Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Angular momentum of anistropic harmonic oscilator

A potential given by : $$ V(x,y,z) = \frac{1}{2}m(x^2+y^2+\frac{z^2}{2}). $$ Which component of angular momentum is conserved. An attempt: Angular momentum along z, $ L_{z} = m(x\dot{y} - ...
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What is the name of this principle?

What is the name of this principle? If the speed of the centre of mass $\vec{v}_{CM}$ of a solid is constant ($cte$), then the sum of the exterior forces that exerts into this solid ...
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136 views

Can't understand the principle of least action [closed]

I tried many hours to understand the principle of least action, and those hours become days... and I still didn't understand that principle/ and how it relates to Newtonian mechanics? Could someone ...
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440 views

Is tension always constant throughout a rope of mass in equilibrium?

Let's say we have a meter stick with a single rope attached to it. One end of the rope is attached to one end of the meter stick, the other end of the rope is attached to the opposite end of the meter ...
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108 views

Is the assumption that the two reference frames be inertial required in the derivation of transformation equations?

In the derivation of Galilean transformations the only assumption is that the two frames are moving with some uniform relative velocity $u$. Suppose with respect to some inertial frame $O$ the two ...
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42 views

Is this formula for change in angular momentum of a combination of bodies correct?

In my dynamics notes I have written the following: $$\frac{d\vec{p}_A}{dt}= \sum\vec{AC_i}\times m\vec{a_{ci}} + \sum \frac{dR_i}{dt}\left\{{I^{(i)}_{ci}}{\omega}^{(i)}_{ci}\right\}+\sum ...
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105 views

Kepler's law of periods question, application [closed]

I'm a year 12 student studying in Sydney Australia. I would like to ask about a physics question which I'm currently troubled on. I have made several attempts of answering the question but no luck. ...
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257 views

Pendulum water pump - apparent free energy

I've seen plans for a pendulum oscillator water pump that is claimed to pump a large volume of water (100 gallons) from a well of 100 feet deep. The pendulum consists of a 100 pound weight raised 6 ...
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70 views

Reduced charge for attracting electrons?

The reduced mass in the two body problem is $\mu= \cfrac{m_1 m_2}{m_1 + m_2}$. Is there any analog to this with interacting charged particles (or at least that is of use somewhere in physics)? I have ...
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104 views

Centrifugal force in inertial reference frame [duplicate]

Take for example the case of a rod rotating about an axis passing through its centre of mass and perpendicular to it. It has a ring hung from one of its sides. The rotation of the rod causes the ring ...
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66 views

Find the force used to press a book against a leaned desk so it doesn't slip

I know there are several threads concerning this issue, but none of it helped me, so I decided to open a new one. So, the task is to find a force $F_{\mathrm{push}}$ on a desk which is leaned for an ...
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117 views

How do I find angular and linear velocity after normal force and “infinite” friction force?

Look at this picture: http://i.imgur.com/mY8ShkV.png Here we have a ball resting on top of a platform (the contact point is marked red). I know the normal vector (marked green). I also know the mass, ...
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182 views

Container of liquid in free fall

Imagine a container of liquid in free fall. Why does the liquid fly out of the container. Is there a force exerted by the inside fluid on the surface of liquid which causes this? Also, suppose there ...
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53 views

Oscillation Question [closed]

Now normally (if it was a block not rotating) all you would have to do is use $w^2 = k/m$ and $E= \frac12k(A\cos(2wt+\theta))^2 + \frac12m(Aw\sin(wt+\theta))^2$ or in other words the translational ...
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205 views

Equilibrium - uniform circular motion

Maybe this is a bit of a silly question, but let us pretend we have a pendulum in a ideal universe with no friction, drag, or anomalous forces there to affect it. Additionally, our pendulum is ...
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1answer
147 views

Moment of inertia of a disc with masses attached at the rim

Does the moment of inertia of a disc with some masses attached at the rim be the same as one without the attached masses? Or is it necessary to use parallel axis theorem to incorporate the moment of ...
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2answers
502 views

Normal reaction on wheels when car is taking a turn

I recently read in a book that for a car taking a turn on a horizontal surface, the normal reaction of the road on the outer wheels is always greater than the normal reaction on the inner wheels. ...
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252 views

Conservation of Angular Momentum and linear velocity

I have a problem where a cylinder is moving on a horizontal surface, starting with velocity $v_0$. It is given that its radius is $10\text{cm}$, its mass is $200\text g$ and the coefficient of ...
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134 views

Missing centrifugal acceleration

I am trying to get correct equations for acceleration of a point in reference frame A, given position, velocity and acceleration in rotating reference frame B. Let $\mathbf{x}_A(t)$, ...
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1answer
105 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
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1answer
102 views

Confusing Classical Mechanics Question

I don't want this to be a "do my home work question" so please tell me how I can make this question helpful for other people. In my physics assignment I found the question below. I'd think that both ...
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152 views

Maxwell's demon - scaling down from something that seems to work

[I have updated the below description to clarify that the mechanism does not depend on a truly frictionless implementation. Also, since 2 commenters apparently assumed that I was proposing a ...
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166 views

Under what conditions, will a projectile motion follow a half circle?

What came to my mind is to throw an object far from the earth with a particular speed equal to $$V_{sat}=\sqrt{\frac{G\times M_{central}}{R}}$$like satellites. However, it would follow a full circle.
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572 views

Mass-spring system on an incline

I am reviewing for an exam next week, and this is one of the questions I am stuck on. I have the mass-spring system above with spring constant $k$ on a frictionless incline. I would like to find the ...
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69 views

Evaluating $v$ for orbiting a golfball [closed]

The curvature of Mars is such that its surface drops a vertical distance of 2.0 meters for every 3600 meters tangent to the surface. In addition, the gravitational acceleration near its surface ...
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139 views

Does angular momentum conservation imply that angular momentum $J$ is parallel to angular velocity $\omega$?

