Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Reference request for motion & related topics [duplicate]

I'm starting a Robotics course at grad school and I could use some help to relearn and revise my concepts in the following topics : Kinematics Rigid Body Dynamics Rotational Motion and Linear ...
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3answers
305 views

Physical plausibility of the Inverted Pyramid puzzle [closed]

The inverted pyramid puzzle has the following premises: A giant inverted steel pyramid is perfectly balanced on its point. Any movement of the pyramid will cause it to topple over. Underneath ...
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2answers
95 views

Acceleration at two points on a rigid body

The rod AB is falling while sliding on the friction-less wall and the floor. I need to find the acceleration of the points A and B. I am sure that the point A is freely falling, so its acceleration ...
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1answer
80 views

Angular Velocity after a frictional impulse

I am modelling 2D physics collision into simulations. In Physics for Game Programmers, Grant Palmer book, the velocity Vn1 after collision is mentioned to be independent of the friction coeff. ...
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4answers
186 views

Does car lose kinetic energy when turning?

I am writing simple car simulation. Assume non friction, then in straight line the car doesn't lose speed. But what if the car is turning, there should be some kinetic energy loses to change the ...
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1answer
59 views

Some subtleties in direction of drag force

Consider a body released from a height $h$ and assume a drag force is linearly proportional to the velocity. Then by Newton's Second Law, $$m\mathbf{\dot{v}} = \mathbf{F_g} + \mathbf{F_{drag}} = ...
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3answers
93 views

How was this formula in my textbook was derived?

How is this formula derived (it is present in one of the hundred pages of my textbook about physics and fundamental physics) In the case of a system of particles $P_i$, $i = 1, …, n$, each with mass ...
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2answers
200 views

Does Newton's third law of motion fail anywhere?

Does Newton's third law of motion fail anywhere, including particle physics and other advanced topics?
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2answers
155 views

2 bodies separated by a rope [closed]

Say you have two bodies connected by a "weightless" rope, one hanging from a ledge on a pulley (classic pulley problem). If the body that is on the surface and being pulled by the object hanging ...
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2answers
87 views

Find the elongation in the wire [closed]

Two wires of diameter 0.25 cm, one made of steel and the other made of brass are loaded as shown in fig. The unloaded length of steel wire is 1.5 m and that of brass wire is 1.0 m. Compute the ...
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2answers
64 views

Can we feel our own weight (can we feel normal reaction)?

If we place something on our head, we can feel it's weight pushing us down. But we ourselves apply normal reaction which balances the weight of the object and stops it from actually pushing us down. ...
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2answers
796 views

Non-Constant Acceleration due to Gravity

Recently, I had the first physics lab for my university physics course. This lab was fairly simple, as we were merely using a computer and a distance sensor to graph the position, velocity, and ...
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2answers
196 views

Energy transfer in elastic collision [duplicate]

In a given reference frame where object 1 (with known mass and velocity) collides elastically with object 2 (with known mass and velocity), can we identify which object loses kinetic energy? Is it ...
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1answer
82 views

What is the constant $K_1$ in these orbital equations?

I want to compute the derivatives of argument of periapsis and longitude of the ascending node of the orbit of a GPS satellite from the following formula. $$\frac{d\Omega}{dt} = -K \cos{i} \\ ...
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2answers
3k views

Perfectly centered break of a perfectly aligned pool ball rack

Imagine the beginning of a game of pool, you have 16 balls, 15 of them in a triangle <| and 1 of them being the cue ball off to the left of that triangle. Imagine that the rack (the 15 balls in a ...
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3answers
333 views

Is the second law of thermodynamics a fundamental law, or does it emerge from other laws?

My question is basically this. Is the second law of thermodynamics a fundamental, basic law of physics, or does it emerge from more fundamental laws? Let's say I was to write a massive computer ...
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1answer
219 views

Proof for torque=force*perpendicular distance to line of action of force [closed]

I want to derive from first principles the proof for magnitude of torque about a point O = perpendicular distance from O to the line of action of the force * magnitude of the force. I want to derive ...
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3answers
885 views

What is difference between Acceleration due to gravity and Gravitational field intensity near the Earth Surface?

