Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Newton's 3rd law [closed]

So i read this in some article on the net Consider a boy is standing at distance of 10 metres from the wall. Boy holds a rubber ball and cloth ball in his hands. Firstly, the boy throws rubber ...
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2answers
168 views

Moment of inertia around two axes

In the this chapter of an online pdf we are given an equation for the deflection of a beam: $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}=\frac{\overline{M}}{E I}$$ where $E$ is the modulus of elasticity, $\overline{M}$ is the ...
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47 views

What is the work done by friction on an arbitrary curve? [closed]

Here is the question, I have a particle with mass of $m$ moving on an arbitrary curve $y=y(x)$ with friction coefficient $\mu$. Force $F$ is applied to the particle with the equation, $\vec{F}= ...
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1answer
157 views

How do we know the Earth orbits around the Sun and not the other way around? [duplicate]

I know that describing the trajectory of all planets in the solar system around the Earth is much more complicated than if we take the Sun as the reference point. But besides this, what is the ...
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1answer
153 views

Period of small oscillations [duplicate]

A light elastic string is stretched between two points, one lying vertically below the other. A particle is attached to the mid-point of the string, causing it to sink a distance h. Assuming that ...
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2answers
129 views

Does anti-lock braking system (ABS) perform reverse rotation sometimes?

In cartoons we can see, how vehicles brake by rotating wheels reverse. Will this be helpful sometimes in real situations? I know that the main tactics of ABS is to maintain tractive contact. But may ...
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5answers
211 views

Motivation for form of Lagrangian

This question (in lagrangian mechanics) might be silly, but why is the Lagrangian L defined as: $L = T - V$? I understand that the total mechanical energy of an isolated system is conserved, and that ...
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0answers
136 views

How forces are in this shape? [closed]

I consider friction at zero. No gravity here. It's a theoretical problem. I placed some compressible balls in a volume like this: The volume is fixed. Balls can't escape. Balls are considered like ...
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4answers
279 views

When is “Inertia” Negligible?

I have started to read Strogatz's Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos and I have come across an interesting bit. He states certain damped oscillators may be modeled as having no inertia term, I.E. $$m ...
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2answers
119 views

Under what conditions, will a projectile motion follow a half circle?

What came to my mind is to throw an object far from the earth with a particular speed equal to $$V_{sat}=\sqrt{\frac{G\times M_{central}}{R}}$$like satellites. However, it would follow a full circle.
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1answer
130 views

Change in weight by the change in mass of Earth and its radius [closed]

If the mass of Earth is four-times bigger, and the radius of Earth is two-times smaller, what would be my new weight compared to my current weight?
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0answers
346 views

Work, Energy, Power, Force question [closed]

Question: 3 boys push a small car 25 m up a hill inclined at 19° to the horizontal. The car has a weight of 860 N and they push it at a steady speed of 0.5 m s-1 against an opposing force of friction ...
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2answers
374 views

Mass-spring system on an incline

I am reviewing for an exam next week, and this is one of the questions I am stuck on. I have the mass-spring system above with spring constant $k$ on a frictionless incline. I would like to find the ...
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1answer
216 views

Artificial Gravity [closed]

Consider a structure that is in the shape as shown below rotating about an axis through its middle perpendicular to the long axis in order to provide artificial gravity. What would an ...
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3answers
182 views

Does unitarity imply conservation of energy?

Not too long ago, someone began to discuss the thinking and motivation behind the Lagrangian and its formalism for the Newtonian framework and an intuitive understanding of such formalism. Somehow, it ...
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0answers
73 views

Planatary motion of newtonian force [closed]

According to the Newtons gravity we can write, $$\vec F = \frac{\hat r_{12} G m_1 m_2 }{r_{12}^2}$$ and we are well known that this law satisfies the planetary motions. What changes will we see if we ...
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1answer
56 views

Evaluating $v$ for orbiting a golfball [closed]

The curvature of Mars is such that its surface drops a vertical distance of 2.0 meters for every 3600 meters tangent to the surface. In addition, the gravitational acceleration near its surface ...
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1answer
54 views

