Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Work-Energy Problem

A wire, which passes through the hole in a small bead, is bent in the form of quarter of a circle. The wire is fixed vertically on ground as shown in the figure. The bead is released from near the top ...
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0answers
40 views

The physics of an anvil [closed]

I am trying to understand how an anvil might best be made. An anvil requires two essential characteristics: enough hardness to not be deformed under the blows of the hammer, but as little rebound and ...
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0answers
50 views

What is the path taken by a “cable car”?

A well known result in variational calculus & Lagrangian Mechanics is the solution to the "brachistochrone" problem, where it is found the path connecting two points, A & B such that the time ...
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1answer
56 views

Massless rope in a pulley pulled by a person

A massless rope passes through a pulley. On each end of the pulley there is a different mass (object). A person grips one of the masses and thus the system comes to equilibrium. How would you ...
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2answers
129 views

Conservation of momentum and conservation of energy

I had the impression that conservation of momentum is valid only when we consider no loss of kinetic energy into heat etc. My tutor says that even if we have loss of kinetic energy as heat in a ...
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4answers
405 views

What will be final velocity of three charges $q$, $q$, $2q$? [closed]

What will be final velocity of three charges q, q and 2q kept along an equilateral triangle of side r at infinite distance. All three masses are equal. I tried to conserve Total Energy ...
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1answer
42 views

a problem on circular motion [closed]

Question:A cyclist is riding with a speed of $7.5$ m/s. As he approaches a circular turn on the road of radius $80m$, he applies brakes and reduces his speed at the constant rate of $0.50$ m/s every ...
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3answers
89 views

Direction of velocity and acceleration for a pendulum [duplicate]

The image below shows the direction between acceleration and velocity change with time. But it seems to me that the direction is not opposite. Can you please see and tell if this is correct?
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2answers
43 views

Objects and forces: air resistance

A force always works between two objects. When we are talking about air resistance acting on a skydiver for example, would air be considered the second objects besides the skydiver?
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3answers
65 views

Conditions for the tension to vary in the rope

What are the conditions for the tension to vary in the rope. I have read below conditions 1. rope has to have some mass 2. rope is accelerating I get the 1st ...
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2answers
43 views

Tension in the string

In the following diagram, what's the force that's acting on m, the Tension in the string? There is no friction between M and the ground but there is between m and M and I need to find the minimum ...
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3answers
104 views

What is the difference between these two springs?

I know that the stifness of the following springs are different. But how to find their spring constant? I think that one has the tension force is fully transmitted along the solid (but is it ...
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1answer
68 views

Does this count as a proper derivation of the formula for work and kinetic energy? [closed]

$v_{av}$ = average velocity, $d$= distance, $a$ = acceleration, $m$ = mass Given: $$v_{av}*t=d$$ $$t=\frac{v_f-v_i}{a}$$ $$v_{av}=\frac{v_f+v_i}{2}$$ Then: $$\frac{v_f+v_i}{2}*\frac{v_f-v_i}{a}=d$$ ...
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0answers
64 views

Eigenfrequencies of a truss

I want to calculate the eigenfrequencies of a 3D truss using the finite element method. The beams should be modelled as Timoshenko beams and I want to use arbitrary shape functions. I know how ...
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3answers
41 views

Effect of internal force on the weight of an object

A man is holding a closed cage on the palm of his hand with a bird in it. When the bird flies with an upward acceleration inside the cage, it feels heavier. But the force due to the bird in the cage ...
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1answer
87 views

Boeing 737 Homework Problem [closed]

I have done the above problem, but have come out with a rather large surface area. Could someone point out my mistake(s)? Given/Assumptions: I assume $\sum F_y=0$ because it's level and straight. ...
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0answers
29 views

What forces act on a caravan being towed by a car? [closed]

What forces act on a caravan that is being towed by a car? How does this compare to a simple car travelling at a constant speed?
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1answer
51 views

Relationship $v_A^2-v_B^2=2a_t\Delta s $ for motion with constant tangential acceleration [closed]