I have read in so many standard books that Gravitational field intensity near the earth surface and acceleration due to gravity near the earth surface are Two Different physical quantities with same ...
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1answer
195 views

Pseudo Force Other Than Centrifugal Force In A Rotating Frame

I read in HC Verma that if we are observing the motion of a body from a rotating frame and the body under the observation is NOT in motion with respect to our frame than centrifugal force is the ...
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4answers
171 views

What is difference between Inertial mass and gravitational mass [duplicate]

I recently read that the mass we deal with in Equation $F=Ma$ is called inertial mass and the mass we deal with in $F=Mg$ is gravitational mass. Suppose I am taking a same ball in a free fall and in ...
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1answer
252 views

Simple Harmonic Motion Question - Block on Platform [closed]

A platform is executing SHM in a vertical direction with an amplitude of $5$ cm and a frequency of $\frac{10}{\pi}$ vibrations per second. A block is placed on the platform at the lowest point of its ...
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2answers
185 views

Tension in string due to surface tension

Suppose you take a loop of string and place it on the surface of a liquid, the string should become taut due to surface tension. How would you be able to calculate the tension in the loop of string? ...
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10answers
7k views

Why is acceleration expressed as m/s/s?

I'm a philosophy student (I, regrettably, don't know calculus or much physics). Last year I spent some time learning how work, power, speed, velocity, energy, force, and acceleration relate. But I was ...
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0answers
67 views

Travel time in elliptical orbit around the sun

Hi I'm calculating a problem, and I think it ought to be correct - but the result I get isn't. The problem is described as follow: A spacecraft is traveling from Earth to Venus in an elliptical, ...
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2answers
45 views

A Kinematics Problem [closed]

Problem: From the top of a building of height h = 100 m I throw a stone up with velocity 10 m/s. What is the maximum height it reaches, and when does this occur? First I solved for $h_{max}$, ...
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2answers
237 views

Does Galileo's Tower of Pisa argument contradict quantum mechanics?

(My questions are at the end, but they may not mean much without explanation below.) Galileo argued that because the mass of a falling object can always be redistributed in ways that asymptotically ...
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2answers
41 views

Why turning velocity of star towards point “A” makes it's satelites, change their apoapsis to side opposite of velocity vector?

Why turning velocity of star towards point "A" makes it's satelites, change their apoapsis to side opposite of velocity vector? Sentence above turned a bit crazy or not understandable (possible ...
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1answer
65 views

Forces: why are the theta's equal?

I found this figure in my physics book, the task says that the incline got a angle of theta. How do figure out that the gravity and the y-axis got the same angle as the incline? There is no ...
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0answers
58 views

Why does a floating balloon in an accelerated train moves forward but the pendulum moves backward? [duplicate]

If we bring a floating balloon in a accelerated train, the balloon will move forward in the same direction as the acceleration as shown in the following figure. However if a pendulum is hung on ...
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0answers
62 views

Vector Derivative Transport Theorem Application

I have a position vector in frame A, the derivative of which I want to take relative to an observer in frame B. I apply the Vector Derivative Transport Theorem. The obtained velocity vector is left in ...
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1answer
117 views

Determine orbital position after change in velocity

I am working on a satellite simulator for a project/game and I am stuck on this one bit of physics. So far I have a satellite that revolves around earth on a 2D plane following Keplerian motion using ...
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4answers
128 views

Centre of instantaneous rotation problem

Is there a point of Centre of Instantaneous Rotation (CIR) for every type of motion or only for cases of rolling?
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1answer
398 views

Is it possible to find the coefficient of friction without frictional force? [closed]

I am working on the following problem: The braking acceleration for a car based on data in a driver’s handbook is –12.2 m/s2. If the car has a mass of 925 kg, find the frictional force and state the ...
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1answer
67 views

