Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Motorbike with parachute vs normal skydive

Had a strange discussion in the coffeeroom today. The background was a story about a guy that took his motorcycle to transport himself to the airstrip to do a skydive. Since there is no place to put ...
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1answer
746 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
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1answer
2k views

Confusion over the gravitational potential energy inside a sphere

I'm confused over the concept of gravitational potential energy inside a sphere. I understand that the gravitational potential energy inside the sphere is supposed to be a constant $U = ...
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104 views

Homework Question involving Momentum [closed]

I'm trying to solve a homework problem as review for an exam I have tomorrow and I was wondering if someone could help explain it to me. It is as follows: You are at Lowe’s shopping for bricks ...
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2answers
530 views

Measuring energy when no work is done — comparing push-ups to planks

tl;dr Is there any meaningful (physical) way to compare the energy expended in the exercise of doing $x$ pushups in $t_1$ seconds, vs the exercise of doing the plank for $t_2$ seconds? I'm ...
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212 views

Energy of a damped oscillator

$$ E=\frac{1}{2}m\left(\frac{dx}{dt}\right)^2+\frac{1}{2}m\omega_0^2x^2. $$ This is the equation for the energy of a oscillator. The second term is the potential energy. Now, my question is, will ...
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1answer
2k views

Confused about relating spring force to maximum distance

I keep working through this problem and getting the wrong answer: A spring with spring constant k is positioned vertically and then compressed from its equilibrium length by a distance Δy. A ...
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143 views

Acceleration at two points on a rigid body

The rod AB is falling while sliding on the friction-less wall and the floor. I need to find the acceleration of the points A and B. I am sure that the point A is freely falling, so its acceleration ...
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1answer
638 views

Toppling of a cylinder on a block

A uniform cylinder rests on a cart.The height and diameter is given.coefficient of static friction is given.How can i find the minimum acceleration of block such that the block topples? Morever what ...
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2answers
2k views

Finding the optimal angle of a projectile motion [closed]

I am trying to solve a task in which I need to calculate the optimal angle($\alpha$) with which the projectile will land the furthest from a height ($h$), so what I basically have is the equations for ...
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2answers
752 views

Pressure difference between 2 points in an accelerated fluid

Consider a liquid in a tub and this tub is accelerated. And so the liquid will have a slanted surface. I am clear about finding pressure difference between two points in the fluid having same height ...
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1answer
593 views

How can spatially extended objects behave like point particles?

Wikipedia states: Sometimes due to specific combinations of properties extended objects behave as point-like even in their immediate vicinity. For example, spherical objects interacting in ...
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2answers
974 views

Fluid Mechanics Piston Problem

The actual problem: A hydraulic car lift has a reservoir of fluid connected to two cylindrical fluid filled pipes. The pipe directly below the car has a diameter of 1.8 m. the pipe on which the ...
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3answers
820 views

Effect of incoming force on linear vs. angular velocity

First of all, I should note that I'm a programmer and have only an extremely basic understanding of physics; I only know how to explain my question in layman's terms and I apologize if I'm unclear or ...
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1answer
205 views

The circumference of the Moon's orbit around the sun?

I know that it orbits the sun in what looks like a 12 sided polygon with rounded corners. But I can't seem to find the radius/circumference anywhere.
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3answers
551 views

Newton's 3rd law [closed]

So i read this in some article on the net Consider a boy is standing at distance of 10 metres from the wall. Boy holds a rubber ball and cloth ball in his hands. Firstly, the boy throws rubber ...
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2answers
653 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...
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1answer
107 views

Reciprocating vs. rotating machines

Why is the RPM achieved on a reciprocating machine in general lesser than that obtained in a rotating machine? For example, an IC engine typically provides an RPM of about 2500 while a turbine can go ...
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2answers
18k views

Perfect elastic collision and velocity transfer

So my teacher told me that when you have two identical balls in a perfectly elastic collision, the first ball A will collide with B and afterwards A will stop and B continue. Why is this? Doesn't ...
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1answer
64 views

How can enzyme/substrate reactions that adhere (largely) to quantum theory also require 'Newtonian' consideration of gravity?

I'd just like to ask for a little clarification here due to confusion from interdisciplinary studies. I'm currently reading the 1976 paper related to the recent 2013 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, by 2 ...
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2answers
584 views

Force acting on an object?

You have a bar of metal in an environment with no gravity. A force is applied on one end of it. How does it rotate? There is a non-zero torque on any random point selected on the bar. For example, ...
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1answer
360 views

Math / Physics Help - Barrel Pressure and Velocity

Back in 1993 I derived the following equations to calculate projectile velocity and barrel pressure. Recently, I have noticed that I need to double the calculated results in order to obtain real word ...
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2answers
987 views

$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
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1answer
11k views

Are the perpetual machines in this video really perpetual?

This video lists a number of perpetual motion machines that have been proposed throughout history: Robert Boyle's Self-Flowing Flask A "perpetual train" using rolling cones F. G. Woodward's hoop ...
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1answer
151 views

determining orbit parameters (eccentricity, length and angle of major axis)

I'm trying to make an orbit simulator, and I want to draw the orbit of a satellite given its position and velocity vectors in a 2-D plane. I found this other question which tells how to calculate ...
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1answer
443 views

Why is kinetic energy only “often $(1/2)mv^2$”?

