Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Physics Chain Problem

A chain of length d lies on a table, $d/4$ of it hangs loose on the side of it. Friction coefficient is 0.2. It is released and begins to slide. What is the final velocity with which it falls of the ...
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1answer
20 views

Heliocentric to barycentric coordinates

I have a system with a central body and "particles" orbiting around it. The system is described in heliocentric coordinates. I am trying to obtain the velocity of the central body in barycentric ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Why did Newton state his first law separately even though it is apparently a direct consequence of the second law? [duplicate]

If $F=0$, $F=ma \implies m\frac{(v-u)}{t}=0\implies v-u=0 \implies v=u $ Which is essentially Newton's first law.
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1answer
36 views

The components of applied forces on the masses of a Trebuchet

Background information: I was following an online mechanics document in order to learn how to derive the equations of motion for a trebuchet (shown below) using Lagrangian mechanics. At some point ...
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1answer
22 views

Problem in understanding in the derivation of torsion acting on a circular shaft fixed at one end

My doubt is how Arc(ab) = L $\gamma$. Arc (ab) = R$\theta$ makes sense as that's the arc of that circle.
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26 views

Equation of a bifilar pendulum?

I am just wondering how I find the equation of a bifilar pendulum? I have not found one on the internet, and have come across two different equations, neither of which give the result I have found ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Conceptual understanding behind moments of force for a rigid body cylinder

I have a question behind the conceptual understanding of the following equation: $$\frac{\text{d}}{\text{d}t}\mathbf{L}_G = \sum_i \ \mathbf{r}_i\times \mathbf{f}_i$$ where $\mathbf{L}_G$ is the total ...
2
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2answers
45 views

What's behind the moment of inertia and other “body-global” properties of bodies?

I'm an electrical engineer currently doing some (computational) mechanics stuff. In introductory literature about mechanics, you can read plenty about the moment of inertia and how you use it in ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Force on a free body [duplicate]

What would happen if we apply a force on a rod unbound by any forces, considering that the force always acts at the end of rod and is always perpendicular to the length of the rod ? I wanted to ask ...
0
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6answers
108 views

Standing waves: why do 2 standing waves don't cancel each other?

I have learned that when two waves are combined, the peaks and troughs could be in the same direction (so that means the amplitude is increased) or the peaks and troughs could be in the opposite ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Solving 9 variable Normal Reaction equations of Sudoku board [closed]

We have a rigid Square board of negligible mass, which has been divided into a grid of 9 small squares(like a Sudoku Board), at centre of each square a point mass is attached. The gravity on the board ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Conservation of mechanical energy when object strikes the ground

When I raise a pen, the external work I do gets stored in the form of potential energy hence the mechanical energy is increased. When I leave the pen the pen starts falling and as the potential energy ...
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4answers
105 views

Orbits for dummies [duplicate]

In a certain universe a perfectly spherical, uniformly dense planet is found to be in a stable orbit around a stable star. The rest of the universe is empty space with no silly stuff like dark matter. ...
23
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8answers
4k views

Will the ball come out of the well or not?

A small ball moves at a constant velocity $v$ along a horizontal surface and at point $A$ falls into a vertical well of depth $H$ and radius $r$. the velocity of the ball forms an angle $\theta$ with ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Finding the height of a balloon [closed]

A balloon moves up vertically such that if a stone is thrown from it with horizontal velocity $u$ relative to it, the stone always hits the ground at a fixed point $ 2u^2/g$ horizontally away from it. ...
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0answers
45 views

Maximum angle that a wheeled body can climb at

I've only recently been introduced to the concept of static vs dynamic friction and I was looking to check my understanding by determining the max angle a wheeled body can climb. In the diagram below ...
-3
votes
1answer
94 views

What is y(x,t) = Acos(kx - wt)? [closed]

Im very new to wave mechanics and I've come across the following wave equation. I know this is asking too much,but I wanted to know what is the significance of this equation? what does it tell us / ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

What force is needed to put an object 200m into the air? [closed]

How much force (is that the word I am looking for?) is needed to put a 60kg weight 200m into the air using a lever? Essentially flinging the weight into the air, eg someone throwing a ball into the ...
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0answers
61 views

Are tides just very very very weak spaghettification?

I was wondering as to why there are two tidal bulges instead of just one on Earth, and then I saw this diagram: The oval shape that the Earth's water is transformed into in this image reminded me of ...
0
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2answers
77 views

Why does the centrifugal term involve a vector originating from the center of Earth? [closed]

Why in every mechanics/dynamics book I look the centrifugal force due to Earth's rotation is measured from "the center of Earth"? For example in Marion's dynamics, the fixed inertial axes are placed ...
15
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4answers
4k views

If water is essentially incompressible, why are there tides?

So recently we were taught in school that tides are formed because the moon 'cancels out' some of the earth's gravity, and so the water rises because of the weaker force. But if water is not ...
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0answers
39 views

Earth mass redistribution

Knowing we haven't imported construction materials from space has mankind altered the earth's weight through time due to building work? Or will it remain constant?
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1answer
34 views

What is The force a body exerts on a vertical circular track?

I am trying to calculate the force a body exerts on a vertical circular track with no friction at its highest point I know the centripetal force at that point is mg and the given data is the velocity ...
17
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7answers
2k views

Why is the simple harmonic motion idealization inaccurate?

While in my physics classes, I've always heard that the simple harmonic motion formulas are inaccurate e.g. In a pendulum, we should use them only when the angles are small; in springs, only when the ...
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votes
1answer
28 views

Confusion about projectile [closed]

Yesterday i got a MCQ in exam that a body in projectile motion with initial velocity 20m/s creating an angle of 60 degree with horizontal. What is its velocity at max. Height (A) 10m/s Or ...
5
votes
3answers
405 views

Terminal velocity after vertical launch

If an object is launched directly up at its terminal velocity, will it have enough time/energy to reach its terminal velocity again before it hits the ground, or will drag prevent this? In this case, ...
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2answers
68 views

Which timestep should I use for a $N$-body simulation of the Solar system?

