Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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When you are standing in a running train if you jump means will you be in same place or will you be in front or back? [duplicate]

When you are standing in a running train if you jump means will you be in same place or will you be in front or back?
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1answer
58 views

What is difference between anisotropy and inhomogeinity of this type of composite material?

I am studying some types of composite materials having 2 phases - fibers and matrix. I have some questions and confusions. Any help is appreciated. The composite has fiber along length and I am ...
35
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7answers
5k views

“Falling upward” - how far you have to be from Earth to start falling to the Moon?

Talking about gravity with my 9 y/o she asked when do we start "falling upward" to the Moon. What is the distance at which the Moon's gravitational attraction is higher than that of the Earth and thus ...
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0answers
19 views

Is there an applied force acting on the balloon? [duplicate]

A long string is running through a straw with a blown-up balloon taped onto the straw, and a penny taped onto the balloon. There should be a support force going up, gravity going down, friction force ...
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0answers
184 views

Mach's principle in empty universe, centripetal force and violation of Newton's laws of motion [closed]

Questions about Mach's principle and empty universe has been asked many times but nowhere can I find it's cross examination with centripetal force. From my point of view the simple logic of ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the point of this type of graph? (Projectile) [closed]

What is the point of graphing vs range, during kinematic motion?
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1answer
37 views

Will the particle reach other end?

I place a container at rest in vaccum and filled it with air (STP conditions). Suppose a moving particle(sphere of dia 2mm) is placed at one end of the container without disturbing anything, will ...
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2answers
81 views

Will a person experience micro or zero gravity inside an aeroplane in free fall

Let us say that a person is inside a stationary aeroplane being held by a stationary helicopter in the sky. Now, the cable which supports the aeroplane breaks. Thus the aeroplane is now not bound by ...
3
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2answers
337 views

Variable mass dynamics: Particle and Rigid Body

I'm encountering some issues in the understanding of some basic concepts about the dynamics of variable-mass particles and rigid bodies. For what I found, for example reading On the use and abuse of ...
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1answer
104 views

Conservation of momentum 1-D problem: track is not level

This problem is a standard kind of 1-D problem. You have 2 equal carts approaching each other and collide on linear air track. BUT the person setting up the track did NOT do a good job at making the ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Can we measure kenetic energy on an absolute scale, or does it have to be measured with reference to something else?

I recently read the question Kinetic energy of an object at rest where it was suggested that the kinetic energy of an object on Earth is measured in the reference frame of Earth. Can we measure ...
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1answer
56 views

Will a heavier or lighter tank shell / bullet/ etc. travel further given the same starting energy?

Let's say I have for example two tank shells, both being the same size and having the same shape. Let's say the starting energy is 100kg*m/s^2, and the one shell is 1kg, the other 25kg. 1kg * ...
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2answers
99 views

Damping Constant for a Ball Rolling in a Bowl

How would you find the damping constant of a ball rolling without slipping in half of a sphere? I know how to find the period of the oscillation, but how would I find the damping constant ...
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4answers
193 views

Car driving / falling off of a cliff - will it land upright?

In a recent episode of The Walking Dead, a van was pushed off of a bridge and flipped once and landed upright, on all four wheels. Assumption: the ground and cliff are both flat. Will a vehicle ...
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2answers
2k views

Kinetic energy of an object at rest

Why don't we consider that an object on Earth has kinetic energy as it is also moving at the rotating speed of Earth?
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0answers
110 views

Relative acceleration: frame of references

There is a question I've been struggling with, and I ask for your help to understand it fully. Q: An inclined plane, fixed to the inside of an elevvator, makes a 32 degrees angle with the floor. A ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Maximum velocity on Unbanked roads and why should friction be more than centripetal force? [closed]

Why is maximum velocity on unbanked circular road given by $\sqrt{urg}$ where $u$ is coefficient of friction, $r$ is radius of circular track and $g$ is acceleration due to gravity? Why should ...
2
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2answers
115 views

