Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Calculating Inertia Tensor with Parallel Axis Theorem

Say you have a solid you are approximating as n point masses at different points in a 3D space. Each point mass has a mass of 1. The origin is not the center of mass. All the points have location ...
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73 views

Block on block with friction [closed]

I couldn't find a similar question here - I'm guessing because it's kind of elementary. Lets say we have two blocks, $B_1$ and $B_2$, of mass $m_1$ and $m_2$ (respectively), where $B_1$ is directly ...
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80 views

More on the closed-form for a simple pendulum

I've learnt about the simple pendulum, and while the regular curriculum only uses the linear approximation of $\sin\theta$ to obtain $\ddot\theta+\omega_0^{2}\theta=0$. I tried to find out about a ...
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2answers
51 views

Acceleration of chairlift [closed]

So I'm struggling with this question, and am wondering if anyone can give me the right direction to go. For the sake of not cheating, I've changed the figures etc. I just need help on the approach. I ...
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16 views

friction on a solid body due to another solid body

Suppose we have a block A and is moving on a rough horizontal surface with a velocity 60 m/s and another block B of same mass moving with velocity 5 m/s on same horizontal surface and suppose they ...
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23 views

An easy source to understand classical dynamics — Rigid body Rotation [duplicate]

I've been having an extremely hard time at understanding rigid body rotation. The source that I'm currently studying from has been suggested by 't Hooft on his webpage. It's by Richard Fitzpatrick. ...
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1answer
55 views

What forces are involved in this situation?

A old massless rope of 12 meters attached to a ceiling can sustain a maximum tension force of 1200N before breaking. An 85 kg person climbs up the rope. What is the minimum possible time in which ...
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59 views

Free fall from space [duplicate]

If you leave a ball weighing 10 kg at a height of 500 km above sea level (neglecting air friction). How can calculate how long the ball hits the ground and what will be its speed? I know that: On ...
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1answer
63 views

Conservation of energy quick question

Say we had a particle moving in a frictionless funnel and was projected horizontally. If we had some initial conditions for the energy E, then would these conditions be the same always? For ...
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0answers
36 views

Choosing proper centripedal force in Newtonian gravitational forces [closed]

I am trying to do an orbit simulation, I took Newton's law of Newtonian gravitational forces. It seems to work correct, but I can't really determine the velocity of an object needed to stay in free ...
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2answers
396 views

Determining the direction of friction

I had a question which has always been of slight confusion to me. Say you are dealing with your typical block-on-an-angled-plane setup. You have a block with mass m that is initially at rest. The ...
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1answer
170 views

Finding angular momentum about the center of mass?

If we have a couple of particles of an equal, unknown mass: $$r_{+} = (c + e^{-Bt} \cos({\theta}))\textbf{x} + (d + e^{-Bt} \sin({\theta}))\textbf{y}$$ $$r_{-} = (c - e^{-Bt} ...
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217 views

Where is the “event horizon” on a basketball hoop?

I'm watching a lot of basketball this month. A common event is the ball going part way into the hoop and then coming out again. Announcers sometimes claim that the ball was "halfway through" when it ...
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1answer
52 views

What is a realistic launch speed of a grappling hook gun? [closed]

In The Dark Knight, at the end of the movie Batman throws the Joker off of a building and then shoots his grapple hook gun to catch him. Is 68m/s a reasonable speed for a grapple gun to shoot?
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79 views

Having trouble with a homework problem involving rotation [closed]

This is for a past homework assignment so it's already been solved. We wrap a light, nonstretching cable around a 9.00kg solid cylinder with diameter of 34.0cm . The cylinder rotates with ...
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1answer
143 views

Free fall time with non uniform acceleration and some initial velocity

Free-fall time for two objects on a radial path (starting from rest) is given by: $t(y)=\sqrt\frac{y_0^3}{2u}\biggl(\sqrt{\frac{y} {y_0} \bigl({1} -\frac{y}{y_0}}\bigr) + ...
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2answers
253 views

