Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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How did Newton figure out the law of gravity? [duplicate]

How did Newton figure out the law of gravity? I know there are two other questions answering the same question but I did not understand anything from the answers Is there a third way of knowing how ...
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Does quantum mechanics have any insight into why and how photons get adsorbed into atoms? [duplicate]

Relativity holds that energy and mass are equivalent via the equation $E=mc^2$ also I know in quantum mechanics we talk about electrons jumping into bigger orbitals if they gain just the right amount ...
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Physical Meaning of Cone used in Conic Section for Orbital Mechanics

Does the polar angle (complement of $\theta$ below) of a cone which intersects a plane to yield a conic section have a physical meaning in orbital mechanics? Note that the angle of incident ...
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Minimum distance between two bodies attached by a spring

Take two bodies of masses m and M attached by a spring of constant K on a smooth horizontal surface. The system is at rest. A constant force F acts on body M, horizontally. To study the motion of the ...
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1answer
18 views

Total Collapse in Understanding a Pulley

In the following system, the tension T is equal in magnitude to the weight W. But how can I set this up in a system of equations? This is my problem: $\Sigma F=0=\left( \begin{array}{c} 0\\ -W\\ ...
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Elliptical path of planets [duplicate]

Why are the planet's orbits in the form of an ellipse and what is the proof that earth moves in an elliptical path with the sun at its foci? Initially it was thought that earth moved in a circular ...
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3answers
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Are all trajectories parabolic?

I've heard this before, and it makes sense. Is it true? This being: Due to the effects of gravity and inertia, an object in movement not being acted on by any other force will form a parabolic curve ...
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1answer
59 views

How to calculate impulse force on collision?

I've made a program which is supposed to simulate free fall of a ball on a ground. For collision with the ground I relied on calculating the impulse force with the answer in this Phys.SE question ...
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Why doesn't this magnetic perpetual motion machine work?

I know that this machine does not work, via thermodynamics. I am asking for an analysis in terms of mechanics and magnetism. Anyway, so here is the machine: The magnet (the red ball) pull the ball ...
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4answers
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Direction of acceleration at highest point

When a ball is thrown vertically upwards, what will be the direction of acceleration at the highest point(where velocity is zero)? Upwards, downwards or arbitrary?
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If I make a object enter a planet's gravity it hits the surface with huge velocity, where is it gaining k.e. from?

If I make a object enter a planet's gravity range,it hits the surface with huge velocity,where is it gaining k.e. from? If i keep sending more and more heavy things like above and some how harness the ...
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3answers
114 views

How often does the earth rotate around the common center of mass with the moon?

I could not find anywhere how long does it take for the earth to rotate around the center of mass of the earth moon system, which is located inside the earth but off-center. And does this motion have ...
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1answer
39 views

Smooth collar sliding down smooth shaft [closed]

For part (a), we find that the acceleration of the collar is $6.94~\mathrm{m/s^2}$. In part (b), we say that the acceleration of B with respect to A is $6.94~\mathrm{m/s^2}$, which makes sense. ...
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1answer
56 views

Newton's law of restitution

Newton's law of restitution. Could someone tell me what the easiest form of this law to use is? I usually try to use e=(v(2)-v(1))/(u(1)-u(2)). Does the law also work if I don't know the direction of ...
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0answers
35 views

Find the force and the torque so that the cylinder is in balance

At the cylinder of the picture there are static pressures from environment fluid of density $\rho$. If we neglect the atmospheric pressure, calculate how much force and how much torque is needed so ...
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2answers
62 views

What is the meaning of SI unit $Ns$ (NEWTON.TIME)?

for ex: when i say newton per meter it mean that 1 newton is applied per 1 meter. but what i mean by saying N.s (s=time in sec) i.e Impulse or momentum. N.s does not mean that certain force is being ...
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1answer
23 views

Calculating time from energy [closed]

