The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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120 views

How does physicists calculate the gravitational self collapsing force of a star?

The nuclear fusion taking place inside the stars opposes its gravitational self collapsing force. But, how does physicists calculate it? I just know the classical gravitational theory and not a bit of ...
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1answer
58 views

Is the trajectory of the Moon around the Earth stable? [duplicate]

I understand how mathematically is possible to have one object with elliptical or circular orbit around another object in space. so can I think of it as a limit cycle? If yes, then is it stable or ...
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3answers
287 views

Why does a bicycle come to rest after travelling a distance?

According to Newton's law of motion, an object that is in motion will not change its velocity unless an external force acts upon it. In the case of a bicycle, if it is in motion with a certain ...
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1answer
114 views

Does Archimedes law depend of lack of matter?

I would like to know if Archimedes law take in equation the lack of matter. Fluid density at 1. An object with density of 0 (or near 0) is put in liquid, it's fixed. The external sphere where liquid ...
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1answer
33 views

induction for massive objects

We know that when two charged bodies are kept near one another, they attract the charges and induce some charge near the surface. This happens even when only lne body is charged as the charges are ...
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1answer
314 views

What is the precise definition of Gravitational Sphere of Influence (SOI)?

I am trying to understand the gravitational sphere of influence (SOI), but all I get by searching is the formula that you can find on Wikipedia, that is $$ r_{SOI} = a \left( \frac{m}{M} ...
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3answers
100 views

Why heavier bodies produce greater gravitational pull than the lighter bodies?

The basic question "Why planets revolve around the Sun?", is explained by taking into account the heaviness of Sun. The lighter bodies are considered to move around heavier bodies,as like lighter ...
4
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0answers
80 views

Victorian cosmology after the second law of thermodynamics but before relativity?

In the 19th century, most astronomers adopted an island universe model, in which our galaxy was the only object in an infinite space. They didn't know that the "spiral nebulae" were other galaxies. ...
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2answers
464 views

If there is no gravity, does that mean there's no mass as well?

I have demonstrated that weight only is measured based on the gravitational pull of where you live. For example, the gravity on the surface of Mars is three times smaller than the gravity on the ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Is this object turn alone with torque inside disk of water?

This is not the original question, I changed for explain details. But now it's not possible to delete the question and now the reply is not in relation with question. I post a new question, and try to ...
0
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3answers
351 views

Why gravity decreases as we go under ground? [duplicate]

We all know that gravity decreases as we go upward, we also know that gravity decreases as we go inside the earth? I don't know why gravity decreases as we go downward or inside the Earth? Please ...
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0answers
32 views

The magnitude of spacecraft anomalous velocities?

That Voyager and several other spacecraft have had anomalous changes in speed is known. According to the news reports, the differences are unsettling. But just how large are these anomalies really? ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Variational principles: Meniscus

In determining the shape of a meniscus, we have to minimize the energy per unit length along the direction perpendicular to the cross-section of the meniscus: $$\frac{E}{L}=\int^L_0 dx [\gamma ...
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3answers
224 views

How accurate is Newtonian Gravity?

I know that really fast moving things need Relativity rather than Newtonian physics. I also know the quirk of the Mercury´s orbit. But just how much more accurate is General Relativity than Newton´s ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Is it possible to levitate an object with piezoelectricity?

The delay for transmit pressure depend of speed of sound in the material. A lot of piezo slip-stick actuator can generate an asymetric wave. Like the differential pressure is not the same the force to ...
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Can I make a rod in the vertical plane move with its one end on the ground in a slanting position?

Consider a rod kept vertically on the ground. I keeps the rod in a slanting position making some angle with the horizontal. Can I now move this rod along the horizontal plane by applying a force at ...
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2answers
197 views

Signs in proof of gravitation potential energy (GPE)

Proof of gravitational potential energy. Work done by gravity in bringing mass from infinity to a distance of $r$ between masses. When we use the integration formula and arrive at the answer we ...
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1answer
140 views

In a moving bus will the ball fall behind me when tossed?

