Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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A Basic Question about Gravity, Inertia or Momentum or something along those lines

Why is it that if I'm sitting on a seat on a bus or train and its moving quite fast, I am able to throw something in the air and easily catch it? Why is it that I haven't moved 'past' the thing during ...
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Will a ball thrown straight up in a train land in same spot (in real world)?

I have a question that came up in a discussion with friends. If I throw a ball straight up in an enclosed train car moving with constant velocity, I believe the basic physics books say it will land ...
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Two boxes that are connected pushed by force - what happens between two boxes?

So when two boxes are connected together, and force is applied, two boxes move with the same acceleration. (assuming force is constant.) My question is, how are forces between two boxes get cancelled ...
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Why are these periods the same: a low earth orbit and oscillations through the center of the earth?

Related: Why does earth have a minimum orbital period? I was learning about GPS satellite orbits and came across that Low Earth Orbits (LEO) have a period of about 88 minutes at an altitude of 160 ...
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Conservation of Mathematical Constraints when deriving Energy and Momentum from $F=ma$

Background: Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to time, and using basic calc, one can derive $\int Fdt = m (v_f - v_i)$ Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to distance, ...
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Ball thrown from a moving train

This is not a question about throwing a ball vertically in a moving train. I am asking what would happen if I throw a ball in a horizontally in a moving train. Assume I am facing an exit door of a ...
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2answers
103 views

Describing a motion of gyroscope with gimbal

Can you tell be how to set the equations to describe the motion of this machine in movie "Contact": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TSaO9VGjLXc This is gyroscope with gimbal, am I right?
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Stresses on an inclined plane

Background This issue has been bothering me for a few days now. It's actually part of my homework, but I've already finished them and in a sense they're not part of the question here. What I would ...
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Does a pivot exert an additional force, normal to the centripetal force, on an object rotating about it?

A thin plank of mass $M$ and length $l$ is pivoted at one end. The plank is released at 60$^{\circ}$ from the vertical. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the pivot when the plank ...
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How does gravity affect bullets?

I read recently that if you hold a bullet in one hand and a pistol in the other, both hands at the same height, and subsequently fired the pistol at the same time as dropping the bullet, both bullets ...
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Does a spinning part affect the moment of inertia of a composite object?

I have been going back through some Kleppner problems and have a doubt concerning problem 6.18. It states: Find the period of a pendulum consisting of a disk of mass $M$ and radius $R$ fixed to ...
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Does a rotating plank only acquire rotational kinetic energy?

I have another doubt with a Kleppner problem :(. A thin plank of mass M and length l is pivoted at one end. The plank is released at 60$^{\circ}$ from the vertical. What is the magnitude and ...
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33 views

Relative wind velocity explanation - understanding Irodov problem 1.6

I am having trouble understanding the reasoning behind the solution in this Irodov General Physics problem. The problem is 1.6: 1.6. A ship moves along the equator to the east with velocity vo = ...
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What is the optimal weight for a golf ball?

I am 32 now, and have forgotten the basic physics formulas we used in school. I am sitting with a question that is bugging me. If I had to hit two golf balls of different weight with the same force, ...
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Is there a small enough planet or asteroid you can orbit by jumping?

I just had this idea of orbiting a planet just by jumping and then flying upon it on its orbit kind of like superman. So, Would it be theoretically possible or is there a chance of that small body to ...
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Elastic collision of point particle and rod

A 1 meter long rod on the ice with mass $m_2=1$ kg is perpendicularly hit on one end by a point particle with mass $m_1=0.1$ kg. The collision is elastic and the point particle is bounced back in ...
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Why does earth have a minimum orbital period?

Using the equation for Kepler's constant for Earth $K$: $$K = \frac{GM}{4\pi^2}$$ $$K = 1.01 \times 10^{13} \;\rm m^3/s^2$$ Finding time ($r = 6.4 \times 10^{6} \;\rm m$ (radius of Earth)): $$K = ...
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Energy needed for Superman to take off and fly at the speed of sound

I just watched "Man of Steel", and I'm wondering if my logic is correct. Let's assume Superman is 80 kg. The energy required to take off from the rest to reach the speed of sound in air (if I neglect ...
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52 views

Tension in string and gravitational force on bob relative strength

When calculating time period of simple pendulum (an approximation of SHM at small amplitudes) we take gravitational force greater than tension in string and resolve gravitational force in two ...
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1answer
45 views

Curve of a rod bent by force on both sides

Suppose we have a flexible rod (i.e. it can be bent without breaking apart) and we excert a force on both sides, like this: If the force $F$ is not exactly horizontal, the rod will be bent and form ...
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What is the physics of a spinning coin?

When we spin a coin on a table, we observe 2 things: It slows down and stops after sometime. It does not stay at just one point on the table but its point of contact with table changes with time. ...
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77 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
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Golf: spin direction resulting from striking out of the toe

If a golf club strikes the ball out of the centre of the club face with the club path on the target line through impact, and the face square to target, the ball will move towards the target with no ...
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How is work done by a system in static equilibrium? [duplicate]

For a little colour: this came from my wondering why fork-lifts are hydraulically driven, rather than electromechanically. My question is this: why is it that some systems, while in static ...
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Defy gravity torques with gyroscopes?

Context On the following drawing, a platform is hung from the ceiling not exactly from its centre of gravity. Because of this it can't sustain an arbitrary orientation for long; I want to increase ...
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How to calculate launch angle for tangentially launched satellites?

What is the value of theta for a satellite not falling back to the Earth if it is launched from the direction tangent to the surface of the Earth? I have found the escape velocity which is 11.18km/s, ...
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Why do we say that the earth moves around the sun?

