Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Why is work defined as force dot displacement?

Why is work defined as force dot displacement? I know that it is defined like that based on the observational fact - we do more work when we apply greater force or move to a greater distance. But I ...
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Calculation of Distance from measured Acceleration vs Time

I have an Accelerometer connected to a device that feeds the instant values of the acceleration in the 3 directions. I've tried to calculate the distance for a vertical movement using these values ...
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Why does a ball bounce?

If an object is acted on by equal and opposite forces then it will be in equilibrium, and it's acceleration or velocity (and so direction as well) will not be changed. So when a ball bounces, it ...
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Please explain this circular movement problem [closed]

I was working over some problems from my physics textbook, and I came across this one, it involves circular movement: A car with the mass of 1t is moving over a hill with the velocity of 20 m/s. The ...
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207 views

Is energy “destroyed” when walking?

Conservation of energy states energy can't be destroyed, but isn't energy used up when walking in a straight line? If your not walking up a slope, kinetic energy isn't converted to gravitational ...
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When should we use the concept of Impulse/Momentum instead of Force?

In my notes it says "The ideas of impulse and momentum is useful in solving problems where:- a) the force F is not easily calculable (e.g. sudden impact or blow) b) the impulse force is ...
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Could someone remind me what this means again? $\nabla U = \pm F$

You know that for a potential function (conservative force/fields) that $\nabla U = \pm \vec{F}$ In math, we don't have that minus sign, we have only the plus one. What does it mean if you get rid ...
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How do I properly use Newton's Third Law and Free Body Diagrams?

A force of 14.0N is applied to a block as shown in the diagram below ! If the coefficient of friction is between the surface and the blocks is 0.35 a) What is the acceleration of the two blocks? ...
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101 views

I think there is something wrong with this problem. How do you know if the vertical acceleration is zero?

Suppose a block with mass 3kg is on a frictionless table and a force of 15N pulls it from an angle of 38 degrees above the horizontal. 1) What is the apparent weight of the block? 2) What is the ...
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127 views

Would a projectile keep going forever in empty space?

Would a projectile fired in space and assuming there were no stars or planets in the way, would the projectile continue on to infinity, since the x-component of the projectile's velocity never changes ...
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995 views

What is a Free Body Diagram?

I have this problem: A 10 kg box is resting on a frictionless table and someone drags it by a string at a 30 degree angle to the horizontal with a force of 40 Newtons. Find the acceleration of the ...
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78 views

Centripetal force: if radius decreases, does ANGULAR or TANGENTIAL velocity change?

Having conceptual trouble with this aspect of centripetal force. Say we have a puck on a frictionless table attached to a string that I am holding through a small hole, so that the puck moves in a ...
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How can an accelerating inclined plane prevent a block on it from sliding?

If I increase the force $F$, only the normal force $N1$ acting on $m1$ would increase which has no component along the plane, ie. along $m1gsin\theta$, so how would applying this force prevent m1 ...
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42 views

Finding inclined plane acceleration

In the above diagram, both the surfaces are frictionless. The force exerted by $m_1$ perpendicular to the inclined plane $m_2$'s surface is $m_1g\cos\theta$, and the horizontal component of that ...
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Tension and friction. Cool question

I had an exercise like the image, where block A is pulled by a force F, there is that rope(tension) attached to the block B and the wall, and there is friction between A and B, and A and the ground, ...
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32 views

Relationship Gravitational Potential and the Tangential Velocity of a Satellite

So gravitational potential is given by $V(r)={\frac{GM}{r}}$ and the tangential velocity of a satellite is the square root of $V$, i.e. $\sqrt V$. So how do these two relate, if at all?
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How is a mass, suspended vertically by two springs in parallel, kept stable? [closed]

Consider a mass suspended vertically from above by two springs in parallel with different spring constants. Wouldn't the tension be different in each spring? How is this system kept in equilibrium?
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Amplitude of damped driven harmonic oscillator [closed]

I have a question that I can reason physically but mathematically I am not sure if my approach is correct. The amplitude of the oscillator is: $$A(\omega) = \frac{QF_{0}}{m}(\frac{1}{\omega_{0} ...
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87 views

Spinning a string with a mass on the end. What makes the mass rotate parallel to the ground? [closed]

Say you use your hand to rotate a string with a mass attached to the end. The string will first become taunt and then the mass and string will move upwards until they are spinning parallel to the ...
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Definition of translational , rotational , rolling motion

What are the exact definitions of pure translational , pure rotational and rolling motion ? I am a class 11th student ... I find it difficult to exactly make a difference between translational , ...
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What Feynman meant in description of reversible machine and levers

In chapter four of the part one of the lectures, he mentions: (..) A machine that we actually use can be, in a sense, almost reversible: that is, if it will lift the weight of three by lowering ...
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37 views

In rotating frames, particles do not travel at constant velocity?

If we measure a particle's trajectory in a rotating frame of reference as $\vec x=\vec x(t)$, then $\frac{d^2\vec x}{dt^2}=0$ could be zero? I'm trying to explain why the Newton's first law of ...
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If two objects have the same drag coefficient, but one is much heavier, would it fall faster?

Not sure this is a good example but imagine we have two feathers, both with exactly the same drag coefficient, they have the exact same shape and everything, but the only difference is that one of ...
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54 views

$P = h \rho g$ derivation

Here is a snapshot from my textbook : Here only three forces are calculated: The gravitational force The force due to the pressure $p$ on the bottom surface The force due to the pressure ...
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29 views

How can you calculate the thrust-to-weight ratio of a gun?

