Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Time of a ball going up and down with air resistance

A ball is shot directly upward, and then it comes back to the place where it was shot. Suppose we have air resistance. Suppose $t_1$ is the time period from the moment that the ball was shot to the ...
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251 views

How can thrust be generated in space which is a vacuum?

Since thrusters have no matter to push off of, how can a spacecraft generate thrust in the vacuum of space?
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844 views

is walking on ground identical to walking on treadmill

For the same speed and inclination, is the physics acting on the body equivalent? Lets assume the person keeps pace with something that moves perfectly uniformly.
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2k views

Newton 2nd Law: Does vertical force (mass) affect the horizontal acceleration?

I learnt before that if 2 forces are perpendicular to each other, they should not affect each other. However in a recent experiment setup (asked in another question): I believe the theoratical ...
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1k views

Why is work defined as force dot displacement?

Why is work defined as force dot displacement? I know that it is defined like that based on the observational fact - we do more work when we apply greater force or move to a greater distance. But I ...
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8k views

Calculation of Distance from measured Acceleration vs Time

I have an Accelerometer connected to a device that feeds the instant values of the acceleration in the 3 directions. I've tried to calculate the distance for a vertical movement using these values ...
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169 views

Please explain this circular movement problem [closed]

I was working over some problems from my physics textbook, and I came across this one, it involves circular movement: A car with the mass of 1t is moving over a hill with the velocity of 20 m/s. The ...
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1answer
203 views

Is energy “destroyed” when walking?

Conservation of energy states energy can't be destroyed, but isn't energy used up when walking in a straight line? If your not walking up a slope, kinetic energy isn't converted to gravitational ...
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1k views

When should we use the concept of Impulse/Momentum instead of Force?

In my notes it says "The ideas of impulse and momentum is useful in solving problems where:- a) the force F is not easily calculable (e.g. sudden impact or blow) b) the impulse force is ...
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285 views

Could someone remind me what this means again? $\nabla U = \pm F$

You know that for a potential function (conservative force/fields) that $\nabla U = \pm \vec{F}$ In math, we don't have that minus sign, we have only the plus one. What does it mean if you get rid ...
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2k views

How do I properly use Newton's Third Law and Free Body Diagrams?

A force of 14.0N is applied to a block as shown in the diagram below ! If the coefficient of friction is between the surface and the blocks is 0.35 a) What is the acceleration of the two blocks? ...
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101 views

I think there is something wrong with this problem. How do you know if the vertical acceleration is zero?

Suppose a block with mass 3kg is on a frictionless table and a force of 15N pulls it from an angle of 38 degrees above the horizontal. 1) What is the apparent weight of the block? 2) What is the ...
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1answer
126 views

Would a projectile keep going forever in empty space?

Would a projectile fired in space and assuming there were no stars or planets in the way, would the projectile continue on to infinity, since the x-component of the projectile's velocity never changes ...
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979 views

What is a Free Body Diagram?

I have this problem: A 10 kg box is resting on a frictionless table and someone drags it by a string at a 30 degree angle to the horizontal with a force of 40 Newtons. Find the acceleration of the ...
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1answer
18 views

Applicable force at constant velocity [on hold]

For a body moving at a constant velocity, the force $F_{net}=ma$ Since acceleration is 0, $F_{net}=0$ (i.e force applied = resisting force) Since force applied and resisting force are equal, will ...
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1answer
32 views

Does a capacitor experience a Newtonian reaction when being charged?

Say I have a capacitor that is being charged with a battery. There are two wires, one on the positive and one on negative terminal of the battery which go to a capacitor. During the charging, a ...
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2answers
35 views

Static Equilibrium [closed]

A 3 Newton force and a 4 Newton force are acting concurrently on a point. Which force could not produce equilibrium with these two forces? 1N 7N 9N 4N I'm confused. The book I'm looking at says ...
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1answer
39 views

Calculating post-collision velocity [closed]

Consider two persons $p1$ and $p2$ of the same mass , such that they are together moving rightward with a velocity of $v/2$ Now person $p1$ pushes $p2$ in the left direction. According to newton's ...
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48 views

When a ball bounces on a wall at an angle, why does the angle of incidence equal angle of reflection?

