Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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106 views

Airfoil theory — Why does air travel faster above? [duplicate]

I do not understand, why the air above the airfoil travels faster than the air below it? The air above has to travel faster than the air below so that both streams meet simultaneously at the ...
4
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1answer
147 views

Man on a rope task

Some time ago I came across this simple task. Instead of describing it a lot I will just post a picture and try to explain like that. So the man and the weight on the other side of the rope have ...
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1answer
51 views

Convert constant of gravitation to days and AUs

I'm working on a problem with celestial bodies and for my purpose days and AUs are more appropriate units than seconds and meters. So I tried to convert the constant of gravitation, $G$, like this: ...
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2answers
2k views

What creates the chaotic motion on a double pendulum?

As we know, The double pendulum has a chaotic motion. But, why is this? I mean, the mass of the two pendulums are the same and they have the same length. But, what makes its motion random? I'm just ...
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2answers
274 views

What is the third law action pair of buoyancy?

Consider a block floating in a fluid. The force due to gravity balances the buoyant force exerted on the block. But there must be a third-law action pair to the buoyant force. If the block exerts a ...
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2answers
292 views

Numerical: Work Power Energy [closed]

A particle moves along a straight line. A force acts on the particle which produces a constant power. It starts with initial velocity 3 m/s and after moving a distance 252 m its velocity is 6 m/s. ...
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1answer
135 views

Spring Damper System for a Vibrating Motor

Good day people of SE I have a friend that has a final year project and is stuck. He has a motor with a small weight at the end of the shaft that causes vibrations. This motor is on a thin plate. ...
2
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1answer
53 views

The speed of an unconstant motion

There's already the solution for the problem but I still don't understand why the velocity can't be calculated by just $$ a = (v(t))'= -B_0 + B_1t \Rightarrow v(t) = -B_0t + 1/2B_1t^2$$ Also, both ...
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1answer
94 views

Calculating the height objects fall from [duplicate]

Imagine an object of a given mass. The object falls from a certain height. On contact with the ground, the object has a certain force. If the force of the object and the mass of the object are ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Find Angular Momentum about any point

How do I find the angular momentum of a body about any point? We know that $L=I\omega$ for a body rotating in space, where $L$ denotes the angular momentum, $I$ denotes the moment of inertia and ...
7
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2answers
556 views

Find the minimum value of velocity [closed]

Find the minimum value of the initial velocity $u$ of the particle such that the particle crosses the wheel of radius $R$. Details and assumptions $R=2m$ $g=9.8m/s^2$ Neglect air resistance. All ...
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2answers
422 views

Rolling disk in inclined plane and flat plane? [duplicate]

A disk is rolling (not sliding) in the inclined plane with initial velocity of zero. So there is friction between disk and plane. But when we use the energy conservation rule, we consider as: ...
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10answers
547 views

Why is centrifugal 'force' perpendicular to line of inertia

I know that centrifugal is labeled a fictitious force only arising in a rotating reference frame, but I still struggle to understand the forces at play intuitively in tethered rotating bodies. I've ...
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2answers
93 views

Finding sphere of influence in multibody system

I would like to draw a boundary illustrating the sphere of influence of each body in a 3 body system. What is the best way to find such a boundary? My understanding is at the edge an SoI is the ...
0
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1answer
119 views

Relative Velocities and Conservation of Kinetic Energy

An object of mass m moves with velocity $v$ towards a stationary object of same mass. Impact is an elastic collision. $v_1$ is the velocity after impact of the mass originally moving $v_2$ is the ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Friction as a Centripetal Force

When an object is moving in a circle, won't the frictional force oppose it's motion? And if the velocity is always tangential to the path, there is no component of it towards the center, so there is ...
4
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1answer
123 views

Could moving land mass alter Earths gravity?

This is potentially a very stupid question but I'm going to ask it anyway. With all these huge buildings such as the Abu Dhabi Mosque, where an unbelievable amount of materials such as marble was ...
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1answer
41 views

What path will an object in a cockpit take?

