Newtonian mechanics covers the discussion of the movement of classical bodies under the influence of forces by making use of Newton’s three laws. For more general discussion of energy, momentum conservation etc., use classical-mechanics, for Newton’s description of gravity, use newtonian-gravity.

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Reasons for decaying orbit for satellites and spacecrafts

This might be a silly question but any answer to clear my clarifications would be very much helpful. As per newton's law, unless a force is given, moving objects will continue to move in a straight ...
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0answers
14 views

How, exactly, does a reaction wheel work?

Reaction wheels, mounted on spacecraft and satellites, are used for precision attitude control. I am not completely clear on how they can do this though. My best guess is that when a motor ...
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0answers
8 views

Lambert's Orbit Problem [on hold]

I have a Lambert solver with the following... Inputs: r1vector, r2vector, semi-major axis [a], Transfer type [1A,1B,2A,2B] Outputs: v1vector, v2vector, Time of flight [TOF] It's not a traditional ...
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1answer
117 views

A precise definition of macroscopic and microscopic objects

What are the formal definitions of "macroscopic object" and "microscopic object". How can one differentiate between them? I mean, is there any fixed condition by which we can distinguish between them? ...
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0answers
29 views

What is the form of the Hamiltonian for periodic boundary conditions? [on hold]

What would the potential term be for a system with periodic boundary conditions? I know the simple harmonic Hamiltonian, but what about a general system such as a wire? I'm trying to solve the ...
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22 views

Inclined pulley. Finding the $\frac{M_1}{M_2}$ [on hold]

Problem As you can see in the picture, $M_1$ and $M_2$ are attached by a massless rope over a pulley. the height difference of $M_1$ and $M_2$ is $h$. The masses start to move and after $τ$ seconds, ...
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1answer
19 views

Conditions of friction on constant acceleration [on hold]

If a body is moving with constant acceleration, then what would the frictional force be? Zero In forward direction, In reverse direction all of above
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0answers
15 views

Cartoon shape cutout at high velocities

I was recently reading this, and Floris's answer confirmed my knowledge that the information of an collision travels at the speed of sound. While I was thinking about that, my mind wandered and I ...
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1answer
37 views

Thrown object with air resistance [on hold]

An object is thrown horizontally from height $h$ with initial velocity of $V_0$. Air resistance is given as $f = -\beta v$ I need to find the velocity and location at any given moment. I understand ...
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2answers
40 views

Understanding variable mass equation for mass ablation/ejection

The "Variable-mass system" entry in Wikipedia, under the "Mass ablation/ejection" title, shows: $$p_2 = (m+dm)(v+dv) + u(-dm)$$ The parameter $p_2$ is for the momentum at $t+dt$, meaning $p_2 = ...
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1answer
23 views

Conservation of generalized energies in Newtonian and Relativistic Systems

I was considering the following problem: In a closed system, it is assumed that mass, momentum and energy is conserved. If we label the total mass of the System $M(i)$ at a time i, the total Momentum ...
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1answer
19 views

Running Euler's disk in a superfluid

I was considering the toy Euler's Disk, a video can be found here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVl2CBG_h2s I was interested in understanding the behavior of the disk particularly in vacuum and in ...
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1answer
25 views

Making water spin a wheel [on hold]

Let's say that I have a wheel with 8 symmetric arranged rectangular plates of area $A$ and the water, with density $\rho$, in the river it moves with $v\: \mathrm{m/s}$. How do I calculate the ...
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1answer
14 views

Do two engines with the same specific impulse always perform the same amount of work?

As the title say, do engines with different thrusts with the same $I_{sp}$ and the same amount of fuel perform the same amount of work?
2
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1answer
59 views

The work-energy theorem

Well here's the question. From some previous excercises we know that from \begin{align} A&=\int F\;ds,\\ &=\int ma\;ds, &&(F=ma)\\ &=\int m \frac{dv}{dt}\;ds, ...
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1answer
34 views

Rotational KE in double pendulum

Why the Rotational Kinetic Energy term for the point mass of Kinetic Energy for double pendulum is not included in Lagrangian equation? \begin{align} ...
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1answer
38 views

Action and Reaction - Time lag

Is there a time lag between action and reaction ? If there isn't such a time lag, the reaction force must cancel the applying force although they act on different bodies. My second question is that, ...
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2answers
139 views

How to find the center of mass of several objects in a 2d plane?

