Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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When is energy conserved in a collision and not momentum?

Consider the following example: A bullet of mass 45g is fired at a speed of 220 m/s into a 5.0 kg sandbag hanging from a string from the ceiling. The sandbag absorbs the bullet and begins to ...
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2k views

Direction of tension?

If you draw the free body diagram of the frame above, what direction would the tension force acting on the frame be - to the right or down? Because the rope it horizontal at some points but vertical ...
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Frequency of small oscillation of particle under gravity constrained to move in curve $y=ax^4$

How to find the frequency of small oscillation of a particle under gravity that moves along curve $y = a x^4$ where $y$ is vertical height and $(a>0)$ is constant? I tried comparing $V(x) = \frac ...
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Newton's Third Law of Motion

I want to start off by saying that I've looked around for other explanations, but I've not really found any satisfying ones. My question is basically the whole "Why can anything move at all?" ...
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810 views

Force exerted on a cone

This is probably a pretty elemental question, but I can't figure out what the concept is called or how to calculate it. Say you have a solid cone shaped piece of ice, you hold it in your hand and ...
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19k views

How to derive the period of spring pendulum?

So I wanted to find out how to (simply, if that's possible) derive the formula for a period of spring pendulum: $T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{m}{k}}$. However, Google doesn't help me here as all I see is the ...
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211 views

Non-zero higher time derivatives of position?

My mom told me to use speed control, which would allow the car to remain at constant speed. I told her that its impossible for a car to maintain constant speed, as slight changes in friction on the ...
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4answers
5k views

If something weighs 25 kg, how do I find the mass of the object?

An object is falling and it weighs 25 kg (on a scale, presumably). What is its mass? I know that weight is measured in Newtons and mass in kilograms, but what if a problem states that something ...
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980 views

What is the most efficient machine for translating gravitational potential energy of one mass into kinetic energy of a different mass?

As the question states, what is our current best machine for translating falling gravitational potential energy, such as a large weight, into launching a smaller projectile vertically? A lever? A ...
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745 views

The impossible possibility - weightless mass

I have a hypothetical question about inertia. Let's say I have an object with inertial mass a ton (2,000 lbs.), and it is sitting in my front yard, for instance. If it would suddenly become immune ...
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6k views

Relation between Newtons and Kilograms

Work is expressed as $W=Fd$, where the $F$ is in Newton, $d$ is in meters and result $W$ is in Joules. For example, if I take $1N$ on earth and lift it $1m$ up in the air I have done $1J$ of work. ...
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415 views

The two-body problem: What is force between them?

Two bodies with similar/different mass orbiting around a common barycenter. What is force between them, where $F_{12}$ is the force on mass 1 due to its interactions with mass 2 and $F_{21}$ is the ...
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835 views

How could this damped oscillator ever go to infinity? Or negative infinity for that matter?

This is an ODE problem,but I cannot visualize why it can go to infinity or negative infinity. Consider $$x'' -6x' + 8x = 0$$ Where $x''$ is acceleration, $-6x'$ is the ...
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11k views

How to prove that a motion is Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)?

I would like to know how one could show and prove that a given motion is simple harmonic motion. Once given an answer, I'll apply that technique to an example I am trying to figure out. Thank you ...
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512 views

Using acceleration to plot position

Sorry if this question is dumb, and I know is physics 101, but I'm not that good with physics. I'm writing an iPhone program that by collecting the acceleration data of the device tries to replicate ...
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How to get statics out of a dynamic force concept?

If one defines force as the time derivative of momentum, i.e. by $$ \vec{F}= \frac{d}{dt} \vec{p} $$ how can this include static forces? Is there a generally accepted way to argue in detail how ...
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62 views

Which timestep should I use for a $N$-body simulation of the Solar system?

I am trying to implement a $N$-body simulation of the Solar system and I am stuck on the issue of the simulation timestep size. At first I would like to use a simple Euler stepping scheme. Knowing ...
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89 views

Period of a pendulum [closed]

In the book 'Calculus the Early Transcendetals' at page 776 (7th edition) they give that the period of a pendulum with length $\text{L}$ that makes a maximum angle $\theta_0$ with the vertical is: ...
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65 views

Does Newton's third law remain totally unchanged even in Einstein's theory?

Why Newton's third law remain unchanged still now in relativity theory (as for example that is why we feel weight due to equal but opposite reaction of the Earth's surface)?
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Phases and sinusoidal waves

When we're talking about a wave, just a singular sinusoidal wave, what exactly is a 'phase'? I came across a question that gave values of frequency ($550$Hz), and speed ($330$m/s). The question then ...
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82 views

Why charge is not a measure of inertia?

We know that mass is the measure of inertia of rest. Then why charge is not a measure of inertia? What causes the difference between charge and mass?
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77 views

Deriving a Schwarzschild radius using relativistic mass

Introduction I have shown below two different approaches to deriving the Schwarzschild radius. I know these are less rigorous than the derivation of the Schwarzschild solution however the ...
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63 views

If two objects have the same drag coefficient, but one is much heavier, would it fall faster?

Not sure this is a good example but imagine we have two feathers, both with exactly the same drag coefficient, they have the exact same shape and everything, but the only difference is that one of ...
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72 views

Is Keplers First Law a consequence of the conservation of angular momentum?

It would seem that once you have deduced that the angular momentum is conserved then you can deduce: $r^2\dot{\theta}=h$ is constant Combining this with the radial equation of motion then yeilds a ...
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83 views

Elastic potential energy and equilibrium position when mass changes in vertical mass-spring system

I'm a bit stuck with this situation: Suppose that an object $A$ with mass M=8 kg at 10 mt above the floor falls from rest tied to an 2 mt elastic rope, which does not exert any force since $A$ falls 2 ...
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100 views

When is tension positive?