In history we are taught that the Catholic Church was wrong, because the Sun does not move around the Earth, instead the Earth moves around the Sun. But then in physics we learn that movement is ...
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Apparent weight on a hill and in a ditch [closed]

first time posting. I'm trying to solve these 2 problems. I have a solutions I just don't know if I'm right...seems odd that they are the same answer... 1) If you are driving over a hill of ...
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Is it possible to prove that projectiles with drag will not travel in a parabola under the theory of classical mechanics?

Can you prove that projectiles will travel in a parabola, provided the acceleration due to gravity $g$ does not vary significantly along the trajectory? This should take air resistance into account. I ...
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118 views

Spontaneous motion in a wind tunnel

Suppose that a hollow truncated cone is placed in a wind tunnel with a steady wind speed $V$. The cone is placed in such a way that it's base of area $A_1$ faces the wind (rather than the other side ...
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1answer
151 views

Synchronizing Pendulums

Assume we have a frictionless pendulum of length $l$ with mass $m$. This pendulum hangs from some weightless contraption, which is itself bolted to a platform. This platform can move horizontally in ...
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How can we describe the trajectory of an object projected into a viscous fluid?

Can we quantitatively describe the motion of a particle inside a fluid? Let us consider the case when an object (say a sphere, so that stoke's law holds true) is projected into a fluid of viscosity ...
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What exactly are Hamiltonian Mechanics (and Lagrangian mechanics)

What exactly are Hamiltonian Mechanics (and Lagrangian mechanics)? I want to self-study QM, and I've heard from most people that Hamiltonian mechanics is a prereq. So I wikipedia'd it and the entry ...
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1answer
51 views

Converting Point Gradients to Rotational Representation

I'm a PhD student in an unrelated field. It's been a very long time since I've done physics, and I've run into a problem in my research which I think is actually a physics problem. Basically, I have ...
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Sailing against the wind. Is this a fair model?

I was ruminating the explanations about how boats can sail against the wind (or "into the wind"), and wondered if one could devise a simple mechanical model without hydrodynamics involved. Imagine a ...
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1answer
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How to calculate required energy to displace a pendulum?

How can one calculate the amount of energy needed to displace pendulum with given mass m and string length L to $\alpha$ degrees from resting position when acceleration due to gravity is known?
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When falling through the air, does swinging arms/legs actually help anything?

Let's say someone jumps off an Olympic-sized diving board into a pool below (so air resistance is negligible). As soon as they jump, they start swinging their arms. Does this help them stay upright ...
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Physical Role of Batter in Baseball

Physically, what is the role of a batter in baseball? My question is inspired by How does the speed of an incoming pitch affect the speed of a baseball after it's hit? The answer to that question, ...
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2answers
120 views

What is the mathematical definition of work?

I'm looking for the pure mathematical definition of work, but I haven't yet learned line integrals. My book says that the work due to a force ${\bf F}$ from point $A$ to point $B$ is $$ W= |AB|\cdot ...
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1answer
34 views

Calculate the weight that a hot air balloon can carry [closed]

Given a hot air balloon of radius 10 meters and negligible mass, calculate the maximum weight it can carry if the density of outside air is 1.2 $\frac{kg}{m^3}$ and the density of inside air is 0.9 ...
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1answer
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How can a reel of thread move in opposite direction?

There is a nice puzzle about reel of thread. I wonder why the solution works. The puzzle: You take a reel with threads on it. Inner radius r, outer radius R. You put it on a table. If you pull ...
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170 views

Potential energy of a rotating bar

I have a bar of length $L$, mass $m$, and negligible width. The bar can rotate along an axis through its center of mass (the rotation is in the $x$-$y$ plane), and also can move up and down (in the ...
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Kinematics question - Newton's Law of Motion [closed]

Question: Find the mass M of the hanging block in the following figure which will prevent the smaller block from slipping over the triangular block. All the surfaces are frictionless and the strings ...
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1answer
348 views

How does my kitchen scale know I'm holding it?

If I switch on my electronic kitchen scale while it's on the table, it reads 0 grams. If I pick it up, it reads around -500 grams. Conversely if I switch it on in my hand it tares to 0g and then reads ...
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Is acceleration quadratic or linear outside of a gravity field? [duplicate]

So as I understand it: If you hit a wall at twice the speed you hit four times as hard? I often ask people this and everyone says "at twice the speed you hit twice as hard". $K=\frac{1}{2}mv^2$ is ...
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Compressilibility and the form of Newton's second law in fluid mechanics

In deriving Euler's equations for fluid mechanics, in particular $$f=\rho \partial_t v +\rho v\cdot \nabla v$$ for some body force $f$ (e.g Landau & Lifschitz 2.3) one assumes the continuity ...
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Period of pendulum in falling lift

A simple pendulum suspended from the ceiling of a stationary lift has period $T_0$. When the lift descends at steady speed, the period is $T_1$. When the lift descends with constant downward ...
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Figuring out the time period of an Atwood system

SO I was working on Atwoods, when I came up with the following problem, It is more complicated but i should understand this simpler scenario first. As shown in the diagram above, (Atwood machine), ...
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Why is torque not measured in Joules?

Recently, I was doing my homework and I found out that Torque can be calculated using $\tau = rF$. This means the units of torque are Newton meters. Energy is also measured in Newton meters which are ...
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What force does a tall building exert on air?

I once heard that a tall building, let's say 10 stories, actually causes wind to blow by virtue of simply existing. It also was said that is why metropolitan downtown areas tend to be windy. What are ...