Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Question about circular motion of car turning

When we move round a roundabout there is a frictional force between the tires and the road that acts towards the centre of the roundabout in order to produce the circular motion. Why then do we ...
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1answer
65 views

If I bend a rod, will its moment of inertia change?

In the first picture, there is a homogeneous metal rod of length $2L$ and mass $M$. If it rotates around a normal axis passing by $O$ (which is the center of gravity), then its moment of inertia is: ...
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2answers
43 views

How to determinate the minimum period of oscillation for a physical pendulum? [closed]

A physical pendulum consists of a thin homogeneous rod of length $l$, suspended by a point $O$ at a distance $x$ from the center of gravity ($x<\frac{l}{2}$), oscillating in a vertical plane. ...
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2answers
49 views

Can $F=ma$ be used to calculate ground reaction force of someone walking/running?

Can Newton's second law of motion $F=ma$ be used to calculate ground reaction force of someone walking/running?
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3answers
61 views

Why does weight affect acceleration with gravity

I'm sure this question has been asked before, but my question is different, because it can't be answered with some formulae. My question is, why do heavier objects decelerate faster when moving away ...
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1answer
68 views

Falling rope problem (disagreement with solution found at Problem Set)

On a frictionless table there is a homogeneous rope of length $L$ and mass. We push the rope such that it immediately starts falling due to gravity. Find the velocity when the rope has fallen of ...
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5answers
233 views

How is Angular Momentum Conserved when Mass is Released?

I am not a physicist (math/comp-sci) but I understand that Angular Momentum is supposed to be conserved. I find this confusing because there seems to be many simple, common cases where a restrained, ...
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3answers
48 views

Will water in an oil-filled jar sink or float?

If I pour a spoon of oil on a jar full of water no doubt it will float. But if I were to pour a spoon of water on a jar full of oil would it sink? Why or why not?
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0answers
50 views

Motion of a charged particle in a “solid” charged sphere (accounting for radiation)

Consider a particle (point charge) with charge $q$ and mass $m$ that crosses into a uniformly charged sphere (with charge $Q$ and radius $R$). The trajectory of the particle is a diameter of the ...
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1answer
32 views

How to find the centre of mass of 3 masses (astronauts and a rock) connected by a rope

To be more specific on the problem, a 50kg astronaut, an 80kg astronaut and a 20kg rock are tied together by a light rope during a space walk. I am asked to find the center of mass. Now, I've chosen ...
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3answers
85 views

Forces on a ball thrown upwards

When a ball is thrown up in upward direction, it is said that force is in downward direction. Why we don't we consider the force given to the ball to throw up in the upward direction? Is there is no ...
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2answers
130 views

Can net torque $\sum_i\mathbf r_i\times\mathbf F_i$ be expessed as $\mathbf r\times$ (net force) for some $\mathbf r$?

Let $\mathbf F_i$ be forces each of which is applied on $\mathbf r_i$ of a rigid body. Then is there a position vector $\mathbf r$ that satisfies $$\displaystyle\sum_i\mathbf r_i\times\mathbf ...
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1answer
33 views

What is quantum states of a gas? Is it the principle quantum no.?

When we write that the possible quantum states of a system are $S=1,2,3.\dots$, how is that related with the four quantum numbers, especially with the spin of a particle? Also according to BE ...
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1answer
44 views

How to turn this into a straight line

Right now, I am trying to turn my graph (which looks like a exponential graph) into a straight line graph, which starts at the origin (0,0). How would I do this? My values are given in the attachment, ...
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1answer
39 views

Decreased velocity away from gravity

Say I have a particle ($G$), which has the mass of the earth (hypothetically), and I have a second particle ($P$) moving away from $G$, in a line that is not parallel to the earth. Would this line ...
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0answers
48 views

Period of Paper Motion

A threatening note written on 8.5x11 inch paper is pinned to the door of a physics professor. The perpetrator left in a hurry so that when the physics professor finds the paper it is still swinging. ...
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1answer
44 views

