Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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How does the height of a jump change if the body is scaled down?

This is a physics question that appeared in the movie 'The Internship.' If you are reduced to the size of a coin and put into a blender what would you do? Apparently the answer was that with a ...
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190 views

How do you travel in a circular orbit around a massive body?

I am trying to figure out how an object could achieve a perfectly circular orbit. Given a mass for the planet or other body the object is orbiting and a distance from the center of mass, how fast ...
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183 views

Motion of block on wedge

there is some confusion to me in the case of "motion of block on a frictionless wedge" Below is a simple diagram! Let us consider a situation as above in which there is a block of mass $m$ moving ...
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84 views

Where to begin with Physics beyond high school? [duplicate]

So I'm in grade 10 but I finished all my physics classes, maths and further maths (Calculus). I would like to start with some harder stuff (university physics). What books do you recommend for both ...
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196 views

Understanding the different kinds of mass in gravity

On this site, the Phys.SE question Is there a fundamental reason why gravitational mass is the same as inertial mass? has been asked. See also this Phys.SE question. The 'answer' provided on this ...
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408 views

Falling chain with friction

I really need some help with a physics problem, and I guess my doubt is more conceptual, than question based. But still, let me pose it to you: A uniform chain of mass $M$ and length $L$ lies on ...
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245 views

If kinetic energy is a function of the square of velocity, how can gravitiational acceleration be constant?

Kinetic energy is defined as: \begin{equation} E_k = \frac{mv^2}{2} \end{equation} Because of the squared velocity term in there, the faster you're going, the more energy it takes to further ...
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906 views

Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

Please correct me if I'm going wrong - By the gravitation formula: $F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} $, So if the mass of a bob is greater then the torque on it should increase because the Force increased ...
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88 views

Mechanics of a disk

I have an interesting problem. A disk travels in air at velocity v1. It travels in glass (assuming that the disk can enter the glass without breaking it) at velocity v2. v1 is greater than v2. The ...
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92 views

Conservation of momentum

I've got following problem. There are $N$ particles in an isolated system. The equation of motion for a particle $i$ is ...
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662 views

Energy transfer in a coupled pendulum

If you take a look at this video you will see what kind of a coupled pendulum I'm talking about. So I made a similar one in my high school's physics lab, using light metal bobs(much lighter than the ...
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235 views

A bumpy ride on a bike?

While riding a bike at a higher velocity, I go over the speed breakers (Hump) I get jumped over the bike for a certain height. How do I calculate this height of jump with respect to the seat of the ...
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167 views

Initial velocity of an orbiting object that lands on the planet with zero speed w.r.t the surface

How would you determine what initial velocity $v(r)$ of an object would have to be at some arbitrary point in the vicinity of a planet such that the object will end up on the surface of the planet ...
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Static friction greater than kinetic friction [duplicate]

Please explain why static friction is greater than kinetic friction logically. Speak about it microscopically and tell what does happen on surfaces of objects by considering electromagnetic force ...
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1answer
52 views

characterization of potential

So i have a force field $F(x,y)$ and i have to find out wether it is a potential or not. My first idea was to calculate : $dU=Fdr$ (where $r$ is the radius vector) , to integrate on both sides and ...
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297 views

Determination of mass density distribution of an object

This is a follow-up to a previous question How can you weigh your own head in an accurate way?. My purpose is not to restart the flurry of more or less humorous jokes (which are not such a bad thing ...
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What force does bathroom scale measure?

When you stand on a bathroom scale, I know that the force displayed is the normal force. Since it is the normal force, then technically the force displayed would actually be Fg= (mass)(acceleration) ...
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How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
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763 views

SMBC ball bouncing problem

This comes from a Saturday Morning Breakfast Cereal (SMBC) comic with a joke answer. The problem states: A 5 kilogram ball is shot directly right at 20 meters per second from a height of 10 ...
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507 views

Physical Variables of Circular Motion

To me, the definitions of variables involved in circular motion are rather confusing (perhaps due to the lack of understanding on my part), hence the question. As I understand it, there are two ...
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1answer
308 views

Is my textbook teaching an incorrect concept of Work?

I fear my textbook is teaching an incorrect concept of Work. I am very frustrated right now since I was struggling to understand the concept in the way that was explained in the textbook and my ...
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3answers
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What provides the centrifugal force for planets orbiting a star?

this is a question I had when I was a kid. I'm a bit ashamed because I think I am missing out on something very obvious since I have the same question despite almost being an engineer now! From ...
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1answer
103 views

Momentum paradox [duplicate]

A cistern rail car is standing on infinitely slippery ice. The cistern is filled with water and it has an outlet in the form of a thin vertical pipe (spout) at the left end, so when the valve is open ...
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109 views

Calculating Mass for a Reduced Trajectory while Keeping Projectile Force Constant

Apologies if this is not a research-specific question, but applied mechanics. A firefighter has to pass a test in which he is to throw a medicine ball a certain distance. The ball is thrown at a 45 ...
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349 views

What if exactly half the Earth's population jumped at one instant? + Secondary Question

I read somewhere that when you jump, the sole effect caused by your jump on the earth moves it about $10^{-18}m$ (I don't remember the figure exactly, but I think it was that). However - obviously ...
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Cylinder rolling down an inclined plane

I've been trying to solve this problem: A cylinder is rolling down an inclined plane (angle between plane and horizon α). Coefficient of friction is µ. What is the translational and angular speed of ...
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Force-Weight Pinewood Derby Car [closed]

Force-Weight Pinewood Derby Car. I'm trying to make a fast derby car. I was wondering if I could make a car that can drop/eject weight once it comes off of the incline. Would that increase speed or ...
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462 views

Beads in 'perpetual motion'?

