The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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Understanding Millikan's oil-drop experiment

This is quoted from A.P. French's Newtonian Mechanicsabout Millikan's oil-drop experiment: The droplets randomly produced in a mist of oil vapor are of various sizes. The ones that Millikan found ...
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2answers
87 views

Gravity - change with altitude

Does acceleration due to gravity, $g$, which is calculated by Newton's equation, decrease with altitude? Forgive the silly question.
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8answers
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Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity?

The common understanding is that, setting air resistance aside, all objects dropped to Earth fall at the same rate. This is often demonstrated through the thought experiment of cutting a large object ...
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2answers
76 views

Why does Earth accelerate every object toward itself with acceleration of $9.8\, m/s^2$ [closed]

Why Earth accelerates objects due to gravity with $9.8\,\mathrm{m/s}^2$. How to demonstrate that?
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1answer
84 views

Time to fall in a non-uniform gravitational field

In an uniform gravitational field the loss in potential energy (the work done) by gravity is given by $\text{-}mg\Delta h$ and the time to do so (assuming no friction and no initial velocity) is given ...
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2answers
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What would be the rate of acceleration from gravity in a hollow sphere?

Lets say the Earth is hollow and you are in the center of it (Same mass except all of it is on the outside like a beach ball) If you move slightly to one side now your distance is closer to that side ...
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0answers
33 views

1. How is Newtonian calculations compatible with curved spacetime? and 2. multiple competing reference frames for gravity [duplicate]

Since spacetime is curved, and since the measurement of distance on a curve is along a geodesic, how is it that Newtonian (non-curved) physics can be successfully deployed to calculate distances, ...
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2answers
486 views

Deviation from Earth's orbit

How much orbital deviation is required for the Earth to get knocked out from current orbit so it either moves away from Sun or towards the Sun?
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22 views

Shell theorem using Gauss Law

Let me present you my problem: Two spherical shells with radius $R_1$ and $R_2$ ($R_1 < R_2$) and masses $M_1$, $M_2$ are concentric. Calculate the gravitational force $\vec{F_g}$ applied ...
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1answer
28 views

How would change force of gravity? [closed]

How would change force of gravity, impacting some object, when this object is lifted on height $h = 3 \cdot R_3$. The right answer stated as ("decrease 16 times"). I want to know why.
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1answer
126 views

Minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ [closed]

I'm stuck on this textbook question about the minimum energy required to roll a cuboid through $90^\circ$ from an upright position to a horizontal position (see image). I believe the correct answer is ...
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1answer
41 views

Parabolic slide [closed]

Can you give a big hint for this problem please? A material point is released at the end of a track in the form of a vertical arc of parabola $y = x^2$ in $[-1,1]$, the meter is selected as a unit ...
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1answer
61 views

How can I solve this differential eqution with IVP? [duplicate]

$$m\frac{d^2r}{dt^2}=-G\frac{Mm}{r^2}, \qquad r(0)=R ,\qquad \dot{r}=v_0>0$$ describes the free fall of an object of mass $m$. $r(t)$ is the distance of m to the center of the earth which is $R$ ...
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3answers
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Why is Earth's gravity stronger at the poles?

Lots of places state that the Earth's gravity is stronger at the poles than the equator for two reasons: The centrifugal force cancels out the gravity minimally, more so at the equator than at the ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Calculating pendulum rate variation due to change in force of gravity over arc of swing

Hi all and thank you in advance for any insight into this problem. I'm a journalist working on a story on precision pendulum clocks and specifically on the isochronism of pendulums. I note that the ...
2
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3answers
227 views

Weight distributions [duplicate]

If a man is standing on two weighing machines (scales), with one foot on each, Will both machines show equal weight or his weight will be distributed in two machines?
0
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1answer
333 views

Maximum range of projectile launched from an inclined plane [closed]

As we already know the max range if we launch it from any flat surface or from any height but I was wondering what will be maximum range if we launch it from inclined plane. I have made on figure of ...
0
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0answers
29 views

What is the particle distribution in Saturn's Ring System?

In watching the scientifically scream-inducing film/movie 'Interstellar', there was a shot of the spacecraft moving through the Rings of Saturn. In this shot, and in every graphical representation of ...
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4answers
3k views

Can adding weight to something make it tilt slower?

Let's say we have 2 sticks, both a meter long. We put both of them on the ground vertically. To the top of one of them we attach a weight. Then we tip both of them over and let them fall. Assume ...
2
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2answers
541 views

Why inverse square not inverse cube law? [duplicate]

So as I understand, the inverse-square law which shows up in a variety of physical laws (Newton's universal law of gravitation, Coulomb's law, etc.) is a mathematical consequence of point-like ...
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3answers
142 views

Since the gravitational force is only attractive, why does matter not just concentrate into a small sphere?

This doubt has been wandering in my head for a long time. The gravitational force is only attractive force not a repulsive force. Since gravitational force is only attractive force, why not the ...
2
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0answers
26 views

What would be the shape of a candle in a zero gravity environment? [duplicate]

What would be the exact shape of a burning candle if it is placed in a zero gravity environment...I am not able to determine the way the fire and the candle aligns.. Please help me out!
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1answer
101 views

Why does the gravitation potential in a uniform field have negative values?

As we know the gravitational potential is the work done per unit mass in taking a point mass from zero potential (at infinity distance) to a point in a gravitational field. But why is the work ...
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3answers
117 views

Why does it hurt more to fall from 10 stories, than 1?

$F=ma$. Falling from any distance, mass stays the same, and acceleration due to gravity stays the same. So, why does it hurt more, the longer you fall?
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5answers
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What would happen if I were to fall into a massive hollow planet?

