The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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2answers
108 views

When a rocket or car is accelerating is the air in it going backwards or not?

I'm not sure but when a car is accelerating is the air in the car pushed backwards or not? If so why did Einstein say that there is no way of finding out (besides tidal effects) the difference ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Centripetal Force Solving

I was recently learning about centripetal force when I came across a problem, I felt with my calculations. I re-watched the video, and the answer seems inadequate. The problem involves a bicyclist ...
0
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2answers
86 views

Why is it called “escape velocity” and not “escape acceleration”?

As we know, velocity to escape from an orbit is in proportional with the orbital velocity: $$v_\mathrm{escape}=\sqrt{2}v_\mathrm{orbit}$$ Since, orbital velocity decreases as we move away so should ...
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2answers
55 views

What is the connection between Newton's laws of motion and his law of gravitation?

What is the connection between Newton's laws of motion and his law of gravitation? Is there a connection where one suggests the other, or are they just two separate ideas that are assumed to be true? ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Ignoring orders of magnitude in a problem

I am so lost in this solution to a physics problem. In the problem I find the gravitational force on the Moon due to Earth and the gravitational force on the Moon due to the Sun They are about ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Universal Law of Gravitation

Suppose that there are two bodies A and B in a vacuum with equal rest mass M and at a distance D apart. The universal law of gravitation states that, if each is at rest relative to the other, the ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Speed of satellite when it falls freely on the surface of the earth [closed]

I am a high school student in my final two years before university. I have a question which I do not know how to approach. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks! "If an artificial satellite is ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Gravity and Newton's 2nd law

I started to wonder what would be different when opening e.g. a very heavy door (e.g.m=10 tons) of a safe here on Earth and on the Moon. Lifting (!) the door (taken of its hinges) straight up here on ...
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1answer
79 views

Can the value of $c$ be calculated from Relativity? [duplicate]

I have three related questions about what theories or equations can calculate and what is an input parameter/constant to the theories. This question is not about parameter units (as another similar ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Solidifying understanding of centrifugal force at the equator vs poles

I'm just trying to get my head around the physics here and understand exactly what's going on, because there's a lot of conflicting information on the internet. Viewed from an inertial reference ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Calculating orbits with varying laws of physics? [closed]

The general way planets orbit stars in our universe is determined by the inverse square law and the three laws of motion. Both the inverse square law and the three laws of motion are the reason that ...
0
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2answers
51 views

Momentum when a people fall down to ground (Related to momentum, gravity, lever)

According to the Newton's laws, free fall is subjected to the pull of gravity at acceleration of 9.8 m/s per second. (Something like this) But I don't think the principle of "free fall" is applicable ...
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1answer
58 views

Why can't we say that moon attracts the earth?

We know that the Gravitational force at which earth attracts moon is also equal to the force in which moon attracts earth as the distance and the G and the masses are same then why can't we say that ...
-9
votes
2answers
171 views

Can Newton's law of gravitation and Einstein's GR be considered true and complete laws of gravitation? [closed]

Newton's law of gravitation and Einstein's general relativity (GR) are empirical laws of gravitation that are strong on description and prediction but lack deterministic and/or causal rigor, which ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Speed of pinewood derby car

If I drop a pinewood derby car from 4 feet I know it hits the ground in half a second at about 10.6 mph. If it rolls down the track (starting at 4 feet) it takes longer, but is it possible for it to ...
-1
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6answers
160 views

People went down two different length slides end up at the bottom at the same time [closed]

Discussion I am having: If there are two slides that are at the same height. One slide is 100m long and the other slide is 200m long. The endpoint and start point are the same displacement. In ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

Why do stellar boundaries exist?

What theorems or insights are available to decide wether a star with some given interdependence between its density, pressure and temperature distributions ought to have a boundary at a finite ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Gravitational force between rod and mass $m$

Why do we integrate along the whole length while finding the gravitational force between a object of mass ($m$) and a rod of length $L$ and mass $M\,?$ Can't we simply use $F=\frac{GmM}{r^2} \, ?$
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1answer
60 views

Do you say it right? [closed]

If someone asks you your WEIGHT what would you answer in SI Units. My weight is x 'kilogram' My weight is x 'Newton'. As we know that weight is a force due to local acceleration and still most ...
0
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2answers
62 views

How can I clarify the difference between free falling and Newton's law?