Angular momentum in planetary disk formation

This question is actually more linked to astronomy and astrophysics than to pure physics. I tried posting it on the astronomy page, however it got no answers, so I though this page might help. ...
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0answers
9 views

Projectiles- Finding Distance

The top of a vertical cliff is 20 m above sea level. A particle P is projected with speed 15 m s−1 at an angle of 30 above the horizontal from a point O at the top of the cliff. Calculate (i) the ...
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1answer
33 views

Free fall of mass-spring-mass system

I am a little bit confused about the implication from my computation. Must have done something wrong in the computation. Assume we hold the top end of the mass-spring-mass system in the air, and the ...
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1answer
45 views

Should there be a linear force acting aside from torque?

Assume to identical motors are placed vertically on-top of a table and they are not fixed able to move/fall etc...and they have gears attached to them and are attached to one another like this image: ...
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2answers
368 views

Does the $\frac12mv^2$ law apply to quantum mechanics?

Consider the classical Hamiltonian for a spring: \begin{equation} H = \frac{1}{2}\frac{p^2}{m} + \frac{1}{2}kx^2 \end{equation} This is one of those simple cases where when you work out the math we ...
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1answer
60 views

If we dropped an object into the Pacific Ocean, would it completely sink to the bottom of the ocean floor or not?

Obviously if the density of the object is smaller than the density of water it would not sink at all. But I was thinking that, even if the density of the object is greater than the density of water, ...
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1answer
47 views

Projectile, air resistance and wind

So for my school project I am working on a projectile simulator and air resistance. So I have looked at this. Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account? ...
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0answers
20 views

Reaction Force on Garden Hose

In the lecture: Newton's First, Second and Third laws, (@ 20:34) whilst discussing Newton's third law of motion, Walter Lewin states that a garden hose snakes across his lawn when he turns the tap on ...
3
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1answer
81 views

Importance of the Galilean principle of relativity

The Galilean principle of relativity states that: The laws of mechanics are invariant in all inertial reference frames That means that if we have two inertial frames of reference $S$ and $S'$ ...
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23 views

Practical setup to measure angular velocity [migrated]

I have got a spinning top from a Canadian manufacturer, and I am deeply amazed by how neatly it spins. My interest in physics has led me to try to find out at what top speed I can spin the top and ...
18
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4answers
1k views

Distinguishing between solid spheres and hollow spheres (equal mass)

If there are two spheres (hollow and solid) with equal mass and radius and we want to find the hollow sphere without using any equipment. What's the best way(s) to recognize the hollow sphere and ...
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0answers
20 views

Why does the Moon not rotate about its axis, relative to Earth's rotation [duplicate]

One of the common features of the Moon is the fact that only one face of the Moon is ever visible from Earth, regardless of how much of its orbit the moon has made about the Earth. This would imply ...
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1answer
45 views

The stronger the gravity, the faster an object will fall? [closed]

On a planet with gravitation ten times stronger than that of Earth's, will an object fall faster? Let's suppose that there are two planets; Roddo and Earth, respectively. Roddo has ten times the ...
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1answer
31 views

Equations of motion for a rocket

I'm trying to figure out how Tsiolkovsky rocket equation is derived. I've tried following along in the Wikipedia page and from my book, but I'm not getting it. First, are they assuming the ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Is it possible for the Normal Force to do work?

Can a normal force do work? Note: work = $Fd\cos(\theta)$, where $F$ is the magnitude of the force, $d$ is the magnitude of the displacement, and $\theta$ is the angle between the two. Attempt at an ...
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1answer
28 views

Help me with inertia [closed]

An example of inertia in action is trying to slow down to a complete stop after running a race . what could you do in this situation to increase your inertia? would this help you slow down more ...
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3answers
114 views

Does the Earth revolve around the Sun?