We have the following scenario in a 2d plane: a big rectangle with a lot of smaller similar uniform rectangles in it, all of them weight differently. Where is the center of mass of this object ...
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3answers
34 views

Do components of force have direction when doing work?

When we get angle > 0, the x-component of force is along the direction of displacement and so their product is called Work. So the x-component of force is said to have direction of the respective ...
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3answers
81 views

When we catch a falling object, where does its kinetic energy go?

Some of it is transformed into heat and noise, but where does the rest go? Further details: The object does not bounce off (e.g. a sack of rice marble ball). The hand remains completely static ...
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1answer
74 views

Ball flying towards me - Newton's third law is violated?

I was trying to answer the question of the flying ball here on the basis of Newtons third law and Momentum conservation. Here is what I have tried. Lets take $m_1$ (the ball) hits $m_2$ (the man). ...
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5answers
98 views

Does lunar module need the same amount of fuel for landing and take off?

Let's assume there is no atmosphere and let's assume there is no change in weight due to fuel consumption, will reactive rocket need the same amount of fuel for landing on a planet as for take off? ...
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2answers
56 views

How to actually account for air resistance?

What's interested me in my studies thus far is that in a lot of beginner undergrad mathematics and physics courses we're often told to calculate trajectories, velocities, etc. by "ignoring air ...
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0answers
32 views

Momentum in the frame of reference of the center of mass [on hold]

I'm a high school student who just learned this topic in class today. I don't understand why the sum of momentum is zero in the frame of center of mass. Also, how can I solve this problem: Three ...
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0answers
20 views

Calculations to Determine Force Required for Gyroscopic Stabalization

I am currently undertaking a project involving gyroscopes, the aim of which is to stabilize a large object. I have read that gyroscopes work because of conservation of angular momentum, and if you ...
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2answers
82 views

Force of a Train

Imagine that there are two trains and the first train is twice as long as the second train. They have the same mass per unit length and they are traveling at exactly the same speed. If the first ...
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1answer
81 views

Questioning Einstein's view on gravity [duplicate]

Oke, so my mind is blown by Einsteins view on gravity, at least as far as I understand the basics and principles he based his views on. One of the first things that struck me was that most of his ...
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1answer
27 views

How do you find the tension in the real world? (Given a rope in a pulley system)

I'm well aware of the formula to calculate tension, however, given a real world situation where you have a closed pulley system. How do you measure the force (i.e., tension) required to pull on the ...
3
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4answers
216 views

Why do physics students find vectors so difficult to deal with? [on hold]

When I teach introductory physics to undergraduates, I find that although the classes are frequently split into "algebra-based" and "calculus-based" sections, the most difficult concept for any of ...
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3answers
49 views

Net force of the following? [closed]

The following objects are attached to one another and have difference force directions: Where is the direction of force? And What is the net force? I'm trying to calculate it using their angles, ...
3
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1answer
34 views

Can the speed of a vehicle be determined based upon the extent of injuries to a pedestrian?

While driving at night in a Prius, at varying speeds of 5-20 MPH in heavy, stop-and-go traffic on a 4 lane city street, two pedestrians in dark clothing were struck (not in a crosswalk). One died of ...
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2answers
43 views

Another condition of calculating work

Let's imagine that there is a box placed at the corner of a table, and I push it so that my applied force makes an angle of 30° from the table's surface. The box would move and, due to the effect ...
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0answers
19 views

developing a stationary soft crash target [closed]

I would like to measure the available time delay between the GPS and the mounted accelerometer in a vehicle. I performed some braking tests with the maximum 0.5 [g]. However, I would like to perform ...
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1answer
34 views

Center of mass finding question [closed]

