Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Why is force described as rate of change of momentum? [closed]

momentum = mass * velocity Differentiating both sides leads to force = mass * acceleration since the mass doesn't participate in the differentiation as it is constant. Is this a sound ...
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Where does the energy required to stop a moving body come from and go?

For a long time, I have been thinking about this: In order to stop a moving body, I have to apply impulse to change the existing momentum to $0$. For the impulse I have to impart force on the moving ...
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393 views

Does car lose kinetic energy when turning?

I am writing simple car simulation. Assume non friction, then in straight line the car doesn't lose speed. But what if the car is turning, there should be some kinetic energy loses to change the ...
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How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
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Newtonian Mechanics and Quantum mechanics

Why isn't Newtonian mechanics valid in Quantum world? Suppose you isolate an alpha particle and accelerate it in absolute vacuum. Why it doesn't follow the equation $F=ma$? If Newtonian mechanics is ...
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What physical quantity has SI unit $\mathrm{kg}/\mathrm{m}$?

What physical quantity has SI unit $\mathrm{kg}/\mathrm{m}$? For example, the physical quantity with SI unit $\mathrm{kg}\cdot\mathrm{m}/\mathrm{s}^2$ is force $F$ and the physical quantity with SI ...
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Why does a parachute decrease terminal velocity?

Terminal Velocity depends on two things- surface area and speed. These are inversely proportionate. If both these variables affect terminal velocity, why do parachutes slow you down? Initially you ...
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What will be the relative speed of the fly? [duplicate]

It has happened many times and i have ignored it everytime. Yesterday it happened again . I was travelling in a train and saw a fly (insect) flying near my seat. Train was running at a speed of ...
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A vehicle moves from rest to a certain distance. Would the distance time graph always be curved?

A vehicle moves from rest to a certain distance. Would the distance time graph always be curved ? Why cannot it be a straight line ? For example, a car moving from rest to 100m, with a constant ...
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Acceleration is zero, for non-zero net force

I understand a problem like this has already been asked, but I have not found an answer that makes it clear. A force is applied to a box on a table(lets ignore friction), and the box moves with some ...
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Quantum explanation of Newton's Third Law of Motion

Newton's law states that for every action there is equal and opposite reaction. This law explains how rockets fly in space and accounts for the the majority of the lift action generated by a ...
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2 bodies separated by a rope [closed]

Say you have two bodies connected by a "weightless" rope, one hanging from a ledge on a pulley (classic pulley problem). If the body that is on the surface and being pulled by the object hanging ...
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Vector cross product of $\mathbf{r}$ and $\ddot{\mathbf{r}}$ in polar coordinates

I'm struggling with the following question: Question 6 A planet of mass $m$ moves under the gravitational attraction of a central star of mass $M$. The equation of motion of the planet is ...
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Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
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How can the bodies attain same velocities during the max. deformation during collision?

My book writes: Collision between two bodies is almost similar to the case where there is a spring between the two colliding bodies. At the instant they come into contact , the rear ball has a ...
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A revolving astronaut

The concept of orbital velocity tells us that there must be a minimum velocity for a satellite to revolve around earth and the velocity should be such that the gravitational force of earth provides ...
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176 views

Inertia and Rocket Propulsion

We were taught in school that the law of inertia indicates that an object tend to stay the way it is, so if you throw something in space it will tend to go on forever and ever. The reason an object ...
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249 views

Will an object resting on a rotating platform move in a frictionless world?

Imagine that a pebble is placed on a uniformly rotating, frictionless disk. What will happen to this pebble? Will the disk slide under it and the pebble stay as is? Or will there be a centrifugal ...
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582 views

Does the mass of a car frame has any effect on its horsepower?

I want to know whether decreasing the mass of the frame of a car will increase its horsepower. From what I understand horsepower is a measure of the car's ability to transport load, and decreasing the ...
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Possibility of low-radius orbit?

Please bear with me, as I'm not in the field of physics, this question may seem a bit simple. This question is concerning stable circular orbits around celestial bodies. I know the equation relevant ...
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does matter radiate energy? [duplicate]

Since we know that all accelerated charges radiate energy and we also know that all matter is made up of protons and electrons which are all the while doing accelerated motion.So from this can i ...
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293 views

Why is $F = mg - T$ in this case?

The situation is as follows: I am told that $F_{net} = mg - T$ in this case, but doesn't that not take into account that $T$ isn't applied to the center of mass? Newton's second law is defined for ...
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What causes light to move through a vacuum

I was looking at rockets and stuff and thought about how they move through a vacuum using newtons 3rd law, and then I started thinking of any other ways you could move through a vacuum without using ...
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290 views

Action - Reaction pair, through photons

Here's an example to describe the issue Supossed a high power laser (eg a 100 kW laser, ie, electromagnetic weapons) is fired to a target, then it will receive energy and move. (and likely to burn or ...
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Who plays the role of centrifugal force in an inertial frame of reference?

It is noteworthy to quote a sentence from my book, It is a misconception among the beginners that centrifugal force acts on a particle in order to make the particle go on a circle. Centrifugal ...
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What is the net force acting on a climbing man by the rope?

I am confused with determining the net force on the climbing man below by the rope. My analysis is as follows. Let the tension be $T$. As both hands hold the rope then there are $T+T=2T$ upward acting ...
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Earth-Moon system

While learning about motion of centre of mass, I came across this statement online, It is also more accurate to say that the Earth and Moon together revolve about their common center of mass. ...
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What is the equation for the tension on the ends of a cable suspended at different heights?