A 5kg mass is hanging from the roof of an elevator accelerating downward at a speed of 1.65 m/s^2 what is the tension of the string (ignore friction, string mass, and air resistance) ? I used this ...
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94 views

How can escape velocity and gravitational potential be higher in weaker gravitational fields?

on Earth we have an escape velocity of about 11180 m/s and a gravitational field of g=9.81 m/s^2. It would seem obvious that the escape velocity was higher for stronger gravitational fields. Often it ...
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102 views

How to predict the location of a planet at a given time? [closed]

I am trying to create a simple two-dimensional computer simulation of a planetary system. While I've been able to understand Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion, I do not know enough about the formulas ...
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99 views

If we consider the electric field to act upon charges with a force, how does it stay in line with Newton's laws?

This should be a relatively simple question. Let's say we have a constant electric field $\textbf{E}$ in a conductor. The electric current density would then be $$\textbf{j}=\rho \textbf{v}$$ where ...
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102 views

How apply $\mathbf{F} = m\mathbf{a}$ to a whole pulley system?

When we are dealing with systems of bodies we apply $\mathbf{F}= m\mathbf{a}$ to the whole system. How do I apply $\mathbf{F}= m\mathbf{a}$ to the whole system in the following example.? ($m_1 \lt ...
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57 views

How can we make the equation of second law of motion by this info.? [closed]

First of all, I am really sorry if this question is bad. I was thinking about the second law of motion, the famous $F=ma$. I was trying to get the idea behind this equation, I got some ideas but I am ...
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77 views

Is it always possible to determine whether or not one is accelerating?

Consider the following two situations: A: You wake up in an elevator that is in free fall in a gravitational field. B: You wake up in an elevator that is floating in a vacuum. Is it possible to ...
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219 views

Elongation in bar with unequal applied forces

How is elongation in a uniform rod with unequal forces acting on opposite sides calculated? If applied forces are equal and opposite, the elongation is defined by the formula ($\delta = ...
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296 views

Why Sun is not able to attract mercury closer?

As sun have a huge amount of attraction pull force , why its not able to pull tiny mercury? Is the whole solar system works in a push and pull network? Why bigger planets like earth, Saturn and ...
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51 views

Bending + Contact Force

When we have 2 bodies in contact with each other, for example a book lying on the surface of a table. The table's molecules bend a little bit because of the weight of the book thus producing the ...
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1answer
74 views

Potential Energy Problem

We know that, the potential energy of a particle is $U= mgh$ where $h$ is the height from the zero potential point. But what I have found in Resnick's Fundamental of physics book is that they ...
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1answer
99 views

Acceleration orthogonal to movement direction

I've been told that acceleration orthogonal to an objects movement direction doesn't require energy. Thus when a satellite goes around the earth, the change in direction caused by gravity doesn't use ...
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178 views

Is work-kinetic energy theorem useless?

This is how my book explains it: $W_{net} = \delta K$ Since the net work is tied to changes in kinetic energy and changes in speed, a mass must accelerate in order for net work to be nonzero. ...
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97 views

Exerting force upon oneself in space

In space, there is no friction or forces of resistance of any kind, so I would assume that if two people were in space and one of them punched or pushed the other, the person upon which the force was ...
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612 views

Block slides down a movable ramp, 2 approaches yields different answer

My Question is exactly as this Phys.SE post: block slides on smooth triangular wedge kept on smooth floor.Find velocity of wedge when block reaches bottom The Problem is I used 2 methods ...
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1answer
100 views

How to explain this to my sir

We all know that $f = ma$. But for finding displacement, we always use: $$ s = s_0 + ut + \tfrac{1}{2} a t^2 $$ My sir, i don't know why for some reason uses this weird method: $$ F = ...
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136 views

When will the pringles can fall?

When I'm pushing a tall, cylindrical object stood on its end (like a Pringles can) I can push it near its bottom, and it will slide forwards, or push it near the top, and it will topple over. So, ...
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412 views

Is the center of mass of an object just a convention?

I am currently studying moments. The concepts are fairly obvious, but there is one thing I don't understand: the concept of center of mass. Why do we consider that the weight of a uniform object is ...
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791 views

How much force can bolt cutters exert? [closed]

What's the mechanical advantage of an ordinary, let's say, 3 feet long bolt cutters? How many pounds can they exert? I'm asking because I have a lock which is apparently immune to over 9 tons of ...
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73 views

Space and motion

When we throw a ball upwards sitting in a running bus or train it directly comes to our hands but when we do the same sitting on a moving motorcycle the ball falls backwards. Why?
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What are absolute space & time? Why are they not absolute in reality?

As said by A.P. French in Newtonian point of view: Space is a sort of stationary three-dimensional matrix into which one can place objects or through which objects can move without producing any ...
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618 views

Why are we still teaching Newtonian physics if it's “false”? [duplicate]

Why are we teaching an outdated theory when the math in general relativity isn't that hard? I really don't see a reason why we should teach a highly oversimplified theory in our schools. For me, it's ...
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What if the centripetal force were acting outward?

Centripetal force is the centre-seeking force & is responsible for circular motion. But what if the centripetal force were acting radially outward? What would happen then?
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What are the conditions for a complete circular motions?

Im a high school student and last week I learnt about vertical circular motion was thinking about this today, that what conditions are to be met in order to complete circular motion. First I thought ...
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How is the linear momentum conserved in this system?

Let there be a block on a frictionless surface . Let an agent constantly exert an invariable force , say $F$ on the block and does positive work by displacing the block by $d$ unit. Here, the system ...