In other words, does $\frac{dJ}{dt} =0$ imply $J \times \omega =0$? Counterexamples or proofs would be helpful! EDIT: This question originally asked if $\frac{dJ}{dt} =0 \Leftrightarrow J \times ...
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169 views

Spring force vs Spring Potential Energy?

Which strategy should I use to approach a problem? Sometimes I'll use $U= 1/2kx^2$ when I should use $F=-kx$ and vice versa. What are clues in a problem that would let me identify the correct approach ...
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473 views

Direction of friction in case of a rolling sphere

Suppose a ball rolls on a ground .obviously it is friction that helps to develop the required torque.Hence I find the direction of friction by pointing out the direction of rolling of the ball. But is ...
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406 views

Force, constant velocity, and 0 velocity

When a body has a net force of 0 on it, one cannot say that it is at rest or in motion at a constant velocity. If a body is accelerating because of some force and I want to stop it, I can apply the ...
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1k views

Normal force and reaction

It is said that the normal force comes into play any time two bodies are in direct contact with one another, and always acts perpendicular to the body that applies the force. This force is a ...
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2answers
130 views

Weighing a flying bird [duplicate]

Let thing of a bird standing still in a box on top of a weighing machine that shows a mass $m_0$. Now, imagine that the bird is flying, still in the same box and the same weighing machine shows a mass ...
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1answer
134 views

Conservation of classical linear momentum

Imagine a cat jumping off a roof onto a sledge on ice. Model this as simply as possible, e.g. no resistive forces, perfectly rigid cat, sledge and floor. Moreover, the cat and sledge move in a ...
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227 views

In a moving bus will the ball fall behind me when tossed?

Using Newton's law I have to find whether in a moving bus will the ball fall behind me when tossed in air or will come to me only or will fall in front of me. In fact there are two cases; 1- Bus ...
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287 views

The physics equation for a perpetual seesaw

I am trying to create a game that envovles two or more people jumping on a seesaw and propelling each other in the air. I need help with the physics equations Assume no friction no air resistance ...
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1answer
570 views

Solve a problem of work and energy

A man pulling sled of his daughter by a massless rope, climbing a snowy hill whose slope is equal to 15 °. Considering that the mass of the sled is $4Kg$, the girl's $26Kg$ and $\mu _c = 0,25$, ...
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761 views

Resistive force proportional to velocity

Find the displacement and velocity of horizontal motion in a medium in which the retarding force is proportional to the velocity. I kind of understand how to do this problem. We know that the ...
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462 views

Finding the velocity of a block down an incline plane after in moves a distance $x_0$

Consider a block sliding down an incline plane at an angle $\theta$ with the horizontal. For the acceleration as a function of $\theta$ I find $$\ddot{x}=g \ \sin\theta $$ My text then claims we can ...
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1answer
259 views

Why can you add moment vectors?

My book says the following: If the body is acted upon by a system of forces, the resultant moment of the forces about point O can be determined by vector addition of the moment of each force. The ...
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1answer
162 views

Classically, how can an electron orbiting a proton radiate given its relativistic energy

In classical relativistic Electrodynamics, we are often told that any accelerating point charge inherently radiates (Bremstrallung). (This is the basis for the need for a QM conception of electrons.) ...
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658 views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
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1answer
233 views

Action and reaction in case of a falling object

Let us say a hard object is falling on a stack of pillows. At the point of contact, it will experience a force equal to its weight and would be at rest if it were not for the fact that the stack of ...
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3answers
404 views

Friction forces and sliding slabs

I have 2 questions, one generalizing the other. Question 1: Suppose we have 2 slabs resting horizontally on a table. Assume there is friction between the 2 slabs as well as between the bottom slab ...
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1answer
56 views

Uniform Acceleration [closed]

A steel ball is allowed to roll from rest down a 20.0 m long slop and over a 25 m long level surface. It takes 4.0 seconds to roll down the slope. Calculate the speed at the bottom of the slope. ...
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709 views

Friction problem having two blocks on separate inclined planes connected by a string

This is a question I found in my old high-school textbook(I'm revising the topics for a course).Two blocks A and B of masses $1kg$ and $2kg$ are placed on a fixed triangular wedge by a massless ...
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2answers
1k views

Two masses connected by a string in horizontal frictionless table

Suppose that two masses with different mass are connected by a string in horizontal frictionless table. Then when there is equal acceleration for two masses, string force would extend in some ...
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1answer
848 views

Relationship between angles [closed]

Question: Find the relationship between angles $\theta$ and $\phi$ using the equations of equilibrium and solve for $\theta$. Express your equation for $\theta$ in terms of $\phi$. ...
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248 views

Is inertia present in a body while in state of motion?

According to Newton's law of inertia (written in book:The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy**) it is said that in all objects having mass, have always inertia included in their property ...
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492 views

Conservation of momentum collision problem

The problems is as follows: A 2000kg Ford was travelling south when it collided with your 1000kg sports car travelling west. The two badly-damaged cars became entangled in the collision and ...
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2answers
240 views

Can somebody help me find the tension in this string? [closed]

My friends and I are debating over the correct answer for this particular physics problem. There's a pendulum with a $2kg.$ mass and a $5m.$ string attached to a ceiling at $53^{\circ}$ to the ...
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1answer
137 views

Motion in a central field and angular momentum

Is it correct that for a motion in a central force field, e.g. a gravitational field, the absolute value of the total angular momentum of the particle and the component of the perpendicular to the ...