Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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In the figure shown, what is the magnitude of the acceleration of the vertically suspended block as it falls? [closed]

I started by drawing out the free body diagrams of both M and 2M and got: for block M i got the equation (looking at the diagram): $F_{down}=ma_{down}$ $T-Mgsinθ=Ma$ (D'Alambert's principle) ...
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2answers
129 views

Did Newton conduct any experiments to find something called momentum, or was he such a great genius that he was able to spot it intuitively?

I wanted to go to the depth of the discovery of classical mechanics, instead of just reading, accepting and learning things. Now my question is not a single question, but it can answer many of my ...
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0answers
23 views

How to move an object to a location

I'm unsure if this belongs here, or over at Game Dev SE, but will try here first. Given a point mass $m$, with initial velocity $v_0$, and position $p_0$, I want to move this mass to, and stop at, ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Why didn't I beat the avalanche?

Yesterday, while skiing out of bounds on the south west canyons of Mt. Hood, I experienced a small and extremely mild quake. This, combined with the melting conditions caused an extremely small ...
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1answer
113 views

What's my $\mathrm dM$? Gravitational Potential inside a circle of mass

I'm trying to find the gravitational potential for an arbitrary point within a ring of uniform mass density. The point is constrained to be in the same plane as the ring. So we start with: ...
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0answers
34 views

How to find potential energy(PE) of a system in order to write Lagrangian? Is there is any unique way to write PE for different system?

for simple pendulum or spring system its very easy . we use mgl and mgh. What I need is the unique way which will help to write PE to all the systems.
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5answers
133 views

Astronauts on a tether

Recently, I went to a competition with a science test. One of the questions was as follows: Two astronauts (A and B) are tethered together in space. Simultaneously, Astronaut A pulls on the tether ...
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2answers
43 views

Calculate gravity between two points

I am trying to build a simulation of gravity in LibGDX using Bullet physics. To simplify it, I just want to apply a force on some body towered a (0,0,0) point. I got my body mass and it's location ...
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2answers
115 views

Few questions related to Tension

I am struggling with the concept of tension in a rope. Below specific questions. I am understanding tension to be an elastic force between rope molecules. If so, is it fair to say the net tension ...
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0answers
51 views

Problem of pure rolling motion

A suspension, shown schematically as a spring of spring constant k, is connected to a sleeve able to slide without friction along a horizontal guide, and to a wheel (that is, a cylinder of radius R ...
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3answers
1k views

What are the general solutions to a hard sphere collision? [duplicate]

Surely someone has found the solutions to the hard sphere collisions (in $n$ dimensions) of two bodies of mass $m_1$ and $m_2$, respectively--that is the resultant velocities (or momenta) of the two ...
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0answers
614 views

Gravity change as a function of time only [duplicate]

Is it possible to find how gravity changes with time? That is, height is not part of the equation. For example, $g$ can be expressed as a function of height that does not involve time with this ...
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0answers
38 views

Time of free fall in a repulsive force [duplicate]

The formula for time of a free falling body when acceleration is not constant can be found in any answers here at this site and also at wikipedia. But I haven't been able to find any formula for a ...
3
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3answers
111 views

$F=ma$ can only be used if the relativistic mass of the object is known, true?

I have received this question "Einstein's ideas on mass mean in essence the equation $F=ma$ can only be used if the relativistic mass of the object is known. Describe in your own words to what ...
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0answers
35 views

Can I measure the mode shape frequency of a metal frame with a sound meter

If I 'ping' a metal frame it will resonate in many different mode shapes with different frequencies. I can see those shapes by doing a modal FEA analysis. When I use a sound meter to measure the ...
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2answers
52 views

Lamina Pendulum Experiment help

I've been tasked with researching ways to find the gravitational acceleration g and its uncertainty together with the moment of inertia and and the moment of inertia's uncertainty. I have figured out ...
1
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2answers
41 views

Is distance considered only for objects which have already moved?

