Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Newtonian motion of a particle confined to a smooth surface

Recently, I've been considering a model wherein a lone particle with constant mass m is confined to a surface $F$: $\mathbb{R}^m \to \mathbb{R}^n$ , where $m < n$. I declare this surface to be ...
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2answers
118 views

Why is Heisenberg uncertainty principle not valid in waves in string?

We know from high school physics that when the incident wave is traveling from a low density region (high wave speed) region towards a high density (low wave speed) region on a string, the width of ...
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1answer
48 views

How to understand tedious tension questions

A rope is wrapped $M$ whole turns round a cylindrical post, the two ends of the rope going in opposite directions. The coefficient of the friction between rope and post is 0.25. It is desired that ...
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39 views

Does the spring effect a moving ball? [closed]

There is a ball attached to spring which is streched out. The ball is held by a machine on the ground so it does not move, but when it is released it will quickly contract. At the same time a ...
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1answer
72 views

Consistent method for finding direction of static friction

I am having trouble coming up with a consistent method of determining the direction of static friction. So far the best I have come up with is: it should oppose the relative acceleration the contact ...
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1answer
52 views

Particle constrained to move in a sphere? [closed]

A particle of mass $m$ rests on the top of a smooth (frictionless) sphere of radius $R$. The particle is disturbed very slightly so that it starts to slide off the sphere, and its position can e ...
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68 views

Is torque still a vector in 2 Dimensions?

In 3D, torque is defined as $\vec{r} \times \vec{F}$ which is a vector, therefore having both a direction perpendicular to the plane of $\vec{F}$ and $\vec{r}$ and a magnitude of ...
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1answer
40 views

Boat Deceleration on Collision [on hold]

I have a question regarding acceleration. When a boat collides with tires and they compress on contact and the boat is slowly brought to a stop, how is deceleration factored into this? As in, what ...
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157 views

Infinite acceleration

Let's say we have two planets at a stand still within reasonable distance of each other. They will accelerate towards each other and subsequently collide. If instead we give them a sufficient (but ...
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72 views

Kinetic friction with no force on an object

We've learnt that friction is the opposition of motion and that friction appears the instant a force is applied on an object i.e when an object is at rest (with no force acting on it) then there is no ...
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42 views

How is the final velocity in 2 body collision distributed between the 2 bodies?

Suppose 2 sphere of mass 1Kg move with velocity 5m/s and 10m/s in same direction. Let us call the ball moving with 5m/s blue and other one red with blue ahead of red from origin. Initial KE of Blue = ...
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4answers
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Reduced-gravity flight (A300 0-G): what is actually reduced?

I doubt I can hide from the effects of gravity when I'm close to Earth. We usually don't question this biker is fully experimenting gravity: Source. But with the well-known "reduced gravity" ...
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Drag force - dimensional analysis

I have tried the following example from the link: MIT OCW 8.012 PS1 It is about dimensional analysis. Derive an expression for the drag force on a ball of radius $R$ and mass $M$ moving with ...
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56 views

Figure out the force constant of a spring [closed]

You are asked to design spring bumpers for the walls of a parking garage. A freely rolling 1200-kg var moving at 0.65m/s is to compress the spring no more than 0.090m before stopping. What should be ...
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2answers
48 views

Why are tensions in the pulley different when the pulley has a mass or moment of inertia?

When two blocks are connected by a string passing over a pulley whose moment of inertia is given (means pulley is not massless) then why does the string not have same tensions?
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Newtonian motion in vacuum

A spaceship is moving with constant acceleration in space. suddenly its fuel gets exhausted. Will it continue to move with constant acceleration and its velocity keep on increasing?
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66 views

Why is moment of inertia for a point same as a ring

The moment of inertia of a point and ring are both $m R^2$. It is interesting that the formula for moment of inertia is exactly the same for both. Is there any physical reason why this is the case? I ...
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1answer
57 views

