1
vote
0answers
33 views

How can I calculate the rotational force and motor HP needed to lift a 5lb sheet from a horizontal position to a vertical position from one end?

Essentially, I need to know the following: How do I calculate the rotation force along a fulcrum? Is there an equation? What is the weight of a 5 lb object at the fulcrum if the fulcrum is located ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

What causes a tall box to tip over on an inclined plane?

I'm wondering what makes a tall box rotate about its edge (the red point on the figure below) on a inclined plane (with or without slipping), when subjected to forces of gravity and friction only: ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Can a ball stay still while laying on a inclined plane?

Suppose there is a ball on an inclined plane. So, there are three forces acting on it: normal force from the plane, gravity (which can be decomposed in the component of gravity perpendicular to the ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Torque, and the Law of the Lever

How fundamental is the Law of the Lever? It seems that we simply define torque as being $r \times F$, if that's the case, then torque isn't a derived quantity, is it? Something like the Law of the ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

At the instant of release of an object from rest. Is the only force that can act its weight?

Q3 from a mechanics exam past paper: I can do parts i) and ii) but for iii) in finding the angular acceleration, i used $C=I\alpha$, where $C$ is the applied couple or torque, $I$ is the moment of ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Free vs bound vectors and torque

When considering basic Newtonian mechanics, we can treat vector as free and move their point of application at will. This is consistent with the affine nature of Euclidean space. However, when ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the linear and rotational motions generated by a force not on the CG?

Given a force that is applied to a free body, not directly towards, or away from the centre of gravity, how would you calculate the amount of linear and rotational velocities generated, as the farther ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Torque due to Gravity

I have learned that a torque on an object due to the gravity can be calculated as if the gravity acts on the center of mass of the object when the object is near the surface of the earth. Now I want ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Falling off a chair, how best to save yourself

If I consider a man sitting on an office chair that reclines backwards iff you lean backwards. What could be done to prevent hin from falling? a) raising his legs till they are parallel to ground. ...
1
vote
3answers
112 views

Why doesn't a block rotate due to friction?

In a horizontal surface, a block (cube) is sliding due to a sudden push. When the block slides, there is frictional force which is acting on the block. Frictional force will have a torque around ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

How can a reel of thread move in opposite direction?

There is a nice puzzle about reel of thread. I wonder why the solution works. The puzzle: You take a reel with threads on it. Inner radius r, outer radius R. You put it on a table. If you pull ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Wikipedia's derivation of torque related to angular acceleration [duplicate]

Wikipedia derivation of the relationship between a torque and an angular acceleration is given here. Could someone help me to see how the following: $$\vec{\tau} = \left(-\sum^n_{i=1}m_i [\Delta ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Apparent violation of Newton's 3rd law and the conservation of angular momentum for a pair of charged particles interacting magnetically

Consider a system of the two identical point positive charges situated in the space (isolated from influence of any other external fields) as shown in the figure.Particle1 is at (a,a,0) and Particle2 ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Why neglect friction when computing torque?

There is a block of wood on a plank, with friction, and the block is moving down with uniform speed. They are asking what is the torque acting through the center of the block. My doubt is that ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Calculating the rate at which a car turns

This is going to be difficult to describe, as I have no real concept of this sort of physics, so please bear with me. If this is too much or beyond the scope of this website, I apologize. I am making ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Is the moment of a force the same about any point?

I know that when a body is is equilibrium There is zero resultant force in any direction, i.e. the sum of all the components of all the forces in any direction is zero The sum of the moments about ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

If the axis of rotation is fixed, is it ok to say clockwise torque?

I know that the direction of torque is along the axis of rotation, but would it be acceptable to say, for example considering a vertical thin rod in the x-y plane with a force acting on the bottom end ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Why does moment of force depend on the perpendicular distance?

Couyld anyone explain how the lecturer concluded that $$(\underline{r_2} - \underline{r_1}) \times \underline{H} = \underline{p} \times \underline{H}$$
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How does a simple weighing balance actually work? [duplicate]

I have made a simple sketch of how I think the system looks like. My problem is: I always thought that the angle the balance makes is a function of the difference between the two masses (or the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Why are non-horizontal levers not considered to be in equilibrium?

Consider a triple-beam balance, like so: An unknown mass is placed on the left pan, and the provided weights are moved on the right until the lever arm comes to rest at an exactly horizontal ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Thrust to Weight ratio in Space with an off set CoM

With regards to this thread, Thrust center in space My question is, if the thrust to weight ratio was increased so that it was much higher than the weighted mass of the sphere (ship), would the ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Rolling resistance

Today, my physics teacher asked the following question (and gave it as homework): How can a moving body deaccelerate both in means of center of mass and rotationally? I quickly answered that ...
15
votes
2answers
400 views

Why do speed skaters use their right hand to accelerate?

I was watching the speed skating event, and was wondering, why do the athletes use their right hand while accelerating? If they want to increase the moment of inertia, then they should move the hand ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Line of action force

The task is to reduce the two forces into a single net force and then find the equation of its line of action. I chose to find the net force and momentum with respect to the origin. The magnitude of ...
-5
votes
1answer
266 views

Proof for torque=force*perpendicular distance to line of action of force [closed]

I want to derive from first principles the proof for magnitude of torque about a point O = perpendicular distance from O to the line of action of the force * magnitude of the force. I want to derive ...
-1
votes
2answers
66 views

Torque for rotation

The force for revolution of earth is provided by the gravitational force of attraction between earth and the sun. What provides the force(torque) for the rotation of earth?
1
vote
3answers
493 views

Why if the torque equals zero measured from one point in space it equals zero measured from any other point?