I have this confusion concerning distance and speed. Typically, we express displacement and distance relative to a reference point, which we regard to be an unmoving location. As displacement has a ...
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2answers
76 views

Use equations to create a realistic problem [closed]

Given the following equations: $100$ m = $0$ m + ($50 \cos\theta$ m/s)$t_1$ $0$ m = $0$ m + ($50 \sin\theta$ m/s)$t_1$ - $\frac{1}{2}(9.80$ m/s2$) t_1^2$ I am supposed to make up/create a real-life ...
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3answers
38 views

How is rotational torque calculated when a force is applied uniformly over a surface?

Currently, the formula I am using to calculate the rotational torque applied onto an axis is $T = Fr\sin \theta$, where $T$ is the torque (in $\mathrm{N\ m}$), $F$ is the force acting, $r$ is the ...
1
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3answers
255 views

Centripetal and centrifugal force

If a stone is rotated with the help of a rope, then both centripetal force and centrifugal force will be liberated. The magnitude of that forces are same, but direction of them are opposite to each ...
-2
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2answers
33 views

What is the significance of directions when using vector entites ( velocity, acceleration ) in space? [closed]

The role direction if ( up, down), seems understandable when using the vector entities like velocity and acceleration on earth. Because the overall output changes, when the same object goes up as ...
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1answer
30 views

Mechanics, Centre of Mass Concept Question, why do objects topple on an incline?

Mathematically, I understand how to approach a question and to figure out if the object will topple over on an incline. I just want to understand why is it when the object's centre of mass is no ...
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5answers
74 views

How can I find initial and final velocity? [closed]

Is there a way to find initial and final velocity if I only know the acceleration and distance and which formula must I use? I do not know the time either. EDIT Thank you for all your answers! You ...
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4answers
61 views

Is the concept of work only defined in mechanics?

I'm studying energy and work, so far it looks like work only makes sense in kinematics (objects that move), but energy makes sense in many other ways (electric, thermodynamic, mechanic). Is work a ...
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1answer
175 views

Coriolis Effect vs airplane

So, if I build a highway from north pole towards equator and sit in a car, speed pretty fast towards it, I should feel force with the Earths rotation due to the different rotation speeds of this ...
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6answers
91 views

Elevator normal force

In the above case, the normal force exerted by the elevator on the box would be $= 10\mathrm{kg}\ g + 10\mathrm{kg}\ 5\ \mathrm{m/s^2}$, assuming $g = 10\ \mathrm{m/s^2}$, the elevator would exert a ...
3
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3answers
7k views

Finding the max height of a ball launched as a projectile using work-energy

A ball is launched as a projectile with initial speed $v$ at an angle $\theta$ above the horizontal. Using conservation of energy, find the maximum height $h_\text{max}$ of the ball's flight. Express ...
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1answer
46 views

Rotational movement at the equator [closed]

What is the centripetal acceleration if you are moving with $100\frac{km}{h}$ on the equator if you are are moving a) east b) west? Shouldn't the acceleration be the same given with ...
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votes
1answer
58 views

With the descent of Newtonian mechanics is Newton's third law still valid?

Or more specifically, with the standard model, quantum theory and other advances in physics, all those experiments in CERN and other accelerators, was there any occurrence where this law was violated? ...
1
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1answer
169 views

Cause of SHM of liquid-column in V-tube

Suppose there is a v-shaped tube filled with water. The left limb is at $\theta_1$ & the right limb is at $\theta_2$ with the horizontal base. Initially, the level of water in both the columns are ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Momentum Conservation

The Problem: There are three masses all of equal mass $m$. One mass breaks of with velocity $v$ at an angle $\theta$ to the rod. I have to find max velocity of $A$ and the time at which this ...
1
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3answers
66 views

What is the relation between Force, Physical Strength,Enery and Work?

