Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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27 views

Wheel dynamics: reaction forces with ground

I am confused by part of a dynamic model in this paper: http://waset.org/publications/4405/real-time-control-of-a-two-wheeled-inverted-pendulum-mobile-robot see page 3, figure 5. All forces labeled ...
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1answer
18 views

belts and balls, correct size of holes

I'm working on a robot that has to transport a set of balls up at a 60 degrees angle. In order to do this I want to use a belt system with holes in it. Now my question is how big do these holes have ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Correct terminology for combined kinematic and dynamic state

The kinematic state is defined as the position and orientation in space. The dynamic state is defined as the associated velocities. What is the correct terminology for the combined kinematic and ...
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2answers
49 views

How to take in to account torques applied at different points

Suppose we have a rigid body with known moment of inertia through some axis ($J$) and that there are multiple torques being applied in different points in that body. I know that for a rigid body, the ...
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1answer
74 views

How did Newton discover the universal law of gravitation?

I am having trouble comprehending how anyone could come up with this formula: $F = \frac{GMm}{d^2}$ Could someone walk me through this?
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1answer
709 views

Calculating semi-major axis of binary stars from velocity, position and mass

I'm trying to calculate the 'instantaneous' semi-major axis of a binary system with two equal (known) mass stars for an $N$-body simulation. I know their velocities and positions at a given time, but ...
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4answers
906 views

Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) to Kinetic Energy (KE) transfer in Satellite Orbits

I am stumped by a mundane A Level Physics question (teacher of physics here obviously a bit short of practice!). My colleagues and I are stumped and were wondering if any one could help us. It ...
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1answer
560 views

Why doesn't the potential energy of any object equal 0

Consider a particle on the ground. This particle is raised by a force of magnitude $mg$ to a height $h$ above the ground. At this point, the work done on the particle by the force is $mgh$, which is ...
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2answers
80 views

Can we deviate a bullet from its target? Did anybody try this?

Can we deviate a bullet from its target? Means by applying any strong field at the target? Is there any technique so far like this!
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3answers
927 views

Changing Rotation Direction in Mid Air

Not sure whether this is an appropriate question for this site, but could anyone explain the physics behind how this skier is able to change his direction of rotation mid-air? ...
18
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1answer
1k views

Are all machines linearly scalable?

For all machines (cars, elevators, computers, etc), when size, power requirements, dimensions are scaled by a constant N, will it work just as is? Will a car with all its parts 10x larger still work ...
0
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1answer
47 views

What is the net force acting on a climbing man by the rope?

I am confused with determining the net force on the climbing man below by the rope. My analysis is as follows. Let the tension be $T$. As both hands hold the rope then there are $T+T=2T$ upward acting ...
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3answers
184 views

Is there any dynamical reason for the winter solstice to happen close to the perihelion?

When the winter solstice arrives, the angular momentum of the Earth, its orbital angular momentum and its radius vector with the orbital focus in the Sun are in the same plane. This happens quite ...
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2answers
515 views

Does the mass of a car frame has any effect on its horsepower?

I want to know whether decreasing the mass of the frame of a car will increase its horsepower. From what I understand horsepower is a measure of the car's ability to transport load, and decreasing the ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Rotation/torque about a point mass on two linked rods

I have two rods with lengths $L_1$ and $L_2$, connected with a joint in the middle and I would like to express the moment(torque) around a point mass (P) at the far end of rod 1. The relation between ...
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3answers
788 views

How to determine direction of forces in a static problem?

I am consistently getting this wrong. To me, in the picture below, it would make sense that the structure would be pulling downward, and the cable BD would be pulling upward - thus the system is in ...
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1answer
24 views

How to find the maximum height with a loss of 5 J of energy due to air drag [closed]

Can someone please help me to figure out how to use the 5J of energy into my equation for the maximum height. I know that the maximum height is given by, $$h_{max}={(v_f-v_i)^2 \over 2g}$$ but I'm ...
3
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2answers
201 views

Why does friction play the role of centripetal force during the turning of a car?

What makes frictional force the centripetal force of a car turning along a curve? As friction is the opposing force and acts anti-parallel so there is no component of frictional force towards the ...
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2answers
119 views

Weight versus gravitational force [duplicate]

What is the difference between weight and gravitational force? I am a beginner who want to study physics properly.
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3answers
57 views

Can a rigid body have three independent rotations, about three different, mutually perpendicular axes?

It appears that this is kinematically possible, but it looks quite unprobable. For example, it is quite improbable for a sphere to have rotation about three mutually perpendicular axes (supposedly ...
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1answer
3k views

How does placing objects in liquids affect the mass?

I was dazing off in my physics class when I came up with this question and I was wondering about it all day. I could not provide myself with an adequate solution, so here I am asking the forum about ...
2
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2answers
41 views

Who feel more impact of fall

A person jumping from a higher building is likely to suffer less injury than the person jumping from a short building as the person from large building fall long enough to attain drag force which ...
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1answer
190 views

Block Sliding Down a Plane (Perpendicular Velocity)

I'm having trouble understand the concepts for this problem. Here's the problem: A block is placed on a plane inclined at angle $\theta$. The coefficient of friction between the block and the ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Why do we fall down when the bicycle slows down? [duplicate]

My question is: It is easy to balance a bicycle when it is moving at a fairly high velocity, say 7 m/s or 25 km/hr. But when a bicycle slows down, it is hard to keep it upright, and the person riding ...
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1answer
145 views

A moving inclined plane with block problem

I'm trying to solve for a challenging problem : a moving inclined plane with a block I want to solve for the acceleration components for the block and the plane and the normal force acting on the ...
0
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3answers
59 views