Coupled ODEs that model a quad rotor

I am working on modeling the vibrations of a quad rotor. The arms that support the rotors are fixed to a center plate; that is, it is pretty much a cantilever beam with an end load. Since this is the ...
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1answer
209 views

Liquid placed in a rotating cylinder

The Question A closed vertical cylinder is filled with an incompressible liquid of mass m completely. The cylinder is now sealed from all sides and rotated about ...
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1answer
379 views

Calculating the moment of inertia in bifilar pendulums

I'm an A2 student, and I've been looking into how experimental and theoretical determined mass moments of inertia differ. I came across a method (search Youtube for Measuring Mass Moment of Inertia - ...
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0answers
21 views

How does live load versus dead load effect roof slip-resistance testing?

I have tested a wide variety of roofing materials for slip resistance in a range of roof slopes using various boot outsole materials. With all test protocols, equipment, and conditions being equal, ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Question about massive spring and SHM [closed]

A mass $M$ is resting on the end of a spring with constant $K$. The mass of the spring is $m$, and the displacement of each element of the spring is proportional to the distance from the fixed end ...
2
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2answers
135 views

What motion can emerge in a still universe? [duplicate]

I consider a very large non homogeneous cloud of dust in isolation. No external gravitational interactions. It is initially completely still and start collapsing under the its own gravity. Can the ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Friction Between Liquid and Solid Surface

How does friction between liquid surface and solid surface differ from viscosity, the friction between liquid and liquid surfaces? Also has a word describing the process been invented or is ...
2
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2answers
860 views

Velocity of car down an Inclined Plane

I was learning to make a car game and came across this situation where my car is on an inclined plane. It's initial velocity is 0. Now, the problem is that my memory serves me this formula to ...
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1answer
38 views

Where is the direction of kinetic friction in this question?

Suppose there is on object of 20.0kg sliding to the right. A person exert a force of 30N left on the object. The object has an acceleration of 2.5m/s^2 left. What is the magnitude and direction of ...
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1answer
40 views

Relating Angles in Elliptical Orbit

I've been trying to model the orbit of a comet of arbitrary mass around our sun from having a known initial condition with $r_0, v_0$ with angle $\alpha$ at $t_0$ around our sun. I've been able to ...
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0answers
84 views

Rolling without slipping [closed]

A uniform, solid cylinder of mass $m$ and radius $r$ rolls without slipping down a plane, inclined at an angle $θ$ to the horizontal. You may assume, without proof, that the moment of inertia of ...
2
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1answer
117 views

Rate of acceleration for two hanging masses in two experiments

I conducted an experiment where two masses of different weight were attached by a string and fed through a pulley. The difference between the masses was $0.025\: \mathrm{kg}$. The lighter mass was ...
22
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9answers
4k views

Physical meaning of the angular momentum

Still reading Classical Mechanics by Goldstein, I'm struggling on a very basic notion: angular momentum. I physically understand it as the momentum of an object rotating around something given a ...
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0answers
48 views

Restoring force surface method for nonlinear system identification

I am working on nonlinear system parameters identification using the restoring force surface method (or the force-state mapping method). I found some references in which the method is explained but I ...
0
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2answers
128 views

Problem in Euler-Lagrange imply Newton

I'm self-studying Mechanics and I have a little problem: We can see that in Landau's book or in Wikipedia that when we inject the lagrangian in Euler Lagrange equation the term $\frac{\partial ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Natural frequencies of a torsion system

Find the angular displacement $\theta_1(t)$ and $\theta_2(t)$ of the system shown in figure below for the initial conditions $\theta_1(0)$, $\theta_2(0)$, and $\dot{\theta}_1(0) = \dot{\theta}_2(0) ...
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1answer
61 views

Newton's gravity formulas for ellipses

A few times I've come across formulas, which are identical for circular and elliptical orbits, except that for the second ones you substitute $r$ with $a$, where $r$ is the radius of a circular orbit ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Is change in kinetic energy invariant?

