Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Question about a spring-mass-damper

The following diagram shows the problem I have. The equation I derived using Newton's second law is also shown in the figure. M is the mass of the object the system is attached to and needs to be ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the relationship between force and momentum

I know that $ \Sigma F = \Delta mv/\Delta t $. But if we had a marble that moves in a straight line at a constant velocity and colloids with another marble. Because of the law of conservation of ...
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2answers
98 views

How to calculate wasted energy

Suppose you are pulling a weight along a track at an angle (in the picture 45°). If the object is dislocated by a distance $D_{45}$ let's assume that the mechanical work done on/energy transmitted to ...
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4answers
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Relationship between height and velocity in conservation of mechnical energy

I'm a high school physics student, and we recently did a lab on the conservation of energy where we measured the speed of a marble at varying heights on a rollercoaster track. We were supposed to ...
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6answers
1k views

Why $F=ma$ and not $F=m\dot{a}$?

What would happen if instead of $F=m*d^2x/dt^2$, we had $F=m*d^3x/dt^3$ or higher? Intuitively, I have always seen a justification for $\sim 1/r^2$ forces as the "forces being divided equally over ...
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2answers
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Underdetermined forces in a statics problem

I was trying to cook up a good exam problem on Newtonian mechanics, and I came up with one that I didn't fully understand myself. Always fun when you can outsmart yourself. In the figure a cylinder ...
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1answer
29 views

Surviving collapsing buildings: Which floor maximizes your chances of survival? [on hold]

Although this is not a purely physical question, I think this is the best StackExchange place to ask it. When a building collapses, which floor should you go in order to maximize your chance of ...
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6answers
231 views

Why is kinetic energy stored as potential energy in a body during its motion against gravity?

Everyone knows kinetic energy is converted to potential energy in the body when it moves up against the earth's opposing gravitational force. But I am facing some problem with this. What I learnt ...
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3answers
151 views

Elastic collision of point particle and rod

A 1 meter long rod on the ice with mass $m_2=1$ kg is perpendicularly hit on one end by a point particle with mass $m_1=0.1$ kg. The collision is elastic and the point particle is bounced back in ...
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4answers
195 views
+50

Why does a conservative force return the work done against it by a body to that body?

Let a body move and a conservative force oppose its motion. Therefore, by Newton's third law of motion, the body will also exert reactive force on the conservative force which eventually will cause ...
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5answers
84 views

Relation between the conservation of Energy and the conservation of Momentum?

I just learn about the momentum and it conservative attribute in a closed and isolate system and there is something I don't understand when I relate it to the conservation of the energy Considering ...
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2answers
87 views

Perspective and changes in kinetic energy

Say you have two planes flying next to each other at the same speed and one decides to pick up speed by burning a tank of rocket fuel. If someone on the ground wanted to know that plane's new speed ...
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1answer
145 views

Understanding gyroscopes

Considering the typical situation of a rotating bicycle wheel held by one end of its axle by a rope tied to the ceiling: gravity torque is the time derivative of the angular momentum, and in this case ...
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1answer
74 views

Why do we believe in a “force” driven universe? [on hold]

Why do we not believe in the potential for a "unified force field" universe, to the exclusion of the belief in the potential for a mechanical, gear driven universe, if the correct shape for the gear ...
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1answer
41 views

Which inertial observer should I choose when using $\Delta U = -\Delta K$?

I just read and undertood that For any conservative force $F$ (which is not necessarily constant), we can define a potential energy change $\Delta U$ of an object on which the force exerts as ...
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0answers
38 views

An inclined pulley system [on hold]

M1 and M2 both are 400g. There is no friction and the pulleys are massless. I am trying to work out the acceleration on M2. I am unsure whether the acceleration should be: $a\space =Mg\space -\space ...
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1answer
52 views

Which moves faster in a time $t$: $A$ or $B$? [on hold]

Suppose we have two objects, $A$ and $B$, both made of the same substance. They also have the same shape (e.g. two spheres), but $A$ is larger and therefore more massive than $B$. Both $A$ and $B$ ...
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5answers
754 views

Conservation of Mathematical Constraints when deriving Energy and Momentum from $F=ma$

Background: Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to time, and using basic calc, one can derive $\int Fdt = m (v_f - v_i)$ Starting from $F = ma$, integrating with respect to distance, ...
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1answer
37 views

Collision of a pendulum with other pendulums hanging at different heights

This is a question from a competitive test. I am not sure how to reason this out. By the length of the string, S should have the maximum amplitude. But this would be the case only when the pendulum ...
2
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1answer
305 views

Is the concept of (force of ) inertia still useful and used?

