The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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Hanging chain in a planet's gravitational field

The curve for a chain hanging between two poles in a uniform gravitational field is known as the catenary. Is there known an expression for the curve of a hanging chain on a planet of mass $M$ which ...
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3answers
119 views

Using normal rules of gravity, How would gravity work on a flat “world”?

The question is a bit vague, so let me provide some more context. Imagine we have a world like Middle-earth (prior to the end of the Second Age), or any of many fictional Fantasy worlds (Glorantha, ...
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0answers
22 views

Relation between gravitational field and gravitational potential

gravitational field is the negative differential of gravitational potential . now gravitational potential due to a particle at a distance r is -Gm/r where m is the mass of the particle . If i take the ...
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6answers
3k views

Is Newton's Law of Gravity consistent with General Relativity?

By 'Newton's Law of Gravity', I am referring to The magnitude of the force of gravity is proportional to the product of the mass of the two objects and inversely proportional to their distance ...
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0answers
19 views

How to calculate the force of pull when a high speed rotating wheel is braked suddenly and immediately accord to angular momentum?

According to angular/circular momentum, how can I calculate the force of pull when a high speed turning wheel is stopped suddenly and immediately (I mean stop to 0 m/s within 0.1 sec). As I know, this ...
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4answers
7k views

Work in circular motions

Suppose that a satellite circles around a planet that exerts $2000N$ of gravitational force on the satellite. I understand the fact that since the circular motion and the centripetal force are ...
3
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2answers
107 views

When a rocket or car is accelerating is the air in it going backwards or not?

I'm not sure but when a car is accelerating is the air in the car pushed backwards or not? If so why did Einstein say that there is no way of finding out (besides tidal effects) the difference ...
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2answers
378 views

Did Newton discover gravity waves without realizing it?

Newton's theory explained the changes in sea level by the effect of gravity (moon/sun). Now we are trying to detect gravitational waves from distant cosmic surces. But, apart from the differences in ...
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0answers
37 views

Centripetal Force Solving

I was recently learning about centripetal force when I came across a problem, I felt with my calculations. I re-watched the video, and the answer seems inadequate. The problem involves a bicyclist ...
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5answers
146 views

Reduced-gravity flight (A300 0-G): what is actually reduced?

I doubt I can hide from the effects of gravity when I'm close to Earth. We usually don't question this biker is fully experimenting gravity: Source. But with the well-known "reduced gravity" ...
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1answer
238 views

Can we make a “Gravity Mill” based on principle(s) of Newton's cradle?

DISCLAIMER: Newbie/Wannabe Physicist. What's to stop us from making a "Gravity Mill" which is a bar/rod attached with weights on both ends and pivoted at the ...
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2answers
79 views

Why is it called “escape velocity” and not “escape acceleration”?

As we know, velocity to escape from an orbit is in proportional with the orbital velocity: $$v_\mathrm{escape}=\sqrt{2}v_\mathrm{orbit}$$ Since, orbital velocity decreases as we move away so should ...
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2answers
51 views

What is the connection between Newton's laws of motion and his law of gravitation?

What is the connection between Newton's laws of motion and his law of gravitation? Is there a connection where one suggests the other, or are they just two separate ideas that are assumed to be true? ...
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1answer
46 views

Solidifying understanding of centrifugal force at the equator vs poles

I'm just trying to get my head around the physics here and understand exactly what's going on, because there's a lot of conflicting information on the internet. Viewed from an inertial reference ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Speed of satellite when it falls freely on the surface of the earth [closed]

I am a high school student in my final two years before university. I have a question which I do not know how to approach. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks! "If an artificial satellite is ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Universal Law of Gravitation

Suppose that there are two bodies A and B in a vacuum with equal rest mass M and at a distance D apart. The universal law of gravitation states that, if each is at rest relative to the other, the ...
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1answer
681 views

