Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Vertical circular motion/How can tension be negative?

This is a rock tied to a string spinning vertically. Here, $T+mgsin\theta = mv_1^2/r => T = mv_1^2/r-mgsin\theta$ Suppose I give it a velocity $v$ at the bottom. 1) At what angle $\theta$ will ...
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1answer
39 views

Ball rolling down an incline and dynamics in general

I recently performed an experiment for a class which involved measuring the projectile motion of a ball after it had rolled down a ramp and exited on a significantly smaller ramp. When interpreting ...
1
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1answer
129 views

In perfect vacuum (no external force), if I apply a small amount of force to a body, will it continue to accelerate forever?

According to the equation F = ma, the greater the force applied to a body, the more is it's acceleration. But in a place where there is no gravity or any other kind of external force, If I apply a ...
3
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4answers
156 views

Collision paradox

Suppose an insect travelling south at some velocity, collides with a train travelling north at some other (opposite) velocity. The insect hits the front of the train, where it splats to an ...
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1answer
51 views

Efficiency of Ramp

A 50.0 kg block slides across a horizontal floor. The block is traveling at 8.0 m/s when it begins to slide up an inclined ramp. The block stops after rising 2.0 m as it slides 9.0 m along the ramp. ...
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3answers
11k views

Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
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1answer
40 views

Velocity Related To Gravitation [closed]

Which Equation is correct $v^2=\large{\frac{2GM}r}$ OR $v^2=\large{\frac{GM}r}$? I am getting confused here.
3
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1answer
1k views

Spring system - 3 DoF system and its properties while changing stiffness

I was given the attached 3 degree of freedom spring system with the purpose of analyzing it. I came up with the following equation of motion and then I ran Matlab to calculate the corresponding ...
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2answers
73 views

How do we define what is “External” force or “Internal” force in the context of momentum conservation?

I know that without presence of any "External" force momentum is always conserved. But how do we distinguish between "External" force and "Internal" force where all are "Force"?
3
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3answers
560 views

Spring pendulum - why is it possible to use this equation?

It is known that, when we describe the spring pendulum, we are bound to use the formula $T = 2\pi \sqrt{m/k}$, however, we can go further and set $\omega = \frac{2\pi}{T}$ I ponder why is this ...
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2answers
70 views

Doubt on series springs [closed]

Here is a description of the motion of two springs in series. The premise is that the force on the two springs is the same. This is derived from the following reasoning: when I pull the mass with a ...
3
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3answers
81 views

When only part of the surface an object is in contact with has friction, what is the normal force I should use?

I have the following exercise: A uniform rod of mass $M$ is given a horizontal velocity $v$ on a rough track as shown in the figure. The surface is rough on the right side of the origin $O$ and ...
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3answers
92 views

What is the physical meaning of reduced mass?

If we stick two block masses by a string and pass it over a pully and let the blocks free then mathematically we can obtain that the whole weight on the pully is more if the blocks are kept at rest, ...
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2answers
44 views

Why did Trebuchet have so long throwing arms?

Have a look at such an historical Trebuchet: As you can see, the throwing arm (left) is much longer than the weight arm (right). Law of conservation of energy says, potential energy from the ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Does Newton's third law remain totally unchanged even in Einstein's theory?

Why Newton's third law remain unchanged still now in relativity theory (as for example that is why we feel weight due to equal but opposite reaction of the Earth's surface)?
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2answers
44 views

Force on a Massless String

Suppose we are just pulling a block with the help of a string which is massless. Now since the mass of the string is 0 the force exerted by us is transmitted without being diminished. So the equation ...
-1
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2answers
56 views

Spring pulley system

Hey can someone please help me with this question, the answer given is B and C, but my doubt is that the acceleration of both the masses should not be the same and $K_1x_1 = K_2x_2$ ...[equation 1] ...
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3answers
33 views

Vertical oscillator with a punctual mass

Ok, this is apparently a simple problem. Consider a mass bound to a vertical oscillator of constant k, at thr equilibrium position, and initial height H. When letting it move by its own weight, one ...
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1answer
25 views

How high does a slide need to be if the person at the bottom grabs a pole and rotates the pole 72 degrees?