On the connection between forces and the principle of stationary action

Feynman tries to account for the relation between the principle of stationary action, which is a statement about the whole path of a particle, and Newton's second law, which is a statement about the ...
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2answers
89 views

Intro Mechanics: Finding ball speeds after collision

So I'm reading about conservation of energy, momentum, balls colliding etc. and unsurprisingly there are hundreds of questions in my textbook where essentially they give me some of the variables (m1, ...
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1answer
34 views

Slingshot Energy into traveled distance [closed]

If I have a slingshot and I am told that when pulled it has about $E$ joules of energy, how do I compute the height at which an object of mass $m$ would travel if the slingshot is released in the ...
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2answers
39 views

Is sonic boom louder than the sounds that a object traveling at the speed of sound makes, if so why?

Here are the wave-front models for both: I am in an introductory physics course. Just learned about this. I am not entirely sure if sonic boom is louder. But from what I saw, it's loudness is ...
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6answers
3k views

Conical train wheels

I've been reading about how the conical shape of train wheels helps trains round turns without a differential. For those who are unfamiliar with the idea, the conical shape allows the wheels to shift ...
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3answers
278 views

Is it true that spring has more force acting on it at its positive maximum amplitude than than at the negative one?

Am I missing something? It seems obvious to me that at $+A$ and $-A$, the spring has restorative forces equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. But since gravity is always pulling it down, ...
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1answer
70 views

When we ride a bicycle, why do we tend to move left when we turn it right? [duplicate]

When we ride a bicycle, we tend to move our body left if we are taking a right turn and vice versa. Why is it like that?
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2answers
65 views

Why do cylinders roll easily and not square or rectangular slabs? [duplicate]

Why do cylinders roll easily and not square or rectangular slabs?? Let us say both have same materiel and vertical dimensions? What is the reason for the slab always tends to slide?
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2answers
203 views

Showing that a mass moves a half cycle

Consider a mass $m$ at position $x(t)$ on a rough horizontal table attached to the origin by a spring with constant $k$ (restoring force $-kx$) and with a dry friction force $f$ $$\begin{cases} ...
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66 views

How to integrate this physics model? [closed]

OK, this might seem easy... but I'm having trouble solving it. Let's say I have a force acting on a body whose mass is known, by this law: $$F(t) = bt^2$$ where $b$ is a known constant, and $t$ is ...
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1answer
71 views

What makes us twist in a somersault?

In a backwards straight somersault you can decide whether you twist early or late. Twisting early means, that you induce the twisting movement before you rotatation hits 180° and twisting late means, ...
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2answers
57 views

Intitutive meaning the unit of Force $N$

I infer 1 Newton of force = 1 kg.m/ sec squared means a force if acting continuosly on a body at rest would make it gain an acceleration of 1 m/sec squared each second.So the change in velocity is 1-0 ...
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1answer
60 views

Can forces in N be thought of as a length? [closed]

A solid uniform 45.0 kg ball of diameter 32.0 cm is supported against a vertical friction-less wall using a thin 30 cm wire of negligible mass. (a)make a free body diagram for the ball and use it to ...
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2answers
76 views

Why are force, momentum, and kinetic energy derivatives of each other [closed]

Force $ma$ is the rate of change of momentum, or the derivative of momentum with respect to time $$\frac{d}{dt} mv = ma = F$$. Kinetic energy is the integral of momentum with respect to velocity: ...
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3answers
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In general, why do smaller guns have more felt recoil?

Why is recoil easier to control on a more massive gun compared to a smaller gun with the same bullet. Presumably the bullet leaves both guns with the same momentum, but the larger gun seems easier to ...
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1answer
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Can mass-less spring system be solved?

Suppose we have typical chain of strings with masses, attached to the walls (W) at each side W-----m-----m--------W x=0 x=6 x=12 x=21 So if we let ...
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When is work done on or by something?

An example, here what my textbook says: When charges are released In electric fields charges experience the force causing them to accelerate along electric field vectors. Positive charges ...
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25 views

Whether the horizontal momentum vanishes when a rope sliping from a desk?

