Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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1D Kinematics - Relative Motion involving non-inertial frames of reference

I recently came across a question involving non-inertial frames of reference. I didn't quite understand the way it had been solved due to some conceptual confusion regarding certain deductions made to ...
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Why did Feynman tell “we cannot locate earth's angular position, but we can tell that it is changing”?

I was reading "Symmetry in physics" by Feynman, where he wrote: If we perform sufficiently delicate experiments, we can tell that the earth is rotating, but not that it had rotated. In other ...
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27 views

Weightlessness felt during roller coaster rides

Can someone explain the physics behind to why we feel weightless during roller coaster rides Please indicate how the forces act in a clothoid loop .
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Angular velocity and instantaneous rotation axis

Let's suppose that we have a cylinder of moment of inertia $I$ rolling on the floor without sliding, moving with linear velocity $v$ and rotating around an axis passing through the center of mass with ...
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1answer
91 views

Spring Stiffness Calculation Problems

This may sound like a trivial question but please hear me out. I am trying to model a 1 DoF electromagnetic vibration sensor (geophone) analytically and with finite elements. A geophone consists of ...
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3answers
78 views

Why is the range of a projectile proportional to the square of the initial velocity?

I was watching the MIT lecture about projectile motion and the lecturer asked why $$D=\frac{(v_0)^2\sin(2\alpha)}{g}$$ Why is it $(V_0)^2$ not $V_0$? It is a hypothetical question i know that the ...
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1answer
24 views

What is total force in this context?

One site said the total forces is the sum of the vectors. My homework question is "A skydiver of mass 90 kg is falling with a terminal speed of 60 ms-1. What does that mean? What is the total force ...
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Energy spring problem [closed]

Online homework question. A 270 g block is dropped onto a relaxed vertical spring that has a spring constant of k = 2.0 N/cm. The block becomes attached to the spring and compresses the spring 12 cm ...
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1answer
32 views

What's my $dM$? Gravitational Potential inside a circle of mass

I'm trying to find the gravitational potential for an arbitrary point within a ring of uniform mass density. The point is constrained to be in the same plane as the ring. So we start with: ...
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1answer
38 views

How to find an equation for $x$ in terms of $t$ for a particle falling under gravity with resistance given by $mkv^2$? [closed]

Okay so I have determine the velocity $v$ and displacement $x$ as functions of $t$ for a particle falling under gravity with resistance given by $mkv^2$. I have set up the equation of motion divided ...
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1answer
140 views

Conservation of angular momentum in a free rod

When a collision is elastic and no external torque acts on a system, angular momentum is conserved I found this example and checked the results: A ball (m = 1 Kg , v = p =+22 m/s, Lm = +11, Ke = 242 ...
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Two questions about the coefficient of restitution

If you were to drop a ball onto a surface from a height $h$ and the ball collided with the surface and then rebounded, would the ball then travel a distance of $eh$ back up from the surface where $e$ ...
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280 views

Relative motion. Setting course of closest approach

Let $r_{P/Q}$ be the position vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to vector $\overrightarrow Q$ and $v_{P/Q}$ the velocity vector of $\overrightarrow P$ relative to $\overrightarrow Q$. Suppose ...
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Different directions of frictional force when objects are rolling

My textbook has two instances of rolling bodies (smooth rolling). In the first, the body is rolling on the horizontal floor with some acceleration of its centre of mass. In this case, the book says ...
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1answer
29 views

Starting point for a derivation of fictitious forces

I came across this expression at the start of a derivation of fictitious forces: $$(dA/dt)_L = (dA/dt)_R + \omega \times A$$ Where the $L$ subscript refers to the laboratory (inertial) reference ...
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Confused about Newton's 3rd law

I am confused about Newton's 3rd Law. If a person jumps off the ground a force is applied both to the person and to the ground. However, as $F=ma$ acceleration experienced by the Earth is much less ...
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3answers
70 views

Moment Of Inertia About Centre of Mass

Why is moment of inertia minimum about centre of mass of any rigid body?
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1answer
34 views

Tension problem [closed]

A weight "m" is suspended from the center of a light, taut and originally horizontal rope. After suspending the weight "m", what angle must the rope make with the horizontal if the tension in the ...
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1answer
75 views

Which physics quantities are real and which just a tool in the Newtonian apporach?

In the following question Is the change in kinetic energy of a particle frame independent? I presume change in K.E. means K.E. difference, $K(t')-K(t) $ as well as all frames are inertia In which ...
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Newton's Law in Integral form

Each of the Maxwell's equations has both an integral and differential form. Schroedinger's equation is a differential equation and, apparently (I haven't studied it yet), Feynman's path integrals are ...
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Why does ad^2 in moment of inertia doesn't cancel out? [closed]

when you derive the translation formula for moment of inertia it is $Ix=(Ixx)-(Area)(DistanceCentroid)^2$ but when you use the trasnlation formula you use $Ixx = Ix+(Area)(DistanceCentroid)^2$... why ...
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Galilean Relativity and Newton's Laws

Usually I see an inertial reference frame being defined as a reference frame in which Newton's first and second laws holds. That means that if a particle is at rest, it stays at rest unless some ...
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3answers
111 views

Why is it easier to go uphill on a lower gear?

In cars as well as bicycles, when we are on a lower gear, the driving wheel (the one on the wheels) has a bigger radius compared to when on a higher gear. So on a lower gear the bike/car would move ...
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what is difference between homogeneous vs isotropic material?

When we say a material is isotropic? When properties such as density, Young's modulus etc. are same in all directions. If these properties are direction dependent, then we can say that the material is ...
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1answer
35 views

Calculation of velocity via kinetic energy and momentum yielding different answer

I am attacking the given problem (as a preface I'm not asking to be spoon fed any answers, just looking for clarity from people much smarter than myself) A 15.0kg block is attached to a very light ...
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2answers
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Would a light or a heavy ball roll fastest down a slope?