Calculating back-reaction forces for an ensemble of slowly moving, classical charges

Suppose you have a set of charges that are Newtonian (not quantum and not fast-moving) point particles. They are subject to known (but not necessarily constant) external forces ($F_{ext}$), as well as ...
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1answer
3k views

Rope tension between two objects [closed]

Let me explain the picture just to make sure. Object with mass 2 kg is being pulled with a force of F = 14.4 N. The whole system has an acceleration of a = 2.8 m/s^2. The friction coefficient ...
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0answers
425 views

elastic potential energy of a spring when compressed [closed]

A small ball with a mass of 1 kg rolls down a long frictionless inclined ramp, which is at an angle 30 degrees above the horizon. A linear spring, whose length is not negligible, is attached to the ...
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1answer
156 views

Determine if an object is in orbit

I am planning on doing a space simulation program with full physics and as part of a hack to avoid too many issues with number precision I was going to switch orbiting objects to a calculated orbit ...
2
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1answer
439 views

Can the velocity of the center of mass of two spheres change after a collision?

I'm curious as to whether or not the velocity of the center of mass of a system comprised of two spheres can change after the two spheres collide. Looking at the equation for the velocity of the ...
5
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2answers
185 views

Normal force of ball sliding on concave surface

Imagine a ball is sliding along a surface shaped like $y=x^2$. Like , but please ignore the fact that the center of the ball is on the surface instead of the edge. When the ball is stationary, I can ...
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3answers
206 views

Does Newton's first law state something substantive, or is it merely describing a convention?

Newton's first law is often said to define what an inertial frame is - namely, a reference frame in which a body not acted on by a force will move with constant velocity. In other words, a frame where ...
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1answer
111 views

Forces on a helical screw?

The common screws which we use, are right handed helices, the simplest parametric equations of which are:- $$x(s)=\cos(s),y(s)=\sin(s),z(s)=s$$, with $z$-axis as the axis of the helix. My question ...
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3answers
254 views

Explanation of homogeneity of space and time by giving examples?

while reading landau lifshitz i came across these three terms:- homogeneity of space. homogeneity of time. isotropy of time. it will be a great help for me if someone can explain it to me by ...
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1answer
3k views

String tension in vertical circular motion

Suppose that I have a point mass attached to a massless string and I am rotating it vertically. That means The mass is in uniform circular motion and the path of its motion is vertical circle. How ...
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1answer
47 views

Impulse Response and Linearity

Lately in my physics class (2nd-year undergraduate) we've been learning about the impulse response of systems and using Green's Functions to model the response of a system to more complicated input ...
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1answer
118 views

Does angular momentum conservation imply that angular momentum $J$ is parallel to angular velocity $\omega$?

In other words, does $\frac{dJ}{dt} =0$ imply $J \times \omega =0$? Counterexamples or proofs would be helpful! EDIT: This question originally asked if $\frac{dJ}{dt} =0 \Leftrightarrow J \times ...
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3answers
220 views

conservation of momentum when a bullet hits a block

why momentum is conserved when a bullet hit a block horizontally even when force of bullet is acting on it and net external force is not zero ?
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1answer
403 views

Moment of Inertia and Rotational Dynamics? [closed]

I'm having problems with the intuition behind the Parallel axis theorem and the Perpendicular axis theorem. I'm self studying Mechanics for the British Curriculum but, the book I've is missing the ...
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1answer
205 views

Question regarding mass hanging from center edge of rotating disc

So, say you have a free to rotate disc, assuming no external torques, and you have a spool, radius 7.93 mm, attached to its centre. Say the spool has a string attached to a point on its edge and ...
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1answer
83 views

How can contact force and gravitational pull be a Newton Pair?

Just a little background before I present my question - I am a Psychology graduate looking to move into Neuroscience so I'm going through some Physics to learn more about this topic as it is relevant ...
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1answer
122 views

What forces are exerted on a clothespin in space?