I meet this question in Thornton and Marion's Classical Dynamics of Partical and Systems, 5th ed, chapter 7: An extremely limber rope of uniform mass density, mass $m$ and total length $b$ lies on ...
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3answers
56 views

Reaction Force on String Wrapped Around Circular Peg

A massless inextensible string is wrapped around a frictionless circular peg. The string is taut, with tension $T_2$ and $T_1$ at the points where it leaves of the pg as shown. The segment wrapped ...
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Isn't a physical frame of reference useless for calculating speed? [closed]

Please ignore relativistic effects and the effects of the expansion of space-time due to the expanding universe theory for the purposes of this question. Whenever someone asks what is the speed of X, ...
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1answer
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What is force of static and kinetic friction? [closed]

While I am asking more than one question in this thread they are all small concept tests that you can answer with a yes or no, and is all related to me understanding kinetic and static friction. ...
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5answers
88 views

What happens to the kinetic energy of a dropped ball when it comes to rest on the ground?

If we want to drop a ball from a height, we calculated that potential energy at bottom is zero and we say it is converted into kinetic energy. At that movement, if it is a kind of sand, we find it ...
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2answers
67 views

Tension in a massless string as it bends around a concave shape

I understand that tension in a massless string must be the same throughout when the string is straight, to prevent any section of it from accelerating at an infinite rate. However, I fail to see how ...
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1answer
44 views

When will a ball running between two downwards slopes stop going back and forth?

Two angles $a$ and $b$ meet at a point, making an angle $c$ between them. $a$ and $b$ are all $0 < \theta < π/2$. $c$ is $π/2 < \theta < π$ $a$ is to the left and opens to the left, $b$ ...
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3answers
64 views

Degrees of freedom of a two particle rigid system

We have two particles and the distance between them is fixed, let's suppose we know the coordinates of one particle (2,1) and other particle (x,2). So using distance formula (let's suppose the fixed ...
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2answers
28 views

What happens to a radioactive element or isotope's electrons when it undergoes alpha decay? [duplicate]

It seems to make sense that when an atom loses two protons, it would lose two electrons as well, but I don't actually know what happens.
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1answer
166 views

How does the Pluto-Charon orbital 'dance' affect Pluto's elliptical orbit around the Sun?

Like many Scientists (and people in general), I have been watching the New Horizons mission results with great interest. One aspect in particular caught my attention - the Pluto-Charon orbital ...
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2answers
83 views

Spring balance: what will be the reading? [duplicate]

There are two cases: When the two forces say L (for left) and R (for right) are equal. F=L=R What will be the reading? I know the reading would be F but why? When the two forces are unequal that ...
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3answers
73 views

A block sliding down a ramp lab (with friction), I keep getting a higher final energy than initial

A block of 55 g is sliding down a ramp of 35 degrees of inclination. The hypotenuse of the ramp is 63 cm and the height is 36 cm. vi = 0 as the block starts at rest. I did 3 trials of letting the ...
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1answer
59 views

Finding minimum time to raise a bucket

First of all, I wonder: in $F=ma$ does the acceleration have to be constant? I believe so but, just as confirmation. Problem: A 4.80 kg bucket of water is accelerated upward by a cord of ...
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6answers
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Why is friction force negative in ice skater problem?

A 68.5 kg skater moving initially at 2.40m/s on rough horizontal ice comes to rest uniformly in 3.52s due to friction from the ice. What force does friction exert on the skater? I am not really ...
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2answers
89 views

how is this kind of rolling motion possible?

I was solving this problem : Suppose you put a sphere in a rough ground with velocity of center of mass $v_{cm}= v_o$ in the positive $x$ axis and with anticlockwise angular momentum $\omega_o$ so ...
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2answers
35 views

What is the work done?

A painter uses 1.93kJ of mechanical energy to pull on the rope and lift a 20kg paint barrel at constant speed to a height of 7.5m above the ground. How much work was done lifting the paint barrel? ...