Derivation of Euler's equations for rigid body rotation

Sorry for using this image, but I thought this was the most convenient way of asking this question. Please zoom in. I do not understand from the line, "Now, in the body frame $T = (T_{x'}, T_{y'}, ...
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1answer
141 views

Accelerate the car by static friction

I asked this question about friction and slip ratio and now I still don't understand it Why friction is zero when wheel slip is zero? As the below graph of wheel friction vs slip ratio shows that in ...
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1answer
146 views

Atwood machine with spring

I'm just beginning to learn about Lagrangian mechanics, and I am asked to find the kinetic energy of this Atwood machine (See figure). I am told, that the kinetic energy should be: ...
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1answer
73 views

Rigid body collision, 3 circles in contact

I'm working on a 2d physics simulation. It's a continuous time simulation, that is, it uses swept shapes over the time-frame and geometrical/vector 'analysis' to determine most immediate time of ...
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1answer
80 views

A question about biceps and rotational equilibrium

I know that as the angle of the elbow increases, the force of the bicep increases. i.e. when angle is 180, arm is fully extended and there is 0 force from bicep. When the elbow angle is smaller there ...
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1answer
106 views

Calculating pitch and roll with accelerations greater than +/- 1g

I'm looking to compute the pitch and roll of a device fitted with a three axis accelerometer when it is not at rest or moving at a constant velocity. Most applications I've seen so far are for ...
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2answers
74 views

Motorbike with parachute vs normal skydive

Had a strange discussion in the coffeeroom today. The background was a story about a guy that took his motorcycle to transport himself to the airstrip to do a skydive. Since there is no place to put ...
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2answers
81 views

A small object on the opposite side of the earth's orbit with 0 velocity,“in line” with the core - would it collide with the earth?

If a small object (say mass 1 kg), at the opposite side of the earth's orbit (six months away), was placed in the same orbital position as the earth's core, at zero velocity in all directions, would ...
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2answers
195 views

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? [duplicate]

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? If it's because the gravity of Sun then why don't they just fall in and burn up?
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1answer
448 views

Explaining the restorative force in a bifilar pendulum

Ok so I am an A2 physics student, and for one of my pieces of coursework I conducted a practical investigation, my topic being the factors affecting the period and swing of a bifilar pendulum. The ...
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2answers
72 views

Using an electric winch to compress a spring and launch an object

I'm having trouble grokking the relationship between a winch's pull/torque and a spring's potential energy. I would like to compress a spring using an electric winch and figure out how far it will be ...
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8answers
415 views

How do we know that $F = ma$, not $F = k \cdot ma$

It seems intuitive that $a\; \propto \frac{F}{m}$, as the greater the force that is applied on an object, the greater its acceleration will be. Inversely, the greater the mass of the object, the ...
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1answer
75 views

Derivation of Foucault pendulum [closed]

Let us define our usual Cartesian coordinates ($x'$,$y'$,$z'$), and let the origin of our coordinate system correspond to the equilibrium position of the mass. If the pendulum cable is deflected from ...
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0answers
22 views

Finding the initial vertical and horizontal velocity [closed]

Basically I need to get an initial vertical velocity to make the ball reach a specific height, but also I need to get a horizontal verlocity so that the ball will travel the distance. For an example ...
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4answers
154 views

Can you lift yourself standing on a wooden block using pulley mounted on block? [duplicate]

I am new to this site. Please help me figure out this problem. Is it possible to lift oneself like shown in schematic? Waiting for good suggestions. Chirag
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1answer
120 views

Why is force dependent on acceleration, not velocity?

