Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Why is there a contradiction in this Newton's equations of motion related question? [closed]

One second after being thrown straight down, an object is falling with a speed of 20 m/s. How much distance does the object travel in the first second? We took: $$v = 20\,{\rm m/s}$$ $$u = 0\,{\rm ...
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1answer
94 views

Work done by friction on car

David Morin, in "Introduction to Classical Mechanics" says that friction does not exert a force on a car because the ground is fixed but that KE of the car is changing to internal kinetic energy in ...
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0answers
28 views

How fast does the force of pulling a straight rope propagate along the rope? [duplicate]

Is it instantaneous or does it somehow propagate like a wave along the particles of the rope ?
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1answer
65 views

Does it take more effort to move against earth's rotation?

I know that if we stand still, we are traveling at 0 m/s relative to the Earth. But if we move against the rotation of the Earth we lower our speed, so, wouldn't we have to fight against the ...
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1answer
65 views

Difference between kilogram-force and kilogram

I know that a 1 kilogram-force is the force of 1 kilogram acted upon by 1 standard unit of gravity (9.80665 m/s^2). However, in torque descriptions I find that some use $kgf*cm$ while others use ...
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1answer
39 views

What does $\bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}$ represent?

In the context of centroids and moments, what do $\bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}$ and $\bar{y}_{\textrm{el}}$ represent? For example: $$\bar{x}L = \int \bar{x}_{\textrm{el}}dL$$ Some references that use ...
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1answer
108 views

Largest size of a low gravity, Earth-like planet with Volcanoes and Earthquakes?

Provided that the Solar System consists only of Sol, a planet, and the planet's moon.... How large can my planet be so that it has low enough gravity that teenage human girls trained for jumping, are ...
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1answer
57 views

Coriolis force: why is pole-to-equator air flow eastly?

I have little knowledge in fluid dynamics, so this may be naive. But I have a question while reading a textbook about the Coriolis force, by which the rotation of the earth from west to east changes ...
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0answers
14 views

Real data on pulleys

Does anyone know where I can find a reference detailing a study of the dynamics of real pulleys? Something including effects of friction, wobbling of the pulley, effects of different types of anchors ...
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12answers
3k views

How can the contact point of rolling body have zero velocity?

They say that for a rolling body, the velocity of the contact point is zero. I'm not getting this. How can it be zero when it's in continuous motion?
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0answers
63 views

Orbital elevators and the Coriolis effect

Consider an orbital elevator simply modelled as a large mass in geostationary orbit (altitude approx 36,000km) around the Earth, connected to a point on the equator via a strong, light, likely ...
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1answer
54 views

mechanics problem: rope on a fictionless table through a hole

The problem is from "An introduction to Mechanics" by Daniel Kleppner and Robert Kolenkow. The book has a second edition, and the problem is not changed. The number of the problem is 4.16 in second ...
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5answers
403 views

when an object is lifted (at a constant velocity) shouldn't the work done on the object be zero? [duplicate]

When I lift an object from the ground (at a constant velocity) I'm applying force on the object equal to its weight and the earth is also pulling it downwards with equal amounts of force. So if the ...
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1answer
27 views

Can the gravitational constant be directly measured?

The value of the gravitational constant $G$ is $6.67384\times 10^-11 {\rm m}^3{\rm kg}^{-1}{\rm s}^{-2}$. This value is used in the formula to calculate the attractive force between two objects with ...
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4answers
131 views

If velocity is constant, how can $p = F\cdot v$ be non zero?

If an airplane of mass $m$ is flying at a constant speed $v$, the power of the airplane is $$P = m\cdot v\cdot g $$ where $g$ is the acceleration of gravity and therefore: $$ F = m\cdot g, $$ but, ...
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1answer
48 views

Confusion regarding area from graph

This might be a trivial question but is illustrated below. Why is the area 'below' the graph always taken for a velocity-time graph when finding the displacement? I mean why is the area with the time ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Physics simulator based on conservation laws?

