Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Question about moments? [closed]

Take a look at this diagram: http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/questions-and-answers/7-pipe-assembly-supports-vertical-loads-shown-determine-components-reaction-ball-socket-jo-q2260091 If you ...
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230 views

A force F pushes an inclined plane M with a block on the incline; find acceleration up the incline

So there is an inclined plane of mass $M$ that is pushed with a force $F$. A block of mass $m$ is on the inclined plane that accelerates up along the inclined plane due to the pushing of $M$ by force ...
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760 views

Resistive force proportional to velocity

Find the displacement and velocity of horizontal motion in a medium in which the retarding force is proportional to the velocity. I kind of understand how to do this problem. We know that the ...
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454 views

Does the velocity of a falling object increase as the mass of a object increases?

I am doing an experiment to show the effect on the velocity of a falling mass due to change in mass. How can i justify my prediction that the velocity of the falling mass will increase as i increase ...
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3answers
819 views

Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) to Kinetic Energy (KE) transfer in Satellite Orbits

I am stumped by a mundane A Level Physics question (teacher of physics here obviously a bit short of practice!). My colleagues and I are stumped and were wondering if any one could help us. It ...
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87 views

Racing balls question

My question is related to simulation of racing ball demonstration. http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/index.php?topic=142 One ball goes on a straight path, while another one goes on a curved path. ...
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462 views

Finding the velocity of a block down an incline plane after in moves a distance $x_0$

Consider a block sliding down an incline plane at an angle $\theta$ with the horizontal. For the acceleration as a function of $\theta$ I find $$\ddot{x}=g \ \sin\theta $$ My text then claims we can ...
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338 views

Moment of inertia about a tilted axis

I apologize if it seems foolish, I am a beginner. Suppose I am given an object, whose moment of inertia along the x,z axes are known. Suppose it rotates around a tilted axis, ...
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1answer
784 views

Two hanging masses connected by springs

I had this problem for a candidacy exam, but wasn't able to get the complete answer. Their spring constants and masses are not the same, find the equilibrium position and frequencies of the system. ...
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2answers
118 views

Circumference of a circular path

Suppose a car moves with a constant speed of $20 \text{m/s}$ a quarter of a circle, and completes the quarter in $5$ seconds. One way to calculate the circumference is simply $20 \cdot 5 \cdot 4 = 400 ...
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842 views

Conservation of momentum when friction is present

Conservation of momentum applies when net force is zero. Suppose that there is a system of a canon and a canonball. Total momentum of the system is zero before canonball is fired. Now canonball is ...
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54 views

space acrobatics

In the newly released movie "Gravity" the main character is left alone floating in space in spacesuit, in a fast spin. Assuming there are no external forces (no tether, jet-pack etc) the system is ...
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259 views

Why can you add moment vectors?

My book says the following: If the body is acted upon by a system of forces, the resultant moment of the forces about point O can be determined by vector addition of the moment of each force. The ...
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2answers
136 views

Forces, Incline, and Mass

A farm tractor tows a $3900 kg$ trailer up a $16^\circ$ incline with a steady speed of $3.0 m/s$. What force does the tractor exert on the trailer? (Ignore friction.) I am having trouble ...
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3answers
314 views

Nature of frictional force

I was thinking about a situation where a person in standing on the ground with some friction. The frictional force is directly proportional to the normal reaction acting on him by the ground. Assume ...
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2answers
739 views

Dynamics of counter-rotating flywheels

I've wondered about this for ages. If we create a pair of flywheels that rotate in the opposite direction with the same angular momentum, but are co-located and have the same mass and inertial moment ...
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2answers
277 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
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1answer
237 views

Conservation of angular momentum

We were learning about angular momentum in class today, and although it sort of makes sense, it's much harder for me to think about than linear momentum. So from what I can tell: Angular momentum ...
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1answer
154 views

Finding the tangential force experienced by a bob of mass m on a simple pendulum via the gradient/nabla operator)

The problem was posed as follows. Given a pendulum of length $L$ with a mass $m$ attached to it, which forms an angle $\theta$ from the y-axis to the direction of swinging. First we had to find the ...
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1answer
162 views

Classically, how can an electron orbiting a proton radiate given its relativistic energy

In classical relativistic Electrodynamics, we are often told that any accelerating point charge inherently radiates (Bremstrallung). (This is the basis for the need for a QM conception of electrons.) ...
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2answers
658 views

Why does the amount of energy transferred depend on distance rather than time?

The change in energy of an object can be determined by the work equation, where work is the change in energy: $$ W = F \cdot d $$ I conceptualize the transfer of energy as simply a series of small ...
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2answers
270 views

Does a different opposing force affect work?

Suppose a man exerts $10~N$ as he lifts a $1~kg$ box a distance of $2~m$ against Earth's gravity. To determine work we can use the following equation: $$ W = F \cdot d \\ W = (10~N) \cdot (2~m) = ...
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2answers
317 views

$\gamma$ in Newton's Second Law of Motion in Differential Form

I am teaching myself Differential Equations from a website. In the website I am up to Direction Fields and an example of a differential equation is Newton's Second Law of Motion. It is written on the ...
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1answer
233 views

Action and reaction in case of a falling object

Let us say a hard object is falling on a stack of pillows. At the point of contact, it will experience a force equal to its weight and would be at rest if it were not for the fact that the stack of ...
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1answer
53 views

Work Done On a Body When It is Not in Contact with the agent of the Force

Is it necessary for work to be done on a body that the agent of the force remains in contact with the body? For example, if I hit a football with my foot with a small amount of force and it moves a ...
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49 views

Book recommendation [duplicate]

I already learned the Physics' basics like Newton Laws, Electricity, and Optics. Can you recommend me a good book for advancing with my learning of physics(with some math)?
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5answers
369 views

Ball rolling into a bowl - where is its maximum KE (speed)… given there is friction. See diagram

Please examine this diagram and answer the apparently trivial questions. I am particularly interested in reasoned answers for part (a)(ii) - where is the maximum Kinetic energy? I say it is at B ...
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1answer
2k views

Are the perpetual machines in this video really perpetual?

