Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Spring-mass system with complex spring constant

Suppose a system containing a mass $m$ on frictionless surface, attached by a spring to a wall. The spring's constant is complex, given by $K = K_1 + K_2i$, with $K_1 \gg K_2$. Write the equation of ...
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252 views

Confusion about gravity

I understand the “rubber sheet” model of Relativistic gravity is just an illustration, and beyond the initial issues of mixing three-dimensional objects with a two-dimensional representation of 3D ...
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1answer
185 views

Interaction of a pendulum with other pendulums hanging at different heights

This is a question from a competitive test. I am not sure how to reason this out. By the length of the string, S should have the maximum amplitude. But this would be the case only when the pendulum P ...
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26 views

On an inclined treadmill, does it help to “hang” on the bar?

I was a the heart specialist yesterday, and they wanted me on the treadmill, and they increased the incline to 15'. To counter the incline I hung back on the bars they wanted me to keep a hold on so ...
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2answers
54 views

Inertia matrix in skew coordinates

One has, let's say, the inertia matrix of an object about it's center of gravity: $I_p$ in the coordinate system ($i, j, k$). What is the inertia matrix in another coordinate system, say ($i_1,j_1, ...
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333 views

Marvin the Martian vs. the Death Star: how much energy will they actually need to disintegrate the Earth?

According to a detailed analysis by Dave Typinski, Marvin the Martian’s Illudium Q-36 Explosive Space Modulator will require $1.711 \cdot 10^{32}~\text{J}$ to shatter the Earth into a gravitationally ...
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2answers
42 views

theoretical explanation for smaller Young's modulus of silicone foam

I measured the Young's modulus of a rectangular silicone foam sample which is equivalent in material constitution to silicone rubber except that it is 80% empty. The Young's modulus for this foam was ...
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1answer
25 views

Rocket Propulsion Equation: Meaning of Net Force

Upon deriving the rocket equation, my textbook (Giancoli) states that the meaning of the net force on the final equation is the net force on M. Note that $M$ and $dM$ are used as the rocket (without ...
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2answers
588 views

Why does spinning a golf ball one way make it go further than spinning it the other way?

In golf, you'll often hear people say that one person hits the ball further than another because the one person "draws" the ball while the other "fades" it. I want to know why the direction of side-...
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1answer
804 views

Why does a coin falls faster when it's flipping as well?

From my experiments with measuring how fast a coin falls, I have consistently measured a faster falling rate for a coin that flips as it falls. As an example, a coin dropping on its edge from height ...
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0answers
10 views

Condition of an object to slide off a sphere [duplicate]

An object is placed at the top of a smooth sphere of radius $R$. The block is released from rest. What is the angle with the vertical at which it looses contact to the sphere? I found this problem ...
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1answer
44 views

Change in gravitational effect between Earth and the Sun

SPOILERS FOR "INDEPENDENCE DAY: RESURGENCE" ABOUND. I just watch ID:R and had a question about a plot point. In the movie, a large alien ship, which looked to be about 10-20 percent the size of Earth ...
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2answers
49 views

Verifying directions of forces during pure rolling?

Let us take a cylinder on a rough horizontal surface. The cylinder undergoes pure rolling A vertical downward force acts on the cylinder to produce a clockwise rotation. The point at which it acts ...
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2answers
48 views

Simple harmonic motion mass between 2 buildings

I have a question, where I have a mass on top of a building, we give it initial velocity of $\sqrt{gd/2}$ then it starts colliding between 2 buildings, elastic collision. I have to find how many times ...
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1answer
152 views

Accelerated pure rolling and friction

I know that if a body is pure rolling with no acceleration then friction acting on it is zero. But what about if the CM has an acceleration? Then can we say that friction is present? Suppose that ...
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1answer
38 views

A silly, but confusing, question about the Inertia coeficient of second law and inertial mass

My question is about the inertia coefficient on second law. To be more specific I have doubts on the notation. 1) Some authors show that the force $F$ is proportional to mass $m$ times acceleration $...
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2answers
75 views

Circular Motion. Intuition on vectors as a physics interpretation [closed]

I am a maths undergraduate. I decided to start studying some basic physics trying to be rigorous with the math and uderstand the interpretations of some of the mathematical constructs and see how ...
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2answers
109 views

Conservation of linear momentum (classical mechanics and special relativity)

How did Newton deduce the law of conservation of linear momentum? Can it be derived only by Newton's laws, or does it follow from practical experiments? If the law of conservation of linear momentum ...
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1answer
2k views

Coriolis force in free fall

Does the coriolis force has any measurable effect in free fall from large heights? Take for example the sky diving experiment by F. Baumgartner who started from a height of about 40 km above New ...
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1answer
171 views

Rolling Friction Problem

The handbrake of a vehicle of mass $1.5\ \mathrm{tonnes}$ completely fails while it is parked on a $30^\circ$ slope. It rolls $20\ \mathrm{m}$ down the slope before colliding with, and locking on to, ...
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1answer
320 views

Maximum angle for highway lane change

I am preparing to fight a traffic ticket from a speed camera. There is a lot more to that story, but the info I need right now involves the angle at which a car can change lanes, in terms of vehicle ...
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2answers
159 views

Angular momentum about a moving axis

How can we define angular momentum of a system about an axis that moves parallel to itself? For example Axis passing through CM that is perpendicular to plane of body. When we talk about ...
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3answers
542 views

Horizontal and vertical acceleration of a ball on a slope?