I am trying to implement a $N$-body simulation of the Solar system and I am stuck on the issue of the simulation timestep size. At first I would like to use a simple Euler stepping scheme. Knowing ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

normal force on a physical pendulum [duplicate]

I have read and understood that a normal force has got nothing to do with torque on a physical pendulum. But I can't understand in which direction the normal force points to. Can someone help? This ...
1
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4answers
54 views

Question about levers

Suppose we have a lever $AB$ of length $1m$ and that the fixed point is $O$ and $AO=0,3m$. If in $B$ I have a down vertical force of $F_1=5N$, find the force $F_2$ applied in A that guarantees the ...
2
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2answers
86 views

Question about inertial mass and gravitational mass

I know that inertial mass $m_i$ is the quantity that appears in Newton's second law: $F=m_ia$ and that gravitational mass $m_{g_1}$ is the quantity that appears in Newton's gravitational law: $F_g=Gm_{...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Impulse of two different objects

I was running over a question, A collision occurs between particles A and B which are moving in opposite directions in the same straight line. The impulse on each particle in the collision is 2N.s, ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Force against mg when block is connected to rod and held horizontally

In the image attached, what would be the force that would balance out the gravitational force $mg$? The block is also not accelerating downwards so there should be some force acting on the block to ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Collision between a “spring” and a particle

I am currently attempting to create a simple 2D physics engine, and I just need to know how to solve a certain collision. I have particles, and between any two particles, springs can be connected. ...
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1answer
22 views

External and internal resistance to airflow

If an aircraft was travelling at 100mph an hole was opened to allow 100mph into the cabin,then the airflow is feed into an amplifier like a ramjet and the airflow out of the ramjet was increased to ...
0
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1answer
67 views

Springs, elastic potential energy, kinetic energy

If a ball with some kinetic energy collides with a spring, the ball doesn't lose its kinetic energy in an instant, right? it loses kinetic energy as the spring gains potential elastic energy. Right? ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Interaction Potential for Damped Driven Pendulum

I'm trying to use the velocity Verlet integrator to simulate a damped driven pendulum (with unit mass) described by $\ddot{\phi}+\gamma \dot{\phi}+\omega_0^2 sin\phi=Acos(\Omega t)$ The Verlet ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Newton's Cradle: why does it stay symmetric? [duplicate]

How is it that always the same number of balls leave at the other end in Newton's cradle. I understand that the momentum needs to be conserved, but as momentum is defined as p=m*v couldn't you have a ...
5
votes
4answers
152 views

Rotating the bucket in circular motion without spilling water

In the bucket experiment when the bucket reaches the top of the circle why will it have a normal force acting on the water downwards? Doesn't normal force oppose any other force? There is no force ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Centrifugal force acting on Spacecraft

This Question may sound very naive. Still somebody can explain the basics in simple words. As I understand, when we equate the centrifugal force acting on spacecraft in circular orbit with ...
34
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7answers
6k views

Supergun Launching of Satellites

I should say first that I don't believe this is a feasible launch method, otherwise NASA and other space agencies would be using it by now. It's based on this BBC news story Saddam Hussein's Supergun ...
4
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0answers
41 views

Barycenter correction for inner planets in solar system?

I want to run simulations of the solar system, and I've read in some papers that to speed up the simulations it is useful to use the barycenter correction of the inner planets (from Mercury to Mars), ...
51
votes
6answers
8k views

Why would a spinning space station create a centrifugal force on an astronaut rather than simply spinning around him/her?

We often see films with spinning space station that create artificial gravity by having the astronauts pulled outwards by centrifugal force. I'd like to know if this would really happen, and if so, ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Accelerations of Cylinders

I got a box hanging from a rope that passes through an ideal pulley that attaches to the superior part of a Cilynder and makes it rotate. An exercise asks me two things: a) determine the magnitude of ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Derivation of centripetal acceleration

While reading HC Verma chapter 7 circular motion I came across a derivation which I couldnt understand. I have marked my doubt with red. I don't understand from where +dw/dt [- i sine +j cos0] came ...
4
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1answer
89 views

Electrons motion

Some days ago, I was reading a very simple text about photoelectric phenomenon (at high school level) that this question came to mind. How do electrons move (for example during their translation from ...
1
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2answers
71 views

Proportional acceleration due to changing density of the Earth

My question has to to do with a recent video Minutephysics posted about the time it takes for a person to fall through the earth, found here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=urQCmMiHKQk At around 4:05,...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

When a particle oscillates with simple harmonic motion, the period of the oscillation is [closed]

When a particle oscillates with simple harmonic motion, the period of the oscillation is... a) ...directly proportional to the displacement from the origin b) ...directly proportional to the ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Analysis of a system consisting of a leaking tank of water

The departure point is this problem: A water tank on wheels is moving over an horizontal trail with negligible friction. There is a small opening in one of the walls, at a depth of $h$ below the tank'...
0
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1answer
22 views

Confusion in understanding Coriolis force example

I am learning Classical Mechanics from a book called Newtonian mechanics by AP. French. The book tries to explain Coriolis force with an experiment as an example which confounds me. The book goes ...
2
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2answers
35 views

Illustrating the definition of Young's modulus from spring factor

The relationship between Young's modulus $E$ and the spring factor $k$ from Hooke's law is $k=\frac{E A}{L_0}$ where $L_0$ is the initial length of the stretched material and $A$ the cross-...