Reading the article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton%27s_laws_of_motion#Relationship_to_the_conservation_laws there's a section stating that: ...
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1answer
171 views

Finding the distance without using time as a variable

A small child with mass $M$ rides down an icy slope of height $h$ and inclination $\theta$ on a toboggan of mass $m$. At the bottom of the slope they continue to slide on flat ground, slowing and ...
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1answer
48 views

Problem about a spring which oscillates due to a external force [closed]

A person holds a spring of stiffness $k= 80$ N/m by its extremity A; In the other end there is a mass of $0.5$ kg. The spring is initially at equilibrium, when the person starts to shake the ...
3
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3answers
99 views

How can I find the angular and linear velocity of a 2D body that breaks into two bodies?

Afternoon. This is my first question, so do let me know if I'm doing anything wrong. Looking for help on building a 2D physics game engine with bodies that split in half: I have a two dimensional ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Find max height [closed]

I have stucked with finding max height of an $m$, given only $m, M$ and initial velocity of $m$ - $\vec{V}$. There is no friction in the system. As I understood I need to find $\vec{V_0}$ - velocity ...
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3answers
660 views

How can I relate linear and angular motion using a single formula?

I want to relate linear and angular motion using a single formula. Assume I have a 10m rod, and I apply a force of 5N on it, 2.5m away from the axis of rotation for 1s. How can I determine the ...
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0answers
24 views

Pressure change in throttling & flow rate reduction in a water circulation

If the pressure in a water pipe line is reduced from 7kgf/cm2 to 4 kgf/cm2, what is the % reduction in flow rate?
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1answer
78 views

Oscillation of a vertical rod supported by horizontal spring [closed]

The system seems to oscillate with $\omega = \sqrt{\frac{\frac{3}{2}mgl + 3k a^2}{ml^2}}$ for small angle $\theta$, and in particular for whatever stiffness $k$ chosen relative to gravitational ...
3
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1answer
70 views

Calculating Angular Acceleration of a Rolling Object

A bowling ball of mass M = 6.50 kg, radius R = 10.0 cm, and moment of inertia I = $(2/5)MR^2$ is given an initial center of mass velocity $v_0 = 3.00 m/s$ that is parallel to a horizontal surface. ...
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3answers
226 views

Can we rigorously define force?

I'm looking to get rigorous definitions on which to base the important quantities in classical mechanics. To me a "rigorous" physical definition is an operational definition -- that is one in which ...
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2answers
60 views

Need derivation of a formula related to determination of moments of a object about $x$-axis and $y$-axis

I'm given a plate,its density $\rho$ and it is the region bounded by the two curves and on the interval [a,b].I want to find the center of mass of the region below. I’ll first need the mass of ...
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0answers
78 views

What is the physics in a balero toy?

A balero is a wooden ball tied with a string to a rod. The string ties to the ball at one end (say North pole), and there is a hole drilled in the ball at the other end (South pole). The hole is the ...
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1answer
60 views

Determining the force of a spring

How can I determine the maximum force a spring can release when it pops up? Is there even a formula for this?
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1answer
75 views

Resolution of force vectors

For example in a simple pendulum problem.. the forces that act on the bob are tension and gravitational force. but while the resolving the vectors to find T(tension) at any given angle x with the ...
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1answer
24 views

Stair well descent

I am trying to understand the science behind lowering a person down a flight of stairs on a sled. My tensile strength only says it can hold 250 pounds but I have seen it lower people that weigh 300 ...
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4answers
467 views

Is this solveable? Simultaneous elastic collision of 4 objects in XY plane

I'm writing a computer program/game and can't figure something out; I want to be able to calculate the resulting velocities of 4 particles (hexagons, specifically) after they simultaneously ...
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1answer
108 views

Would a planet in a binary star system follow Kepler's Laws?