Velocity distribution in Plummer's models and others mass distributions

The Plummer's sphere is an model for the mass density in a globular cluster of stars. For an $N$-body simulation I have initialized the position of $N$ masses with a Monte-Carlo technique but cannot ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Gravity and Newton's 2nd law

I started to wonder what would be different when opening e.g. a very heavy door (e.g.m=10 tons) of a safe here on Earth and on the Moon. Lifting (!) the door (taken of its hinges) straight up here on ...
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1answer
76 views

Can the value of $c$ be calculated from Relativity? [duplicate]

I have three related questions about what theories or equations can calculate and what is an input parameter/constant to the theories. This question is not about parameter units (as another similar ...
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1answer
47 views

Calculating orbits with varying laws of physics? [closed]

The general way planets orbit stars in our universe is determined by the inverse square law and the three laws of motion. Both the inverse square law and the three laws of motion are the reason that ...
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2answers
155 views

Why do stellar boundaries exist?

What theorems or insights are available to decide wether a star with some given interdependence between its density, pressure and temperature distributions ought to have a boundary at a finite ...
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1answer
58 views

Why can't we say that moon attracts the earth?

We know that the Gravitational force at which earth attracts moon is also equal to the force in which moon attracts earth as the distance and the G and the masses are same then why can't we say that ...
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2answers
41 views

Momentum when a people fall down to ground (Related to momentum, gravity, lever)

According to the Newton's laws, free fall is subjected to the pull of gravity at acceleration of 9.8 m/s per second. (Something like this) But I don't think the principle of "free fall" is applicable ...
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2answers
157 views

Can Newton's law of gravitation and Einstein's GR be considered true and complete laws of gravitation? [closed]

Newton's law of gravitation and Einstein's general relativity (GR) are empirical laws of gravitation that are strong on description and prediction but lack deterministic and/or causal rigor, which ...
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5answers
9k views

Why aren't there spherical galaxies? [duplicate]

According to the Wikipedia page on Galaxy Types, there are four main kinds of galaxies: Spirals - as the name implies, these look like huge spinning spirals with curved "arms" branching out ...
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6answers
137 views

People went down two different length slides end up at the bottom at the same time [closed]

Discussion I am having: If there are two slides that are at the same height. One slide is 100m long and the other slide is 200m long. The endpoint and start point are the same displacement. In ...
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1answer
30 views

Speed of pinewood derby car

If I drop a pinewood derby car from 4 feet I know it hits the ground in half a second at about 10.6 mph. If it rolls down the track (starting at 4 feet) it takes longer, but is it possible for it to ...
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1answer
64 views

Gravitational force between rod and mass $m$

Why do we integrate along the whole length while finding the gravitational force between a object of mass ($m$) and a rod of length $L$ and mass $M\,?$ Can't we simply use $F=\frac{GmM}{r^2} \, ?$
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2answers
106 views

What general relativity predicts in such a situation?

If there's a system of a point mass or point particle with mass 'm' and a structure such that - The structure is made of many concentric spheres (shells) with certain thickness and the radius of those ...
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2answers
282 views

Is the center of mass in general relativity equal to the center of mass in newtonian gravity?

Consider 2 point masses $A,B$ a distance $d$ away from eachother without velocity or rotation spin. Is the center of mass in general relativity equal to the center of mass in newtonian gravity ? In ...
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1answer
59 views

Do you say it right? [closed]

If someone asks you your WEIGHT what would you answer in SI Units. My weight is x 'kilogram' My weight is x 'Newton'. As we know that weight is a force due to local acceleration and still most ...
0
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3answers
189 views

What physics concepts support the observation of the book and paper falling together?

you place a sheet of paper on a book, it falls with it rather than being separated & slowed by air resistance. What physics concepts support the observation of the book and paper falling together? ...
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3answers
50 views

2 airplanes same size and shap different mass

2 identical balls of different mass dropped from same height reach the ground at the same time due to the acceleration of gravity being constant. If I understand correctly the ball with more mass ...
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2answers
57 views

How can I clarify the difference between free falling and Newton's law?