The force of inertia is the property common to all bodies that remain in their state, either at rest or in motion, unless some external cause is introduced to make them alter this state. That ...
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1answer
34 views

Moment of inertia help [on hold]

Okay so lets say I have a lever with 2 objects on it, object one and object 2. Object 1 has a mass of $m_1$ and is $r_1$ away from the fulcrum; object 2 has a mass of $m_2$ and is $r_2$ away from the ...
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2answers
67 views

Newtons Third Law [duplicate]

In Newtons Third Law, it states that for every action, there is an equal but opposite reaction. So that means tat for every action, there will be a reaction to cancel it out. So if that is the case ...
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3answers
2k views

Normal force of loop-the-loop at the side of the circle

In the loop-the-loop ride a car goes around a vertical, circular loop at a constant speed. The car has the mass of 230 kg and moves with the speed of 300 m/s. The loop-the-loop has a radius R=20 m. ...
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5answers
4k views

Why do two bodies of different masses fall at the same rate (in the absence of air resistance)?

I'm far from being a physics expert and figured this would be a good place to ask a beginner question that has been confusing me for some time. According to Galileo, two bodies of different masses, ...
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3answers
55 views

Reconciling Units in Classical System Analogies: Why Does Torque Have Units of Energy?

In classical physics we often cast an analogy between translational and rotational systems Force < > Torque Energy < > Rotational Energy Momentum < > Angular Momentum and considering SI ...
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2answers
69 views

Finding sphere of influence in multibody system

I would like to draw a boundary illustrating the sphere of influence of each body in a 3 body system. What is the best way to find such a boundary? My understanding is at the edge an SoI is the ...
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3answers
623 views

While finding escape velocity, does human mass counts as the mass of Earth?

Escape velocity depends upon the mass of earth. my doubt is whether human mass adds into it or not? If it add then Earth's escape velocity would be increasing!
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0answers
24 views

Accelerating disk [on hold]

A disk of radius $R$ is accelerating to the right over a plane. At $t=0$ the speed and the acceleration of the axle are $v_1$ and $a_1$ what is the velocity and the acceleration of each point (1-4 ...
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1answer
59 views

Figuring out the time period of an Atwood system

SO I was working on Atwoods, when I came up with the following problem, It is more complicated but i should understand this simpler scenario first. As shown in the diagram above, (Atwood machine), ...
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1answer
36 views

Catapult projectile with different mass [on hold]

We have a physics law. We made catapult and we have to launch a water balloon. However before that we have to know where the water balloon will fall. We don't have radars or stuff like that to ...
1
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2answers
38 views

Effect of movements of astronauts on International Space Station

I know that astronauts move in and around in ISS. When they move they also touch the modules of ISS and sometimes they apply force on the module to move. When this happens, as far as I know it affects ...
-3
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0answers
29 views

How to calcuate uniform circular motion? [on hold]

Given: Ideally, I maintain a speed of 265km/hr and 285 km/hr. Roughly, 73.6 m/s and 79m/s. I make a turn and experience around 4.5g's to 5.5g's, roughly 45 and 55 m/s^2, for about 7 seconds. I ...
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5answers
9k views

What are the precise statements by Shouryya Ray of particle dynamics problems posed by Newton which this news article claims have been solved?

This recent news article (here is the original, in German) says that Shouryya Ray, who moved to Germany from India with his family at the age of 12, has baffled scientists and mathematicians by ...
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2answers
458 views

Can a box on a frictionless rotating table rotate?

