Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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How can I actually push heavier objects?

I've been thinking about Newton's third law lately because I couldn't understand a few things and I think I actually answered my own question. Could someone confirm if my reasoning is right or show me ...
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79 views

How does acceleration affect the orbit?

I want to know what roughly happens if we hit an orbiting body a little. And how is it possible that most of the objects have seemingly circular orbits around. How do they stabilize? I ask because it ...
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170 views

Why does Newton's Third Law not preclude any motion at all? [duplicate]

When walking, if I apply a force of 2N on the earth, the earth applies a force of 2N back on my feet due to Newtons 3rd Law of Motion. These 2 forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction, ...
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183 views

Basic buoyancy question

If I have a cup of water filled with air at the bottom of a pool, then when the cup is "upside down" the air doesn't leave because the water pressure is pushing it up against the top of the container. ...
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4answers
639 views

Why doesn't an orbiting body keep accelerating?

As a physics newbie I'm trying to get a grip on basic orbital mechanics. I think I'm beginning to get grasp on how bodies interact with each other. When a body approaches another body it accelerates ...
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2answers
141 views

Why is $dr/dt= -V$

In the solution, it says we have $dr/dt= -V$ (polar coordinates) How? I can't see how this can be possible, we know that $r(t)=V/\omega(t)$, and that's it.
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235 views

How to identify whether the friction is kinetic or static?

The body 'A' is moving forward with certain acceleration over the ground. The ground applies a kinetic friction force on 'A' in backward direction to oppose the relative motion. The block 'A' also ...
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1answer
213 views

What are some good resources for learning how to apply vectors in physics?

Although I don't have any problems with vectors when using them in Mathematics but I am having a hard time using them in physics. It is really frustrating me. Can you please recommend me some good ...
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1answer
147 views

What is the inertia caused by angular momentum when twisted on it's rotating axis?

I would like to provide a more thorough answer to this question here http://aviation.stackexchange.com/q/3709 but I realized I don't know enough about angular momentum. If an airplane wheel is ...
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2answers
908 views

Force exerted on ceiling by a simple mecahnical system

I have a simple static mechanical system, but I reach a conclusion that seems to me counter-intuitive: There is a pulley fixed to the ceiling and there is a weight fixed to a rope which goes ...
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1k views

How much force is required to compress air?

How much force (Newtons) is required to compress normal air in a chamber to 2 atm? For example, if I had a sealed piston pump, how much force would need to be exerted in order for the air to be ...
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313 views

Motorbike with parachute vs normal skydive

Had a strange discussion in the coffeeroom today. The background was a story about a guy that took his motorcycle to transport himself to the airstrip to do a skydive. Since there is no place to put ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is force dependent on acceleration, not velocity?

According to $F = ma$, force is a result of acceleration and mass, right? However, I don't understand why velocity is not used instead of acceleration. A train moving at 100 miles/hour will still ...
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807 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
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1answer
3k views

Confusion over the gravitational potential energy inside a sphere

I'm confused over the concept of gravitational potential energy inside a sphere. I understand that the gravitational potential energy inside the sphere is supposed to be a constant $U = ...
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2answers
107 views

Homework Question involving Momentum [closed]

I'm trying to solve a homework problem as review for an exam I have tomorrow and I was wondering if someone could help explain it to me. It is as follows: You are at Lowe’s shopping for bricks ...
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233 views

Energy of a damped oscillator

$$ E=\frac{1}{2}m\left(\frac{dx}{dt}\right)^2+\frac{1}{2}m\omega_0^2x^2. $$ This is the equation for the energy of a oscillator. The second term is the potential energy. Now, my question is, will ...
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3k views

Confused about relating spring force to maximum distance

I keep working through this problem and getting the wrong answer: A spring with spring constant k is positioned vertically and then compressed from its equilibrium length by a distance Δy. A ...
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145 views

Acceleration at two points on a rigid body

The rod AB is falling while sliding on the friction-less wall and the floor. I need to find the acceleration of the points A and B. I am sure that the point A is freely falling, so its acceleration ...
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1answer
715 views

Toppling of a cylinder on a block

A uniform cylinder rests on a cart.The height and diameter is given.coefficient of static friction is given.How can i find the minimum acceleration of block such that the block topples? Morever what ...
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3answers
1k views

Where does this derivation of the equation of motion for a simple pendulum go wrong?

I am attempting to derive the following equation of motion for a simple pendulum: $$\theta''(t) = - \frac{g}{l} \sin(\theta).$$ For background, see this Wikipedia article. I understand this page ...
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2answers
2k views

Finding the optimal angle of a projectile motion [closed]

I am trying to solve a task in which I need to calculate the optimal angle($\alpha$) with which the projectile will land the furthest from a height ($h$), so what I basically have is the equations for ...
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2answers
787 views

Pressure difference between 2 points in an accelerated fluid

Consider a liquid in a tub and this tub is accelerated. And so the liquid will have a slanted surface. I am clear about finding pressure difference between two points in the fluid having same height ...
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639 views

How can spatially extended objects behave like point particles?