After I have viewed two experiments the first about Newton's law which involves a brick block and feather letting them fall one time in a vacuumed room they fall at the same time and another time in ...
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2answers
766 views

Why does electric force depend on the medium?

Comparing the equations for the gravitational and electric force $$\vec{F}_g=-\frac{Gm_1m_2}{r^2}$$ and $$\vec{F}_e=\frac{Kq_1q_2}{r^2}$$ I noticed the only major difference between them is that ...
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1answer
56 views

Path of a swinging object on a rope [closed]

With my lanyard in hand (weighted by my keys), a gentle swinging motion will put the keys in pendulum motion, swinging back and forth. Pendulum motion is relatively easy to model since it is ...
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2answers
122 views

What is my real weight? [duplicate]

My weighting machines notes my weight to be 65. Should I read it 65N or 65kg. PS: I only need a correct comment. This question is different, since, I know very clearly what mass and weight are. But ...
3
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2answers
2k views

How gravitation affects tides

I know that tide is caused by the gravitational pull of moon but what I don't know is how it affects water. I have actually these doubts. Why does gravity of the moon creates tides only in water? ...
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4answers
337 views

Will this rope break due to the tidal forces or not?

While I was thinking about how tidal forces can make objects float at the surface of a planet orbiting a massive object like a black hole, the fact that any material on the Earth isn't held together ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Relation between eccentric and true anomalies

If $v$ is the true anomaly and $E$ the eccentric anomaly, how can I show that $$\frac{dv}{dE}=\frac{b}{r}=\frac{\sin v}{\sin E}~?$$
0
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1answer
56 views

Optimal time for satellite rocket launch considering moon gravity [closed]

As per this The Gravitational Force of the Earth and Moon on Each Other Moon is pulling us with a force equal to 1/300,000th of our weight. I have read this Is the fuel burn for a satellite launch ...
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3answers
526 views

When does normal force equal to $mg$?

Can someone once and for all explain when does normal force equal to mg? I know for sure that when there is no friction, normal force will be equal to mg. But, i encountered some questions when there ...
0
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2answers
1k views

How can gravity truly be infinite?

From my knowledge, gravity is infinite and extends throughout all of space. It diminishes as distance increases but is still present everywhere. So given enough time, no matter where something is in ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Do we feel 0.4% less body weight on mount everest?

Weight of the object at surface of earth(where $g=9.8066$). considering Weight=$100~\rm kg$ ,Weight ($W_1$)=$mg$ , mass=$10.1972~\rm kg$ At mount Everest top: Height of Mount Everest = $8.848\rm ...
4
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3answers
86 views

What influence has the distance of the moon on the height of the tides?

As the Moon recedes from the Earth, are the tides getting taller or shorter? If the Moon is, someday, twice as far from the Earth, how many high tides will be there be each day?
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0answers
29 views

What forces act on a caravan being towed by a car? [closed]

What forces act on a caravan that is being towed by a car? How does this compare to a simple car travelling at a constant speed?
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3answers
6k views

Forces on a ball thrown upwards

When a ball is thrown up in upward direction, it is said that force is in downward direction. Why we don't we consider the force given to the ball to throw up in the upward direction? Is there is no ...
3
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0answers
22 views

Shapes of planets? [duplicate]

I was wondering if there was a general explanation as to why it is that all the planets we observe are roughly spherical, and never flat/planar like galaxies. Could there potentially be flat or ...
3
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2answers
67 views

A hollow planet [duplicate]

Consider a planet with the same mass and diameter as Earth, except that it is 1) perfectly spherical. 2) a hollow shell 1 meter thick, so the planet is almost like a massive ping-pong ball. ...
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1answer
48 views

Couple of questions about Gravitational field of an infinite plane

Is it possible to find the gravitationaal field without using infinite integrals or Gauss's law? I would like to know if so because I haven't learnt doing infinite integrals or using Gauss's law yet. ...