According to $F = ma$, force is a result of acceleration and mass, right? However, I don't understand why velocity is not used instead of acceleration. A train moving at 100 miles/hour will still ...
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1answer
131 views

Spring Damper System : Recoil Reduction

I am designing a man-"portable" 30mm sniper rifle. Although it may be classified as a anti-materiel cannon. I have the mass of the round in total, and the mass of the projectile leaving the barrel, ...
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3answers
103 views

Rotating reference frames

I'm trying to understand the equations that govern velocity in a rotating reference frame... \begin{equation} v_i = (\frac{dr}{dt})_r + \Omega \times r . \end{equation} I'd like to build a simple ...
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2answers
117 views

Can an extremely small force lift a mountain in a hydraulic system? If not, then why not?

As you see in the picture, a car can be lifted with a small force F1. Here it is shown that 'F1 . A1 = F2 . A2'. What will happen if A1 is of the size of a pin's cross-sectional area. Can a child ...
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3answers
171 views

How do birds generate thrust?

I have been watching this video carefully and I want to know how the wings of birds generate thrust. This is because the wings are more or less flapping up and down --- generating the lift. But I do ...
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3answers
351 views

Conical vs Simple Pendulum

I don't understand why the Tension $T$ on a conical pendulum and a simple pendulum are different. In a simple pendulum, one would say that the tension of the rope is $T=mg \cos(\theta)$. However, ...
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1answer
188 views

What makes a wrist-energized gyroscope rotate faster?

I'm considering a wrist-energized gyroscope, shown below (after my daughter let it fall and it broke open). That one was sold as Roller Ball, but variants are known as Powerball, DynaBee, Dynaball, ...
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1answer
100 views

Is speed squared constant?

q. A heavy particle is projected at speed $U$ at an angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal. The particle is subject to air resistance which is experimentally found to vary proportionally to the square ...
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1answer
224 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
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1answer
32 views

Kinetic Energy of a Symmetric Dumb-Bell

The problem is as follows: Consider the system consisting of the symmetric dumb-bell (two particles each of mass $m$ connected by a light, inextensible rod of length $l$) moving in the plane. Use as ...
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1answer
122 views

Calculate impulse based on mass, acceleration and time elapsed [closed]

I want to move to Sprite Kit framework offered by apple which has physics integrated right into it. The back bone of the physics engine is famous Box2D. Sprite Kit has made it pretty easy by wrapping ...
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1answer
47 views

Thrust to Weight ratio in Space with an off set CoM

With regards to this thread, Thrust center in space My question is, if the thrust to weight ratio was increased so that it was much higher than the weighted mass of the sphere (ship), would the ...
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2answers
54 views

If a paper disc is cut into a spiral, does its moment of inertia change?

It is obvious that there is no change in the mass of it and its radius. But the shape of the object does change. Does it mean its moment of inertia will also change?
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2answers
71 views

Perspective and changes in kinetic energy

Say you have two planes flying next to each other at the same speed and one decides to pick up speed by burning a tank of rocket fuel. If someone on the ground wanted to know that plane's new speed ...
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65 views

Imagine a 50-mile tower spanning from desert floor to the Karman Line

CORRECTION: The structure weighs 1.568E15 kg.s Does the structure effect the equilibrium of earth's rotation? Would momentum from Earth's rotation apply lateral force to the structure? What else do ...
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37 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that ...
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83 views

Calculate trajectory of projectile with gravity from disk planets in 2D?

I'm making a 2D game where you control a spaceship and fly between disk-formed planets of differing size (mass/pull). The planets are small and you can fly near several at once. I need to calculate ...
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1answer
83 views

Why is it easier to glide on sharp ice skates than on dull skates?

There have been previous questions (e.g. here and here) on Physics.SE about the mechanism that makes ice skating possible. Reviewing these, as well external references, it seems pretty clear that the ...
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1answer
196 views

Newton's Second Law Questions [closed]

The total mass is 2300kg (weight = 5072lbs). Find the size of the force due to wind and rolling friction when the van speed is 44.86mph (1mph= 0.447m/s). I am really at a loss of what to do here. ...