This video lists a number of perpetual motion machines that have been proposed throughout history: Robert Boyle's Self-Flowing Flask A "perpetual train" using rolling cones F. G. Woodward's hoop ...
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1answer
1k views

Example where angular momentum and angular velocity are not parallel

I am unable to visualize any case where angular momentum and angular velocity of an object are not parallel.
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1answer
575 views

How come a rigid body has 6 degrees of freedoms (DOFs) ? Isn't velocity a DOF?

For rigid body we need to know position of three points and their velocities to determine everything. So that would make 12 DOF. Why do text books say it has six DOFs?
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1answer
72 views

Spring with changing equilibrium

Suppose that we have two cars on a track, each with a different mass. Now suppose that the cars are connected with a spring. We smack one car. I would like to write down the equations of motion for ...
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1answer
73 views

Water level rise due to body in water

I recently came across a comment that when we push a rubber ball into water filled in a bucket, the water level rises because of the force applied by our hand (i.e. the more force we apply, the more ...
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1answer
99 views

How does a “hammer thrower” that we see in the Olympics, impart so much momentum

How does a "hammer thrower" that we see in the Olympics, build so much momentum into the club? It's sort of like the golf swing, the more momentum, primarily in the club head, the further the ball ...
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3answers
404 views

Friction forces and sliding slabs

I have 2 questions, one generalizing the other. Question 1: Suppose we have 2 slabs resting horizontally on a table. Assume there is friction between the 2 slabs as well as between the bottom slab ...
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168 views

At what angle do billiard balls scatter if they collide off center?

The angle defined by joining a line from the centers of the balls must be important. But do they follow this angle when viewed in the rest frame of one of the balls or in the CM frame? The spheres ...
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1answer
943 views

How is Mechanical advantage of Wedge = length of slope/width

Mechanical advantage is defined as Force Output/Force Input For a symmetrical wedge with the length of the slopes being equal and the width being the distance between the end points, articles quote ...
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4answers
129 views

Action and reaction - not the same effect

If I press on something, it presses me back with the same force. if I press a pillow with my fist, l do not feel pain but if I press a rock with my fist with the same force, I do feel the pain. ...
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272 views

Intuitive explanation of why orbits are closed?

Yesterday my brother asked me how orbits work. Suppose for the sake of the question that you are trying to put a rocket in orbit around the Earth. I explained that orbiting is essentially being in ...
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1answer
101 views

Landau Lifshitz energy for uniform rotation

Landau Lifshitz claim in their Mechanics book (39.11) that for a uniform rotation we have $ E = \frac{mv^2}{2} - \frac{m}{2} (\omega \times r)^2 + U,$ where the rotation is given by $v' = v + \omega ...
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1answer
56 views

How to produce a bigger rotational velocity from two rotational velocities?

If I have two electronic motors, both running at the same voltage and current, delivering the same rotational velocity, how could I produce a bigger rotational velocity from them?
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339 views

Verifying Newton's 2nd Law

Background/Experiment setup: In one of my classes a mass (0.04 kg) was hung from a pulley and attached to a much heavier mass (around 0.4 kg) that rest on an airtrack. A thread connected the hanging ...
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2answers
758 views

What is going on in the system? How are the formulas `mg sin(x)` and `mg cos(x)` derived?

When a load is resting on an inclined plane, there is force $mg \sin(x)$ that's vertical to the inclined plane and force $mg \cos(x)$ horizontal to the plane acting on it like this: My textbook ...
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3answers
1k views

Moment of inertia of a planet

Is there a good way to directly measure a moment of inertia of the Earth, or say, other planet?
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2answers
501 views

What will be different if the spring is not massless?

In almost all text, it uses the massless spring as example to illustrate the idea of elastic potential energy. I wonder what's really being changed if we consider the mass of the spring? I saw a ...
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1answer
110 views

How are fictitious forces related to my feeling?

This question arises when I am studying fictitious forces in an undergrad introduction to physics course. Suppose I am standing in an elevator with an acceleration $a$ directed upward. From the ...
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2answers
3k views

Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
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2answers
2k views

Expression of kinetic energy in polar coordinates

Expression for kinetic energy in Cartesian coordinate: Expression for kinetic energy in polar coordinate (applying the transformation of coordinates): Why can't we express it in the following ...
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1answer
98 views

Do all celestial objects have stationary orbit?

Do all celestial bodies of sufficient mass such big asteroids, moon, planets etc. have orbit such that the period of revolution is same as the sidereal period of that object (such as geostationary ...
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67 views

Warning: Gruesome. Which one cuts faster? Guillotine with a slanted blade or with a flat blade? [duplicate]

The following image shows Guillotine that is a device designed for carrying out executions by decapitation. Intuitively, slicing with pushing is less effective than slicing with pushing and ...
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1answer
162 views

A thought experiment to understand (literal) bootstrapping

The common explanation of why you can't lift yourself off the ground by pulling your feet up with your hands, or in more cliched terms "pull yourself up by your own bootstraps", is that if you ...