I understand that you resolve the components of the balls weight parallel and perpendicular to the slope in order to calculate the force due to gravity that actually acts down the slope. The ...
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2answers
65 views

Momentum Conservation

The Problem: There are three masses all of equal mass $m$. One mass breaks of with velocity $v$ at an angle $\theta$ to the rod. I have to find max velocity of $A$ and the time at which this ...
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1answer
241 views

Understanding transverse oscillation in 1 mass, 2 spring systems

Lately I have been working through some nice problems on mass-spring systems. There are tons of different configurations - multiple masses, multiple springs, parallel/series, etc. A few possible ...
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5answers
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What does the Moon's orbit around the Sun look like?

I'm curious as to what the Moon's orbit around the Sun looks like. If there's an answer, what's the intuition for it? Here are some things I'm assuming when trying to tackle this question: The Moon'...
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3answers
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Assuming everything else is equal, which will stop first: a heavier car or a lighter car?

If the friction from brakes, wind resistance and all such factors remain constant, which will stop first? A heavier car or a lighter car? How will the momentum of the car and gravitational pull on a ...
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63 views

question on friction, 3 blocks placed one upon another

A 10 N force is applied on the 3 kg block. What are the accelerations of the 2 kg block, 3 kg block and 7 kg block? Take the value of g=10m/s^2. what is the acceleration of each of the block ? ...
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39 views

Momentum and relative motion

To calculate momentum, $p=mv$, you must know the value of $v$. However, since all motion is relative, there is no abslute value for $v$. So, what is it you are actually calculating? It seems like the ...
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1answer
574 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
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1answer
52 views

Why do we assume Kinetic friction to be constant?

My Physics teacher told me that friction exists because of bonds made between the surfaces of two objects. As we try to move an object, we break the bonds and this causes release of energy which is ...
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1answer
51 views

Is it valid to approximate this parabola as a circle?

Suppose I have a smooth parabolic surface on the xy plane, $y=-x^2$, and there is a ball on kept on the surface at $(0,0)$. What minimum velocity should I give to the ball, tangentially, so that it ...
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1answer
376 views

How to show circular orbit as a precessing ellipse

A uniform distribution of dust in the solar system adds to the gravitational attraction of the sun on the planet an additional force linear in $r$ where m is the mass of the planet, k is a constant (...
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173 views

Why do rope walkers always carry a long stick with them?

I saw in the film The walk a guy who used to go from one high building to another via a rope. He carried with him this long stick. You´ll probably all know what I ...
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4answers
43 views

Particle Equilibrium and the Interpretation of Accelerations

I have a simple question regarding the interpretation of acceleration and force in the context of a particle in equilibrium. Given that the necessary and sufficient definition for particle equilibrium ...
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2answers
147 views

Calculating velocity based on applied force

If I have a block sitting on a spring, ignoring air resistance, with 45N of stored elastic energy in the spring, and the block weighs 500g, what would be the process for calculating its maximum height?...
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45 views

Inertial Reference Frames (Newtonian Mechanics)

I have a hard time understanding Inertial Reference Frames. Is it just scenarios where Newton's laws seem to be violated in the case of non-inertial frames and where Newton's laws are followed in ...
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2answers
254 views

Changing momentum of moving trolley

Consider a trolley of mass $m$ moving at a velocity $v$ along a smooth horizontal plane. It is full of water, and water is leaking at a constant rate out of the bottom of the trolley, i.e ...
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1answer
154 views

Ball Rotating in Place Under Waterfall

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Khf6koh3IO8 Can anyone help me explain this? It seems like the ball should shoot out from underneath. I have two main theories. 1) Bernoulli's Principle says that the ...
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3answers
105 views

What is the connection between inertial/gravitational mass and relativity?

In Einstein/Infield 's The Evolution of Physics (32-35) the authors establish that inertial mass and gravitational mass are the same and then connect this to relativity.Throughout these pages I was ...
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1answer
233 views

How to explain centrifugal force from frame of reference of Earth?

Suppose we have a circular table. We have made a straight line groove in the table extending from the center to the circumference. Now we place a block at some distance from the center in the groove ...
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3answers
66 views

Oscillations in U-tube [duplicate]

U-tube, of uniform cross section $S$ and opened at both ends, is filled with a liquid column of length $L$ and density $\rho$. In equilibrium the water levels in both arms are at same height. What ...
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3answers
186 views

Gravitational Null Point between Earth and Moon

I need help finding the gravitational null point point between the Earth and the Moon, the point beyond which you start falling towards Moon. I am having difficulty in taking into account the orbiting ...
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2answers
390 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newton's third law and momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take a ball mass of $m_1$ (index 1 is the ...
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1answer
397 views

How do I treat the Lagrangian in the case of a rigid body?

Here's Exercise 1.11 from Goldstein's Classical Mechanics 3rd edition (the first one after having derived the Lagrangian basically): Exercise 1.11: Consider a uniform thin disk that rolls without ...
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5answers
663 views

Acceleration in $F=ma$

I tried to ask this question in Electrical Engineering Stackexchange but was told I was better asking here. Newton's Second Law of Motion states that the vector sum of the forces $\mathbf{F}$ on an ...
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7answers
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Confusion with Newton's third law

“Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.” I have a query about the word every in that sentence. Suppose we have two objects A and B. A pushes B with a force of 5N and B will push A with a ...
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Why is Larry Niven's Ringworld Unstable?

In his 1970 science fiction novel Ringworld, author Larry Niven describes the eponymous Ringworld, a gigantic structure shaped as a ring with a radius of around 1 AU, rotating around a star in the ...
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Does cutting of trees affect spin angular momentum of earth?

Cutting trees reduces earth's moment of inertia. So the spinning velocity of earth should be reduced day by day. Does it really happen?