I can not understand a relationship in the general motion in the plane. I am considering a point, which follows a curved trajectory. Indicate A and B two different position of the trajectory and $v_A$ ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Particle sliding down frictionless hemisphere on frictionless surface

http://web.physics.harvard.edu/uploads/files/undergrad/probweek/prob87.pdf http://web.physics.harvard.edu/uploads/files/undergrad/probweek/sol87.pdf The problem and the suggested solution are in the ...
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1answer
201 views

To prove uniqueness of the rotation tensor associated with rotation of a rigid body

Suppose there are $N$ particles embedded in a rigid body which undergoes some random rotation such that: $$ \overline{\overline {R}}_{ij} \otimes \vec{a}_{ij} = \vec{b}_{ij}$$ where, $i$ and ...
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2answers
143 views

Tension in string of two pulleys suspending two masses

There is a system composed a rope connecting two identical masses, each of mass $m$, suspended by two fixed pulleys. The system is in a static equilibrium. In between the pulleys, there is a tension ...
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0answers
28 views

Minimum energy transfer orbit for n-body system

Is it possible, in principle, to calculate a minimum energy transfer orbit between any two bodies in an n-body system? Even if one specifies a maximum elapsed time? My intuition is that, except in ...
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2answers
49 views

Magnitude of Tension: Circular Motion [closed]

Please consider the following: A tennis ball connected to a string is spun around in a vertical, circular path at a uniform speed. The ball has a mass m = 0.165 kg and moves at v = 4.76 m/s. The ...
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2answers
41 views

Static Equilibrium [closed]

A 3 Newton force and a 4 Newton force are acting concurrently on a point. Which force could not produce equilibrium with these two forces? 1N 7N 9N 4N I'm confused. The book I'm looking at says ...
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1answer
52 views

Calculating post-collision velocity [closed]

Consider two persons $p1$ and $p2$ of the same mass , such that they are together moving rightward with a velocity of $v/2$ Now person $p1$ pushes $p2$ in the left direction. According to newton's ...
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2answers
81 views

When a ball bounces on a wall at an angle, why does the angle of incidence equal angle of reflection?

When a ball is thrown to a wall without spin and bounces, supposing it's an elastic collision, why does the angle of incidence equal the angle "reflection" (relatively to the normal), why isn't it any ...
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1answer
64 views

$16~\rm N/mm^2$ flexural strength

This question more relates to construction and architecture but I am sure it will not be the problem to ask and get a good answer here. If we have declared flexural strength of concrete of 16 N/mm2, ...
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1answer
96 views

The equation for average impact force over distance traveled/penetrated equals work done/change in kinetic energy [closed]

So the equation Favg * d = Work or change in kinetic energy, is this true? If a car crashes into a tree by 1 meter with 10000 joules, is the impact force on the car 10000 Newtons? If a bullet ...
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0answers
15 views

wind force necessary to move large garbage bag on ground--snow covered and grass [closed]

I am wondering what handy reference figure in mph in the wind (with and without gusts) is prudent in whether to put put a 30 gallon plastic bag of standard garbage or not?? I live alone and often only ...
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0answers
85 views

Simple powertrain dynamics

I'm trying to simulate vehicle powertrain and having problems at calculating correct impulse at the wheel. Here's what I have. Gear Ratio There are two gear ratio in the system $N_g$: ...
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1answer
22 views

Why, here, the torque with respect to bob is zero?

here, as you see, is a diagram of a pendulum with moving pivot along x-y surface. This picture was obtained from a journal in which this equation was written: $$F_x l \cos\theta = F_y l \sin\theta ...
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1answer
72 views

What happens when one uses a blender in zero gravity?