Situation: A fly is in the cockpit of a fighter jet, and flying directly in front of the pilot. The pilot becomes annoyed and decides to get rid of the fly by executing a sudden, high speed turn. ...
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1answer
156 views

How do I calculate stopping power?

Malcolm Gladwell made a claim in a recent talk that a sling with a stone going at 30m/s has the same stopping power as a .45 calibre handgun. How would I verify whether or not this claim is true - ...
2
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1answer
268 views

How does Newton's law apply to a person throwing snow onto their snowbank at the side of their driveway?

We know Newton's three laws: A object at rest will remain at rest, and an object in motion will remain in motion unless a external force acts upon it. If an unbalanced force acts on a object, the ...
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3answers
19k views

Tension on a string between two objects on a friction less surface [closed]

I just need my work checked here. Please let me know if I am correct. I had this problem in one of my test in which I did not get full credits. I am re-doing this(hopefully correctly this time) just ...
3
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0answers
32 views

Aerosol size distribution

When the size distribution of particles in an aerosol is obtained, there is always a bimodal distribution. The small peak accounts for the particles that are in sub-nanometer size range and the larger ...
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3answers
637 views

Equation of motion for a falling rod (with one end touching a frictionless surface) [closed]

I have a quick question about the equation of motion for a falling rod (with one end touching a frictionless surface). The end touching the surface is not fixed. I am given the moment of inertia about ...
2
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12answers
1k views

Metallic and glass sphere of same size released at a height

This question was in my exam today : A metallic and glass sphere of same size were dropped at same height. Which sphere would hit the ground first and why? I have thought about several things and ...
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1answer
2k views

When to use Cosine or Sine? [closed]

Three blocks of masses $M_A=15.0 \; \text{kg}$, $M_B=12.0 \; \text{kg}$, and $M_C=8.0 \; \text{kg}$ sit next to each other on a frictionless surface. A force $F=54.0 \; \text{N}$ acts on Block $A$ ...
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1answer
90 views

Why is it easier to turn a heavy hanging object?

Assume if we had a 2 tonne weight placed on ground attached with a rope that we can use to turn the object around. It will immensely hard to turn that object around by pulling the rope. However, if ...
2
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2answers
162 views

Solving actual weight lifted

I was wondering if anyone knew the formula to calculate how much force is required to lift a tire or any object by the edge. For example if a tire weighs 500 lbs (or has a mass of 226.8 kg). I would ...
2
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1answer
220 views

Lagrangian approach to spinning thread reel

I am trying to better understand Lagrangian dynamics and am struggling to complete the following question: A reel of thread of mass $m$ and radius $r$ is allowed to unwind under gravity, the upper ...
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2answers
68 views

Horizontal force on elevator?

I would like to ask the following: If an observer travels up or down in an elevator on earth, does he experience a horizontal force due to earth's rotation?
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1answer
104 views

Determining the horizontal position of an object [closed]

In my calc-physics class we were given the following question: A movie stuntwoman drops from a helicopter that is $30.0 m$ above the ground and moving with a constant velocity whose components are ...
2
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3answers
96 views

Information about newton's third law

Well I am still small student of physics, but as far as I know, Newton's Third Law states that, "For every action there is equal and opposite reaction." Now let me tell you how I understood ...
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1answer
45 views

Total energy of a body following circular motion

I learned that when a body rotates, its total energy is, $$energy=\left(\frac12\right)mv^2 + \left(\frac12\right)I\omega^2 $$ However, if an astronomical object is orbiting around the earth, is ...
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1answer
859 views

Confusion over the gravitational potential energy inside a sphere

I'm confused over the concept of gravitational potential energy inside a sphere. I understand that the gravitational potential energy inside the sphere is supposed to be a constant $U = ...
0
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1answer
189 views

How to obtain the distance traversed by a free falling body equation?

I know that the distance that a free falling body has traverse through time is given by $d=0.5*g*t^2$. I would like to know how to get to this equation to study a bit more how it was obtained. I have ...
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2answers
112 views

Equal and opposite reaction - forces coming in pairs - or just common sense?