Find the center of mass the rod in the figure if λ (the mass per unit lenght) varies with $x$ according to $\lambda=dm/dx=\beta x^2$, where $\beta$ is a constant. Sorry for quality of picture. I am ...
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0answers
49 views

How fast would a 60 km diameter moon ring rotate to simulate 1 G? [closed]

After seeing this answer regarding increasing mass for greater weight on the moon, my eyes caught the first comment about centrifuges in science fiction. Naturally, the thought of putting Elysium on ...
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0answers
9 views

maximum dislacement on dumping sistem with FDM [closed]

A precision grinding machine is supported on an isolator that has a stiffness of 1 MN/m and a viscous damping constant of 1 kNs/m. The floor on which the machine is mounted is subjected to a harmonic ...
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1answer
27 views

Position of Centre of Mass [closed]

Prove that: $$\vec{R}_{CM} =\frac{\sum_{i=0}^n M_i\times \vec{R}_i}{\sum_{i=0}^n M_i }$$ Where, $\vec{R}_i$ and $M_i$ are the position vector and the mass of $i^{th}$ particle in the system ...
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1answer
28 views

Torque and Moment [closed]

pole vaulter holding a vaulting pole parallel to the ground. the pole is 5 metres long. vaulter grips pole with right hand 10 cm from the top end of the pole and with his left hand 1 metre from the ...
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3answers
64 views

Why doesn't an object that collides with one that is at rest just do a 180?

Newton's third law says "for every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction." So why is it, say, that when a pool/billiards ball hits the wall of the table, the ball doesn't just turn around?
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1answer
48 views

Two boys pull a rope in the two edges with the force 50 N each. Will the rope rip if it can handle only a pull of 80 N? [closed]

I think we should make the sum the two forces 50+50=100 N and say it can't handle? Can you explain me using the 3rd Newton Law?
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2answers
39 views

Is it possible to use a magnet to move a steel carriage, which is tied to the magnet? [closed]

I think yes, but the mass of the carriage is pretty high. Can you answer using the third law of newton?
0
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1answer
40 views

Jumping off a boat vs ship [closed]

Why it is harder to jump towards the coast in a boat than in a ship (more massive than the boat) that is equally near as the boat? I think we should use Newton Law's and this happens because the mass ...
1
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1answer
43 views

What happens when a force is not applied on the centre of the mass? [duplicate]

The answer to this question force applied not on the center of mass states that for a force applied not directly on the center of mass will have the same linear acceleration as one applied on the ...
18
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6answers
3k views

Conservation of momentum when rain pours into a wagon

Suppose a wagon is moving at constant velocity on a friction-less surface, and rain begins to fill the wagon. The net force on the wagon is zero, so momentum is conserved; as the mass of the wagon ...
1
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1answer
45 views

What is the motion of a balloon with a person climbing on a ladder?

Suppose you had a balloon of mass $M$ in the atmosphere at rest relative to the ground, with a ladder attached reaching towards the ground. A person (of mass less than $M$) begins climbing up the ...
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2answers
27 views

Tension of 2 massless springs joined together

A cable is formed by joining two massless springs with different spring constants. Spring A has constant k1. Spring B has constant k2. If mass M1 hangs from the cable, is the tension greater on ...
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1answer
28 views

Understanding tension principles in a 2 pulley system [closed]

Trying to understand tensions in a 2 pulley rope system, where M1>M2. Is it true that T1>T2>T3?
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4answers
299 views

Why don't we take force proportional to velocity? [duplicate]

When a Force is applied on a body at rest, it produces Acceleration which is equal to change in Velocity. But due to the Force, we see that the Velocity is increasing consequently. So why don't we ...
0
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1answer
26 views

What forces cause the centripetal acceleration in circular motion on a merry-go-round?

Suppose you stand on a merry-go-round spinning at $f$ revolutions per second and you are $R$ meters from the center. What forces act on you? If you were tied to a rope like in Fig 2 you would follow ...
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4answers
75 views

Newtons third law and unbreakability [closed]

We all know Newton's third law. But then why this law doesn't work when we place a 1000KG heavy container on a small weak table. The table will break. Pressure is exerted on table by container, and ...