I am trying to calculate the time of a movement using the energy of the system. If $$E=\frac{m}{2}\dot{x}^2 + V(x)$$ where $V(x)$ is the potential energy (assuming the potential is time-independent) ...
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3answers
294 views

What is the use (/ meaning) of $F =ma$? [closed]

I have noticed that Euler's formula for force is useful with a couple of natural forces (at distance), like gravity, that can follow a body any length. If you consider the most common occurrences of ...
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1answer
35 views

Impact on car without energy dissipation

This must be a relative simple question, but the answer I am obtaining doesn't appear to be logical. Say a vehicle has a velocity of 15 m/s and an effective mass of 1000 kg including occupants. 1) ...
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32 views

Alternative ways of calculating the principal moment of inertia

Let's say I am given 2x2 masses ($m$ and $m'$ have the same mass, just different coordinates): $m_1: (-a,b,0)$ $m_1':(a,-b,0)$ $m_2: (a,b,0)$ $m_2': (-a,-b,0)$ Due to symmetry the center of mass ...
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2answers
43 views

Torque (in $Nm$) of a cyclist

We're discussing bicycles with a friend, and it came to safety, speed and power. Now the question we have is: how much torque do my legs provide to the bicycle? I'm no expert in physics sadly, and ...
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1answer
48 views

conservation of angular momentum/conservation of energy?

Perhaps a dumb question to ask, but I was given the following problem to solve: A 10 g bullet traveling at 400 m/s strikes a 10 kg, 1.0-m-wide door at the edge opposite the hinge. The bullet embeds ...
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3answers
107 views

Apparent weight vs. true weight

A question asks you to determine the relationship between true weight and apparent weight when an elevator that has descended from the 50th floor is coming to a halt at the first floor. I believe ...
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2answers
35 views

Force of an ideal spring

Suppose you have an ideal spring (constant of the spring $k$) attached to a uniform disc of radius $R$ as in the picture below: The force $F$ in red is from the spring. My question is the ...
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0answers
28 views

Calculating rise in water surface due to a charged capacitor

Two metal plates separated by a distance d & initially charged with charge +Q & -Q are kept so that it just touches the surface of a very large water tank as shown in figure a. Thus water ...
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Projectile motion with wind

I am trying to simulate a projectile motion with wind and gravity. (I'm a programmer so excuse my knowledge on the subject) I want to know launch rotation of a person in 3d to throw a ball forward ...
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2answers
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Work done by moving up an inclined plane

Suppose an object is pushed up a smooth inclined plane from ground level to a point h above the ground with force F. The angle of inclination is A. How much work is done? To push an object up a ...
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Violation of Conservation of Momentum for Charges at Slow Speeds [duplicate]

I have been told that Newton's third law of motion is not obeyed for moving magnetic charges. How can this be the case (or have I misunderstood/misheard?) Also, if this were true, might this be a ...
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1answer
28 views

Resnick and Halliday [duplicate]

Is Resnick and Halliday a good book? And suggest me some other books for physics. The book which completely develops the imagination and feelings for physics with some good examples.
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1answer
53 views

How random is a lottery machine? What conditions would make it less random?

Professional lottery machines like this one are accepted as producing genuinely random results. (Or random enough?). However, it seems like the results are a largely a product of Newtonian ...
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1answer
25 views

Force exerted by pressure on projectile

Imagine a free cylindrical body around a pipe that is pressurized with air. How does one find the force exerted on the cylindrical free body at the moment this body becomes a projectile? *air ...
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2answers
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How do grandfather clocks keep going?

