# Tagged Questions

The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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### Can the constant $k$ from Kepler's third law be independent of the mass of the planet?

Consider Kepler's third law The square of the orbital period $\tau$ of a planet is directly proportional to the cube of the semi-major axis of its orbit $a$. $\frac{\tau^2}{a^3}=k$ The ...
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### What is an intuitive explanation using forces for the equatorial bulge?

The earth is not a sphere, because it bulges at the equator. I tried fiddling with centripetal force equations and gravity, but I couldn't derive why this bulge occurs. Is there (a) a ...
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### How can the Air friction force be applied to an object?

Suppose we have an object and we throw it straight upward in the air. How do we apply the Air friction force to this object while moving upwards and after that downwards? Sorry if it's easy because I'...
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### Why is Newtonian cosmology correct for curved space?

The Newtonian model of an expanding Universe gives Friedmann's equation exactly for non-zero spatial curvature $k$ (see http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/astro/expuni.html). Instead of using ...
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### Atomic gravitational field?

This might be a silly question, but if every atom has its own gravitational force could atoms or molecules be attracted to each other over vast distances in the void of space if there were no other ...
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### Mass required to prevent sign falling over with a set wind load - activity stations for disabled children

I'm currently working on my thesis and I'm stuck on a question. I'm designing activity stations for disabled children to be used for equine therapy. The stand is 9ft tall and I've calculated the the ...
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### What in nature causes Newton's gravitation constant to have its given value?

Does the value of Newton's universal gravitational constant $G$ remain a mystery? Why does it have the value that it has?
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### Why does the kinetic energy work theorem apply to inclined surfaces?

Work is supposed to be force x distance, how did we end up with work equaling the difference of hights x gravitational acceleration ? Sorry for my poor understanding :D
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### Could moving land mass alter Earths gravity?

This is potentially a very stupid question but I'm going to ask it anyway. With all these huge buildings such as the Abu Dhabi Mosque, where an unbelievable amount of materials such as marble was ...
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### Does surface tension play a role in planet's shape?

I'm thinking that when the planets and stars were forming along with gravity surface tension also could have played a role in making them spherical. Am I correct?
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### A simple explanation of Kepler's Third Law

Is there a simple way to explain how Kepler's third law follows from the inverse square law that of gravity (and laws of motion) For example for Kepler's second law we can say it's because Gravity ...
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### Is Keplers First Law a consequence of the conservation of angular momentum?

It would seem that once you have deduced that the angular momentum is conserved then you can deduce: $r^2\dot{\theta}=h$ is constant Combining this with the radial equation of motion then yeilds a ...
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### Change in energy during orbital decay

Suppose we have a planet orbiting a star and the planet radiates away some amount of energy $\Delta E$. I want to find by how much the orbit decays (i.e the change in orbital radius). One way to do ...
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### How do you explain Kepler's third law in general terms without complex math?

I understand the first law-elliptical orbits, and the second-equal area in same time, but I need help with the third one. Note that I am not in an AP course or taking calculus at the moment so simple ...
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### Is it possible to 'push' a path to the Earth's core?

This may very well be a question for Earth Science SE, but as it is very hypothetical, maybe pure physics is more appropriate... Question: Imagine we have have a wedge that tapers down into an ...
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### What is the reason for Earth's rotation and revolution?

Is it because of the gravitational effect of the other planets and the sun then why do the other planets rotate and revolve too? And well does the Sun rotate and revolve too?
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### Throwing a Football. Is it truly parabolic?

Driving into work, I started thinking about the arc of something being thrown and was puzzled about how gravity's affect is squared per second for falling bodies. Intuitively that implies the shape ...
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### Why can't we put an object anywhere in the earth's orbit around the sun instead of Lagrangian points?

If we place an object in the earth's orbit around the sun, it should have the same orbital period right? For example, what would be the behavior of an object in orbit at point A1? It is at the ...
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### Terminal Velocity in Water

Another question concerning classical physics. On Earth, the combination of air resistance and gravity interact in a way that creates the phenomenon of terminal velocity. Do other fluids (for example, ...
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### What does the $k_e$ in Coulomb's law and $G$ in Newton's Universal Gravitation Law mean?

I very well understand the proportionality relation that was used to derive these laws like $F$ is proportional to product of masses and inversely to radius squared and hence its proportional to the ...
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### Would running along Earth's Surface at escape velocity cause you to get out of the Earth's gravitational pull? [duplicate]

If one were to run/drive/fly along the earth's surface (by this I mean tangential to the Earth) at escape velocity (about 7 miles per second), would that person escape the gravitational pull? If not, ...
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### What is the equation for the position of a falling body as a function of time? [duplicate]

I know that near the surface of the earth a projectile's position follows a parabolic curve in function of time because the acceleration is constant (about 9.8 m/s2). However, acceleration ...
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### If a purely inductive circuit is started in presence of gravity, will the power source ever run out? [closed]

I have read that purely inductive circuits do no work. So if an Inductor with an AC source, coming from an inverter is set up, will the source of power ever run out due to work against gravity? This ...
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### (Constant) Value Of Gravitational Pull $g$ Of Earth [closed]

I want to know How the value of $g$ was found and what experiments did Newton conduct to land upon the value that we use, which is 9.8 m/s^2. I tried to search for it but I couldn't find much ...
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### How far inside a white dwarf Roche limit does the Earth have to be to start losing large chunks of rocks?