Using Newton's law I have to find whether in a moving bus will the ball fall behind me when tossed in air or will come to me only or will fall in front of me. In fact there are two cases; 1- Bus ...
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8answers
419 views

Why in Newton's law of gravity, we do $M_1 \times M_2$ and not $M_1 + M_2$?

In Newton's law of gravity $$F=\frac{G M_1 \cdot M_2}{r^2}$$ we do the product $M_1 \times M_2$ and not the sum $M_1 + M_2$. Why's that so?
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1answer
255 views

Why closed bottle change its weight when I put effervescence tablet?

I use several shape, several type of material (glass, metal, plastic), I use two different balances with 0.01g of accuracy. I put oil on gasket, and put upside down (like that I can see if water ...
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1answer
137 views

Ball on a slope [closed]

I have a lab report, but I can not write it in a correct way. The lab experiment was about a ball rolling on a slope, I have a height of the slope, the distance, and the time in which the ball spent ...
2
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2answers
198 views

Mathematical model for this graph of a simplified binary star system?

Unnecessary background for question: I had a school assignment asking us to relate a quadratic equation to a real life example relating to our future dream career, making sure to express the accuracy ...
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3answers
563 views

Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) to Kinetic Energy (KE) transfer in Satellite Orbits

I am stumped by a mundane A Level Physics question (teacher of physics here obviously a bit short of practice!). My colleagues and I are stumped and were wondering if any one could help us. It ...
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2answers
94 views

How Galaxy is formed?

Given the distance among stars (the most massive objective in the space) is so huge, the difference of order of magnitude is about 7. And also, since gravity is such a weak force, how is it likely for ...
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1answer
132 views

Gravitational binding energy and integrated potential energy not the same?

Before looking up the formula for the gravitational binding energy of a uniform sphere, I simply figured that the general formula for binding energy of an arbitrarily-shaped mass distribution would be ...
2
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1answer
62 views

What are the steps and energetic requirements for getting from the HST to the ISS?

There have been several general critiques of the realism some of the physics depicted in the movie "Gravity" notably regarding the the orbital mechanics of the transition from the Hubble Space ...
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3answers
489 views

Gravitational acceleration on the Moon and Mars

There are plenty of formulas that use gravity acceleration of Earth. This is represented with the symbol $g$. In my school work (I am a high school student) we usually take it as $g= 9,8 \,\text ...
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83 views

Is centre of gravity a point?

Is the centre of earth a point? If it is so, then it should attract objects both horizontally and vertically. But, it always attracts vertically. Why is it so?
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226 views

Intuitive explanation of why orbits are closed?

Yesterday my brother asked me how orbits work. Suppose for the sake of the question that you are trying to put a rocket in orbit around the Earth. I explained that orbiting is essentially being in ...
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2answers
155 views

Newtonian gravity equation in a 2 dimensional world [duplicate]

I am wondering if my line of thought is correct - and thus the resulting answer to the problem above would be correct. As we know the gravitational force (of two point masses) is given by $$F = ...
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2answers
492 views

What is going on in the system? How are the formulas `mg sin(x)` and `mg cos(x)` derived?

When a load is resting on an inclined plane, there is force $mg \sin(x)$ that's vertical to the inclined plane and force $mg \cos(x)$ horizontal to the plane acting on it like this: My textbook ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Orbital speed for a circular orbit?

I wanted to look up the formula for orbital speed for a circular orbit on Wikipedia, and I found 2 formulas: All bounded orbits where the gravity of a central body dominates are elliptical in ...
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5answers
807 views

Can Helium Disappear from Earth?

Can Helium disappear? As we know Helium is lighter than air, so basically Helium fly off from Earth. Is it possible that in the future we will run out Helium?
5
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1answer
75 views

Do all celestial objects have stationary orbit?