A small, light ball and a larger, heavier ball are released from the top of a slope. Which will move further? which will come down faster?
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Use Work-KE Theorem? [closed]

I've been trying so long at this problem to no avail. I drew my free body diagram, but I'm unsure which formula to use. Could someone help me out?
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75 views

Homework question help [closed]

This is the homework question: When a springbok is startled, it will leap $2.5$ m into the air. solve for the time to rise $2.5$ m, taking $g$ as $10 \frac{m}{s^2}$. Knowing the time, ...
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The athlete feels a centrifugal force when whirling the hammer - is there always a centrifugal force associated with a centripetal force? [closed]

(this is a homework question) To this, I would say that the centrifugal force is just the reactionary force of the centripetal force, which is causing the hammer to 'want' to move away. Therefore, ...
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Collision of satellites [closed]

A satellite of mass $2m$ is in a circular orbit of radius $2R$ around the earth. By mistake, another satellite of mass $m$ is put in the same orbit and having opposite sense of rotation. The collision ...
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22 views

Determining the direction of friction of a pole leaning on a block [closed]

This is the problem, can someone help me answer the item 7.40 thanks. The answer I get for the block to tip is 288 but the book said 353, how do you get 353?
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2answers
34 views

Conceptual doubt about mechanic energy and two body problem [closed]

Suppose that two bodies are in plane, let's call the first m and the second M: In the first case m is moving in plane, so it has kinetic energy. M is attached at the origin (i.e not moving), so it ...
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1answer
23 views

Comparing Brachistochrone curve with a Hypocycloid curve

I want to compare the time that it takes to slide a particle in a frictionless hypocycloid curve, so time would be given by the arclength divided by the velocity So I need first compute the ...
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1answer
27 views

Reaction to gyroscopic force

Just like the reaction of the weight of a body is a force acting on earth towards the body, where and in what direction does the reaction of a gyroscopic force act?
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1answer
360 views

Relative wind velocity explanation - understanding Irodov problem 1.6

I am having trouble understanding the reasoning behind the solution in this Irodov General Physics problem. The problem is 1.6: 1.6. A ship moves along the equator to the east with velocity vo = ...
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1answer
108 views

Solve hanging rope question by using Lagrangian density [closed]

for this one, I can only do the first(a) $$V_{total}=\frac{mg}{l} \int_{x_0}^{d-x_0}{y(x)\sqrt{1+(\frac{dy(x)}{dx})^2}}dx$$ and have no idea about others.
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Force needed to hold a book between your hands - not sure about the influence of friction

I'm looking at this problem: A student presses a book between his hands, as the drawing indicates. The forces that he exerts on the front and back covers of the book are perpendicular to the ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Fluid dynamics tsunami

I have been given a energy head (pressure) in meters for a given tsunami on land. If the tsunami hits a wall 1 meter by 1 meter, is it possible to calculate the height it will reach. I am thinking it ...
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117 views

3D frame stiffness matrix local to global

I am working on a simple script to be able to solve frame structure using direct stiffness method. I am having following stiffness matrix for 2 node frame element: What is the correct way of ...
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3answers
59 views

Maximum acceleration for a vehicle [closed]

I'm in engineering school and we have a project: we have to build a amphibioues vehicle; I'm looking for a formula. Our vehicle has to go as far as possible with its unique source of energy, a ...
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6answers
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Could we send a man safely to the Moon in a rocket without knowledge of general relativity?

I'm wondering if it's possible to send a man to the Moon using equations consistent with Newtonian gravity and without the elaborate tools of Einstein gravity. Are the predictions made by Newtonian ...
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1answer
43 views

Particle disintegration (Landau & Lifshitz)

In the particle disintegration problem in the book by Landau and Lifshit(z), it is considered a particle with velocity $\vec{V}$ in the lab frame, which disintegrates into two particles with masses ...
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1answer
79 views

“Simple” physics problem without the solution [closed]

it's my first question here, i'm a french student in "classe préparatoire scientifique" and I find a problem on the net witch is : A slingshot consists of a rubber band that extends 3cm when you ...
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1answer
2k views

Why is the mechanical advantage of a wedge = length of slope/ width?

Mechanical advantage is defined as Force Output/Force Input For a symmetrical wedge with the length of the slopes being equal and the width being the distance between the end points, the articles ...
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2answers
65 views

Find force of friction on an object under influence of tension by another object

I conducted an experiment using video analyses software, and found the accleration of a box on a table being pulled by a string attached to a pulley on the edge of the table attached to the weight ...
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2answers
50 views

Free body diagram of this system and equation

I'm studying physics but in this question I can't figure out the free body diagram. link: http://prntscr.com/6j0t2u For $m_3$: $$T-m_3 g = m_3a $$ For $m_2$ along the y-axis: $$N - (m_2 + ...
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4answers
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How do I calculate the distance a ship will take to stop?

I am a River Pilot and drive ships for a living. These ships are very large and range up to 160,000 Metric Tons. I am trying to figure out how to calculate the distance to stopping. I have a basic ...
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During perfectly elastic collision of two objects $A$ and $B$, how much is the initial speed of object $A$ affecting the force applied to $A$ itself?

I got stuck in what seemed to be an easy problem. If two bodies $A$ and $B$ collide perfectly elastically and head-on what is the equation that gives us the forces applied to $A$ and $B$, given a ...
2
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1answer
49 views

What is the initial acceleration? [closed]

What is the initial acceleration of mass 5M .The pulleys are ideal and the string inextensible. My attempt- 2Mg-T=2Ma (for 2M) T=Ma (for M) Solving we get T=2Mg/3 T-N=5MA (for ...