The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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2answers
72 views

Could one extra straw literally break a camel's back? [closed]

I thought this was better suited here than biology, as the camel is figurative; it could also be a wooden beam. My question is basically: Could adding an object of negligible weight (such as a straw) ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Explanation for Spiral galaxies [duplicate]

Can anyone explain to me why our galaxy is spiral and not irregular or spherical? Please be specific and if maths is required to state what you mean precisely, use it. I will understand it much better ...
1
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0answers
26 views

Collisions with the earth [duplicate]

The earth is traveling around the sun at around 65,000 mph. An asteroid or other large object is traveling around 35,000 mph. Depending on the direction of the impact, the object could strike head on ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Given an equation of an elliptical orbit, is it possible to find satellite´s speed at a certain point?

As the heading says: given an equation of an elliptical orbit, is it possible to find satellite´s speed at a certain point? I'm playing a bit with simulations of planets and satellites in the solar ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Gravitational PE lost v Elastic PE gained in mass - spring

If a spring has a load $m$ added to it (and so is extended by $x$), the gravitational potential energy lost by the mass will be $mgx$. The elastic potential energy gained by the spring is ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Inaccuracy at measuring gravity constant with Cavendish experiment

For a scientific work for school I decided to measure the gravity constant with the Cavendish experiment. I set up a structure like the one suggested on this website: ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Multiple Definition For Gravitational Potential Energy?

This may just be a simple Misconception Question, here goes: Definition for Gravitational Potential Energy: The work done by gravity to pull an object to the ground. ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Initial conditions for a massive objects to follow a path

Suppose I have a path, such as the one traced out by $r^2 = \cos(2\theta)$, and $n$ objects with mass $m$ at equidistant points on this path. What velocities should each object initially have in order ...
0
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1answer
35 views

In a Dyson shell, could centripetal force act as gravity?

In a pure Dyson shell surrounding a non-moving star, with the shell rotating around the star, could the centripetal force of the shell act in some way similar to gravity toward the interior of the ...
0
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3answers
138 views

Deceleration of a bullet [closed]

Taking into account gravity, air resistance, and wind velocity and direction. (And also temperature if it's actually relevant.) I know the muzzle velocity, the total distance the bullet traveled, its ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the net effect of gravity of a thin ring on a point on itself?

Consider a thin ring of mass $M$. What is the net force on any point on the ring caused by the gravity of the other points on the ring? My intuition for this problem was to find the linear mass ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

Rivers that flow “uphill” due to Earth's rotation

One of the fun tidbits that gets bandied around in physics departments is that the Mississippi River actually flows away from the center of the Earth. Due to the Earth's oblateness, the source of the ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Will the Earth's rotation someday be synchronized with its revolution around the Sun?

When will the earth act like the moon with regard to one side of the moon always facing the earth. Will the earth one day get locked in a rotational orbit that has one side of the planet facing the ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

How to calculate escape velocity and orbital velocity for a cubular planet?

Given a planet that is a cube, how would one calculate the escape velocity and the orbital velocity? For a circular planet with an even distribution of mass (aka center of mass=center of volume) the ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Why is gravity high at poles but lower inside the surface of Earth, as compared to $g$ on surface? [duplicate]

My high-school physics teacher recently displayed some formulae stating at when we dig deeper the gravity pull is lower but at poles (the flattened part) it is appreciably higher. Now, if we consider ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Can we regard dark matter as a special fluid rather than individual particles?

If we assume that dark matter is an $N$-body system of sizeless and collisionless particles which only interact via newtonian gravity, do these huge quantity of particles manifest some collective ...
1
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1answer
81 views

What is the outward force on the Moon that makes it go in orbit rather that falling straight to the Earth? [duplicate]

So, we know that the gravity is responsible for pulling the Moon towards the Earth. But because it moves in an orbit, it makes me think that there must be a force that is causing the moon to travel in ...
-1
votes
1answer
201 views

Two objects at different heights, would they be traveling the same speed?

