4
votes
1answer
65 views

Faster than critical damping for harmonic oscillator?

The image below shows damping for spring oscillator with Hooke law F=-kx and damped with F=-cv where: k is spring constant x is oscillator position c is damping coefficient v is velocity of oscillator ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

A block falling from a height on a block suspended by spring [closed]

The block suspended by the spring is hanging freely and its mass is M. The small block of mass m is dropped on the bigger block from height h. After the small block is dropped 》》》 I want help in ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Double-spring mass system

We just had a lesson about elementary mass-spring systems (SHO), and I thought about a horizontal situation with two springs with the test mass oscillating in between. If we are to manually stretch ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Simple Harmonic Motion Question - Block on Platform [closed]

A platform is executing SHM in a vertical direction with an amplitude of $5$ cm and a frequency of $\frac{10}{\pi}$ vibrations per second. A block is placed on the platform at the lowest point of its ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Difference between the two equations for acceleration

I came upon this while studying S.H.M. Well,is there a difference between writing $$a=\frac{dv}{dt}\;$$ and $$a=v\frac{dv}{dx}\;$$ do they differ on the basis of one being a vector and the other ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Angular momentum of anistropic harmonic oscilator

A potential given by : $$ V(x,y,z) = \frac{1}{2}m(x^2+y^2+\frac{z^2}{2}). $$ Which component of angular momentum is conserved. An attempt: Angular momentum along z, $ L_{z} = m(x\dot{y} - ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Velocity and acceleration in SHM

Can velocity and acceleration reach maximal values during the SHM simultaneously? Can you explain why?
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Simple pendulum. quick question [closed]

I was trying to find an equation to find $T$ and $\omega$ for a simple pendulum when in an elevator while the elevator is accelerating. One scenario is when it accelerates in the positive up ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Equations of motion for a pendulum in 3D?

I am trying to solve for the equations of motion to simulate a pendulum. I decided to use the spherical coordinates. The Lagrange equation is: where L = length of the rope ϕ= angle of the ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Period of small oscillations [duplicate]

A light elastic string is stretched between two points, one lying vertically below the other. A particle is attached to the mid-point of the string, causing it to sink a distance h. Assuming that ...
0
votes
2answers
377 views

Mass-spring system on an incline

I am reviewing for an exam next week, and this is one of the questions I am stuck on. I have the mass-spring system above with spring constant $k$ on a frictionless incline. I would like to find the ...
1
vote
1answer
360 views

Two-block system connected to a spring

Say you have two blocks with masses $m_1$ and $m_2$, where $m_1>m_2$. The smaller block sits atop the larger block. The larger block is connected to a spring, which is then connected to a wall a ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Finding the tangential force experienced by a bob of mass m on a simple pendulum via the gradient/nabla operator)

The problem was posed as follows. Given a pendulum of length $L$ with a mass $m$ attached to it, which forms an angle $\theta$ from the y-axis to the direction of swinging. First we had to find the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Spring with changing equilibrium

Suppose that we have two cars on a track, each with a different mass. Now suppose that the cars are connected with a spring. We smack one car. I would like to write down the equations of motion for ...
1
vote
0answers
874 views

Equations of motion for a pendulum and spring system

The question is available here: I've modeled the building as a rod on a torsional spring (with a pendulum hanging from the top). $\phi$ is the angle from the centre for the pendulum and $\theta$ ...
0
votes
2answers
607 views

Why doesn't mass of bob affect time period?

Please correct me if I'm going wrong - By the gravitation formula: $F = \frac{G m_1 m_2}{r^2} $, So if the mass of a bob is greater then the torque on it should increase because the Force increased ...
4
votes
2answers
567 views

Energy transfer in a coupled pendulum

If you take a look at this video you will see what kind of a coupled pendulum I'm talking about. So I made a similar one in my high school's physics lab, using light metal bobs(much lighter than the ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Is it possible to find a “replacement pendulum” for a system of two equal but perpendicular pendulums?