Imagine, if you will, there exists somewhere out there a supermassive planet. For some reason, this planet is only a shell of its former existence and all that is left is a crust of substantial size ...
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2answers
132 views

Gravitational potential difference

in my revision guide it defines gravitational potential difference as: The gravitational potential difference is work done in moving a unit mass. It then goes on to explain the gravitational ...
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1answer
209 views

What does this sentence mean?

"The acceleration of free fall on the surface of the Earth is 6 times its value on the surface of the Moon." I interpreted it as: "The acceleration of free fall due to the Earth's ...
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1answer
424 views

How can a planet gravitationally capture objects?

I would expect that any asteroid or other object originating far away but passing near a planet would pick up speed and energy as it approaches, but unless it comes into contact with the atmosphere ...
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1answer
48 views

How did the Moon survive next to the Earth since earth and Moon came into existence?

What mechanism(s) prevented the gravitational effect of the earth on the moon from shattering the moon when it was closer to the earth than the Roche Limit some 4.5 billion years ago?
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2answers
76 views

Free-Falling Object

How does the presence of air affect the rate at which a body falls? What is the rule for falling objects, when there is little or no air resistance?
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2answers
210 views

What is third cosmic velocity?

I have been studying Gravitation chapter and there I found one term : Third cosmic velocity which is also known as interstellar speed. So what is it ? What it really tells about? I tried to gather ...
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3answers
57 views

Gravitational field strength and potential different signs

In my revision guide the gravitational field strength is given as $g=GM/r^2$ whereas gravitational potential is $V=-GM/r$. Why does potential have a minus sign but field strength doesn't?
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0answers
52 views

Is the acceleration of a soap bubble the standard value of gravitational acceleration?

Is the acceleration of a basic soap bubble the same as the standard value of gravitational acceleration 9.81 m/s^2 when it is dropping in a windless space? I have used the Newton's 2nd law to prove ...
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1answer
235 views

Graph of electric potential

In my AP physics guide the graph for electric potential (for a radial field, i.e. point charge) and gravitational potential (for radial field, i.e. point mass) slightly differ from each other and I ...
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1answer
33 views

Pendulum at an angle

A pendulum has a period of $T$ when swinging from a string. The pendulum is now placed on a frictionless incline at a 30 degree angle. What is the new period of the pendulum?
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5answers
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Why can't a rope be pulled completely straight?

I have found several discussions on how to calculate the sag of rope that is tied off at two points (like a tightrope), and I understand it to a certain extent. What I can't wrap my head around is how ...
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0answers
45 views

Why do planets moving around our Sun lead to how stars move around the centre of a spiral galaxy?

We know that the speed with which the planets go around our sun decreases as a function of the distance they are from the sun. Since stars are not planets, and presumably do not behave like planets, ...
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1answer
119 views

Force of Gravitational attraction between the ring and the sphere? [closed]

Let us say a uniform ring of mass m and radius 3a is kept above a sphere of mass M and radius 3a at a distance of 4a such that line joining the centres of ring and sphere is perpendicular to the plane ...
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1answer
475 views

Was Einsteins work with relativity necessary for successful space travel?

So I know that Einstein and general relativity had huge impacts on the way we view the world, but how crucial were these scientific advancements to the success of our space programs? Would Newtonian ...
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1answer
96 views

Is there a fundamental relationship between Coulomb's law and Newton's Law of Gravitation? [duplicate]

It seems like the two equations are identical indicates that there is something more going on that unites them both, maybe in a cool way or something. Why are these two laws so similar?
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4answers
121 views

How to measure the mass of Earth?

I was wondering how you can measure the mass of Earth. From what I find on the internet, people are using Newton's Laws. But how can you do that ? Newton's Laws are assumed to work because you know a ...
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1answer
45 views

How are the theoretical properties of a gravity train linked to orbital properties?

Whilst perusing a question on WorldBuilding, a link was given to an article about Gravity Trains. Some of the answers on the question, and the Wikipedia article, state a travel time of 42 minutes ...
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1answer
70 views

What force acts on a coin that has been tossed when it is half way to the top? and what force acts on it when it is at the top?

This is a homework question and it appears to be a misleading question. I think that the answer is gravity for both of them. The only alternative answer I have is kinetic energy half way up and ...
0
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1answer
41 views

How to Model Differential Gravitational Field from Vectors?

The tides are caused by differences in the gravitational field of the moon on the near side and far side of the earth. If I set this gravitational field as a vector field using Newton's Law of ...
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2answers
38 views

will the acceleration of a freely falling body having rotional motion be differet from g?

A disk is falling freely vertically rotating on its on axis while doing so. Will the acceleration of the body be different from 'g'?
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0answers
26 views

References on the 3 body problem

Does anyone know good references for the general 3 body problem? I'm looking for both analytical and numerical approaches.
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0answers
91 views

References for circular restricted 3 body problem?

Does anyone know of any good references for the CR3BP -- the circular restricted 3 body problem? Emphasizing on real-life applications, and interpretation of the numerical solutions? Thank you. There ...
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1answer
177 views
0
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1answer
63 views

Why Earth is not a cuboid? [duplicate]

There must be some scientific reasons for why earth is a spheroid but what are they? If Earth would be a cuboid, Would it matter?
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2answers
147 views

If Earth and Jupiter are orbiting around Sun in same orbit, will they have same time period?

Let us suppose that Earth and Jupiter are orbiting around the Sun in same orbit, If we talk about at any particular point. (Which is not possible but for the sake of question) I was wondering that ...