My attempt: $mgh = \frac{1}{2}I \omega^2$ $\omega^2 = 2 \alpha\Delta \theta$, so $mgh = \frac{1}{2}I 2 \alpha \Delta \theta$ $mgh = I \alpha \Delta \theta = \tau \Delta\theta$ $\tau = rF\sin ...
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3answers
1k views

Speed of an object in air versus in vacuum

Okay, imagine that you are shooting a rocket down a tunnel that is 60 miles long and the rocket is travelling at 60mph, so the rocket should reach the end of the tunnel in a hour, right? Yep, in an ...
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2answers
70 views

Does Buoyant Force always act upwards?

I have always used buoyant force as acting upwards in any problem related to fluid mechanics that I have solved. Also, if we push a mug down a bucket of water. It rises up, always, not diagonally even ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Throwing masses to gain velocity. A question of efficiency

I was thinking the other day of a system in which you eject mass. And then I wonder whether it was more efficient to throw a big mass or many little. Let me put it in other terms. Suppose you are ...
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1answer
156 views

Consistent method for finding direction of static friction

I am having trouble coming up with a consistent method of determining the direction of static friction. So far the best I have come up with is: it should oppose the relative acceleration the contact ...
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1answer
42 views

Calculate the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity including its uncertainty?

I made a free fall time experiment and now I'm trying to make a report. The experiment consists of releasing a steel ball from various heights hi and measuring corresponding free fall times τi . ...
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1answer
172 views

Why golf balls travel faster if they spin?

From the book I have been given to read I found that balls spin due to the centripetal force but i am confused about how exactly do the resultant force causes it to spin and move forward about the ...
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3answers
74 views

Why is the rod moving to and from?

These are tow pulleys, and a plastic plank is placed above them which can slide freely. The plank has uniform density and it touches both the pulleys. Both pulleys are placed on the same plane, and ...
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1answer
26 views

slip definition that works in game

Wikipedia article gives us the following 2 equations: $\%_{slip} = \frac{\omega r - v}{|v|} * 100$ (The use of $v$ modulus makes it work in all directions. It is multiplied by 100 to get the ...
3
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1answer
147 views

How can one conclude upward force is related to tension in this question?

In preparation for the SAT Physics Subject Test, I have been doing extra practice problems. This one states: A garment bag hangs from a clothesline. The tension in the clothesline is $10 \,\text{N}$ ...
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1answer
58 views

Equation of Motion for spring-cylinder-mass system [closed]

Hello, I hope someone can help me with this question, to find the equation of motion of the disc for small angular rotations. The mechanism comprises of a uniform circular disc of mass $m$, spring ...
3
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2answers
101 views

What is the zero of potential?

A satellite of mass $m$ is travelling at a speed $v_0$ in a circular orbit of radius $r_0$ around a fixed mass at $O$. Taking the zero of potential at $r=\infty$, show that the total energy of the ...
0
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3answers
78 views

Gravitational acceleration of asteroids [closed]

If an asteroid is moving through space at a speed that exceeds escape velocity of the earth and that asteroid is on a collision course with the earth will the asteroid Accelerate as it falls into the ...
0
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2answers
61 views

Problems with work on an inclined plane

A constant force $F_a$ of magnitude $82.0N$ is applied to a $3.00 kg$ shoe box at angle $53.0^{\circ}$, causing the box to move up a frictionless ramp at constant speed. How much work is done on ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Why is the mechanical advantage of a wedge = length of slope/ width?