I've never understood why the conservation of momentum law is taught in schools as "every force has an equal opposite reaction". To me a gun's recoil is self explanatory; the explosion sits ...
1
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1answer
270 views

Where do these formulas for an object being pushed up an incline come from? [closed]

An object on an incline with an angle $\theta$ is being pushed at constant speed. Constant speed implies $a = 0$. Because $F=ma$ and the object must have mass greater than 0. If I want to find the ...
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2answers
110 views

Vertical Circular Motion

I know that I can use conservation of energy to find the velocity of a particle at a point when it's travelling in a vertical circle by saying $$mgr(1-\cos{\theta})=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$$ then ...
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2answers
134 views

Determining if a particle is bounded or unbounded with motion in polar coordinates

Firstly, I determined the equation for the particles path for $k <-mV^2a^2$ as $u = {Ae^{\sqrt{\alpha}\theta}+Be^{-\sqrt{\alpha}\theta}}$ where $ \alpha = 1 + \dfrac{k}{mV^2a^2},$ $u = 1/r$ I ...
2
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3answers
300 views

Bernoulli's principle on a curve ball

I've seen a few excellent answers here on the Magnus force, which explains why balls with a spin will curve. However, my intuition is still telling me that the Bernoulli's principle would push it the ...
39
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6answers
6k views

Pouring water in an aircraft while upside down?

What is the physics behind the following photo? Someone had told me that this is because the aircraft might be moving towards a lower altitude, but I am still not sure.
0
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1answer
50 views

Force on a line

Say you have a rigid line of mass $m$ and length $\ell$ along the $x$ axis and you apply a constant force $f$ at one end in a direction that is always perpendicular to the line, starting in the $y$ ...
0
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3answers
190 views

Why doesn't any object that doesn't have direct contact in a fast moving vehicle feel G-force or slam behind or ahead when braked or accelerated?

Why doesn't any object that doesn't have direct contact in a fast moving vehicle feel G-force or slam behind or ahead when braked or accelerated? For example when we are in a car (even with all ...
0
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2answers
86 views

Sign of Potential Energy

The mass is released at height $h$ above the spring, how far will the spring move? $E_i=mgh, E_f= kx^2/2+mgx$...why the second equation isn't $ E_f= kx^2/2-mgx$? Since it is below the "zero".
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2answers
290 views

How can I calculate the initial velocities of a set of objects with a consistent force?

I'm trying to figure out which object would have the largest time of flight when launched from a slingshot. To do this, I need the initial velocity. How can I calculate this if I know the mass and ...
0
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1answer
76 views

How to find the tension [closed]

A massless rod of length L attached to mass m and with axle to cart of mass M. The cart has a shape of equilateral triangle (edge L). the cart is at rest and its center of mass is above x=0 and a rod ...
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2answers
197 views

Force applied to two blocks [closed]

Due to application of force tow blocks of mass 1Kg and 0.5Kg move together. Each block exerts a force of 6N on each other. What is the acceleration by which both the blocks move?
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3answers
77 views

Confused about Impulse

Encountered a problem that involves impulse while studying for my exam and I'm not sure how to even approach it. I know that momentum is conserved, but I'm not sure how to relate that to avg force. ...
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2answers
133 views

Angle rotated by a rod when it's hit by a pendulum

Consider a pendulum of length $h$ with a bob of mass $m$ it is held horizontally at and angle of $90^{\circ}$ with the vertical. A rod of mass $M$ and length $h$ is pivoted at its upper end and this ...
0
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2answers
72 views

Homework Question involving Momentum [closed]

I'm trying to solve a homework problem as review for an exam I have tomorrow and I was wondering if someone could help explain it to me. It is as follows: You are at Lowe’s shopping for bricks ...
0
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1answer
151 views

How to model a rising helium balloon?

I'm trying to model the ascent of a helium filled weather balloon from 0km to 25km altitude. The plan is to eventually use a python script to calculate the time taken to reach 25km. However, I don't ...