After I have viewed two experiments the first about Newton's law which involves a brick block and feather letting them fall one time in a vacuumed room they fall at the same time and another time in ...
10
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2answers
814 views

Why does electric force depend on the medium?

Comparing the equations for the gravitational and electric force $$\vec{F}_g=-\frac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}$$ and $$\vec{F}_e=\frac{Kq_1q_2}{r^2}$$ I noticed the only major difference between them is that ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Path of a swinging object on a rope [closed]

With my lanyard in hand (weighted by my keys), a gentle swinging motion will put the keys in pendulum motion, swinging back and forth. Pendulum motion is relatively easy to model since it is ...
-1
votes
2answers
125 views

What is my real weight? [duplicate]

My weighting machines notes my weight to be 65. Should I read it 65N or 65kg. PS: I only need a correct comment. This question is different, since, I know very clearly what mass and weight are. But ...
0
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3answers
51 views

2 airplanes same size and shap different mass

2 identical balls of different mass dropped from same height reach the ground at the same time due to the acceleration of gravity being constant. If I understand correctly the ball with more mass ...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

Fired a bullet upwards, can it fall down and kill me?

I know that if something is thrown up with a velocity v, it comes down with the same velocity as long as its motion faces no resistance. So is it possible for me to fire a bullet and be killed if it ...
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0answers
29 views

What forces act on a caravan being towed by a car? [closed]

What forces act on a caravan that is being towed by a car? How does this compare to a simple car travelling at a constant speed?
0
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1answer
61 views

Optimal time for satellite rocket launch considering moon gravity [closed]

As per this The Gravitational Force of the Earth and Moon on Each Other Moon is pulling us with a force equal to 1/300,000th of our weight. I have read this Is the fuel burn for a satellite launch ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Do we feel 0.4% less body weight on mount everest?

Weight of the object at surface of earth(where $g=9.8066$). considering Weight=$100~\rm kg$ ,Weight ($W_1$)=$mg$ , mass=$10.1972~\rm kg$ At mount Everest top: Height of Mount Everest = $8.848\rm ...
3
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0answers
22 views

Shapes of planets? [duplicate]

I was wondering if there was a general explanation as to why it is that all the planets we observe are roughly spherical, and never flat/planar like galaxies. Could there potentially be flat or ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

A hollow planet [duplicate]

Consider a planet with the same mass and diameter as Earth, except that it is 1) perfectly spherical. 2) a hollow shell 1 meter thick, so the planet is almost like a massive ping-pong ball. ...
0
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4answers
145 views

Physics newb: Why can't I plug $E=mc^{2}$ into $W=mg$?

Starting with $E=mc^{2}$, I solved for $m$ and plugged the result into $W=mg$. Which was very confusing, as objects at rest had no weight: $$W = (e/c²)\cdot g \implies W = (0/c²)\cdot g \implies W ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Couple of questions about Gravitational field of an infinite plane

Is it possible to find the gravitationaal field without using infinite integrals or Gauss's law? I would like to know if so because I haven't learnt doing infinite integrals or using Gauss's law yet. ...
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0answers
51 views

Solution to gravitational two-body problem in case of hyperbolic orbits [closed]

Given two bodies and their positions and velocities at a given time $t_0$, as well as their masses, and the knowledge that their relative velocity is high enough that they will not be gravitationally ...
5
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0answers
39 views

Solving for big $G$ in a Cavendish's torsion balance [closed]

I'm having trouble with determining gravity in a Cavendish experiment (torsion balance): I don't really get one question in my textbook regarding this torsion balance. The question asked if one of ...
4
votes
3answers
91 views

What influence has the distance of the moon on the height of the tides?

