Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Can one of Newton's Laws of motion be derived from other Newton's Laws of motion?

Can one derive Newton's second and third laws from the first law or first and third laws from the second law or first and second laws from the third law I think Newton's laws of motions are ...
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128 views

Question about weightlessness

Let us consider +Y as upward and -Y axis as downward. So the acceleration that works these objects is always $-g$. For the first picture, if the lift is going upward with acceleration $a$, then ...
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How to design a deliberately biased coin?

For demonstrating basic probability concepts, it would be nice to have a coin-like object that lands heads/tails not in 50/50% ratio, but biased in a way that can be revealed in a short experiment. ...
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291 views

The quickest 6-3 play in baseball: to bounce or not to bounce?

What's the quickest way the get the ball (say from shortstop) into the first-baseman's glove, given some fixed initial (throwing) speed? Directly or with one bounce? I'm fairly sure that the answer ...
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570 views

Huge buildings affect Earth's rotation?

Does constructing huge buildings affect the rotation of the Earth, similar to skater whose angular rotation increases when her arms are closed comparatively than open?
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262 views

Question on friction [closed]

Please look at the figure carefully. The question is written, and one has to match the two columns 1 and 2 given under "choices and explanation". Please tell me if I am really wrong, i.e. would you ...
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How to calculate air resistance of penny dropped from Empire State Building?

If a penny is dropped from the Empire State Building, then its speed, without taking air resistance into consideration, is $\sqrt{\left(32\frac{\textrm{ft}}{\textrm{s}^2}\right)(1454\textrm{ ...
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180 views

Short-duration forces

In circular motion, it is said that the centripetal force acts only for a very very short period of time, hence is able to only change the direction but not magnitude of the velocity. Similarly in a ...
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Finding the force of an object? [closed]

Sorry if my initial question was seen as a "homework question" but I don't really know how to go about asking this type of question. I have a feeling I have to use Newtons law but there is no ...
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Where does the extra equation come from to determine the forces from an object on a table?

I have a question about basic statics but somehow I cannot manage to find the answer on my own (btw, this is not a homework. It's been so many years since school for me...). The problem is very ...
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428 views

Will a spinning object come to rest?

Will a sphere spinning on its own axis come to rest given enough time, provided no other forces act upon it? I know that if you have two spinning spheres in the depths of space and orbiting each ...
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Terminal velocity of all falling objects is same?

Ideally 2 objects of different mass and weight will hit the floor at same time because they face same gravitational pull and accelerate. Will the terminal velocity of both objects be same also? and ...
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166 views

Violation of Newton's 3rd law

I'm just expressing my guess. Let two particles A and B experiences forces $F_1$ and -$F_2$ between them and let guess also there are two observer, one is stationary and other is moving with ...
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134 views

Why does this screwdriver roll in a curved trajectory?

I am trying my level best to give this screwdriver a horizontal push only, but it is going in a circular path. I thought of uneven friction due to non-uniform normal reaction...what do you think? I ...
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311 views

1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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2answers
147 views

Does the slip-stick phenomenon have any application?

The slip-stick phenomenon is present all around us, be it the noise of car breaks or in earthquakes. But does it have any real-life application?
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How does tension apply torque on a pulley?

How is tension in a string able to apply torque on a pulley? How does string itself able to apply a force on pulley? What is happening inside the pulley? The pulley has a mass $m$ and is a disc.
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797 views

Escape velocity for hydrogen molecules

The question: At what temperature is the RMS speed of Hydrogen molecules equal to the escape speed from the earth's surface? Values of radius of earth($r$) and gas constant $R$ has been supplied ...
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368 views

How large can planets or moons appear?

In many artistic impressions or movies there are pictures or scenes where the sky is filled with an enormous moon (as seen from a planet) or vice versa. I wonder if there is an upper limit to the ...
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1answer
408 views

Pulley system with rope

Two masses $m_1$ and $m_2$ are connected through a weighty, uniform and an unstretchable rope of length $L$. The surface is frictionless. Masses of the objects are $m_1=m$, $m_2=\frac{2}{3}m$, mass ...
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2answers
143 views

Intuition contradicting answer for calculating pressure

I have a cylindrical container say of some base area $A$. The atmospheric pressure is $P_0$. The cylinder is moved at an acceleration $a$ horizontally right. I need to find which base would have to ...
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309 views

Momentum, Impulse and Newton's Second Law of Motion

Newton formulated his Second Law as such: $$\sum{\vec{F}} = \frac{\delta \vec{p}}{\delta t}$$ and of course, $\vec{p} = m \vec{v}$. Why is it that if the net force $\sum \vec{F}$ is constant (which ...
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1answer
174 views

How do determine the equation of motion of slinky?

I'm trying to analyze the forces exerted to slinky. First, I've divided both ends. The red vector is the force exerted by slinky itself, and the green vector is gravitational force. Force exerted ...
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1answer
181 views

Problem with a rotating frame of reference on the South pole

Consider this problem: A high-speed train is traveling at a constant 150 m/s (about 300 mph) on a straight horizontal track across the south pole. Find the angle between a plumb line suspended ...
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How can a car's engine move the car?

Newton's First Law of Motion states that an object at rest or uniform motion tends to stay in that state of motion unless an unbalanced, external force acts on it. Say if I were in a car and I push ...
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437 views

Friction on a conveyor belt

I was surfing through an Olympiad paper and I was caught with this question. A block of mass 1 kg is stationary with respect to a conveyor belt that is accelerating with $1\, \tfrac{m}{s^2}$ ...
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How can I determine whether the mass of an object is evenly distributed?