I am aware of this Phys.SE question: Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun? but I don't think this is a duplicate. In a binary star system, where the masses of the 2 stars are not so ...
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1answer
49 views

Do we need Escape Velocity [duplicate]

This may seem silly a lot but I really need some clarification on the necessity of escape velocity for a rocket leaving the Earth's gravity. A stone thrown vertically upwards reaches to a certain ...
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3answers
68 views

Intuition behind Rocket propulsion equation (in Momentum context) [closed]

What's the intuition behind the Tsiolkovsky rocket equation: $$v - v_0 = v_{ex} \ln{\frac{m_o}{m}}.$$
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0answers
50 views

Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, velocity, question? [closed]

A man standing a certain height above the ground throws a rock straight up with an initial velocity of $10 \:\mathrm{m/s}$. A few moments later, the rock hits the ground with a kinetic energy of ...
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2answers
68 views

Is my answer possible? (Newtonian Third Law Pairs and Forces, Multiple Choice Word Problem)

So I recently took a test and the teacher graded my answer correct, yet my friends saw that the other answer was correct and they protest that it should be the right answer: The question goes: ...
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0answers
22 views

equilibrium pulley system [duplicate]

the question asks what mass i need for m1 to be in static equilibrium while m2 is given as 60kg. im not sure first of all if that means the two masses have to be equal in length balanced. secondly, ...
1
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1answer
61 views

How do I find the angle given the mass, the acceleration and the force acted on a body?

My Issue I have the mass, the horizontal acceleration and a force that acts on a body. The force forms an angle $\alpha$ of unknown degrees with the x-axis. I would like to know how I can find the ...
0
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1answer
61 views

How do I find the horizontal acceleration of a body given its mass and the force that acts on it? [closed]

My issue I have the mass of a body and the force that is acted on a body. I am trying to calculate the horizontal acceleration and to understand how the horizontal acceleration is connected with the ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Calculation of angular acceleration [closed]

Hi I am doing a physics question and it's like this: Two identical blocks, each of mass M, are connected by a massless string over a pulley of radius R and rotational inertia I . When the system is ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity?

Is there a difference between Weight and Force of Gravity or they just mean the same thing? My textbook does not clarifies this point. Thank you in advance for your help!
3
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1answer
34 views

Potential energies of charges and spring

I wonder if someone could sanity check this very simple calculation. Consider a pair of charges $+q$ at rest separated by a spring of length $d$ and stiffness $k$. The spring provides the force that ...
0
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1answer
73 views

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet?

How to calculate the energy required to rotate a planet from non-rotating state? Say the planet is Venus with equally distributed mass of $4.8676 \times 10^{24}$ kg, and desired rate of 1 rotation per ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Is there a typology of different fundamental physical objects?

As I understand it (and of course, I may be wrong!).... In classical mechanics, all objects are basically the same in the sense that They are composed of atoms bunched together. These atoms occupy ...
15
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5answers
3k views

Zero velocity, zero acceleration?

In one dimension, the acceleration of a particle can be written as: $$a = \frac{dv}{dt} = \frac{dv}{dx} \frac{dx}{dt} = v \frac{dv}{dx}$$ Does this equation imply that if: $$v = 0$$ Then, ...
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2answers
67 views

Orbital Velocity Question

I have a satellite in a stable trajectory around Earth, of a Mass $m$. I know that its velocity is: $$ v = \sqrt{mG/r}\, $$ But now it begins accelerating directly against the gravity vector (i.e. ...
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2answers
98 views

Conservation of Momentum: Perfectly Elastic Collision, Example Problem

I am a middle school science teacher. I'm a little rusty on my physics knowledge, and I came across a question that I feel like I should be able to solve, but it also feels like there is a piece of ...
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2answers
57 views

What are the forces acting when we squeeze a ball? Free Body Diagram?

As part of my project, I am trying to figure out the forces acting while squeezing a ball. The ball in question is a foam rubber ball (stress ball). The ball deforms when we squeeze & the mode of ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Equations for a collision between two particles

Say I have two particles on a 2D plane, they have a x and y coordinate, a x and y velocity, a mass, a coefficient of restitution and a coefficient of friction. What formulae would I need to determine ...