I'm thinking it would not. I am thinking Kepler's Laws were a simplification that were possible with a simple two body (sun, planet) but would not apply for something more complex (sun1, sun2, ...
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2answers
182 views

Rocket Altitude Calculation

Assignment Basic data I was launching a rocket model and I tried to calculate the reached altitude. The engine (C6-0) impulse is 10 Ns Total weight is 65,7 g (includes the engine) I calculated ...
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0answers
54 views

How does Zeno of Elea's argument on “motion” make sense? [duplicate]

Zeno of Elea (born c. 500 bce) argued so intensely about motion. In one of his arguments he claims – in simple language – "that it is impossible to slap somebody, since the hand first has to travel ...
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5answers
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Is it possible to shoot bullets in space or would the recoil of the gun be too strong?

I've read a few articles that say that astronauts have already brought guns in space and that shooting bullets in space is possible. But won't the recoil of the gun be too strong? Law of ...
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3answers
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What would it take to cause lightning to jump between the Moon and the Earth?

This question comes from @Floris' speculation at the end of his excellent answer about what it would take to kill everyone on the Earth with electricity. Doing all this in 1/10th of a second ...
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1answer
74 views

Force and initial height of thrown object [closed]

You stand at the earth's surface, and you throw a ball of mass m1 into the air perpendicular to the surface. Let g at the surface be 9.81m/s^2. You know two points (height:h1, h2 and time:t1,t2) of ...
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1answer
71 views

Is this the reason why acceleration is said absolute?

I've seem sometimes people saying that although uniform motion on a straight line cannot be detected and hence it is not absolute, acceleration is indeed absolute in Classical Mechanics (I don't know ...
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2answers
101 views

Question about a car on a banked turn with no friction

A popular physics page explaining how a car can make a banked turn even with no friction : gives the following free body diagram and then says In the vertical direction there is no ...
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5answers
2k views

In circular motion, with a constant distance, why does the mass of the orbitting object have no effect on its revolution at all?

Using Newton's universal equation and some circular motion equation, the orbiting object's mass cancels out. But can someone please explain why this is without using pure algebra?
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1answer
58 views

In circular motion, what's preventing me from calculating the circumference of the circle, dividing it by time to find the speed of the object?

There are equations to solve for the speed in circular motion. However, is there anything preventing me from calculating the circumference from the given radius, and then divide that over the time to ...
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3answers
155 views

Torque on a disc?

In the following diagram: Point(c) is a going into the page and attached to the disc, Point(c) applies a torque($\tau$) to the disc, and it starts to rotate due to that torque. And if point(c) was ...
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3answers
84 views

Tension on a string

A string is attached at both extremities and put under tension $T_0$ at rest. We know that if we pull the string upwards from the middle, the tension will increase. But why is it that, admittedly, ...
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3answers
84 views

How high could i jump if I weighed only half as much? [closed]

E.g. I weigh 150 lbs I had a thrust device that lifted 75 pounds. How high could I jump? What if that thrust lifted 2/3 of my weight (100 lbs)? Obviously, I cant fly, but I guarantee if I weighed ...
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1answer
55 views

Cancelling internal forces/moments term when deriving inertial matrix

I am attempting to derive the inertial matrix for a general rigid body of mass $m$ as shown in the following diagram: The green vectors indicate the key position vectors: Position of centroid ...
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1answer
100 views

Since Earth spins, would an aircraft travelling opposite to direction of Earth spin take less time? [duplicate]

Suppose we want to reach the point on earth which in relative terms is exactly on the opposite end of the sphere we call earth (I know it is not an exact sphere). We either dig vertically downwards, ...
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1answer
75 views

Normal force, work and conservativity

I have searched very much on line, both in this site and elsewhere, but found no proof of whether the normal force is conservative or is not, in general. Clearly, if the force is orthogonal to the ...
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0answers
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Gears in contact?

I was doing a practice exam paper question that was along the following lines: A gear, $A$,and moment of inertia $I_A$ is spinning about its axis at angular velocity $\omega$. Another gear $B$ ...
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1answer
73 views

Finding the acceleration of a mass/pulley system without knowing the direction of the displacement

I have the following question: I noticed that if I solve for the acceleration assuming that the acceleration is occuring to the left, I get the equation: $\displaystyle a = ...