Finding maximum height of projectile motion using potential/kinetic energy

I'm having some difficulty understanding how to find the maximum height using conservation of force. This is the picture I'm looking at: and this is how you find it: $$\begin{align*} ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Fluid Dynamics Tsunami

I have been given a energy head (pressure) in meters for a given tsunami on land. My question is if the tsunami hits a wall 1 meter by 1 meter, is it possible to calculate the height it will reach. ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Estimate the maximum distance of water spatter

There is a faucet dripping water from height $H$ onto a smooth, horizontal ceramic surface, and I need to give a upper bound of the maximum distance between the water spatter and the point directly ...
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1answer
451 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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3answers
726 views

Acceleration of an object dropped inside an accelerating elevator

A stone is released from an elevator going up with acceleration of $g/2$. What is the acceleration of the stone just after the release? The answer is $g$. Shouldn't the stone carry the acceleration ...
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2answers
64 views

If mass is added to a toy car does it affect its speed making it faster

If mass is added to a toy car (29.7g) and dropped down a wooden ramp would it affect its speed making it go faster? I know friction comes in to play to, so if you could give me an answer or an ...
2
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3answers
86 views

Unstable equilibrium in a pendulum

Consider a pendulum with a bob and a massless, rigid, hinged rod attached to the bob. The bob is at rest at the bottom most position. Neglecting friction, is it possible to impart such a velocity ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Why am I wrong about this dynamics question?

I disagree with the answer to this homework question. Here it goes. The coefficient of static friction is 0.60 between the two blocks in figure. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the ...
0
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1answer
89 views

Description of the motion of the COM of a system of charged particles moving in a magnetic field

I recently came across a problem where an electrically neutral particle is at rest in a uniform magnetic field. The particle now splits into two charged particles of equal mass $m$; charge and mass ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Drag force on a flat plate

The solution for this apparently is $\frac{1}{2}C \rho A V^{2}$ where $C$ is the drag coefficient, $A$ is the area and $\rho$ and $V$ are the wind density and velocity. Let's do it without the drag ...
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2answers
201 views

Why did I get this dynamics question wrong? [closed]

I'm wondering as to why I got this physics question wrong, despite it being quite simple in nature. I believe that I missed something while working on the problem. Basically, the question involves ...
0
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1answer
49 views

What is the final velocity of a stone dropped out of a rising balloon? [closed]

A balloon is starting from the ground has been ascending vertically at uniform velocity for 4 sec and a stone let to fall from it reaches the ground in 6 sec. Find the velocity with which the stone ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Calculate orbit height from tangential velocity

Is it possible to calculate the altitude of a satellite orbiting a planet, just from the planet's mass and the satellite's velocity, assuming that the satellite is in a perfect circular orbit? If so, ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Nature of tension in a massless rope [duplicate]

I'm faced with a conceptual problem, where I am supposed to describe the motions of the following system (two masses on each end of a totally inelastic rope hanged on a pulley): I understand that ...
1
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2answers
107 views

Effect of steering a car at high speed

I take it the angle of the steering wheel in a car is roughly proportional to the curvature, and therefore inversely proportional to the turning radius. When I am driving slowly and want to turn the ...
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1answer
147 views

Tangential and radial acceleration in projectile motion

I'm currently learing kinematics, specifically projectile motion and as an example in my textbook is a bullet fired at some angle. I understand the derivation of formulas to describe that motion and ...
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0answers
13 views

Sheer leg derrick tension in cable for equilibrium is not what it should be?

As you will note, the final solution of $5.79$ kN is not equal to that of $w$. Isn't this impossible? If there is no friction at point B and the cable is assumed to be massless, shouldn't the ...
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2answers
112 views

Can you punch a hole in an A4 sheet of paper with your hand?

The Heading says it all. But let me explain it a little further. Suppose you hang a sheet of paper (A4 size), from one end leaving the other end free. Now practically it seems impossible to punch a ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Torque in a 2-segment robot leg

I have a (hypothetical) robot with two legs, each with 2 segments, with a joint at the body of the robot and in the 'knee' of each leg, as in this (poorly-drawn) diagram: (Sorry about the quality and ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Calculate average speed of projectile with air resistance

There's a project that I'm working on that been bugging me for awhile. The project involves this senario: A projectile is released at 1000 feet per second and moves in a straight line infinitely ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

Where is the “event horizon” on a basketball hoop?

I'm watching a lot of basketball this month. A common event is the ball going part way into the hoop and then coming out again. Announcers sometimes claim that the ball was "halfway through" when it ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Time of flight for a projectile with stated initial velocity and size at various distances

I've been mooching round the internet looking for an answer to this one and can't find a ready resource, hence the question. In short, I'm trying to discover the flight time of a shotgun pellet at ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Questions related to resonance/standing-waves and sound

I understand resonance for a simple harmonic oscillator but not for more complex systems like standing waves. How can I be in resonance with the normal mode in an organ pipe? I understand that the ...
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3answers
36 views

Can a piezo actuator have infinite resolution?

See here: http://www.omega.com/googlebase/product.html?pn=LD400-1&gclid=CjwKEAjw77OhBRCJ7Onfp_HNtwYSJACZqHAWVTfW1BO4RSfSVjz9P3Q4FoPTvZ2r3NIc2W1uEthVhBoCgUHw_wcB I don't think so. Do they just ...
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3answers
3k views

Is the normal force a conservative force?

Most of the time the normal force doesn't do any work because it's perpendicular to the direction of motion but if it does do work, would it be conservative or non-conservative? For example, consider ...