As the Moon recedes from the Earth, are the tides getting taller or shorter? If the Moon is, someday, twice as far from the Earth, how many high tides will be there be each day?
3
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2answers
84 views

Confusion with $F=-\nabla V$, $F$ conservative

I am rather confused by the relationship $F=-\nabla V$. If a pen drops from a height it loses potential energy so $\nabla V$ is negative. From the above equation this means that the gravitational ...
1
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1answer
134 views

Prove that time for planet to fall into the Sun equals $\left( \frac { 1 }{ 4\sqrt { 2 } } \right)$ of the planet's period [closed]

If a planet was suddenly stopped in its orbit supposed to be circular, show that it would fall onto the sun in a time $\left( \frac { 1 }{ 4\sqrt { 2 } } \right) $ times its time period. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Second Kepler's law implies that constant velocity

I was trying deduce that if we suppose that the planet's orbits are circular and de Kepler's secong law is true: A line joining a planet and the Sun sweeps out equal areas during equal intervals of ...
0
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0answers
30 views

How can one prove mathematically using a thought experiment that a simple pendulum will vibrate forever in an ideal condition (no friction) [duplicate]

Let's say I have a simple vibrating pendulum, if there is no friction in the space, will it vibrate forever or will it stop? How can one prove this mathematically? I tried but failed, can somebody ...
1
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1answer
149 views

A projectile is shot straight up from (non-rotating) Earth's surface at a speed of 10,000 km/h. How “high” does it go (to 2 s.f, in m)? [closed]

What is wrong with my work? It continuously gives me an incorrect error, but I can't identify the step at which I made a mistake. My work is shown as follows: let the height be h radius of earth , r ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Terminal velocity of mentos [closed]

If somebody throws a mentos downwards (vertically) faster than the terminal velocity of a mentos, from the height at which the terminal velocity is reached from a falling mentos, will the mentos hit ...
-1
votes
3answers
128 views

A gravity question [closed]

Does gravity have a unit like length is metres?
0
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0answers
40 views

Doesn't some of Earth's gravity pull you sideways? Why doesn't this throw off calculations? [duplicate]

So, there's the gravity formula we all know, Fg=(Gm1m2)/r2. But not all of Earth's mass is directly below you, much of it is actually pulling you sideways. Yet, when doing calculations, the formula ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

How do individual masses 'add up' to create a gravitational field?

The combined mass of the Earth is responsible for its local gravitational force. However, this combined mass is made up from of lots and lots (and lots) of atoms, each with their own individual mass ...
0
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3answers
82 views

Gravity effects when deleting stars or planets

In one of the latest SCIFI movies, they collect a star absorving it entirely in a kind of planet size gun/machine. As mass cannot disappear, I assume it was just concentrated inside their machine ...
3
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0answers
128 views

Nine Planets in the Solar System?

I just discovered that there is a Caltech team1 that suggests that there is "Evidence of a Ninth Planet": The object, which the researchers have nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass about $10$ times ...
3
votes
3answers
141 views

Why is the gravitational multipole expansion taken with the origin at the centre of mass instead of the centre of gravity?

Wikipedia's article on the multipole expansion of the gravitational potential expands it as $$ V(\mathbf{x}) = - \frac{GM}{|\mathbf{x}|} - \frac{G}{|\mathbf{x}|} \int ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Why is the Taylor expansion of the gravitational potential cut off after first term?

In this answer to a question on this site, the gravitational potential of the Earth is expanded as $$U(r) \approx U(r_0) + \left.\frac {dU(r)}{dr}\right|_{r=r_0}(r-r_0),$$ keeping only the linear ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Relation between eccentric and true anomalies

If $v$ is the true anomaly and $E$ the eccentric anomaly, how can I show that $$\frac{dv}{dE}=\frac{b}{r}=\frac{\sin v}{\sin E}~?$$
0
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1answer
39 views

Tunnel through center of the earth, how to find period using $ adx=vdv$?

Suppose the boulder enters a tunnel dug through the center of the Earth along a diameter starting at rest. How would one calculate the time it takes for the boulder to reach the other end of the ...