Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
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29 views

Kinematics - moving body [duplicate]

If I have an inclined plane, which has acceleration $\alpha$, will a block placed on the inclined plane slip back with the same acceleration? (considering that the surface is frictionless)
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75 views

How to discover the $F = m\cdot a$ equation from scratch? [duplicate]

Is there a paper or a book that conceptually 'discover' the Newton's famous formula? I've been thinking about this equation, and I really don't know it for sure. Did Newton empirically noticed that ...
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1answer
26 views

Work done in pulling a rope from a boat

A boy sitting on a boat pulls on a rope with a constant force $F$ over a duration of time $t$. The other end of the rope is either tied to a bridge or to another freely floating boat of equal mass. ...
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1answer
43 views

Effects of firing shells on the Earth's angular momentum

During a certain war, millions of shells were fired by country A towards the west, and even more shells were fired back by country B towards the east. The average momentum of each bullet were the same ...
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1answer
52 views

Converting Point Gradients to Rotational Representation

I'm a PhD student in an unrelated field. It's been a very long time since I've done physics, and I've run into a problem in my research which I think is actually a physics problem. Basically, I have ...
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1answer
32 views

Leg Press & Actual Lifted Weight [duplicate]

I was doing leg press at the gym today and was curious how much weight I actually lift when I do the exercise as compared to when I do a squat. Suppose I load $w_L$ onto the machine, which has an ...
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2answers
58 views

Having trouble understanding how the centrifugal force works

I thought that I understood the centrifugal force earlier, but I can't seem to grasp how it interacts when considering that everything is relative? Let's imagine that you are the only one in the ...
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1answer
52 views

What is the laplace transform of a single mass?

I'm trying to get a transfer function of F=ma in the Laplace domain. This should be simple, but yet I'm confused. The transfer function is displacement over force. ...
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1answer
50 views

Finding the minimum radius of the pivoted disc

Here is a question based on Simple Harmonic Motion that I tackled just now. However I think I am having an approach to tackle this but I am not sure about it. Ouestion: A uniform disc of radius ...
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1answer
26 views

Moving a bar magnet towards a freely hanging coil

"A bar magnet is moved towards a freely hanging coil. Determine if the coil stays stationary or not. If it moves, determine if it moves away or towards the magnet." My hypothesis: From Lenz's law an ...
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0answers
18 views

Asymmetry of induced e.m.f due to a bar magnet falling through a coil

It is well known that as a bar magnet falls freely through a coil, an electromotive force is induced in the coil by Lenz's Law. However, it appears that the peak e.m.f induced (ignoring the ...
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4answers
70 views

Basic buoyancy question

If I have a cup of water filled with air at the bottom of a pool, then when the cup is "upside down" the air doesn't leave because the water pressure is pushing it up against the top of the container. ...
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1answer
47 views

Figuring out the time period of an Atwood system

SO I was working on Atwoods, when I came up with the following problem, It is more complicated but i should understand this simpler scenario first. As shown in the diagram above, (Atwood machine), ...
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240 views

Compressilibility and the form of Newton's second law in fluid mechanics

In deriving Euler's equations for fluid mechanics, in particular $$f=\rho \partial_t v +\rho v\cdot \nabla v$$ for some body force $f$ (e.g Landau & Lifschitz 2.3) one assumes the continuity ...
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2answers
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How to know the Direction of the Acceleration Vector?

If the exercise doesn't give you the direction, how to know the correct one? Sometimes I assume its to the right and it was actually to the left, and I get everything wrong. Example here: How can I ...
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1answer
34 views

What factors indicates inelastic collision?

I am watching this example from Wikipedia: I am wondering what factors would indicate that the collision of 2 objects will be inelastic (I know macroscopic scale impacts are never perfectly ...
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2answers
38 views

Help explain how direction change relates to acceleration [duplicate]

I was doing some simple harmonic motion problems and I came across this picture describing the position, velocity and acceleration of a linear oscillator. At the moment in time when v is 0 the ...
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0answers
32 views

Question about Atwood Machine and Changing Masses

Say we have an object of X Newtons on the ground called object 1, and it is connected to another object called object 2. If we change the mass of object 2 in intervals until object 1 < object 2, ...
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1answer
54 views

Questions related to resonance/standing-waves and sound

I understand resonance for a simple harmonic oscillator but not for more complex systems like standing waves. How can I be in resonance with the normal mode in an organ pipe? I understand that the ...
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1answer
36 views

Velocity change of objects

Is it possible for small object (small mass, let's say bullet) to hit large object (big mass, let's say rock) and still move forward (or stop) instead of being reflected (let's say objects don't crush ...
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0answers
26 views

Forces and acceleration due to an angle that varies over time [closed]

I'm having difficulty figuring out how to set a problem up. The problem is as follows: A $5\ kg$ block is being pulled along a frictionless floor by a cord that applies a force of constant magnitude ...
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4answers
281 views

Why can't the work done by a non-conservative force be zero?

Why can't the work done by a non-conservative force be zero? The displacement along a closed path is always zero. So, whatever be the type of force, variable or constant, the work has to be zero. Why ...
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0answers
19 views

How do two rigid bodies with different 3rd moment of inertia rotate differently?

If rigid bodies $R_1$ and $R_2$ has exactly same total mass $M$, central of mass, and rotational inertia $I$, but different third moment of inertia $M_3$, how would they move/rotate differently? ...
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3answers
75 views

Why doesn't an orbiting body keep accelerating?

As a physics newbie I'm trying to get a grip on basic orbital mechanics. I think I'm beginning to get grasp on how bodies interact with each other. When a body approaches another body it accelerates ...
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1answer
29 views

Can $M_3$ move upwards and $M_2$ move to the right?

