The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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17
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4answers
2k views

How is hydrostatic pressure overcome when a star is formed?

If stars are formed by the collapse of dust clouds under gravity, how is the pressure of the dust cloud overcome? As more material gathers together, gravity will increase, but pressure will also ...
0
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3answers
45 views

Do I need to have a force acting in an opposite direction to feel the force of acceleration?

Suppose I'm in a rocket, accelerating away from the Earth. While I'm accelerating away from the Earth in the rocket, I can feel the force of acceleration. Now, let's suppose we take away the Earth, ...
2
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2answers
69 views

Gravitational binding energy of 2D circle [closed]

I'm interested in calculating the gravitational binding energy for an object modelled by 2D circle for a small collision simulator. In the simulation, I'm using a 2D equivalents of 3D properties (e.g ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Can we use the planets and Sun to fling out a craft at relativistic speeds? [duplicate]

E.g. The Voyager crafts took various assists from the planets. Sun being much more massive, wouldn't a spacecraft gain much more energy from such a flyby on the correct trajectory? If so then what ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Impact on landing with forward motion vs straight down

A skateboarder ollies down a set of stair. Is the impact when landing less than if dropped straight down from the same height?
3
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3answers
150 views

What would be the minimum size of a planet which would allow a human being to walk around without falling out in the open space?

On the Earth you can walk - of course we all know it - in the southern hemisphere without falling out in the open space, and you feel no difference between being at the North Pole or on the Equator. ...
3
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0answers
100 views

From Newton to Kepler without infinitesimals

I've read some interesting calculus-free proofs of at least parts of the derivation of Kepler's Laws from Newton's gravitational force. One is of course Feyman's "Lost Lecture" (which was already ...
1
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1answer
29 views

What's wrong with this derivation of velocity of an object in a gravitational field?

Since a mass (say a piece of satellite) falling towards a significantly bigger mass (say the earth) experiences an acceleration g=GM/x^2, and since g is an acceleration and you differentiate with ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Acceleration in an elliptical binary system

So I'm having a bit of a problem dealing with binary systems. I'm looking at acceleration in a stellar system and am not sure where to begin. Assuming both stars are of equal masses, they'd be ...
2
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1answer
56 views

If the Moon had a large piece blown out would it remain tidally locked?

I just saw this video on Sonic Adventure 2 trivia where it's mentioned that part of the Moon was blown up but in later games it's whole. It was explained away as the Moon simply rotating to show the ...
-1
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1answer
49 views

Why is a satellite's GPE negative? [duplicate]

Okay, so the formula for Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) of satellites is: $$ U=-GmM/d$$ Mass and distance can't be negative, and $G$ is constant that is not negative. Why is a satellite's GPE ...
14
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7answers
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What does an undefined formula in physics mean?

I am trying to figure out how undefined formulas in mathematics relates to physics. Take the following formula for terminal velocity. $$V_\text{terminal} = \sqrt{ mg \over{c \rho A}} $$ Say we have ...
2
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3answers
106 views

Explaning Motion of a Man and Spacecraft Orbiting the Earth [closed]

A man and spacecraft is orbiting around the earth. The man is outside the spacecraft and is not connected to the spacecraft in any way. The distance between the man and the spacecraft remain ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Orbital equations of motion with respect to energy

Consider the equations of motion of an object in an orbit around a central body. We use an inertial frame originating at centre of mass of the central body: $$ \frac{d\mathbf{r}}{dt} = \mathbf{V} ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Gravitational force and potential in infite slab

Let's say that we have an infinite slab of height $2h$ and mass density $\rho$. Let's define $x,y$ as the axis parallel to the slab and $z$ as the perpendicular one, with $z=0$ at the middle of the ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Confusion about gravity

I understand the “rubber sheet” model of Relativistic gravity is just an illustration, and beyond the initial issues of mixing three dimensional objects with a two dimensional representation of 3D ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Calculating mass of an orbiting body with force and acceleration

I'm new to physics, and it's a lot to take in- but there is a problem that I really can't seem to wrap my head around- finding the mass of an orbiting body, like an asteroid. I've looked around a lot ...
51
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4answers
6k views

If dark matter only interacts with gravity, why doesn't it all clump together in a single point?

I'm a complete layperson. As I understand, dark matter theoretically only interacts with the gravitational force, and doesn't interact with the other three fundamental forces: weak nuclear force, ...
0
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2answers
71 views

How fast would someone travel by jumping out of a spaceship into space [closed]

If someone without any propulsion jumped from a stationary ship in space, how fast would they travel?
-4
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3answers
154 views

Gravitational Force [closed]

If energy is represented by Acceleration=A, then am=F ams=W (ams)/t=P Acceleration is always present when motion is present, acceleration is the energy. Since gravity translates into ...
2
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3answers
125 views

How did planets start to spin and do all of them spin in same direction? [duplicate]

How did planets start to spin in the first place? Some say that gases which condense and form planets start spinning and hence planets acquire a spin. And some say that they start to spin to conserve ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Can we calculate the gravitation radiation using the similar method in electrodynamics?

Let's just forget GR for the moment. Newton's theory of gravity and Maxwell's theory of electrodynamics are very similar,i.e both Columb type interaction, can we just use the method develop there to ...
1
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1answer
50 views

What is the time of impact of a dropped item at a very high altitude [duplicate]

I'm trying to automate a landing at a specific spot in Kerbal Space Program and to do that I need to know when the estimated time of impact will be. In short, I'm trying to solve the following ...
2
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4answers
329 views

Will this rope break due to the tidal forces or not?

While I was thinking about how tidal forces can make objects float at the surface of a planet orbiting a massive object like a black hole, the fact that any material on the Earth isn't held together ...
0
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1answer
129 views

Why is only angular momentum conserved for a planet and not linear momentum?