How can I determine whether the mass of an object is evenly distributed without doing any permanent damage? Suppose I got all the typical lab equipment. I guess I can calculate its center of mass and ...
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Effective mass in Spring-with-mass/mass system

Suppose you have a particle of mass $m$ fixed to a spring of mass $m_0$ that, in turn, is fixed to some wall. I'm trying to calculate the effective mass $m'$ that appears in the law of motion of the ...
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190 views

Static friction force on a block in a tunnel

Linked to this question: Comparing Static Frictions Suppose there is a cuboidal vertical tunnel, and a cubical block in it such that all surface of the block are in contact with the four walls of the ...
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If An Object Explodes With A Force, What Force Are Fragments Given?

So let's say for example I have an object with 5kg of mass. It explodes with a force of 500N. The object fragments into four fragments: a 0.5kg, a 1kg, a 1.5kg and a 2kg object. What force does ...
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109 views

Vector cross product of $\mathbf{r}$ and $\ddot{\mathbf{r}}$ in polar coordinates

I'm struggling with the following question: Question 6 A planet of mass $m$ moves under the gravitational attraction of a central star of mass $M$. The equation of motion of the planet is ...
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3answers
411 views

Is it possible to whirl a point mass (attacted to a string) around in a horizontal circular motion *above* my hand?

I'm studying circular motion and centripetal force in college currently and there is a very simple question but confuses me (our teacher doesn't know how to explain either :/), so I hope we can sort ...
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A rod of length $L$ & mass $M$ is rotating in a circle about one end then calculate tension in the rod at a distance $x$ from the support

A rod of length L & mass M is rotating in a circle about one end then calculate tension in the rod at a distance 'x' from the support ? For its solution why should we take mass of L-x portion of ...
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Another Inclined plane question

I did the FBD, and I found too many variables which are not eliminating...Moreover, I believe this question is based on kinetic and static friction. But, $\mu$ here is ambiguously defined...How Do I ...
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The motion of a spring

I have a question about the force set by this spring, I saw many times that $\overrightarrow{F}=-Kx\overrightarrow{i}$. I'm asking why not using $\overrightarrow{F}=Kx\overrightarrow{i}$ without the ...
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356 views

Comparing Static Frictions

In this figure, which of the static frictional forces will be more? My aim isn't to solve this particular problem but to learn how is static friction distributed . Since each of the rough-surfaces ...
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Moment of Inertia (triangular plate)

I want to generalize the formula for the MOI of a triangular plate (sides $a,b,c$) about an axis passing through mid point of one sides and perpendicular to it's plane . The mass of plate $M$ is ...
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485 views

Massless string Paradox

If we introduce the notion of a massless string to denote the fact that net force on a massless string will always be $0$, since it is massless . How can these massless strings ever accelerate when ...
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Work done by Static friction

Here $v1$ is relative to the block on which sphere is pure rolling but static friction isn't $0$ as of now . In the following diagram, is work done by static friction $0$ ?, since the point of ...
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Boundary conditions on wave equation

I am having trouble understanding the boundary conditions. From the solutions, the first is that $D_1(0, t) = D_2(0, t)$ because the rope can't break at the junction. The second is that ...
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576 views

Potential energy sign conventions

Almost every book on physics that I read have some weird and non-clear explanations regarding the potential energy. Ok, I do understand that if we integrate a force over some path, we'll get a ...
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6answers
564 views

Centripetal Force Acceleration

In uniform circular motion, acceleration is $\frac{v^2}{r}$ and time which it acts $\rightarrow 0$. So $\Delta v = 0$, but then why/how does direction change, when the acceleration should be ...
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1answer
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Physics of the point of contact for a spinning top

I understand how spinning tops don't tip over, cf. e.g. this and this Phys.SE questions. What I'm more interested is in identifying the factors that determine the direction the spinning top moves to? ...
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In tennis, why does topspin serve bounce higher than flat serve?

When receiving servers (while playing tennis), I've noticed that the tennis ball seems to bounce up higher on me when the server uses a topspin serve than when the server hits a flat serve. Why is ...
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Object on an inclined plane

I was solving a question about inclined planes, and it got me thinking: Imagine a scenario where, an object is on an inclined plane and the inclined plane is on a frictionless surface, and is itself ...
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What do people actually mean by “rolling without slipping”?

I have never understood what's the meaning of the sentence "rolling without slipping". Let me explain. I'll give an example. Yesterday my mechanics professor introduced some concepts of rotational ...
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1answer
176 views

How reliant is the Solar System on being exactly the way it is?

We know that all objects with mass exert forces on all other objects of mass such that $$ F = \frac{GMm}{R^2}.$$ And as others have discussed the planets do interfere with each other ...
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231 views

Tension in a closed loop around an object, carrying stuff

Sorry when this sounds like a first year physics homework question, but it's actually not. It arose during a discussion regarding safe practices for rock climbing anchors... So here we go: Imagine ...
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213 views

Chain of balls on an inclined plane

Suppose we have some inclined plane, and there is some chain of balls of length $l$ and mass $m$ lying on it. No friction at all in the system. 1) What is $x_0$ (the vertical hanging part of the ...
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Centripetal force and circular motion

I have a doubt, say when a body moves in a circular loop, there are basically two types of acceleration acting on the object. One is the linear acceleration which is basically tangent to the circle, ...