Mechanical advantage is defined as Force Output/Force Input For a symmetrical wedge with the length of the slopes being equal and the width being the distance between the end points, the articles ...
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1answer
178 views

Explanation about friction force directions of two moving bodies in contact

can someone explain me why in this scenario (picture below) we have a friction force Ftr12 in the same direction as movement (left part of the picture, case 1 ) and how these directions of friction ...
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0answers
11 views

Computing the dynamics with a bilateral constraint in position

Let's says I have a dynamical system of generalized coordinates $x$, subject to a bilateral constraint $g(x(t),t)=x_1(t)-d(t)=0$ where $d$ is a prescribed displacement. I am looking for the ...
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1answer
155 views

Moments and forces, when part of the scenario involves a circle or arc rather than a straight line

Some questions below, involving strategies, regarding the following problem: A hoop of weight $20$ Newtons can rotate freely about a pin fixed in a wall. A string has one end attached to a pin, ...
4
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3answers
465 views

Why are forces independent from the frame of reference?

The following question occurred to me while reading a proof of the following statement: If K is an inertial frame of reference, then a K’ frame of reference, which is moving with a constant ...
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1answer
64 views

$16~\rm N/mm^2$ flexural strength

This question more relates to construction and architecture but I am sure it will not be the problem to ask and get a good answer here. If we have declared flexural strength of concrete of 16 N/mm2, ...
1
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2answers
65 views

Dynamics of two pulleys [closed]

I have been trying to do this exercise for 2 days but I'm sure that I'm negleting something... Here is the sketch of the situation: $$m_A= 4M \\ m_B= M \\ m_C=2M$$ All the strings cannot ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Pure rolling between two moving sufaces

I know about pure rolling on one surface, where the ICR (instantaneous center of rotation) is the point of contact with the ground. But what if the the body is forced to roll between two surfaces ...
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0answers
17 views

How is the centrifugal force responsible for Earth's oblateness? [duplicate]

I'm having serious problems understanding the centrifugal force caused by Earth's rotation. How does it affect the Earth's shape? Should I draw the gravitational acceleration (the one in Newton's ...
-1
votes
1answer
113 views

Why it's more difficult to walk in an inclined plane than in a causal road [closed]

my question is about something very casual , but when i tried to solve that , it was not easy at all . My question is : "Why when we walk in an inclined plane we get tired more than when we walk in ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Do EM waves create action in receiver antenna without reaction?

If EM waves such as radio waves, can induce electrons in the receiver antenna to move, and electrons have a small amount of mass, isn't this action without a reaction? Is it possible to use the ...
13
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4answers
2k views

Throwing a ball upwards in an accelerating train

If I throw a ball upwards to a certain height in an accelerating train, will it end up in my hand? At the moment I release the ball, it will have a velocity equal to that of the train at that instant. ...
0
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2answers
153 views

what is actually mean by momentum in deepest level of physics?

What does something called "Momentum" actually measure?I know that generally momentum of a object is describe by the multiplication of mass and object's velocity and it is a conserve quantity without ...
-3
votes
1answer
72 views

Need motion equations for falling ball for simulating [closed]

I am currently M.S student in artificial intelligence(A.I) and working on my thesis on reinforcement learning, which robot should learn by itself how to control a quadcopter. Long story short, I have ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Breaking strength of wet paper/cloth

In the Hollywood movie, Shanghai Knights (pardon me for the non scientific citation), Jackie Chan states that 'wet cloth' does not break easily. How true a fact is this ? We know from common ...
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3answers
37 views

Finding an object's final velocity with distance dependant force [duplicate]

I am (just for fun) trying to calculate the velocity with which the moon would impact the earth if it stopped orbiting and simply headed towards earth. I know the force is $\frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2}$. ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Is sonic boom louder than the sounds that a object traveling at the speed of sound makes, if so why?

Here are the wave-front models for both: I am in an introductory physics course. Just learned about this. I am not entirely sure if sonic boom is louder. But from what I saw, it's loudness is ...
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0answers
25 views

How will you calculate the pressure inside a planet of fluid at a distance r from centre?

How will you calculate the pressure inside a planet of fluid at a distance r from centre? I tried using concept of solid angle and even potential energy but was unable to get answer.