I have calculated that for a one solar mass white dwarf orbited by the Earth, the Roche limit is about 600,000 kilometers. I understand that any loose mass on the surface of the Earth would start ...
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### Is there an underlying reason why some forces are inversely proportional to the square of the distance? [duplicate]

This is the first time I'm studying those subjects (I'm still in high school) and my teacher couldn't give me an answer. I'm referring specially to Newton's law of gravitation and Coulomb's law of ...
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### Why do heavier objects fall faster in air?

We all know that in an idealised world all objects accelerate at the same rate when dropped regardless of their mass. We also know that in reality (or more accurately, in air) a lead feather falls ...
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### Power Generation Via 2 connected objects below distinct orbits

As an example: Large weight A sits just below Earth's orbit Large weight B sits just below Moon's orbit A, B are connected by sufficiently strong material (may not exist, and if so how much ...
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### Why does gravity make objects spherical? [duplicate]

Why is it that gravity tends to make large objects spherical? I'm looking for reasons that are based on the laws of physics.
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### Would a non-rotating Earth collapse on the Sun?

If the earth stopped rotating on its axis, would this influence its revolution motion? In particular, could it collapse on the sun? I ask this because on the one hand I thought the two degrees of ...
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### What will be the shape of liquid if there is no gravitational force [duplicate]

We all know that liquid will take a shape of container in which its filled, but What will be the shape of liquid if there is no gravitational force?
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### Gauss law in gravitation

Is it possible to use Gauss's law of electromagnetism, (The net electric flux through any closed surface is equal to $1⁄\epsilon$ times the net electric charge enclosed within that surface.) to ...
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### How does a planet's size really affect its surface gravity?

If we located an exoplanet whose diameter was $x$ times that of the Earth's in size, and which for simplicity appeared to have an identical composition to that of Earth, then its mass might be taken ...
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### Will the Earth ever show synchronous rotation? Why and when?

In this answer to the question "why does the moon have the same rotation and revolution periods?", we read: The mass and speed of rotation of the Earth influence the moon in that some of its ...
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### Newton's gravity vs Einstein's gravity

Hello so if i were to simplify the difference between gravity as seen from Newton and gravity as seen from Einstein, could i say that Einstein's gravity is just adding the fact that gravity does not ...
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### Planets potential [duplicate]

I'm a physic student of Italy. I'm moving my first steps in this beautiful world, and as every new entry, my simple and stupid questions are sometimes not so simply resolved. I'm trying to know the ...
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### Einstein gravity versus Newton's gravity

What's the basic difference between the gravity as seen by Einstein, and that by Newton?
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### Conservation of energy in the “ideal physics world”

Let us assume we are in the textbook ideal physics world, without any friction. Now, if I place a ball at the top of a parabola U and let it go under gravity, the ball should roll up and down forever ...
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### How to find speed of rotation of gears from kinetic energy of falling body?

A pulley is fitted to the first driven shaft of compund gear train. Last driven shaft of gear train(gear 8) is fitted to the 12V DC generator (6W).Now to the rope extension at the one end of the ...
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### Pendulum in radial gravity field

All I could find about pendulums assumes that the force on the pendulum mass m is mg directed downwards. The case of m being attracted only by the radial gravity pull (thus replacing the "plane" ...
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### Why do we take $h$ as “height from surface to bottom” when calculating liquid pressure?

In the following image, pressures of points x, y and z are $P_{x}, P_{y}$ and $P_{z}$ respectively, and they all are equal. My question is, why? The amount of matter on x is much more than amount of ...
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### What are common methods for calculating the time dependency of elliptical orbit?

After playing a game called "Kerbal Space Program" I got interested in orbital mechanics and started messing with simplified calculations to determine $\Delta v$ requirements. In which I compared two ...
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### Semi-major axis , specific mechanical energy, its period and velocity at Apogee and Perigee and what the difference is [closed]

Hi im needing some help with two questions could you please show the formula and the way its solved?Thanks PS:Could you also explain what the difference of velocity and apogee and perigee? 1.)A ...
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### In what direction should you throw a 1Kg uniform sphere in order to put it into lower earth orbit? [closed]

If you are standing on earth's surface, in what direction (and at what speed) should you throw a 1Kg uniform sphere of radius 0.1 meters in order to put it into lower earth orbit? Assume that there ...
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### Motion under gravitational forces

In a system of particles, can a particle be considered to be attracted to the combined center of mass of the other particles if the Newton's universal law of gravitation is used (the inverse square ...
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### What is the difference between gravitational force and gravitational field?

I see two different formulas describing gravity: $$F=\frac{GMm}{r^{2}}$$ $$g=\frac{F}{m}$$ But I don't understand the difference between gravity as a force and its field as a vector.
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