I am trying to digest the following problem. Suppose a block of mass $m$ lying on a horizontal, frictionless turntable is connected to a string attached to the center of the turntable, as ...
2
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4answers
90 views

Collision paradox

Suppose an insect travelling south at some velocity, collides with a train travelling north at some other (opposite) velocity. The insect hits the front of the train, where it splats to an ...
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0answers
49 views

How to describe the motion of a box initially at rest on a table rotating with an increasing angular speed? [on hold]

Consider the following diagram. A box is on a table that can move circularly and the box is connected by a string attached to the fixed bearing. At $t=0$, the box is at rest, the string of length ...
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0answers
11 views

Teeter Todder force of uplift [on hold]

What is the force of a 200lb man jumping from a three foot high elevation onto a four foot long teeter-todder with a four inch pivot point with a one hundred and thirty pound ma on the opposite ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

Kinetic energy vs. momentum?

As simple as this question might seem, I failed to intuitively answer it. Let's assume there is a $10,000$ $kg$ truck moving at $1$ $m/s$, so its momentum and KE are: $p=10,000$ $kg.m/s$ and ...
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2answers
88 views

What causes damage, kinetic energy or momentum?

Let's assume we have 2 bullets. The first bullet has $450$ $J$ of KE and $3$ $kg.m/s$ of momentum, while the second bullet has $250$ $J$ of KE and $5$ $kg.m/s$. Now if they are both shot at ballistic ...
-1
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0answers
13 views

Motion in a straight Line [on hold]

A stone is projected from a height of 300m and at same time another stone is projected vertically upwards with a velocity of 100m/s Find when and where the two stones meet
0
votes
2answers
32 views

A bullet is fired horizontally from the top of a building, and at the same instant a second bullet [on hold]

A bullet is fired horizontally from the top of a building, and at the same instant a second bullet is dropped from the same height. Ignore air resistance. Which bullet hits the ground first?
3
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0answers
52 views

How do I treat the Lagrangian in the case of a rigid body?

Here's Exercise 1.11 from Goldstein's Classical Mechanics 3rd edition (the first one after having derived the Lagrangian basically): Exercise 1.11: Consider a uniform thin disk that rolls without ...
2
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2answers
91 views

Deceleration rate of objects of different mass but the same otherwise

Using a tennis ball as an example object, if one ball weighs 1 ounce and the other is 2 ounces, and both are struck at 100 mph on the same trajectory, would there be any difference in the deceleration ...
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3answers
71 views

Direction of friction force between two boxes

There are two boxes on top of each other. The bottom box is dragged right by a constant force. What is the direction of friction of the top box against the bottom box?
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0answers
17 views

Newton's 3rd Law and Equilibrium [duplicate]

What is the difference between Newton Third Law and equilibrium?
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3answers
97 views

Question on acceleration of gravity

In pre-calculus last week my teacher explained a scenario in which a man throws a rock down a well and takes 4 seconds for you to hear the rock hit the bottom. How far downs the well? Last years I ...
6
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1answer
82 views

Movement of a cylinder filled with water

Not long ago I was pretty bored at a dinner and I started playing with a water bottle that was not empty: I've been quite interested in its behavior when putted on its side and pushed: the bottle of ...
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1answer
65 views

Landau Mechanics equation 16.9

I am having trouble deriving the equation 16.9 from Landau's Classical Mechanics book. This equation is the maximum kinetic energy of a particle if a massive particle with mass $M$ disintegrates into ...
1
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5answers
131 views

A force is exerted on a body, kinetic energy increases but no work is done by the force. Why?

After reading the article, I was totally perplexed . I was reading the External forces and internal energy transfers in Principles of Physics by Resnick,Halliday,Walker. It goes like that An ...
-1
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0answers
14 views

Angular velocity and linear velocity [on hold]

Define and EXPLAIN average angular velocity and acceleration. Define and EXPLAIN instantaneous angular velocity. Experiment was about throwing a cricket ball. the shoulder is the point of reference. ...