If I were to drop an object at a height of 15 feet, then another object of the same mass at 20 feet, would both objects be traveling at the same speed? What would be the speed of which they are ...
0
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3answers
68 views

Finding velocity from distance and gravity

Basically, I have a problem that asks: An object is launched to a height of 2 miles, what was it's initial speed and time. Now normally something like this would be fairly basic. The problem ...
0
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2answers
71 views

Do other people's mass count when measuring the attraction of the earth on me? [duplicate]

Suppose that I'm alone on a planet of $M$. From what I learned from school, the gravitation force acting on me is given by $$F=G\frac{mM}{r^2},$$ where $m$ is my mass, $r$ is the distance between me ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

Does $v^2=v_0^2-2gh$ work if the positive axis is up and the initial velocity is down?

In the situation where the positive axis is up, the acceleration due to gravity is $g$, and the velocity is represented by the equation $v^2=v_0^2 - 2gh$. This works great if the initial velocity is ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Why aren't Roche limit and the difference in gravitational acceleration the same?

The definition of the Roche limit is: "The distance within which a celestial body, held together only by its own gravity, will disintegrate due to a second celestial body's tidal forces exceeding the ...
0
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0answers
32 views

How far inside a white dwarf Roche limit does the Earth have to be to start losing large chunks of rocks?

I have calculated that for a one solar mass white dwarf orbited by the Earth, the Roche limit is about 600,000 kilometers. I understand that any loose mass on the surface of the Earth would start ...
0
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1answer
62 views

What mistake am I making in plotting this graph of effective potential for the Earth-Moon system?

I am trying to create a graph of effective potential for the Earth-Moon system in Excel. It should result in a graph that looks like this: But this is not what I end up with. (I've made a Google ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Newton's shell theorem in 2d [closed]

I was wondering how to prove the analog of Newton's shell theorem for 2 dimensions, in which gravity obeys an inverse-linear law. Meaning: that an anywhere inside a circle, the gravitational field ...
0
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4answers
94 views

Does not the mass of those living on the Earth add on to the mass of the Earth or is it too negligible to be cared for?

Source: Earth weighs about 13,170,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 pounds (or 5,974,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 kilograms). Since Earth is too big to be placed on a scale, scientists use mathematics ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Gravitational Null Point between Earth and Moon

I need help finding the gravitational null point point between the Earth and the Moon, the point beyond which you start falling towards Moon. I am having difficulty in taking into account the orbiting ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

A question on Rolly polly dolls

I was reading on rolly-polly dolls when the following questions crept into my mind How exactly does center of gravity play a role which helps rolly-polly doll to stand up on its own? Can a ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Gravity Relative to Mass?

Why is it that, in basic physics, it is taught that the acceleration of gravity is the same for objects of any mass (at a constant distance from earth)? Why then is the acceleration of gravity ...
-1
votes
1answer
235 views

What is the difference between an electric field and gravitational field? [duplicate]

Since the electrostatic field and the Newtonian gravitational field share a similar form: proportional to $$ \frac{1}{r^2} $$ Is there any qualitative difference between motions under the ...
-1
votes
2answers
53 views

Planks, supports, and a scale [closed]

I've got two equal dimension planks with the same homogenous mass. They're placed next to each other like this (bird's eye view): [ ][ ] They're sitting ...
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

Why the moon doesn't fall down to earth? [duplicate]

Why the moon doesn’t fall down to the earth? We know that the moon travels in speed perpendicular to the gravity of the earth so that it doesn’t fall down to earth. But what if we supposed that the ...
-4
votes
1answer
58 views

Is conversion of energy into time and space possible ? [closed]

In classic mechanics mass and energy were constant dimensions. Relativistic mechanics stated that 'energy and mass' together is conserved by using conservation of energy.But cant we say that energy is ...
78
votes
6answers
9k views

Does a gun exert enough gravity on the bullet it fired to stop it?