I am reading the first few pages of Nakahara and refreshing my memory on physics I learned a while ago as a physics math undergrad. Nakahara defines a field $F$ to be conservative if it's the gradient ...
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372 views

Is there a definition of force? [duplicate]

Well, Newton's three laws talks about forces, but no definition is given. In truth, Newton's second law gives an idea of what total force is: the time change rate of momentum. But, if we have a force ...
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1k views

Projectile Motion Question involving a ball and a ramp inclined at an angle

The question is to finde the initial horizontal velocity of the ball at end of the ramp, where it is released. I know how to do this using gravitational potential energy and kinetic energy ...
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2answers
336 views

Potential and Kinetic Energy

In engineering school you learn the basic swing problem. Essentially that there is a transfer of kinetic energy (as seen in the velocity at the bottom of as swing) to potential energy at the top of ...
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2answers
1k views

Vaporizing ethanol from liquid

What is going on here http://youtu.be/LQFmKPA-iAg Is ethanol leaving the liquid? If so, why? Does the pressure add energy to the ethanol molecules causing them to gasify and move rapidly near border ...
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1answer
891 views

Friction force and contact area [duplicate]

It's usually stated that the friction force is independent of the area of contact (Amontons' Second Law). I've always thought that this shouldn't be true, because the atraction between molecules ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it possible to whirl a point mass (attacted to a string) around in a horizontal circular motion *above* my hand?

I'm studying circular motion and centripetal force in college currently and there is a very simple question but confuses me (our teacher doesn't know how to explain either :/), so I hope we can sort ...
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2answers
241 views

What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object?

What mechanisms exist for generating lift on a static object? Condition is: Other than propellers I know that generating lift on a static object in a sense of anti-gravity for e.g. drone is not ...
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2answers
569 views

Why does gravity assist transfer twice the planet's velocity?

In orbital mechanics and aerospace engineering a gravitational slingshot (also known as gravity assist manoeuver or swing-by) is the use of the relative movement and gravity of a planet or other ...
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2answers
2k views

Work done in projectile motion

A projectile is shot at some inclination to the ground. It falls at another point having R distance from the initial point on the ground. Is there any work done? If initial velocity vector is $(u\cos ...
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1answer
124 views

particle accelerator in space

I'm attempting to learn special relativity and i'm having trouble calculating velocity and momentum for each part of the system after interactions. I wanted to know how fast a linear accelerator and ...
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1answer
594 views

Does mass concentration affect the torque induced by a force?

If you had two bodies with the same weight but one having mass concentrated more in the center, while the other had most mass concentrated on the outside, but both had the same center of mass and ...
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3answers
390 views

Dynamics of a Rocket

I am interested in modelling the trajectory of a rocket from the Earth to the Moon by solving a differential equation numerically. Below are some key facts and assumptions I am using. I want to make ...
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2answers
1k views

Elastic Collision And Momentum

The question I am working on is, "Two blocks are free to slide along the friction-less wooden track shown below. The block of mass $m_1 = 4.98~kg$ is released from the position shown, at height $h = ...
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1answer
332 views

Momentum And A Car Collision

I am studying an example problem, concerning the very topic mentioned in the title. In this example problem, a car has a head-on collision with the wall; the initial and final velocity are known, as ...
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1answer
130 views

What makes thrust reversers different from fans on a sailboat?

Why do thrust reversers on jet planes work? By Newton's third law, it seems like the force exerted by pushing air through the nozzle should cancel the force from redirecting the air forwards. The ...
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1answer
185 views

helium balloon tied to a car [closed]

A helium balloon is tied to the seat of a car. The doors and windows of the car is closed. If the car now starts moving, in which direction will the balloon move- front or back?
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1answer
761 views

Bouncing Ball Pattern

If a ball is simply dropped, each time a ball bounces, it's height decreases in what appears to be an exponential rate. Let's suppose that the ball is thrown horizontally instead of being simply ...
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1answer
547 views

Questions regarding solving the Brachistochrone problem using Lagrangian

brachistochrone problem: Suppose that there is a rollercoaster. There is point 1 ($0,0$) and point 2 ($x_2, y_2)$. Point 1 is at the higher place when compared to the point 2, so the rollercoaster ...
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1answer
813 views

Time of a ball going up and down with air resistance

A ball is shot directly upward, and then it comes back to the place where it was shot. Suppose we have air resistance. Suppose $t_1$ is the time period from the moment that the ball was shot to the ...
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2answers
251 views

How can thrust be generated in space which is a vacuum?

Since thrusters have no matter to push off of, how can a spacecraft generate thrust in the vacuum of space?
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843 views

is walking on ground identical to walking on treadmill

For the same speed and inclination, is the physics acting on the body equivalent? Lets assume the person keeps pace with something that moves perfectly uniformly.
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1answer
2k views

Newton 2nd Law: Does vertical force (mass) affect the horizontal acceleration?

I learnt before that if 2 forces are perpendicular to each other, they should not affect each other. However in a recent experiment setup (asked in another question): I believe the theoratical ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is work defined as force dot displacement?

Why is work defined as force dot displacement? I know that it is defined like that based on the observational fact - we do more work when we apply greater force or move to a greater distance. But I ...
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1answer
8k views

Calculation of Distance from measured Acceleration vs Time

I have an Accelerometer connected to a device that feeds the instant values of the acceleration in the 3 directions. I've tried to calculate the distance for a vertical movement using these values ...