Do all celestial bodies of sufficient mass such big asteroids, moon, planets etc. have orbit such that the period of revolution is same as the sidereal period of that object (such as geostationary ...
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1answer
52 views

About Earth Gravity and its characteristics in different scenarios

Earth's gravitational field gives rise to a typical acceleration of 9.80 m/s². If you say gravity changes with altitude, then what will be the gravity at per say 8900 meters. Is there any specific ...
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0answers
89 views

Collision of two asteroids in the main belt [closed]

If there are two asteroids $A$ and $B$ of equal mass (and density of 3000kg/m^3), with the same semi major axis of $a=$2.2 AU with asteroid $A$ having a circular orbit and no inclination, and ...
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0answers
62 views

Interpretation of a quantity from the reduced three body problem [closed]

Consider two bodies $S$ and $J$ that gravitate about their center of mass $O$, under the influence of mutual attraction. A third massless body $P$ is moving in the same plane. What is the ...
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1answer
274 views

Newton's Third Law Of Motion: Earth Falling to an Apple?

I 'get' Newton's third law of motion, except for one thing. We know that if we let an apple fall to the Earth, the earth will fall to the apple, because the Earth must experience the same force in the ...
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1answer
803 views

Calculate Mass based on Velocity and Acceleration

I am attempting to design a obstacle avoidance system with the Arduino. My position (for now) is going to be stationary. I will be detecting an incoming object and I want to use the below known ...
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1answer
205 views

Finding mass density of a sphere?

If the gravitational field vector is independent of the radial distance within a sphere, find the function describing the mass density $\rho (r)$ of the sphere. I uses the divergence of $\bf ...
5
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1answer
114 views

How does one calculate where the “surface” of a gas-giant would be?

Okay, so Jupiter, Saturn, et. al are gas giants. I understand that they have large gassy atmospheres, which, due to the pressure would eventually become more and more dense as one approaches the ...
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2answers
642 views

Where does tidal energy come from?

Kind of an odd, random question that popped into my head. Tidal energy - earth's ocean movement, volcanism on some of Jupiter's moons, etc. - obviously comes from the gravitational interaction between ...
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2answers
816 views

Finding the period of an infinite length pendulum [closed]

What would be the period of a pendulum with an infinite length, assuming a non-rotating Earth? The answer is not infinity.
6
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4answers
570 views

How much does the Earth's rotation affect a golf ball?

When launching rockets into space, they start straight but begin to lean, I assume due to the Earth's rotation. For something on a much smaller scale, such as a golf tee, is there a measurable ...
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0answers
59 views

Gravitational Behavior of Rotating Body

Consider a stick with a (ball-shaped) weight at the end of it. Let's say this stick is in a state of rotation (it's floating in vacuum) and is also in a state of translational motion. Consider a ...
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1answer
593 views

Gravitational force exerted by a rod on a point mass

I have doubts with the solution of a certain problem. I will give the entire solution below and will lay out my doubts as well. A point mass $m_1$ is separated by a distance $r$ from a long rod of ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Question about gravity felt at various radii within a massive sphere

Imagine there's a sphere of radius $R$ which has constant density $\rho$ and you can stand anywhere inside of the sphere. Wherever you stand within the sphere, you'll only feel gravity coming from the ...
0
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1answer
110 views

Motion in a central field and angular momentum

Is it correct that for a motion in a central force field, e.g. a gravitational field, the absolute value of the total angular momentum of the particle and the component of the perpendicular to the ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Combine forces (gravity)

I have a point at which there are (at least) two different forces (gravity to be precise) working. How do I combine those so that the force acting on the point are as realistic as possible? To put ...
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2answers
111 views

Galaxy rotation equation problem

I would like to know if in this equation for the rotation of galaxies: $$v^2=\frac{GM}r.$$ Is $M$ the mass of the black hole at the center of our galaxy? Someone said to me that No, $M$ is the ...