Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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9
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2answers
784 views

Dynamics of counter-rotating flywheels

I've wondered about this for ages. If we create a pair of flywheels that rotate in the opposite direction with the same angular momentum, but are co-located and have the same mass and inertial moment ...
2
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2answers
290 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
0
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1answer
246 views

Conservation of angular momentum

We were learning about angular momentum in class today, and although it sort of makes sense, it's much harder for me to think about than linear momentum. So from what I can tell: Angular momentum ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Finding the tangential force experienced by a bob of mass m on a simple pendulum via the gradient/nabla operator)

The problem was posed as follows. Given a pendulum of length $L$ with a mass $m$ attached to it, which forms an angle $\theta$ from the y-axis to the direction of swinging. First we had to find the ...
0
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1answer
164 views

Classically, how can an electron orbiting a proton radiate given its relativistic energy

In classical relativistic Electrodynamics, we are often told that any accelerating point charge inherently radiates (Bremstrallung). (This is the basis for the need for a QM conception of electrons.) ...
0
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2answers
700 views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
2
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2answers
305 views

Does a different opposing force affect work?

Suppose a man exerts $10~N$ as he lifts a $1~kg$ box a distance of $2~m$ against Earth's gravity. To determine work we can use the following equation: $$ W = F \cdot d \\ W = (10~N) \cdot (2~m) = ...
1
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2answers
361 views

$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
0
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1answer
256 views

Action and reaction in case of a falling object

Let us say a hard object is falling on a stack of pillows. At the point of contact, it will experience a force equal to its weight and would be at rest if it were not for the fact that the stack of ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Work Done On a Body When It is Not in Contact with the agent of the Force

Is it necessary for work to be done on a body that the agent of the force remains in contact with the body? For example, if I hit a football with my foot with a small amount of force and it moves a ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Book recommendation [duplicate]

I already learned the Physics' basics like Newton Laws, Electricity, and Optics. Can you recommend me a good book for advancing with my learning of physics(with some math)?
3
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5answers
378 views

Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Are the perpetual machines in this video really perpetual?

This video lists a number of perpetual motion machines that have been proposed throughout history: Robert Boyle's Self-Flowing Flask A "perpetual train" using rolling cones F. G. Woodward's hoop ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Example where angular momentum and angular velocity are not parallel

I am unable to visualize any case where angular momentum and angular velocity of an object are not parallel.
2
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1answer
586 views

How come a rigid body has 6 degrees of freedoms (DOFs) ? Isn't velocity a DOF?

For rigid body we need to know position of three points and their velocities to determine everything. So that would make 12 DOF. Why do text books say it has six DOFs?
1
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1answer
72 views

Spring with changing equilibrium

Suppose that we have two cars on a track, each with a different mass. Now suppose that the cars are connected with a spring. We smack one car. I would like to write down the equations of motion for ...
-4
votes
1answer
73 views

Water level rise due to body in water

I recently came across a comment that when we push a rubber ball into water filled in a bucket, the water level rises because of the force applied by our hand (i.e. the more force we apply, the more ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

How does a “hammer thrower” that we see in the Olympics, impart so much momentum

How does a "hammer thrower" that we see in the Olympics, build so much momentum into the club? It's sort of like the golf swing, the more momentum, primarily in the club head, the further the ball ...
0
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3answers
419 views

Friction forces and sliding slabs

I have 2 questions, one generalizing the other. Question 1: Suppose we have 2 slabs resting horizontally on a table. Assume there is friction between the 2 slabs as well as between the bottom slab ...
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0answers
172 views

At what angle do billiard balls scatter if they collide off center?

The angle defined by joining a line from the centers of the balls must be important. But do they follow this angle when viewed in the rest frame of one of the balls or in the CM frame? The spheres ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How is Mechanical advantage of Wedge = length of slope/width

Mechanical advantage is defined as Force Output/Force Input For a symmetrical wedge with the length of the slopes being equal and the width being the distance between the end points, articles quote ...
3
votes
4answers
129 views

Action and reaction - not the same effect

If I press on something, it presses me back with the same force. if I press a pillow with my fist, l do not feel pain but if I press a rock with my fist with the same force, I do feel the pain. ...
9
votes
2answers
276 views

Intuitive explanation of why orbits are closed?

Yesterday my brother asked me how orbits work. Suppose for the sake of the question that you are trying to put a rocket in orbit around the Earth. I explained that orbiting is essentially being in ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Landau Lifshitz energy for uniform rotation

Landau Lifshitz claim in their Mechanics book (39.11) that for a uniform rotation we have $ E = \frac{mv^2}{2} - \frac{m}{2} (\omega \times r)^2 + U,$ where the rotation is given by $v' = v + \omega ...
0
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1answer
56 views

How to produce a bigger rotational velocity from two rotational velocities?

If I have two electronic motors, both running at the same voltage and current, delivering the same rotational velocity, how could I produce a bigger rotational velocity from them?
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2answers
340 views

Verifying Newton's 2nd Law

Background/Experiment setup: In one of my classes a mass (0.04 kg) was hung from a pulley and attached to a much heavier mass (around 0.4 kg) that rest on an airtrack. A thread connected the hanging ...
0
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2answers
810 views

What is going on in the system? How are the formulas `mg sin(x)` and `mg cos(x)` derived?

