouTube, in which a bullet is fired vertically into the center of a wooden block from below, sending the block up into the air. Next, a bullet is fired vertically ...
6
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6answers
630 views

Is Newton's first law something real or a mathematical formalism?

Why do objects always 'tend' to move in straight lines? How come, everytime I see a curved path that an object takes, I can always say that the object tends to move in a straight line over 'small' ...
0
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2answers
131 views

Can you justify force calculations using more than one of Newton's laws?

If an object is at rest on a flat surface I remember my school teacher would say, "By Newton's 1st law the normal reaction, R, is mg (mass x g)". Ok, sure this is fine because the object is at ...
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0answers
61 views

Train construction-need of suspension

Suspension generally used to make ride comfortable. But rail tracks are smooth and even; intution says trains no need suspension. But they have it. Why do railway wagon/coach require suspension when ...
0
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1answer
498 views

Why does a larger sprocket need more power to accelerate at the same rate?

Why does a large drive sprocket require more power to accelerate at the same rate as a smaller drive sprocket if the overall gear ratio is the same (with all other components such as the chain the ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Does a 27 hp engine output the same amount of energy as lifting a 1 ton stone block almost 3 meters per second?

I’m trying to get a sense of how much energy a 27 horsepower engine outputs. 27 hp $=$ 20 133 watts (joules/second). Potential energy can be calculated as $E = mgh$ where $g = ~9.8\ m/s^2$ on earth. ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Find the distance from the initial location [closed]

Sing Huat drives a car with initial speed 30 km/h and acceleration 2 km/h2 toward Tee, whose displacement is 200 m away from him. At the same time, Tee drives another car toward Sing Huat with ...
1
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1answer
346 views

Variable Tension in the string [closed]

A body of mass $m$ is hanging with a string having linear mass density $\lambda$. What is the tension at point $A$ as shown in the figure. I am aware of the scenarios in which string is ...
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1answer
155 views

Rigid Body Mechanics In a vacuum (no gravity) [closed]

I am writing a physics engine to map the rotary and translatory movements of a uniformly dense solid cylinder within 3d space. If a vectored thrust is applied to one end of the cylinder at an ...
1
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1answer
180 views

Circular motion [closed]

A small block slides down from the top of a hemisphere of radius $r$. It is assumed that there is no friction between the block and the hemisphere. At what height $h$ will be the block lose contact ...
1
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1answer
189 views

Relative acceleration with pullys

I have tried this question every way I can think but in the equation for particle $L$ $g$ cancels every time. Could someone show me how to do it correctly or tell me what I am doing wrong. Thanks, ...
0
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1answer
226 views

Free body diagram of rod in sphere

I was finding the free body diagram part of dynamics quite easy until I found this question , Here's how it goes : A rod AB is placed inside a spherical shell, whose inside surface is rough. Draw ...
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2answers
57 views

Does a 27 hp engine output the same amount of energy as lifting a 1 ton stoneblock almost 3 meters per second? [duplicate]

I'm trying to get a sense of how much energy a $27$ horsepower engine outputs. $$27 \mathrm{hp} = 20133\mathrm{W}$$ Potential energy can be calculated as $$E = mgh$$ where $g ...
1
vote
1answer
475 views

What is the maximal height for a water rocket's flight?

A water rocket works like this: there is a circular slot of area $A_1$ at the bottom centre of a cylinder of cross-sectional area $A_0$ and height $L$ that is filled with water to an initial height ...
4
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1answer
164 views

Need to weigh a sack of kittens

Hypothetical brain teaser here, no real kittens involved! - For some bizarre reason I have a sack of kittens, I need to find the total weight of the kittens and the sack but I'm only allowed to use ...
1
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1answer
636 views

Rigid bar suspended by two ropes, tension of first rope after second rope is cut?

This is from a practice exam, I've been sitting here thinking about it for over an hour and can't convince myself of an answer, or write down any relevant exact equations. A bar of uniform density ...
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0answers
1k views

Equations of motion for a pendulum and spring system

The question is available here: I've modeled the building as a rod on a torsional spring (with a pendulum hanging from the top). $\phi$ is the angle from the centre for the pendulum and $\theta$ ...
19
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1answer
772 views

What happens, if a rocket is filled with a vacuum instead of high pressured air?