I ask this question, because at the end of this long day I'm just too dazed to derive the proofs myself (even though I know that I should feel ashamed for this). So, the question: Given two ...
-2
votes
1answer
110 views

Simple pendulum and planet mass [closed]

A simple pendulum, $20cm$ in length, has the period of $2.7s$ on a certain planet. Find the mass of the planet if its diameter is $18000km$. $G=6.67\times10^{-11}Nm^2/kg^2 $ I have no idea how to get ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Delivered/Reflected Power by Drive on a Hamiltonian System

Imagine a SHO with a drive F(t). (or in general a Hamiltonian system) What is the power delivered to the system and can we talk about the power reflected? is i am imagining say a MW oscillator ...
3
votes
0answers
641 views

Effective mass in Spring-with-mass/mass system

Suppose you have a particle of mass $m$ fixed to a spring of mass $m_0$ that, in turn, is fixed to some wall. I'm trying to calculate the effective mass $m'$ that appears in the law of motion of the ...
1
vote
1answer
809 views

SHM of floating objects

If we consider an object undergoing who has an acceleration proportional to the displacement of the object, it is going simple harmonic motion. In terms of Newton's second law, this is $$ -\dfrac k ...
0
votes
2answers
413 views

Time period for spring connected body

Two identical springs with spring constant $k$ are connected to identical masses of mass $M$, as shown in the figures above. The ratio of the period for the springs connected in parallel (Figure 1) ...
1
vote
1answer
435 views

Pendulum in an elevator

Suppose we have a pendulum tied to the ceiling of an elevator which is at rest. The pendulum is oscillating with a time period $T$, and it has an angular amplitude, say $\beta$. Now at some time ...
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Compound pendulum clarification?

I read in a book the following about compound pendulum and small displacements: There are two points only for which the time period is minimum. there are maximum 4 points for which the time ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How can I find the frequency? [duplicate]

Grocery stores often have spring scales in their produce department to weigh fruits and vegetables. The pan of one particular scale has a mass of 0.5 kg, and when you place a 0.5 kg sack of potatoes ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Potential energy during vertical fall

Suppose I have a weightless spring connected perpendicularly to the ground, and it has on top of it some weightless surface. Now, I release some sticky object from height $h$ above the system of light ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

Simple harmonic oscillator system and changes in its total energy

Suppose I have a body of mass $M$ connected to a spring (which is connected to a vertical wall) with a stiffness coefficient of $k$ on some frictionless surface. The body oscillates from point $C$ to ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Can someone please derive $T=2\pi\sqrt{l/g}$ or prove it without using calculus?

I don't know much calculus, but I want to know that how one derives the formula to find time period $T$ of a simple pendulum.
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Sitting on the bob of a pendulum

Walter Lewin's best performance was the pendulum demonstration, and I copy the transcript now: Would the period come out to be the same or not? [students respond] Some of you think it's ...
0
votes
3answers
5k views

How to derive the period of spring pendulum?

So I wanted to find out how to (simply, if that's possible) derive the formula for a period of spring pendulum: $T=2\pi \sqrt{\frac{m}{k}}$. However, Google doesn't help me here as all I see is the ...
3
votes
1answer
346 views

Writing equation for amplitude of driven harmonic oscillator in Lorentzian form

This harmonic oscillator is driven and damped, with the form: $$\ddot{x} + \lambda \dot{x} + \omega_0^2 x = A \cos(\omega_d t)$$ Now, I have used the ansatz (guess): $x(t) = B \cos(\omega_d t + ...
0
votes
2answers
225 views

Understanding the concept of period of motion in simple harmonic motion formula

I have a spring system, whose position equation is $$x(t) = c_1cos(8 \sqrt{2}t) + c_2sin(8 \sqrt{2}t)$$ The textbook says it will have a period of motion of $\frac{2 \pi}{(8 \sqrt{2}t)}$. I ...
0
votes
2answers
647 views

Linear motion with variable acceleration

Consider the following problem I pull a mass m resting at x = 0 on a frictionless table connected to a spring with some k by an amount A and let it go. What will be its speed at x=0? I know how to ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Force to use in harmonic oscillation through the inside of a planet

I am to find an equation for the time it takes when one falls through a planet to the other side and returns to the starting point. I have seven different sets of values - mass of object falling, mass ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How to prove that a motion is Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)?

I would like to know how one could show and prove that a given motion is simple harmonic motion. Once given an answer, I'll apply that technique to an example I am trying to figure out. Thank you ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Simple Harmonic Motion. Why am I wrong? Why is my equation wrong more importantly?

Problem/Solution ! I am deeply confused. B) We know that $x = 2\sin(3\pi t)$. $x' = 6\pi\cos(3\pi t)$ So max speed is $6\pi$ $6\pi = 6\pi \cos(3\pi t)$ $\cos(3\pi t) = 1$ $3\pi t = ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Spring oscillations and waves

Consider a block of mass $m$ attached to a spring. Let it oscillate at a frequency $f$. Now each part of the spring is in SHM. so this means a wave is propagating through this spring.bCan this wave be ...
-1
votes
2answers
1k views

Investigating damped Harmonic Motion in a Spring?

I'm going to conduct an investigation into the dampening of a spring. Essentially, what specific factors could be investigated? Currently I'm planning to investigate the effect of changing the mass ...