Suppose a planet is moving in an elliptical orbit with the Sun at one of its focii. I know that the forces in existence will be gravity which provides the necessary centripetal force. Now my book ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Balanced and Unbalanced Forces Help

I am a newbie pondering in Physics concepts. I just had a question about Newtonian physics. The reason why "everyday" objects come to a rest is because there are unbalanced forces working against ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How far will the bullet travel before falling back to earth? [closed]

First, the question: A particular high performance rifle cartridge can be fired with a muzzle velocity of 1200 meters per second. The rifle is pointed straight up. Assuming there is no air ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Measuring a rotating shaft's torque [closed]

My question is, there is a rotating shaft and I want to measure its torque. I don’t know its $r$ and $F$ but I connected a thread to the end of shaft to see how much weight it can lift and it is 2 ...
1
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3answers
45 views

The formula for the kinetic friction on inclined surface

I'm confused about the formula for the force of friction on inclined surface. It says that $f$ (force of friction) = $\mu N$ (where $\mu$ is the coefficient of the friction). Is: $$f = ...
0
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3answers
92 views

Is it possible to build planet-sized non-spherical structures?

Beyond certain size and density the celestial objects tend to admit a spherical size. I wonder if is there a fundamental mass, density or specific strength related number which when surpassed a ...
1
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1answer
81 views

How to compute Gravitational potential energy

Find the potential energy of a system of four particles placed at the vertices of a square of side $\ell$. Also obtain the potential at the centre of the square. In the question above can ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Why does mass not matter on how quickly an object falls? [duplicate]

I've seen all the mathematical proofs and physics demonstrations in vacuums. However, for example, if a hammer falls to the Earth it falls very quickly. But, it can be interpreted another way. The ...
-1
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2answers
51 views

Why does using the modified Kepler's 3rd law and using the gravitational parameter yields different results?

$p^2=\frac{2\pi a^3}{\mu}$ ($p$ is the orbital period in seconds) gives slightly different result from $p^2=\frac{4\pi^2}{GM_1}a^3$.
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1answer
43 views

Units in gravitational N-body simulations

I use a code in Python to simulate a binary system interacting through gravity. You can find it here; The code works fine. I am however having problems with the units of length and velocity. I ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Are we increasing the gravity of Earth with our population?

I have these questions related to my question title: Do we, other species and things have our own gravity? How much Gs a human have? Are we effecting Earth, nearby moons and planets with our ...
1
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2answers
85 views

Moon Gravity Vs Earth Gravity Pull

Sometime in the near future, I developed an experimental superweapon capable of blowing up the entire moon, I use it and the blast breaks the moon into multiple pieces of varying sizes. So now we have ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Will the object spin as the earth spins?

If an object is designed to levitate a few kilometers above the ground, and the point directly below the object on earth is called $A$, as time passes and the earth rotates about its axis, will the ...
2
votes
3answers
286 views

Why are triangles drawn like so when working with gravity on an inclined plane?

This is my first year as a physics student, and I've never learned about vectors past a basic level, so this is confusing me. When we have gravity on an inclined plane, we separate it into two ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Solve the inverse function of the solution to a varying acceleration problem ODE

Suppose there are two positive charges $A$ and $B$, both with equal mass $m$ and the same charge quantity $q$. The initial distance between $AB$ is $R$; and the initial velocity of $B$ relatively to ...
3
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2answers
376 views

Can the electric or gravitational potential be discontinuous? Why?

I was solving the Laplace's equation for the charger thin spherical shell and noticed that the field is discontinuous at the surface (inside it is zero and outside it is proportional to $1/r^2$) but ...
1
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3answers
108 views

Why doesn't the volume integral vanish?

I am reading Galactic Dynamics by Binney and Termaine, and I'm struggling with the following passage. According to Poisson's equation the resulting change in potential $\delta\Phi(\mathbf x)$ ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Gravitation Field Lines (amount) and Size of a body

Let's say there were two planets, planet A, and planet B. If they both had the same mass, but one was twice as massive as the other planet, how would the field lines of the two planets differ? I know ...
-1
votes
2answers
92 views

Calculate the Earth’s velocity in its orbit (assumed to be circular) around the Sun [closed]

Data: GM of the Sun: $\text{GM} = 1.327 \times 10^{20} \;\mathrm{m^3 s^{-2}}$ Radius of the Earth’s orbit: $r_{Earth} = 1.496 \times 10^{11} \;\mathrm{m}$ Orbital period of a planet in seconds: $T = ...
9
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2answers
691 views

How can we recover the Newtonian gravitational potential from the metric of general relativity?

The Newtonian description of gravity can be formulated in terms of a potential function $\phi$ whose partial derivatives give the acceleration: ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Gravitational potential and intensity

Why don't we calculate gravitational field/intensity of a point due to a disc directly? We first calculate the potential then calculate the field by differentiating with respect to $dr$. Why don't we ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Liquid seperation in space

We know if we take immiscible liquids of different densities then they form different layers on earth. But when we take them to outer space, they form tiny droplets which are energetically most ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Zero gravity means zero friction?

The frictional force acting on a body placed on a horizontal plane is $F=\mu{R}$ where $R$ is the normal reaction and is equal to weight of a body in this case. And $\mu$ is the coefficient of ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Exertion of force due to spin of Earth

If Earth were to spin at a different speed would I be experiencing a different weight?
0
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0answers
37 views

Galileo proved wrong? [duplicate]

Galileo stated that objects dropped from the same height will hit the ground at the same time, that the rate of gravity is constant for all objects no matter the mass. But I think there is a flaw in ...