Suppose you put wheels under a compressed air tank so that it can move horizontally to the right and to the left. Suppose there is a nozzle on the right hand side of the tank (in the picture on the ...
0
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1answer
481 views

Newton's Third Law and Constant Velocity

How can an object that's not accelerating cause another stationary object to move in a collision? This website: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/Class/momentum/U4l2a.cfm, says that a "rightward moving" ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Helping/explanatory notes for Landau&Lifschitz Physics Course [duplicate]

I've recently restored my interest on theoretical physics (I have a master degree in Electrical Engineering) and began my study with first volume of the Physics Course by Landau and Lifshitz. This is ...
3
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1answer
348 views

D'Alembert's principle

Actually I have some troubles to understand what this principle is all about, so I want to use the simple pendulum in order to get the idea. Since I have read a few passages that dealt with this ...
0
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1answer
202 views

How much speed is maintained in a 90 degree turn? [closed]

How much speed is maintained in a 90 degree turn? Is there an equation for this? I was recently driving and took a 90 degree turn while coasting at 25 mph and it did not seem like I lost very much ...
5
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2answers
611 views

Accretion disk physics - Stellar formation

I was going through the Wikipedia page for Accretion disks, and I couldn't comprehend what the meaning of this is: "If matter is to fall inwards it must lose not only gravitational energy but also ...
8
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3answers
633 views

Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
0
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1answer
93 views

3D billiard with no gravity nor air drag

If I have a projectile shot in a vacuum-box that has no gravity or wind resistance inside it (lets say the box is 1000 units tall and 1000 units wide), with the only rule being that the projectile ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Can internal forces do work?

My Mechanics textbook claims that the sum of the work by internal forces is not generally zero. translated to English the paragraph reads: Notice about the work by internal forces: the work by ...
1
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0answers
179 views

Projects for a physics club [closed]

It's a physics club for undergraduates (first three years of university); I'm looking for projects idea that aren't too obvious like a small rocket or an electromagnet (school projects) but also not ...
1
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4answers
557 views

Given Newton's Third Law, how can an inanimate object create a force?

Newton's Third Law states that Whenever any force is exerted by a body#1 on any other body#2, another force which is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction is exerted on body#1 by body#2. ...
6
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7answers
938 views

What happens when the spacecraft velocity equals the velocity at it's exhaust?

So there I was resting me eyes thinking about rocket drives, and what-not. The thought struck me that, perhaps, even before Mr. Einstein interferes with the increasing velocity of the spacecraft Mr. ...
4
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3answers
955 views

Centrifugal Force

When a body is in circular motion, realistically, it experiences only the centripetal force, created by gravitational pull, tension etc. , which gives it acceleration towards the centre. Now, assuming ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

Torque of a winch with pulleys [closed]

I'm working on a project that involves using a remote-controlled electric winch to raise and lower my bicycle using a pulley system. The problem is that I don't know how much torque will be required ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What would a person experience in a free-falling elevator in a shaft long enough to reach terminal velocity?

Assume we had an elevator shaft long enough for a free-falling elevator to reach terminal velocity. As I understand it, when the elevator begins to fall a person inside would experiences ...
0
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2answers
82 views

Possibility of low-radius orbit?

Please bear with me, as I'm not in the field of physics, this question may seem a bit simple. This question is concerning stable circular orbits around celestial bodies. I know the equation relevant ...
1
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2answers
812 views

Projectile Motion Question involving a ball and a ramp inclined at an angle

The question is to finde the initial horizontal velocity of the ball at end of the ramp, where it is released. I know how to do this using gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy ...
0
votes
2answers
418 views

Law of conservation of energy and kinetic energy: deformation of a spring [closed]

Problem: A block B of 1,5 kg is attached to the right of a spring (not deformed, with its right side attach to a wall) with a constant of $k = 80 N/m$ and, at rest, the block enter in collision with ...
2
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3answers
8k views

About an upside down cup of water against atmosphere pressure

There is an experiment we learned from high school that demonstrated how atmosphere pressure worked. Fill a cup of water and put a cardboard on top of it, then turn it upside-down, the water will not ...
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2answers
9k views

Finding the drag force (Air resistance force) for accelerated ball?

As you know if I want to find the force for an accelerated object I will use the law $F_o=ma$ so I can get the affecting force of it. But there is another force affecting against the object. It's the ...
0
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2answers
238 views

How to work out momentum when there are velocity and mass changes

I have a pretty simple homework question, but I can't rap my head around it. In the question a swimmer of $55 \mbox{ } \mathrm{kg}$, jumps off a stationary raft of $210\mbox{ }\mathrm{kg} $. The ...
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2answers
925 views

Acceleration of pendulum

At what point of a pendulum's swing is its acceleration the greatest? What does this tell you about where the forces act in a pendulum? Is my answer correct? The force that causes the acceleration ...