I am sorry ,but, I am not much of science or a physics guy, if this question sounds stupid. Anyways, what is the relation between all of them. Like for example, does applying more force means more ...
2
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1answer
227 views

Torsional spring and Euler angles

I have a question about the moments generated by torsional springs. Consider an inertial reference frame A and a body fixed reference frame B. The frames are connected by 3 rotational springs acting ...
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0answers
38 views

Centre of gravity of system [closed]

We have a uniform rectangular tray of dimensions 40x60, with weight 3. We place the coordinate axes in such a way that the bottom-left corner of tray is at the origin and the tray sides are parallel ...
-1
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1answer
57 views

Vertical circular motion(with gravity)

Let's say I have a stone tied to a string and swing it vertically upwards. Now, if I provide an initial velocity such that the velocity of the stone = 0 at an angle greater than 0 from the ...
7
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4answers
682 views

Optimal speed for the water wheel

The hydroelectricity plants extract the potential energy of highly deployed massive object (water) as it falls down. Without turbine, all that energy would be converted into speed (kinetic energy) at ...
4
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1answer
66 views

What is the specific source(s) of sliding kinetic friction

In simplistic (K-8) physics classes, it seems to be generally instructed that the friction between two moving surfaces is due to the unevenness of each surface and the microscopic roughness. However, ...
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1answer
31 views

Non-uniform Normal force, friction

I got problems understanding the Non-uniform normal force. Why is it non-uniform? Because the object would have different densities in different parts, so weight would be greater in some parts? So ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Expressing angular velocity of solid body [closed]

The problem: We have a circular disk of radius $R$ and mass $M$ that is mounted on a rotation axis that is not the axis of symmetry of the disk. The moment of inertia with respect to the axis of ...
6
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1answer
208 views

How do I describe and calculate the effect of an impacting object?

My lab studies the physiology of impact injury on biological tissues. I use a pneumatic cylinder to impart injury into a biological sample and then assess the molecular and physiological changes in ...
0
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2answers
71 views

Average acceleration: why I am getting different results?

Let's consider a simple school problem. A car starts moving during 3 seconds with a constant acceleration of 1 m/s^2. Then it stops accelerating and moves 3 seconds more with a constant speed. Find ...
0
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0answers
14 views

mean energy as a function of nuclear charge Z

I'm stuck on finding the E(Z) part, what I have is $\ \langle E \rangle = E(Z) = \langle p_1^2 + p_2^2 \rangle/2m_e - \langle 1/r_1 + 1/r_2 \rangle Ze^2/4\pi\epsilon_o + \langle 1/r_{12} ...
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3answers
1k views

Center of mass problem

According to the definition of potential energy, we use $U= mhg . $ In the figure below , A thin uniform rod of mass m and length h is positioned vertically above an anchored frictionless pivot ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Regarding (regular) kinetic energy and rotational kinetic energy

In my physics class we saw this problem: A disc of mass $M$ and radius $r$ is standing vertically and can rotate freely through an axis thats goes through its center of mass. A small particle of ...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

Equations of Motion of a Physical Pendulum [closed]

I would like to formulate the equations of motion of a particular type of physical pendulum, shown in the attached figure. The physical pendulum consists of a wheel rolling on a narrow board. A ...
1
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2answers
32 views

Velocity over time applying constant power and considering air drag

I wanted to understand how velocity changes over time when applying a constant power to a body of mass $m$. I figured out that in this case, since $$P=d/dt(KE)=d/dt(\frac{1}{2}mv^2),$$ integrating I ...
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3answers
75 views

Vertical circular motion/How can tension be negative?

This is a rock tied to a string spinning vertically. Here, $T+mgsin\theta = mv_1^2/r => T = mv_1^2/r-mgsin\theta$ Suppose I give it a velocity $v$ at the bottom. 1) At what angle $\theta$ will ...
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1answer
39 views

Ball rolling down an incline and dynamics in general

I recently performed an experiment for a class which involved measuring the projectile motion of a ball after it had rolled down a ramp and exited on a significantly smaller ramp. When interpreting ...
1
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1answer
128 views

In perfect vacuum (no external force), if I apply a small amount of force to a body, will it continue to accelerate forever?

According to the equation F = ma, the greater the force applied to a body, the more is it's acceleration. But in a place where there is no gravity or any other kind of external force, If I apply a ...
3
votes
4answers
156 views

Collision paradox

Suppose an insect travelling south at some velocity, collides with a train travelling north at some other (opposite) velocity. The insect hits the front of the train, where it splats to an ...