I'm looking for an equation to find the tension on the ends of a cable suspended between two poles (one higher than the other) with no load but the cable itself. I determined that the tension would ...
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Does the bolt really rise upward?

In this site,when the elevator rises up,the bolt falls downward under the force of gravity . But when distance is measured it is shown that it rises up,velocity becomes 0 & then it falls with ...
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Why is the range for a particle thrown at 90 degree same as that of a particle thrown at 0 degree?

There is a derivation given in my book which concludes to the fact that the range is same for two angles of projection, provided they are complementary. I fail to understand this fact. For example, ...
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127 views

Can a DIY balloon become a danger to others?

A couple of years ago I remember reading that a DIY group sent a $25 balloon 20km into the air. This made me think for a while because if they lift about 5Kg that high It would generate more or less ...
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96 views

How was this formula in my textbook was derived?

How is this formula derived (it is present in one of the hundred pages of my textbook about physics and fundamental physics) In the case of a system of particles $P_i$, $i = 1, …, n$, each with mass ...
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146 views

Making a cut trough a center of mass, can the masses of the pieces be equal?

Let's say point $P$ is the center of mass of an irregularly shaped object. If I make a straight cut trough point $P$ and split the object in two, is it possible for the two pieces to have the same ...
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Stretching a rod? [closed]

The stress applied on a rod is linearly proportional to its strain. But shouldn't the opposite be true? I mean if you pull particles further apart doesn't the force they apply on each other decrease ...
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Why force $F$ is $ma$ but not $md$ or $mv$? How can I observe and understand “force” in real life?

As a layman, i can calculate approx "displacement" just by observing the moving object. And accurately by using a simple "scale". Similarly, again, I can calculate angle from origin by using ...
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What is going on in the system? How are the formulas `mg sin(x)` and `mg cos(x)` derived?

When a load is resting on an inclined plane, there is force $mg \sin(x)$ that's vertical to the inclined plane and force $mg \cos(x)$ horizontal to the plane acting on it like this: My textbook ...
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In Newtonian pressure, what type of function is force?

This is pressure in Newtonian mechanics: $$P=\frac {dF}{dA}.$$ What does this mean? (Doesn't it mean that force is a function of area?) What type of function is force?
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Violation of Newton's 3rd law

I'm just expressing my guess. Let two particles A and B experiences forces $F_1$ and -$F_2$ between them and let guess also there are two observer, one is stationary and other is moving with ...
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Force with zero acceleration [duplicate]

If I apply a force on a body which is kept against a wall, then the body will not move. The body is not moving means that its velocity is zero, and hence its acceleration is also zero. According to ...
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862 views

What happens if object is thrown in empty space?

If I throw a object in empty space, I apply a force to throw that. Then it gains some acceleration and it's speed increases. So will it's speed keep on increasing, or it will get stable? If yes, ...
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How do I know the position of some mass in space (starting at rest) over time when applying earth's gravitational force to it?

I know how to use Newton's law of universal gravitation. But I'm not sure where to go from there. This is for my understanding while working on a game. I'm not trying to do anything fancy here.
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Work done by spring over distance

I'm working through a problem involving energy conservation. Unfortunately, I cannot calculate the work done by a spring. ...
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How do I find the tension in additional strings in this problem? [closed]

A mass of 5.00 kg hangs attached to three strings as shown in the figure (see image below). Find the tension in each string. Hint: Consider the equilibrium of the point where the strings join. ...
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Newton's Second Law the real one. Is my theory correct?

In Newton's Principa, $\sum \vec{F}_{ext} = \frac{d\vec{\rho}}{dt}$ If the momentum vector is in mutildimensions, wouldn't a more general equation be $\sum \vec{F}_{ext} = \vec{\nabla}{\vec{p}}$ I ...
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959 views

Who is right? Force exerted on a body. Me or my friend?

Three masses $m_1 = 3\text{ kg}$, $m_2 = 9\text{ kg}$ and $m_3 = 6\text{ kg}$ hang from three identical springs in a motionless elevator. The elevator is moving downward with a velocity of $v = ...
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What is this simple mechanism called? [closed]

I often build with Lego and use this mechanism: It converts the rotational movement to linear by making the stick between the two blocks go back and forth. What is this mechanism called?
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A question on force and acceleration

Q 1. Two bodies, $m_1$ and $m_2$, in contact with each other, are under constant acceleration $a$ in the same direction. Find the force exerted by $m_1$ on $m_2$. A similar question with my ...
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If Earth starts moving when attracted by an object, where does the energy come from?

Suppose a body(very big but not bigger than Earth) moves against gravitational force of Earth. The force will do negative work on the body decreasing its kinetic energy. The decreasing energy is ...
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Space Elevator: how would you keep the end of a Space Elevator's cable rigid?

I had a discussion with my wife about physics behind a Space Elevator. Imagine a cable rising 60k into the firmament for its elevator to climb. The cable would have to rotate in unison with the earth, ...
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At what altitude above equator do gravitational and centrifugal forces cancel each other? [closed]

How high has to be a tower at equator to get on its peak the same - but of course inverted sing - value of gravitational and centrifugal forces?