Wikipedia states: Sometimes due to specific combinations of properties extended objects behave as point-like even in their immediate vicinity. For example, spherical objects interacting in ...
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1k views

Fluid Mechanics Piston Problem

The actual problem: A hydraulic car lift has a reservoir of fluid connected to two cylindrical fluid filled pipes. The pipe directly below the car has a diameter of 1.8 m. the pipe on which the ...
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3answers
972 views

Effect of incoming force on linear vs. angular velocity

First of all, I should note that I'm a programmer and have only an extremely basic understanding of physics; I only know how to explain my question in layman's terms and I apologize if I'm unclear or ...
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208 views

The circumference of the Moon's orbit around the sun?

I know that it orbits the sun in what looks like a 12 sided polygon with rounded corners. But I can't seem to find the radius/circumference anywhere.
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592 views

Newton's 3rd law [closed]

So i read this in some article on the net Consider a boy is standing at distance of 10 metres from the wall. Boy holds a rubber ball and cloth ball in his hands. Firstly, the boy throws rubber ...
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2answers
697 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...
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3k views

Mass-spring system on an incline

I am reviewing for an exam next week, and this is one of the questions I am stuck on. I have the mass-spring system above with spring constant $k$ on a frictionless incline. I would like to find the ...
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110 views

Reciprocating vs. rotating machines

Why is the RPM achieved on a reciprocating machine in general lesser than that obtained in a rotating machine? For example, an IC engine typically provides an RPM of about 2500 while a turbine can go ...
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20k views

Perfect elastic collision and velocity transfer

So my teacher told me that when you have two identical balls in a perfectly elastic collision, the first ball A will collide with B and afterwards A will stop and B continue. Why is this? Doesn't ...
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1answer
67 views

How can enzyme/substrate reactions that adhere (largely) to quantum theory also require 'Newtonian' consideration of gravity?

I'd just like to ask for a little clarification here due to confusion from interdisciplinary studies. I'm currently reading the 1976 paper related to the recent 2013 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, by 2 ...
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635 views

Force acting on an object?

You have a bar of metal in an environment with no gravity. A force is applied on one end of it. How does it rotate? There is a non-zero torque on any random point selected on the bar. For example, ...
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$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
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730 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
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151 views

determining orbit parameters (eccentricity, length and angle of major axis)

I'm trying to make an orbit simulator, and I want to draw the orbit of a satellite given its position and velocity vectors in a 2-D plane. I found this other question which tells how to calculate ...
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447 views

Why is kinetic energy only “often $(1/2)mv^2$”?

I am reading the first few pages of Nakahara and refreshing my memory on physics I learned a while ago as a physics math undergrad. Nakahara defines a field $F$ to be conservative if it's the gradient ...
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302 views

Free body diagram of rod in sphere

I was finding the free body diagram part of dynamics quite easy until I found this question , Here's how it goes : A rod AB is placed inside a spherical shell, whose inside surface is rough. Draw ...
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2answers
1k views

Projectile Motion Question involving a ball and a ramp inclined at an angle

The question is to finde the initial horizontal velocity of the ball at end of the ramp, where it is released. I know how to do this using gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy ...
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349 views

Potential and Kinetic Energy

In engineering school you learn the basic swing problem. Essentially that there is a transfer of kinetic energy (as seen in the velocity at the bottom of as swing) to potential energy at the top of ...
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1k views

Vaporizing ethanol from liquid

What is going on here http://youtu.be/LQFmKPA-iAg Is ethanol leaving the liquid? If so, why? Does the pressure add energy to the ethanol molecules causing them to gasify and move rapidly near border ...
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955 views

Friction force and contact area [duplicate]

It's usually stated that the friction force is independent of the area of contact (Amontons' Second Law). I've always thought that this shouldn't be true, because the atraction between molecules ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to whirl a point mass (attacted to a string) around in a horizontal circular motion *above* my hand?

I'm studying circular motion and centripetal force in college currently and there is a very simple question but confuses me (our teacher doesn't know how to explain either :/), so I hope we can sort ...
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600 views

Why does gravity assist transfer twice the planet's velocity?

In orbital mechanics and aerospace engineering a gravitational slingshot (also known as gravity assist manoeuver or swing-by) is the use of the relative movement and gravity of a planet or other ...
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2k views

Work done in projectile motion

A projectile is shot at some inclination to the ground. It falls at another point having R distance from the initial point on the ground. Is there any work done? If initial velocity vector is $(u\cos ...
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1answer
125 views

particle accelerator in space

I'm attempting to learn special relativity and i'm having trouble calculating velocity and momentum for each part of the system after interactions. I wanted to know how fast a linear accelerator and ...
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1answer
683 views

Does mass concentration affect the torque induced by a force?

If you had two bodies with the same weight but one having mass concentrated more in the center, while the other had most mass concentrated on the outside, but both had the same center of mass and ...
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416 views

Dynamics of a Rocket

I am interested in modelling the trajectory of a rocket from the Earth to the Moon by solving a differential equation numerically. Below are some key facts and assumptions I am using. I want to make ...
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1k views

Elastic Collision And Momentum

The question I am working on is, "Two blocks are free to slide along the friction-less wooden track shown below. The block of mass $m_1 = 4.98~kg$ is released from the position shown, at height $h = ...