When a ball is thrown to a wall without spin and bounces, supposing it's an elastic collision, why does the angle of incidence equal the angle "reflection" (relatively to the normal), why isn't it any ...
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42 views

Motion of an object in a moving car and collison

I came across an interesting question today at work. 'Imagine traveling in a car. The passenger has a glass bottle in their hand. In which direction relative to the moving car should the passenger ...
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1answer
86 views

conservation of momentum? [closed]

At hyperphysics I got this image, with the same description in text as is in this image It says that when a massive particle (say $A$) moving with a velocity collides with an object having a ...
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1answer
42 views

A question on Jeans's instability

I am a Physics student and I'd really appreciate if anybody could help me with an exercise my professor gave me a couple of weeks ago. It goes like this: Let us consider a spherical symmetrical gas ...
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2answers
38 views

Terminal velocity of mentos [closed]

If somebody throws a mentos downwards (vertically) faster than the terminal velocity of a mentos, from the height at which the terminal velocity is reached from a falling mentos, will the mentos hit ...
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36 views

Can outgassing produce a significant thrust on a space ship?

There are a variety of materials that outgas in the atmosphere, and I imagine they would do so even more in the vacuum of space. I imagine an object in space would experience a small force as ...
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34 views

Reference frame and conservation of energy

Say spaceship $\alpha$ burns a portion of its fuel to leave planet A and is cruising through space at 10 m/s relative to the surface from which it launched. Spaceship $\alpha$ is being observed by ...
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63 views

Question about the wave function of a travelling wave

I have a confusion about the wave function of a travelling wave. Suppose we have a wave function of a travelling wave travelling towards the positive direction of x axis $$ ...
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1answer
45 views

Why do we only feel the centrifugal force?

After spending some time researching about the centrifugal force, I now understand that it is needed in a non-inertial reference frame for Newton's Laws to hold true. However, I don't understand why ...
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54 views

How can we make the equation of second law of motion by this info.? [closed]

First of all, I am really sorry if this question is bad. I was thinking about the second law of motion, the famous $F=ma$. I was trying to get the idea behind this equation, I got some ideas but I am ...
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52 views

Angular Momentum and Kepler's Second Law

Let me preface by saying that I get the gist of the conservation of angular momentum, at least qualitatively. To better illustrate my question, I will consider the case of a planet orbiting a star. ...
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1answer
37 views

Experiment to show $a \propto F$

I learnt about an experiment to show that acceleration is proportional to force. It was done by placing a trolley (like a toy car) on a smooth track. At the end of the smooth horizontal track was a ...
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1answer
50 views

How do I solve for $v_2$ where $mv_1^2 + MU_1^2 = mv_2^2 + M U_2^2$ and $MU_1 - Mv_1 = MU_2 - mv_2$ by eliminating $U_2$?

I was trying to solve the head on collision slingshot problem where the rocket moving with speed $v_1$ approaches a planet which is moving with speed $U_1$. I wanted the final speed of the rocket ...
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27 views

Does *advection* describe the change of density of massless infinitesimal tiny *thingies* injected into a fluid?

I'm considering an incompressible Newtonian fluid with uniform density and try to figure out what's meant by the term advection. Let $\Omega_0\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be an (infinitesimal small) bounded ...
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81 views

Converting a(x) to a(t)

I had this question and found an answer here . He says that $$\frac{dx}{dt}=v(x)$$ Isn't it wrong?, shouldn't that be $v(t)$ meaning you have to solve the differential equation with ...
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1answer
62 views

Why $k/m$ in simple Harmonic motion equal $\omega^2$? [closed]

I've come across this thing in simple harmonic motion but never did I manage to find a reason why $k/m$ should equal $\omega^2$ and the theory behind it. People say it is done for convenience equating ...
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168 views

When does normal force equal to $mg$?