How do grandfather clocks keep going? The pendulum is what makes the clock go. However, the pendulum will slow down due to friction. What energy source keeps the pendulum from eventually stopping?
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Gravity effect on moving bodies

If we imagine two suns of equal mass, and a small object in their combined center of gravity, which is not moving, it will stay there forever. If the object is displaced a little bit towards one of ...
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Block slides down a movable ramp, 2 approaches yields different answer

My Question is exactly as this Phys.SE post: block slides on smooth triangular wedge kept on smooth floor.Find velocity of wedge when block reaches bottom The Problem is I used 2 methods ...
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2answers
50 views

Hot air ballon and a sandbag moving at constant velocity

Suppose you are in a hot air balloon with a sandbag that has a certain mass. The hot air balloon is moving upwards at a constant velocity of $15$ $m$.$s^{-1}$. If you throw the sandbag out of the hot ...
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2answers
31 views

Support reaction on rotating object

If I cut the thread holding the rod (see image), what will be the vertical support reactions immediately after? I can't for the life of me get my head around this. Apparently it is $ mg - V = ma_t$ ...
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1answer
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How to find the period of a simple pendulum in an elevator going up with an acceleration?

How to find the period of a simple pendulum in an elevator going up with an acceleration of $a$. Don't just say, $T=2 \pi$ $\sqrt{ \frac l {g+a}}$ I want to know how the above equation is formed.
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2answers
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Does energy expenditure require movement? [duplicate]

In every formula I've seen that involves energy, I've also seen a distance element. Is there nothing that doesn't involve movement? For instance if I hold my arm out parallel to the ground with a ...
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2answers
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Does momentum change if rotation radius changes?

Angular momentum is defined as $L = r \times p$ where r is the center of rotation and p is the momentum. Since angular momentum is conserved, if r decreases then p must increase. And since p is m*v ...
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1answer
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if the Earth's rotation was slowed down, would it naturally speed back up as it was before? [closed]

Fact: The Earth is rotating on it's own axis every 24 hours. Question: If, for some reason I won't specify the current speed of the Earth and could slow it down(say by 5%). Will it speed up again ...
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2answers
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Proof that oscillations in 1d potential well occur between certain points

In >>this<< situation, a particle with energy $E$ will oscillate between the positions $x_1$ and $x_2$ indicated on the diagram. This simple fact is taught in many introductory courses however I ...
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Gravitation inside a planet [duplicate]

I would ask any suggestions about the next issue more specifically on the use of Gauss law: A small sphere (mass $m$, radius negligible). Falls without friction throungh a strainght tunnel dridled ...
5
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3answers
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Paradox in the two block problem [closed]

UPDATE (regarding duplicate) : This question is not a duplicate of another question. Sure, the situation in both the questions is same and, yes, both questions ultimately provide a methodology to ...
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2answers
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Is a string taut if the tension is zero?

I'm studying vertical circles and a particle on a string will remain in motion as long as the string is taut. However, what if there is 0 tension in the string? Is it still technically taut?
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1answer
50 views

The physics behind tilting trains

So I'm trying to get an intuition behind the physics behind banked curves (and tilting trains). I know how to do the calculations, but I'm still struggling with the "why". If I'm sitting in a train, ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Cube bouncing off a wall

An elastic cube sliding without friction along a horizontal floor hits a vertical wall with one of its faces parallel to the wall. The coefficient of friction between the wall and the cube is ...
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1answer
45 views

Using energy conservation for equation of motion

I am trying to get $\phi(t)$ out of this equation: $$\frac12 J \dot\phi^2 + mgl ( 1- \cos\phi) = E_0.$$ I know it's a common method to say $\sin(\phi) \approx \phi $ and $\cos(\phi) \approx 1 $, but ...
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4answers
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Two people are holding either end of a couch, is one person exerting more force than the other?

I was carrying a couch with my flatmate yesterday, and I started thinking about this. Often when carrying objects like this, one person will be taller and has thus lifted his end of the couch higher ...
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1answer
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How to calculate torque neccessary to move bar?

How would I calculate the amount of torque required for a motor to move the bar in the diagram below? I'm looking the general solution to solve this. The givens are below. The drawing is of a cart ...
2
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2answers
89 views

Spin angular momentum conservation and entanglement

Suppose we have a system with $S=0$ . Suddenly, this system decays into two particles, A and B, so we know the sum of the spin of these two particles is zero. Suppose we measure the spin of A in the z ...