Let's say a clothespin is modeled as a simple torsion spring as follows. Given: $p_1,\ p_2,\ p_3$: point-like objects of equal mass in 2-D space. All objects float in space, i.e. the center of mass ...
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2answers
314 views

How can you solve this “paradox”? Central potential

A mass of point performs an effectively 1-dimensional motion in the radial coordinate. If we use the conservation of angular momentum, the centrifugal potential should be added to the original one. ...
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0answers
108 views

Density distribution of gas in a centrifugal field

The problem asks me to find the density of gas in a cylinder of radius $R$ and length $l$ rotating about its axis with angular velocity $ω$, there being a total of $N$ molecules in the cylinder. What ...
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2answers
115 views

Distance travelled in spaceship Newton vs Einstein

If you get in the canonical 1G windowless spaceship and accelerate for 5 years as determined by your trusty wristwatch, then decelerate for 5 years, then decide its time to see where you are would the ...
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0answers
104 views

Torque on object [closed]

I would like to understand why the torque on white object is 0. I know gravitational forces are very low. But the torque must be at 0. I drawn all the study in first image. Blue color is a torus of ...
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3answers
99 views

$P\sin(\alpha)$ and not $\sin(\alpha)/P$?

Why is the force parallel to the surface that pushes the object $P \sin(\alpha)$ and not $\frac{\sin(\alpha)}{P}$? I didn't understand when they showed me it. can someone give me an answer in full ...
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3answers
2k views

Vertical and horizontal components of forces and vectors

I'm getting a bit confused when finding components of vectors and forces. In problems for vectors, I've always known that if you want to get the components of a vector, you would use the following: ...
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2answers
138 views

Spring force vs Spring Potential Energy?

Which strategy should I use to approach a problem? Sometimes I'll use $U= 1/2kx^2$ when I should use $F=-kx$ and vice versa. What are clues in a problem that would let me identify the correct approach ...
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1answer
51 views

Reciprocating vs. rotating machines

Why is the RPM achieved on a reciprocating machine in general lesser than that obtained in a rotating machine? For example, an IC engine typically provides an RPM of about 2500 while a turbine can go ...
2
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1answer
446 views

Deriving D'Alembert's Principle

The wiki article states that D'Alembert's Principle cannot derived from Newton's Laws alone and must stated as a postulate. Can someone explain why this is? It seems to me a rather obvious principle.
2
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1answer
208 views

Work done by a variable force [closed]

The question asks to find the work done by the force $\mathbf{F(t)}=(4\mathbf{i}+12t^2\mathbf{j})N$ in the time interval $0\leq{t}\leq{1}$ on a particle of mass $4kg$, however I am not sure my working ...
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2answers
231 views

Explain what happens to object in lift [closed]

In the following image,three cases have been mentioned. $N$ is the normal force acting on the object inside the lift and $mg$ is the force of attraction due to gravity. In case 1, $N = mg$. In case ...
-1
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1answer
158 views

Walking and Friction

If walking is a result of the reaction to a kick backwards to the ground (reaction being friction), it appears that it should be true that the kick will have to be less than the kinetic friction ...
5
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2answers
126 views

Does a large uncertainty in a given value justify a large uncertainty in the result?

I'm working on a pre-lab for my Physics 1 lab session, and I had a debate with the person I carpool with (who is taking the algebra-based Physics 1 lab). We seem to be unsure about uncertainties, and ...
3
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1answer
283 views

Where do the equations for resistive force come from?

I've been watching MIT's Walter Lewin physics lectures. In lecture 12, Lewin pulls, out of nowhere, a couple of equations regarding resistive/drag forces in fluids: $$\begin{align} \vec{F_{res}} ...
4
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2answers
142 views

Does $y$-motion really have nothing to do with $x$-motion?

I am watching a Physics 1 for physical science majors on coursera.com, and in one of the concept tests there is a question that goes like this; "A bullet is fired horizontally from a rifle on the Moon ...
2
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1answer
174 views

Terminal Velocity Question [closed]

Question: A ball of mass m is thrown vertically upward with initial velocity $v_0$. Air resistance is proportional to the square of the velocity. If the terminal velocity of the ball is $v_t$, show ...