This page has an interesting video of beads 'syphoning' out of a glass beaker: http://blog.zennioptical.com/weekly-optical-illusion-crazy-beads/ The host has a few explanations for the effect, but ...
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357 views

Is there another way to calculate the work done by air resistance?

A ball of mass $0.37\text{ kg}$ is thrown upward along the vertical with a initial speed of $14\text{ m/s}$, and reaches a maximum height of $8.4\text{ m}$. a) What is the work done by air ...
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Are Newton's “laws” of motion laws or definitions of force and mass?

If you consider them as laws, then there must be independent definitions of force and mass but I don't think there's such definitions. If you consider them as definitions, then why are they still ...
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A rope attaches the Moon to the Earth. What happens?

Consider the Earth (mass $M$, radius $R$, rotating about its own axis at $\Omega$) and the moon (mass $m$, radius $r$, with axial rotation equal to $\omega_m$), whose centre of masses are $d$ apart. ...
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Why don't planets have Circular orbits?

This might be a completely wrong question, but this is bothering me since many days ago. Given the mass (Sun) curves the space around it, gravitation is the result of such curved space (Correct me if ...
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Are the forces I'm using correct? (ball in air) [closed]

I have been working on a program which should simulate all the forces on a spherical object. Right now those are balls, but they can easily be changed to something else. These are the formulas I use ...
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Does ABS shorten stopping distance of a car?

ABS, from German Antiblockiersystem, is a device put in almost every new automobile. The web has lots of explanations about the system, how it works, but I don't understand how it shortens the way of ...
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130 views

How is the Principle of Conservation of Momentum proven using the Momentum-Impulse Principle?

Consider two particles moving in the same direction on the same line, $A$ and $B$, with mass $m_A$ and $m_B$, respectively. They also have velocies $u_A$ and $u_B$. They collide. After the collision A ...
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201 views

Relative angular momentum in two-particle problem

Assume the two particle problem i.e. two particles with equations of motions as follows: $\ddot{x_i} = -\frac{1}{m_i}\frac{\partial}{\partial x_i}V(|x_1 - x_2|)$ Since the angular momentum is ...
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215 views

Potential and Kinetic Energy

In engineering school you learn the basic swing problem. Essentially that there is a transfer of kinetic energy (as seen in the velocity at the bottom of as swing) to potential energy at the top of ...
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1answer
145 views

Mechanics of a rolling drum

I have no clue on how to approach this. The professor only discussed centripetal acceleration and angular velocity (As in $2πr\over T$ $= ωr$). Does the acceleration along the axis of the drum act ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Definition of Kinetic energy

In class we had that $ T= \frac{1}{2}T_{ij}v_iv_j$ where we used the Einstein summation convention. Hitherto we only discussed examples where the kinetic energy was dependent of the square of one ...
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Why do objects sometimes fall on their own?

I have observed sometimes that when I keep some objects precariously balanced, for e.g. some objects in a cupboard, they seem quite stable at the time when I place them there but after a certain ...
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111 views

Since when the term 'mass' is being used in physics?

I was wondering who used the term 'mass' in physics and in what context? The Online Etymology Dictionary says it is in use since 1704. According to the Wiki article the year is contemporary to the ...
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Relation between work, kinetic energy and potential energy

We derived two equations in class. The work done between two points $A$, $B$ is equal to the difference between the kinetic energy at the last point and the one at the first point. The work done ...
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1answer
616 views

How - The force of a 60 mph crash is not just twice as great as a 30 mph crash; it’s four times as great! [duplicate]

The DMV manual says that The faster you go, the less time you have to avoid a hazard or collision. The force of a 60 mph crash is not just twice as great as a 30 mph crash; it’s four ...
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Is there a relation between the magnetic field force of the earth and the gravitational force between the earth and other bodies?

According to Newton's Universal Law of gravitation, we can say that a huge body of mass will attract another body of mass within a short range, however, if both bodies are for instance magnetic, ...
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366 views

Does the law of Universal Gravitation apply to every matter?

If I have a big ball of 20,000,000kg and another of 100g, does it mean that the big ball will pull the small ball towards it?
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132 views

Does the earth really move round the sun? [duplicate]

Is there really any empirical proof that the earth moves round the sun? I've read simple explanations using mass-gravity relation. But then some questions remain, is gravity a function of mass alone? ...
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468 views

A block on a wedge

The system is as follows - Friction exists only between the 2 blocks. I am trying to find out the accelerations of $m_1$ and $m_2$. Let $a_2$ be acceleration of $m_2$, and $a_x$ and $a_y$ be the ...
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A question about speed [closed]

A object with mass 0.5 kg slides in straight line for 200 m, where the friction act on it is 0.4 times the normal reaction acting on it. Find its initial speed. I let $u$ be the speed. ...
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2answers
182 views

Bertrand's theorem

I found in Goldstein's Classical Mechanics that the condition for closed orbits is given by $\frac{d^2 V_{eff}}{dr^2}>0$.(bertrand's theorem). Can somebody explain to me, how this inequality is ...
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200 views

does matter radiate energy? [duplicate]

Since we know that all accelerated charges radiate energy and we also know that all matter is made up of protons and electrons which are all the while doing accelerated motion.So from this can i ...