When a load is resting on an inclined plane, there is force $mg \sin(x)$ that's vertical to the inclined plane and force $mg \cos(x)$ horizontal to the plane acting on it like this: My textbook ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Moment of inertia of a planet

Is there a good way to directly measure a moment of inertia of the Earth, or say, other planet?
8
votes
2answers
521 views

What will be different if the spring is not massless?

In almost all text, it uses the massless spring as example to illustrate the idea of elastic potential energy. I wonder what's really being changed if we consider the mass of the spring? I saw a ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

How are fictitious forces related to my feeling?

This question arises when I am studying fictitious forces in an undergrad introduction to physics course. Suppose I am standing in an elevator with an acceleration $a$ directed upward. From the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Expression of kinetic energy in polar coordinates

Expression for kinetic energy in Cartesian coordinate: Expression for kinetic energy in polar coordinate (applying the transformation of coordinates): Why can't we express it in the following ...
5
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1answer
102 views

Do all celestial objects have stationary orbit?

Do all celestial bodies of sufficient mass such big asteroids, moon, planets etc. have orbit such that the period of revolution is same as the sidereal period of that object (such as geostationary ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Warning: Gruesome. Which one cuts faster? Guillotine with a slanted blade or with a flat blade? [duplicate]

The following image shows Guillotine that is a device designed for carrying out executions by decapitation. Intuitively, slicing with pushing is less effective than slicing with pushing and ...
1
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1answer
165 views

A thought experiment to understand (literal) bootstrapping

The common explanation of why you can't lift yourself off the ground by pulling your feet up with your hands, or in more cliched terms "pull yourself up by your own bootstraps", is that if you ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Lowest point of a loose cable with a pulley/mass hanging from it [closed]

This is part of a homework question which I've been stuck on for several hours. I've tried googling "lowest point of rope", "lowest point of hanging cable", "lowest point of pulley", and a bunch of ...
3
votes
2answers
277 views

What does Power really mean?

I've been trying to solve a problem for some time. I have been given conflicting information by both literature, colleagues and people on this very forum. It's a very simple question: What is the ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

Period $T$ of oscillation with cubic force function

How would I find the period of an oscillator with the following force equation? $$F(x)=-cx^3$$ I've already found the potential energy equation by integrating over distance: $$U(x)={cx^4 \over ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Axial shortening of a torsion rod loaded with pure torque

If you have a torsion rod and stress it with pure torsion you expect an axial shortening, too. If you have a lateral contraction property in your material (e.g. steel) I anyhow cannot calculate the ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Collision of two asteroids in the main belt [closed]

If there are two asteroids $A$ and $B$ of equal mass (and density of 3000kg/m^3), with the same semi major axis of $a=$2.2 AU with asteroid $A$ having a circular orbit and no inclination, and ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

How does Newton's first law asserts the existence of inertial frames? [duplicate]

Recently I've seem here one answer telling that Newton's first law really assures the existence of inertial reference frames. But how is that? I really can't see it. As I know, Newton's first law ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Interpretation of a quantity from the reduced three body problem [closed]

Consider two bodies $S$ and $J$ that gravitate about their center of mass $O$, under the influence of mutual attraction. A third massless body $P$ is moving in the same plane. What is the ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

According to Newton's third law, why don't Action and Reaction make equilibrium? [duplicate]

According to Newton's third law, Action and Reaction are equal and in opposite direction. If both forces are equal and in opposite direction then why they don't make equilibrium and void the effect of ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

Newton's Third Law Of Motion: Earth Falling to an Apple?

I 'get' Newton's third law of motion, except for one thing. We know that if we let an apple fall to the Earth, the earth will fall to the apple, because the Earth must experience the same force in the ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

If the net work on a particle is zero, can the speed change?

The following question was on a quiz in physics class: If the net work done on a particle is zero, which of the following statements must be true? a) The velocity is zero b) The velocity is ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Orbital motion (Mechanics) [duplicate]

I am a student in Mechanical department and I took today a lesson with a title of Orbital motion. I need a good mechanics reference that discusses this topic.
1
vote
1answer
118 views

determining orbit parameters (eccentricity, length and angle of major axis)

I'm trying to make an orbit simulator, and I want to draw the orbit of a satellite given its position and velocity vectors in a 2-D plane. I found this other question which tells how to calculate ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

Power as a Function of Distance

I am interested in trying to understand the meaning of the integral of power with respect to distance. In the case of force, we have the two formulae: $\int F \, \operatorname{d}\!t = \Delta p$ and ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Tsunami : power of destruction [closed]

I'm not sure this is the good place to ask those questions. Sorry if it isn't. Are there studies that evaluated the resistance of buildings against tsunami ? What kind of buildings could manage a ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Uniform Acceleration [closed]

A steel ball is allowed to roll from rest down a 20.0 m long slop and over a 25 m long level surface. It takes 4.0 seconds to roll down the slope. Calculate the speed at the bottom of the slope. ...