My question is set in the following situation: You have a completely empty universe without boundaries. In this universe is a single gun which holds one bullet. The gun fires the bullet and the ...
0
votes
1answer
282 views

Centre of gravity vs centre of mass for a pyramid mounted on a cube, all sides of length $l$ [duplicate]

A uniform solid body is constructed using a square-based pyramid mounted on a cube. If each edge of the solid has length $l$ show that the centre of gravity of the body lies within the cube is, $\frac ...
0
votes
4answers
89 views

$g=GM/r^2$; $M=$mass of Earth. So in center $r=0$, so $g$ should be infinity [duplicate]

From the equation of Newtonian gravitational force, we know that $$F=\frac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}.$$ If one of the two objects is Earth, then from $F=GMm/r^2$ and we know $g=GM/r^2$. So 'g' should be infinity, ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

Free falling body's deceleration

Ok, a body is falling with a velocity $70\sqrt{2}\ ms^{-1}$ and its final velocity must be 0 $ms^{-1}$ after falling a further 200 $m$. What is the acceleration required to bring it to a stop after ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Trouble with geometric proof of gravitational force inside a sphere

In Newton's superb theorem: An elementary geometric proof (Argument on Page 4, accompanying diagram on Page 11), the author attempts to prove Proposition 70 in Newton's Principia (gravitational force ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Acceleration due to gravity: what's the derivation? [closed]

Modelling the Earth as a symmetric, spherical body (and by using the law of gravitation), we come up with the equation $$w = F_g = \frac{Gm_Em}{R_E^2}$$ How do we arrive to the equation to get the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why does Moon always poses the same face towards Earth?

If both Earth and Moon are rotating as well as revolving around some focus, shouldn't they have drifted out of phase with each other long ago? So, why do we always see the same side always?
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Is Voyager 2 slowing down?

Voyager 2 will leave the dominating gravitational influence of the Sun for a region where other stars have comparable influence on the craft. By the time it gets that far away, how much will it have ...
4
votes
3answers
399 views

Explanation of Supplee's paradox

I was reading about Supplee's paradox, which is about whether a relativistic projectile, subject to uniform gravitational acceleration, would float or sink underwater. However the solution of the ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

Why doesn't space junk form a ring around Earth?

If ice and rock form rings around a planet like Saturn, why don't rings form around Earth from all of the broken satellites and other material around Earth, or will they eventually? I would expect at ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Rockets and distance [closed]

I am trying to create an equation which allows for me to change the aspects of the rocket so i can calculate the distance traveled vertically. My idea is for a rocket that only moves vertically; ...
2
votes
3answers
175 views

Shielding of electric and gravitational force on particles inside a spherical shell

A cavity inside a conductor is shielded from outside electric influences. But, if you put charges inside the cavity, the exterior of the conductor is not shielded from the fields by the inside ...
1
vote
3answers
448 views

Is it possible to have things orbit around us?

Since humans are not large in mass, do we exert enough gravitational force for a small object to orbit around us? (Assuming that the only gravitational force acting on the object is from the human). ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Gravitational force acting on two particles

According to Newton's Laws of Gravitation, $F=Gm_1 m_2/r^2$ So gravitational force F is directly proportional to $1/r^2$. Now if we consider 2 point masses in vacuum at rest at a distance 'd' ...
3
votes
3answers
832 views

How far up an object is its gravitational potential energy taken from? [closed]

This is quite a brief question but, Is the $h$ value in $mgh$ taken from an object's base, middle of top. For example, if a person was $1.5m$ in height and they were standing on a hill of height ...
1
vote
3answers
132 views

Is gravity actually missing or lower in certain spots on Earth?

I have heard and read about "missing gravity" in some regions of Earth. What I seemed to gather from this info is that if I go to a certain spot and jump, I can jump higher; or I could maybe lift more ...