Can M3 move upwards and M2 move to the right? in the solutions they assume this, but I find it impossible, it doesn't make sense physically. I get the answer wrong if I assume M3 moving down and M2 ...
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1answer
25 views

Difference between short impact and sustained pressure

If I press the wall (with my hand) I feel a little pressure at my hand and I move away from it. If I hit the wall (lets say using the same amount of energy for total work) I feel pain in my hand. ...
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1answer
41 views

(air pressure and displacement) Isn't this image wrong?

Isn't this figure wrong? P(x,t) = -B(dy/dx) . If the derivative of air displacement has a maximum, then this is where the pressure is minimum, not maximum as this figure suggests. Could someone ...
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Why is Newton's first law necessary?

Newton's second law says $F=ma$. Now if we put $F=0$ we get $a=0$ which is Newton's first law. So why do we need Newton's first law ? Before asking I did some searching and I got this: Newtons first ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the relationship between Force and Kinetic Energy?

I am an Middle-School (Grade 8) student, who is self-learning classical mechanics. I saw this equation from Classical Mechanics: $\vec F=m \vec a$, the following equation is pretty straight forward ...
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3answers
22 views

How to cancel momentum without causing damage?

This is a fictional scenario I've designed and I'm trying to obtain a plausible logic for it to be somehow possible: I have a moving object, like a car or a person running, how can I stop it ...
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1answer
57 views

Will a rocket produce more thrust if fired in air, rather than vacuum?

I've been in an argument with a friend. He claims that when a rocket engine is fired in air, it get significantly more thrust due to the rocket pushing gas into the atmosphere, and the atmosphere ...
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2answers
55 views

Calculating velocity change after impact?

Let's say there is no gravity here and objects won't crush. We have 2 rocks with $m=10\text{ kg}$. First rock has velocity $v_1=0\text{ m/s}$ and second $v_2=10\text{ m/s}$ (flying in leftward ...
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1answer
41 views

Does a Force on the block $M_1$ in this diagram have an effect on the block $M_2$?

Suppose we have two blocks: There is no friction. Does $F$ has the same effect on $M_2$?
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1answer
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Falling off a chair, how best to save yourself

If I consider a man sitting on an office chair that reclines backwards iff you lean backwards. What could be done to prevent hin from falling? a) raising his legs till they are parallel to ground. ...
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3answers
260 views

Quantum Mechanics or Classical Mechanics? [closed]

I'm just a student of grade 11 but, I was interested in knowing about Physics much deeper. In order to start my interest in Physics, I watched this video of Quantum Physics NOVA : Quantum ...
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3answers
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Doubt in collision

If a ball under the influence of gravity falls straight down from a height h, collides elastically with the floor, at the instant of collision, what forces does it experience? Shouldn't the floor ...
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4answers
274 views

Is there work being done if no displacement occurs?

So the definition of work is $W = \vec{F}\cdot\vec{s}$. Say I have a point mass which is being pushed on both sides by equal forces and therefore does not move. Does this mean that no work is being ...
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1answer
70 views

Gravity vs inertia

As stated according to Newton laws of gravity, every object with mass attracts all other object with a force which produces acceleration. Basically there are several forces in the universe which ...
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1answer
97 views

How to find equation of motion for this trajectory? - object leaves curved ramp at a given velocity [closed]

Here is the sketch: The sketch is supposed to be side-view of the path of the object. The following values are known: $r$ - radius of the circle that describes the path AB of the object $a$ - ...
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3answers
135 views

Confused about Newton's 3rd law

I am confused about Newton's 3rd Law. If a person jumps off the ground a force is applied both to the person and to the ground. However, as $F=ma$ acceleration experienced by the Earth is much less ...
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1answer
35 views

Why is the change in height for mass be $2h$ in this question? [closed]

Could anyone tell me why the height is $2h$?, and is the total gpe in a system where the masses are balanced 0?
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1answer
30 views

wall thickness for a very large, low-pressure vessel?

I'm working on a space colony simulation, and I'm at the point where I need to calculate the thickness of the habitat walls, as a function of air pressure and geometry (and assuming some common ...
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2answers
73 views

Metric expansion of space and Newton's second law

I wanted to ask the following question: If the expansion of the universe is really accelerating, does that mean a certain force applied on the universe? (According to Newton's second law) What kind ...
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2answers
115 views

Why is $dr/dt= -V$

In the solution, it says we have $dr/dt= -V$ (polar coordinates) How? I can't see how this can be possible, we know that $r(t)=V/\omega(t)$, and that's it.
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1answer
88 views

Why doesn't a wall move when you push it if there's space behind it?

In the first screen you can see that if a person were to push a wall within a typical household the wall would not move while keeping themselves tractioned to the floor. If you push hard and do not ...
2
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1answer
48 views

Walking & Swinging

How can I show that the most convenient way to move the arms while walking is swinging them back and forth, alternatively? To pose the question in another way: can I prove, starting from the ...
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3answers
302 views

What does Feynman mean when he says that $F=ma$ is not exact?

Chapter 12-2 in Feynman Lectures Vol. 1 states: In fact the law, $F=ma$ is not exactly true; if it were a definition we should have to say that it is always true; but it is not ... First, ...
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68 views

Ballistic Pendulum Demo Problem

I have a question about the following problem: I got the solution $v=\frac{M+m}{m} \sqrt{2gh}$. But my real question is in the following picture: In the above slide, how can you derive ...
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1answer
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Prerequisites for Halliday Resnick Walker

I am in grade 10. I have developed an interest in physics but unfortunately I do not know/ have not studied calculus yet as my school board does not recommend it in grade 10. I have a copy of ...