Consider the inelastic collision between two bodies. This question follows on from this: Is the coefficient of restitution frame independent and energy conservation?. One of the answers to this ...
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2answers
155 views

Who plays the role of centrifugal force in an inertial frame of reference?

It is noteworthy to quote a sentence from my book, It is a misconception among the beginners that centrifugal force acts on a particle in order to make the particle go on a circle. Centrifugal ...
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2answers
255 views

Why do you have less control over a bicycle with a broader steer?

I recently had an argument with someone on why a bicycle with a broader steer gives you more control. We both had different answers to this question and neither could convince the other. First a ...
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5answers
214 views

What's the difference between frequency domain and time domain spectra?

If I have a mechanical oscillator and want to observe the dynamical behavior of the oscillator, is there any additional information to observe it in time domain and frequency domain? Normally, we ...
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3answers
337 views

Where does the force to stop a constant velocity object come from?

If a ball hits a wall at a constant velocity, it will slow down and eventually come to rest. Since the ball was at constant velocity, it was not accelerating, and so there was no force. Also, the ...
0
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1answer
74 views

force acting perpendicular through a rotational axis

This seems rather basic to prove mathematically but i am second guess my intuition. Say you have an object in rotation and a force acts on it through the axis of rotation perpendicular to the axis of ...
0
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2answers
867 views

How does a roller coaster car stay on the track on a curve [closed]

Say a roller coaster car is going up a ramp to a drop. At some point it needs to traverse a curve to get to the drop. In general, since the car is constrained to the rail, how is it able to move ...
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7answers
442 views

Could Galileo ever prove that $g$ is the same for a feather and a hammer?

Do you think he could have possibly found a way to make a feather and a hammer touch ground simultaneously, as they should, according to gravity? Can you make up a device that avoids air resistance? ...
3
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1answer
149 views

How would the Sun's gravity affect us if we weren't in orbit?

So since we're in orbit around the sun, we are basically in free-fall. From what I understand, this means that we don't feel the gravity of the Sun like we do the Earth. Just like astronauts on the ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Ballistic Pendulum question?

I am answering a question regarding the ballistic pendulum, and the teacher gave this worksheet. I have figured out both t (time) and the change in y. Where I am getting confused is where he wrote out ...
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3answers
151 views

Angular momentum

The satellites are revolving around a planet in circular orbits by themselves (no external source to maintain their speed). Are we able to make them revolve in elliptical orbits by themselves? Do ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Reduced mass and energy representation?

If we have a gravitational system where $m<<M$ then we can write down the energy of $m$ as follows: $$E=\frac{1}{2}m(\frac{dr}{dt})^2+\frac{L^2}{2mr^2}-\frac{GMm}{r}$$ but if $m$ is not small ...
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1answer
59 views

Where does the block get the energy from?

Let there be a block of mass $m$ on a frictionless surface. A boy of mass $M$ exerts an invariant force $F$ on the block & does positive work on the block by displacing it by $d$. By Law of ...
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1answer
179 views

A two-masses-three-springs system [closed]

Question: If two identical masses are attached to two walls facing each other and the two masses themselves are connected by a third spring (all springs have same initial length and spring ...
22
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5answers
6k views

Build a ring around Earth, then remove the supports

What would happen if we decided to build a giant ring that managed to wrap around the whole world, end to end that was supported with pillars all along the ring and then the supports all suddenly ...
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1answer
45 views

Why do we have to use an integral in this scenario to figure out $v_{max}$? [duplicate]

$$\int_0^R mg\frac{r}{2}dr=\frac{m}{2}v_{max}$$ and can't write $$\frac{m}{2}v_{max}=mgR$$ don't we usually equal potential energy to kinetic energy? A stone is falling through a tunnel towards the ...