I've heard it from two teachers and saw a task with a solution based on this assumption: If the net torque is zero when measured from one frame of reference, it is equal to zero in all other ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

Deriving torque equation from Newton's 2nd Law

I'm trying to understand the derivation of the torque equation $\vec{r} \times \vec{F} = I \alpha$. My textbook derives this easily enough from Newton's 2nd Law for a single point with mass $m$ and ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Force applied to wheel in pure rolling motion at contact point with road

Suppose a wheel with radius $R$ is resting on a non-inclined surface. A torque $\tau$ is applied to the wheel center. In an attempt to prevent wheel from spinning, the ground applies a static friction ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Newton's second law for rotation

Can the second law of motion for rotation, $\vec{\tau}=I \vec{\alpha}$, be used for any axis? Is there any case that acceleration $\vec{\alpha}$ is not in the direction of applied torque ...
-4
votes
0answers
60 views

maths question on levers [closed]

Someone holds a 2kg weight in their hand at a distance of 35cm from the elbow (fulcrum) and the downward force (load) due to the weight is 20 Newtons. Calculate the effort in Newtons that the ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Forces on a helical screw?

The common screws which we use, are right handed helices, the simplest parametric equations of which are:- $$x(s)=\cos(s),y(s)=\sin(s),z(s)=s$$, with $z$-axis as the axis of the helix. My question ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

What forces are exerted on a clothespin in space?

Let's say a clothespin is modeled as a simple torsion spring as follows. Given: $p_1,\ p_2,\ p_3$: point-like objects of equal mass in 2-D space. All objects float in space, i.e. the center of mass ...
1
vote
2answers
208 views

Force acting on an object?

You have a bar of metal in an environment with no gravity. A force is applied on one end of it. How does it rotate? There is a non-zero torque on any random point selected on the bar. For example, ...
4
votes
1answer
457 views

Why don't couple forces violate Newton's First Law?

If you have some random object at rest and you apply a couple to it, the net force acting on it is zero. However because a moment acts on it, it starts to rotate. So you had an object at rest, a net ...
1
vote
1answer
425 views

Calculating torque in 3D?

Say you have a sphere, and you have several torque vectors acting on it, all at different points. Say you have the vector (6i + 3j + 5k) originating from point A, and the vector (3i + 1j + 9k) ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Why is moment dependent on the distance from the point of rotation to the force?

The formula for moment is: $$M = Fd$$ Where F is the force applied on the object and d is the perpendicular distance from the point of rotation to the line of action of the force. Why? Intuitively, ...
0
votes
1answer
249 views

Why can you add moment vectors?

My book says the following: If the body is acted upon by a system of forces, the resultant moment of the forces about point O can be determined by vector addition of the moment of each force. The ...
2
votes
2answers
273 views

Would this box on the floor rotate based on friction?

There is a floor that friction is proportional to its velocity (like $F=-kv$) and there is a box with its width as $l$ and its height as $h$. (you may assume that $l$ is longer than $h$). It is on the ...
0
votes
1answer
235 views

Conservation of angular momentum

We were learning about angular momentum in class today, and although it sort of makes sense, it's much harder for me to think about than linear momentum. So from what I can tell: Angular momentum ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How does a car's low gear increase power while going slower?

People have always told me that when a car goes into low gear, it goes slower but puts "more power" or "more torque" on the wheels, which allows it to descend slippery slopes or get out of mud traps ...
1
vote
0answers
772 views

Torque of a winch with pulleys [closed]

I'm working on a project that involves using a remote-controlled electric winch to raise and lower my bicycle using a pulley system. The problem is that I don't know how much torque will be required ...
0
votes
1answer
800 views

Force acting on a simple rigid body in space

so this is the question that's been bothering me: Say you have a simple rigid body in space that is at rest or travelling with only translational motion at a constant speed. Say that the body is ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

How to sum several thrust vector on a single object (like a plane)

I'm a developer. I tried (mostly for fun) to create a realistic physic engine. I try to sum all forces (here thrust) applying to an object in two composantes: an acceleration vector and the angular ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

Why does this screwdriver roll in a curved trajectory?

I am trying my level best to give this screwdriver a horizontal push only, but it is going in a circular path. I thought of uneven friction due to non-uniform normal reaction...what do you think? I ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

How do objects change their axis of rotation?

If I hold a pencil at its end and spin it, throwing it upwards, it will spin about its end, but will soon start spinning around its center. How is this? I would draw the following torque diagram for ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Find the bending moment of a pole attached to a moving block

I'm having trouble with the following problem. What I've done so far: x-y is the usual coordinate system. $a=\frac{F}{m}=\frac{800}{60}$ and the y component of this is $a_y=a\sin{60^\circ}$. To ...
0
votes
1answer
427 views

Direction of the torque

In each one of the following figures there's a pole of length $1.2 \text{m}$ and there's a force $\vec F = 150 \text{N}$ acting on it. Determine the torque that is created by the force relative ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculating the acceleration of a car

I'm trying to calculate the maximum acceleration a car can achieve with the current gear ratio. I am ignoring drag forces and friction to keep it simple. I'm doing this by: calculating the torque ...
4
votes
2answers
252 views

Thrust center in space

I have this dilemma: Suppose you have a space ship somewhere in deep space, where there is no drag force or substantial gravity. If the ship has a single engine situated in such a way that the center ...