Can someone once and for all explain when does normal force equal to mg? I know for sure that when there is no friction, normal force will be equal to mg. But, i encountered some questions when there ...
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1answer
62 views

Work Done On Circular Motion

I am trying to find the total work done on a ball, $m=0.8kg$, tied to a rope of r=1.6m length and swung in a vertical circle. I understand the total work done by both the tension in the string and ...
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1answer
70 views

Measure ball's acceleration down inclined plane

If I am asked to devise an experiment to find an expression for the acceleration of a uniform sphere (ball bearing) rolling down an inclined plane, as a function of the angle of incline. Hence deduce ...
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1answer
43 views

Mismatch between underdamped and critically damped solutions

If you have a harmonic oscillator with damping $D$ (e.g. small angle pendulum) $$\ddot{\theta}+D\dot{\theta} + \theta=0$$ then the solution I get in the underdamped case ($D^2-4<0$) is: ...
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3answers
92 views

Acceleration - Constant force vs force for an instant

I am reading about Newton's second law, and I am slightly confused. So I think I get that $F=ma$ can be used to find acceleration. I am struggling between two scenarios: constant force acting over a ...
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1answer
27 views

Is it possible to determine the depth according to waves at the surface of a fluid?

Is it possible to determine the depth of a lake (for example) according to the waves of a stone thrown in this lake ?
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41 views

Does air resistance give a falling skydiver weight?

An observer in free fall is weightless as he is accelerating at 9.8 m/s^2. However, when a skydiver jumps from a high plane, his acceleration gradually slows until becoming 0 m/s^2 at terminal ...
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86 views

What's the right way to calculate power consumption over a month given a rate per minute?

When I was searching for power required to lift an object, i found that, for example: $100\ \mathrm{kg}$ to be lifted 3 metres in 5 seconds. (vertical) Answer: $$\begin{align} ...
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84 views

Can a glider maintain a constant forward velocity component?

I have a puzzle which asks me to consider a (engineless) glider descending at a constant rate and flying at a constant forward velocity (in still air). The question asks how to derive sink rate, $v_s ...
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67 views

Finding tension in string after pulley is pulled at an acceleration g

Two weights $W_1$ and $W_2$ are suspended from the ends to a light string passing over a smooth fixed pulley. If the pulley is pulled up at an acceleration of g, the tension in the string will be:- ...
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73 views

A problem related to Center of Mass?

A Man is standing on the ground( Mass m) next to a rope-ladder(length l) attached to a hot air balloon ( Mass 3m). If he starts climbing the ladder and covers half of the rope, find the distance that ...
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1answer
59 views

Understanding elastic collisions of objects with the same velocities

I am having trouble understanding the following statement from my book: The law of cosines tells us that if the sides of a triangle obey the Pythagorean formula, they must form a right triangle. ...
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529 views

Instantaneous Centre of Rotation

Let's say a body is undergoing both rotational and translational motion. I know that ICR of the body as a whole will be the point about which the body is doing pure rotation, so basically will be the ...
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1answer
52 views

Distance between coils on a massive spring

I'm trying to calculate the separation between coils on a massive spring with no weights attached under different conditions. I will present my solution to the problem in the case of a uniform ...
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1answer
76 views

Whether a large or a small ball fall faster in the air?

Given a ball falling under gravity is subjected to air resistance, after performing a differential to the drag equation, I get: $$g-Z(v^2)/r = a = v',$$ (where $Z$ is a constant.) How can I know ...
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1answer
61 views

Contradiction of total energy of a system? [duplicate]

I consider a situation in a system in which an observer is sitting in body of mass $M$ and another observer in a body of mass $2M$, both moving with velocity $v$ towards each other. If observers in ...