Is there some formula I can apply to the weight of a gun, along with the force of thrust it creates, and calculate if it will be able to lift itself off the ground or not? Without actually handling ...
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106 views

Difference between potential centrifugal energy and rotational/kinetic energy

I'm having troubles to understand the difference between kinetic energy and potential centrifugal energy in some situations. I make an example where I am confused. A object moves on a rod attached ...
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63 views

Free falling and bouncing back

My confusion arises with free falling body. For a free falling body the displacement ~ time graph has a kink (at the time when the body hit the ground ). at a kink point, a function is not ...
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64 views

How does friction affect the motion of a pendulum?

I would like to know what is the difference in the equation of motion of a pendulum in the presence or the absence of frictional forces. And how this translates to the solution of those equations?
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90 views

Forces on wheels in an accelerating vehicle

Assume that a motorcycle of mass $m$ has two wheels that are equidistant from its centre i.e the force on each wheel is $mg/2$. If the motorcycle accelerates forward, will the two forces on each ...
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51 views

What does well defined parity mean

I'm reading a textbook (Physics of Quantum Mechanics by Binney) and it says that the ground state ket $\left\lvert 1 0 0 \right \rangle$ of the hydrogen atom has well defined (even) parity. What does ...
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47 views

Condition for looping the loop

Consider a ball tied to a string and it is imparted a velocity we have studied that condition for looping the loop is that tension at the uppermost point must be zero, but why is this condition ...
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1answer
41 views

Center of mass of an arc

A very thin tube shaped like a quarter of a toroid has one end attached to the origin $(0,0,0)$ and the other end at $(R,0,R)$. Determine its center of mass. So obviously $y_G = 0$. Using Pappus ...
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Can a submarine be powered by a wind turbine?

This is not intended as a realistic way for propulsion of submarines, it is just an interesting thought experiment. Say I want to travel directly towards the wind, only powered by the wind. This is ...
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30 views

Speed of pinewood derby car

If I drop a pinewood derby car from 4 feet I know it hits the ground in half a second at about 10.6 mph. If it rolls down the track (starting at 4 feet) it takes longer, but is it possible for it to ...
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27 views

Applicable force at constant velocity [closed]

For a body moving at a constant velocity, the force $F_{net}=ma$ Since acceleration is 0, $F_{net}=0$ (i.e force applied = resisting force) Since force applied and resisting force are equal, will ...
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43 views

Does a capacitor experience a Newtonian reaction when being charged?

Say I have a capacitor that is being charged with a battery. There are two wires, one on the positive and one on negative terminal of the battery which go to a capacitor. During the charging, a ...
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2answers
40 views

Static Equilibrium [closed]

A 3 Newton force and a 4 Newton force are acting concurrently on a point. Which force could not produce equilibrium with these two forces? 1N 7N 9N 4N I'm confused. The book I'm looking at says ...
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51 views

Calculating post-collision velocity [closed]

Consider two persons $p1$ and $p2$ of the same mass , such that they are together moving rightward with a velocity of $v/2$ Now person $p1$ pushes $p2$ in the left direction. According to newton's ...
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71 views

When a ball bounces on a wall at an angle, why does the angle of incidence equal angle of reflection?

When a ball is thrown to a wall without spin and bounces, supposing it's an elastic collision, why does the angle of incidence equal the angle "reflection" (relatively to the normal), why isn't it any ...
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91 views

Motion of an object in a moving car and collison

I came across an interesting question today at work. 'Imagine traveling in a car. The passenger has a glass bottle in their hand. In which direction relative to the moving car should the passenger ...
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1answer
91 views

conservation of momentum? [closed]

At hyperphysics I got this image, with the same description in text as is in this image It says that when a massive particle (say $A$) moving with a velocity collides with an object having a ...
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1answer
47 views

A question on Jeans's instability

I am a Physics student and I'd really appreciate if anybody could help me with an exercise my professor gave me a couple of weeks ago. It goes like this: Let us consider a spherical symmetrical gas ...
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2answers
45 views

Terminal velocity of mentos [closed]

If somebody throws a mentos downwards (vertically) faster than the terminal velocity of a mentos, from the height at which the terminal velocity is reached from a falling mentos, will the mentos hit ...
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2answers
42 views

Can outgassing produce a significant thrust on a space ship?

There are a variety of materials that outgas in the atmosphere, and I imagine they would do so even more in the vacuum of space. I imagine an object in space would experience a small force as ...
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Reference frame and conservation of energy

Say spaceship $\alpha$ burns a portion of its fuel to leave planet A and is cruising through space at 10 m/s relative to the surface from which it launched. Spaceship $\alpha$ is being observed by ...
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70 views

Question about the wave function of a travelling wave

I have a confusion about the wave function of a travelling wave. Suppose we have a wave function of a travelling wave travelling towards the positive direction of x axis $$ ...
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1answer
56 views

Why do we only feel the centrifugal force?

After spending some time researching about the centrifugal force, I now understand that it is needed in a non-inertial reference frame for Newton's Laws to hold true. However, I don't understand why ...
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58 views

Angular Momentum and Kepler's Second Law

Let me preface by saying that I get the gist of the conservation of angular momentum, at least qualitatively. To better illustrate my question, I will consider the case of a planet orbiting a star. ...
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38 views

Experiment to show $a \propto F$

I learnt about an experiment to show that acceleration is proportional to force. It was done by placing a trolley (like a toy car) on a smooth track. At the end of the smooth horizontal track was a ...
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How do I solve for $v_2$ where $mv_1^2 + MU_1^2 = mv_2^2 + M U_2^2$ and $MU_1 - Mv_1 = MU_2 - mv_2$ by eliminating $U_2$?

I was trying to solve the head on collision slingshot problem where the rocket moving with speed $v_1$ approaches a planet which is moving with speed $U_1$. I wanted the final speed of the rocket ...