What is the frictional force of this car? [closed]

The breaking acceleration for a car is $-12.2\frac{m}{s^2}$. The car has a mass of 925kg. I want to find the frictional force. Here is what I have so far: $$\Sigma\vec{F} = m\vec{a}$$ $$\Sigma\vec{F} ...
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1answer
178 views

Calculating angle of projectile motion [closed]

I realize that similar questions have been asked but I'd like to put my problem here and what I have to make sure everything is right. So my problem is: I've got a rock $2.5$ meters above the ground ...
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2answers
293 views

How energy conservation is not violated here?

If I lift a book of mass $m$ from the ground and put it at height $h$,then initial and final energies with respect to ground are 0 and $mgh$ respectively. So how energy is conserved here?
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2answers
142 views

Difference between the two equations for acceleration

I came upon this while studying S.H.M. Well,is there a difference between writing $$a=\frac{dv}{dt}\;$$ and $$a=v\frac{dv}{dx}\;$$ do they differ on the basis of one being a vector and the other ...
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1answer
106 views

A variable mass system (cart of sand with a hole)

Imagine we have a frictionless semicircular skateboard ramp and we release a cart filled with sand from one edge of the ramp. The cart has a hole and it loses sand at a constant rate. My question is ...
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1answer
105 views

Parametric equations in ballistics

while studying some material on ballistic trajectories (the basic gravity-only parabola), I've tried to come up with closed-form expressions for another case, where in addition to gravity we add a ...
2
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1answer
65 views

HOMEWORK: Minimum angle to start the mop moving [closed]

Situation: I'm a janitor who wants to clean the floor with a mop. I need to find a minimum angle theta so that the mop starts moving. First, I constructed the Newton's equations: $$ma_x = ...
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1answer
161 views

Toppling of a cylinder on a block

A uniform cylinder rests on a cart.The height and diameter is given.coefficient of static friction is given.How can i find the minimum acceleration of block such that the block topples? Morever what ...
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1answer
76 views

Does rotation cause gravity?

I want to ask that what causes gravity. My opinion is that it is the rotation that causes gravity, when we see a whirlpool in water it takes anything that comes near to it in to the center of it. I ...
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3answers
135 views

Law of attraction

Could you please explain that since we know Newton's law of Universal Gravitation says all masses attract each other. Thus, we humans should be attracted as well or any other daily life objects. Why ...
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2answers
377 views

Effect on length of day as the polar ice caps melt

If the polar ice caps of the earth melt, how will the length of the day be affected?
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2answers
59 views

Position with respect to time with friction

I'm interested in equations of motion when friction is present for a little graphical side project I am working on. I'm really rusty with physics, so I apologize if this is a basic question or doesn't ...
2
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1answer
215 views

How do I convert tangential speed to angular speed in an elliptic orbit?

I am running an animation of a satellite in an elliptic orbit (defined by a parametric equation for $x$ and $y$ as a function of $t$) and want to make sure the spacecraft is traveling at the right ...
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4answers
141 views

Work and its nature?

Suppose we have a constant force $\overrightarrow{F}$ and in the direction of force we have 2 point $x_1$ and $x_2$ in that order. And we have to calculate work done on moving frok $x_1$ to $x_2$ and ...
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2answers
116 views

What is use of inertial frames

In class of Newton's laws of motion, it was explained that Newton's second law is valid only in inertial frames. Teacher give us a example by considering a lift which is going downwards with ...
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1answer
144 views

How can I calculate the time until collision?

I'm programming a 1 dimensional physics simulator in python. How do I calculate the amount of time until two particle points that are traveling towards eachother collide? I am using the equation: ...
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2answers
299 views

Direction of force of friction?

I know that friction opposes the direction of the velocity, but the problem is when I don't know what the direction of the velocity is. When I'm drawing a FBD for complex systems with ramps and ...