I was recently told by a friend that using a blender type apparatus in a zero gravity environment will act like a centrifuge instead mixing properly. Is this the case? Furthermore, can anyone provide ...
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1answer
47 views

Why the force acting on a particle is the negative gradient of a scalar potential? [closed]

For conservative forces we can proof that it is a gradient of a scalar potential, but why we use the negative sign? In every book I searched, it said that it is like an agreement between physicists, ...
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0answers
13 views

Understanding the inertia matrix of a tilted ellipse

I would like to control the rotation of an ellipse which is tilted by 45° with respect to the rotation axis, and I need to calculate the inertia of the load on the shaft. To be clear, on this figure I ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Projectiles on inclined planes with coefficient of restitution [closed]

This is the problem I am currently attempting. So far, I've resolved the velocity parallel and perpendicular to the plane to get, perpendicular: $u \sin \theta$ upon launch and $-u\sin \theta$ on ...
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1answer
57 views

What causes the skidding of the wheels of a moving car? Momentum or inertia?

In a moving car, when brakes are applied suddenly the wheels skid.I have these two explanations in my mind and both seems correct to me.1. The momentum of the car must be conserved so the car ...
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4answers
145 views

Physics newb: Why can't I plug $E=mc^{2}$ into $W=mg$?

Starting with $E=mc^{2}$, I solved for $m$ and plugged the result into $W=mg$. Which was very confusing, as objects at rest had no weight: $$W = (e/c²)\cdot g \implies W = (0/c²)\cdot g \implies W ...
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0answers
20 views

How to efficiently cool down simulated gas by time-dependent potential?

I'm trying to simulate condensation of a highly diluted gas (a model gas, not any real one). For simplicity I restrict the simulation to 2 dimensions. To setup the simulation I take some interparticle ...
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1answer
92 views

Acceleration in a non-inertial reference frame

I have a conceptual doubt on the relation about the acceleration in a non inertial system. To explain the doubt without misunderstanding, I'm going to write the text of an exercise: A platform ...
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1answer
51 views

Couple of questions about Gravitational field of an infinite plane

Is it possible to find the gravitationaal field without using infinite integrals or Gauss's law? I would like to know if so because I haven't learnt doing infinite integrals or using Gauss's law yet. ...
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0answers
38 views

Does energy transmission depend on the speed of incoming particle?

Since a few past days , I am struggling with finding an in depth atomic model of force exchange between colliding paricles (originally newtons third law) , because at this point of time i am unable to ...
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0answers
28 views

Is there a way to find the optimal angle to launch an object to get maximum distance when there is an initial height? (Projectile motion) [duplicate]

I know that the optimal angle to launch an object at ground level is 45 degrees; however, i want to know that if there is anyway to get the optimal angle to launch an object to get the maximum ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Generation of artificial gravity by rotation

I have been trying hard to understand how Artificial Gravity is produced by Rotating a satellite around its own axis. Thus far, I have understood (probably wrong) that as a satellite is spun, walls ...
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2answers
54 views

Question about Kinetic Energy and Force acting on a body

Below is the graph of a body that rests on a friction-less flat surface. On this body force F is applied and it's value is being depicted in the graph below. We can see that the body moves from point ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Nail clippers and conservation of momentum

As I clip my fingernails using nail clippers, pieces of nails sometimes fly off violently, reaching the other end of the room. What's happening in terms of conservation of momentum, how are the pieces ...
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1answer
48 views

Predicting contact time and COR (coeff of restitution) for a cricket ball and pitch

For real world application, COR --> Bounce produced by pitch, for both spinners & seamers; Contact time --> grip provided by pitch, mainly for spinners Assuming cricket ball to be a sphere and ...
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2answers
110 views

Motion of an object in a moving car and collison

I came across an interesting question today at work. 'Imagine traveling in a car. The passenger has a glass bottle in their hand. In which direction relative to the moving car should the passenger ...
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1answer
92 views

conservation of momentum? [closed]

At hyperphysics I got this image, with the same description in text as is in this image It says that when a massive particle (say $A$) moving with a velocity collides with an object having a ...
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0answers
31 views

Centrifugal Force vs Motion (inertia)

Could centrifugal force be appropriately described as motion (inertia)--rather than an (imaginary) force? Could such a change of perspective eliminate much of the common confusion?
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1answer
73 views

Calculating force in different scenarios

Consider below two scenarios in which there is a requirement to measure force: Person(70kg) moving in a car(with velocity=50m/s), applies break, Airbag opens and person comes to rest in time=10s. ...