The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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Why are objects (such as planets) in motion and not static? [duplicate]

I am just curious, why are all the planets, rocks etc in motion? Would they fall into objects with larger gravity if they were not in motion? What is stopping the earth from falling into the sun or ...
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1answer
27 views

Is there any experimental evidence to distinguish the total gravitational force exerted by the two proton and a helium nucleus?

I know that the sum of the mass of the two proton is greater than the mass of a helium nucleus (two proton). As the mass different is transformed into energy by the Einstein mass energy-equivalence. ...
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1answer
72 views

Can I re-wind gravity?

Suppose I perform an arbitrary simulation where I integrate the motions of a collection of particles which interact only gravitationally. Suppose I use a time reversible integrator (to be specific, ...
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2answers
51 views

What is the gravitational field lines pattern of a sphere of mass $m_1$ in an open ended box of mass $m_2$?

This Quetsion is inspired by this Fig of a positively charged metal sphere in an earthed metal box:
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Why is there no negative mass? [duplicate]

We know that the entire matter has a property called mass. Charge is also a property of matter. If negative charge can exist, why don't negative mass exist? Also, like charges repel each other. Then ...
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17 views

Why is graviton not found yet? [duplicate]

Why is graviton not found yet? Newton said gravity pulls us, Einstein said space is bent and it pushes us, hawking predicts the existence of graviton and 'hawking radiation'. How far are we from ...
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1answer
40 views

Energy diagram of a planet with fixed mechanical energy

Consider the following energy diagram for the motion of a planet about a star. The centrifugal potential curve can be represented once I fixed the angular momentum $\vec{L}$ of the planet. To fix the ...
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0answers
39 views

Celestial bodies trajectories relative to each other and with respect to the CM

In a two bodies $A$ and $B$ system, both under the action of an internal force of interaction $\vec{F}$, the motion of $A$ as seen from $B$, is equivalent to the motion of a single body of mass ...
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1answer
34 views

Infinite acceleration of bob in pendulum with no friction or air resistance

So i'm a bit confused about something. If we take a mathematical pendulum and we apply a force to it. We ignore all friction and air resistance and only consider gravity and the force applied to bob. ...
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1answer
51 views

Angular Acceleration of a Pendulum

I am trying to work out the mathematics behind the design of an old mechanical brake tester. The device sits in the passenger foot well of a vehicle and tests the brake efficiency. The device is ...
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1answer
29 views

How does the total change in energy being negative indicate the direction of the Force?

To be more precise consider the following situation: Suppose a satellite is orbiting at a distance of $r_1$ from the centre of the earth. After some time, rockets are fired such that the new distance ...
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2answers
202 views

Climbing Stairs and Calories Burnt

I climb stairs to work (20 floors) every day . The least amount of work my body is doing by gaining potential energy (P.E) = mgh where m is mass , g is acc. due to gravity and h is height . Assuming ...
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1answer
33 views

Orbiting in space (free fall) and centripetal force?

So basically astronauts are weightless b/c they are free falling. But to get to that state they need to be moving real fast. So why doesn't that speed along with the centripetal force affect them? I ...
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4answers
83 views

Question related to accleration due to gravity [closed]

What effect will be seen on the value of accleration due to gravity if radius of the earth is decreased keeping the mass constant?
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1answer
32 views

Stars more affected by gravity of stars further away, need help understanding argument why

In the first chapter of Binney and Tremaine's "Galactic Dynamics" there is a statement that I don't yet understand. The first chapter of the book is linked here, straight from the publisher. The ...
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1answer
112 views

Why it's more difficult to walk in an inclined plane than in a causal road [closed]

my question is about something very casual , but when i tried to solve that , it was not easy at all . My question is : "Why when we walk in an inclined plane we get tired more than when we walk in ...
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2answers
44 views

Acceleration due to conservation of angular momentum in absence of a force

I don't understand why the conservation of angular momentum can imply an acceleration, in absence of a force. Consider for istance planetary motion. The angular momentum $\vec{L}$ of the planets is ...
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6answers
136 views

Why do constants have dimensions?

I am just a beginner in dimensional analysis, and I see that $G$, the universal gravitational constant, is independent of everything. Speed, for example, depends on distance and time, but $G$ does not ...
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5answers
190 views

Why do heavier objects fall faster on hills but not in straight drops?

All other things being equal, if a heavier object will roll at a higher speed down hill than a lighter one, because it's heavier with more mass, then how is it that dropped objects fall at the same ...
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1answer
40 views

Sphere through Torus

In the following picture (it's awful) , What would happen if the sphere and the torus (the sphere can pass through the hole of the torus) are left in an empty space ? I assume (I am probably wrong) ...
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Can a satellite be put into orbit such that it will always remain directly over a city? [duplicate]

Isn't it possible if we just set it high enough so that it's angular speed matches with the earth's? I think that the city must be on the equator to make this happen. Am I correct? Please can anyone ...
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1answer
44 views

Can a body under weightlessness detect if it's under free fall or under a zero gravity field?

My first thought was to use an accelerometer. However, quoting from wikipedia, an accelerometer at rest on the surface of the Earth will measure an acceleration g= 9.81 m/s2 straight upwards. By ...
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1answer
104 views

Potential of an axisymmetric disc with constant rotation velocity

I am having trouble understanding why the form of the 3D potential for a disc with a constant rotation velocity for circular orbits of stars within the disc \begin{equation} v(R) = v_0, \tag{1} ...
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1answer
39 views

Show that Newtonian orbits are closed and periodic

I want to prove to show that the change of the rotation angle of a body in a two-body-problem is exactly $\Delta \phi = 2\pi$. I know that the whole energy of the system is given by $$ E = ...
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1answer
68 views

Can you lift heavy objects in zero gravity? [closed]

I'm not someone who majored in physics and i never took the subject seriously when i was in school and im regretting that alot, there's so many things going in my mind that i cannot answer because i ...
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2answers
52 views

Newton's law of gravitational attraction [closed]

My teacher would like us to use Newton's law of gravitational attraction to solve a question similar to this one: "Two objects exert a force of gravity of 20N. One object's mass is increased by a ...
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1answer
65 views

What is difference between 9.8 N (Kgwt) and 9.8 m/s^2 (g)?

What is difference between 9.8 N (Kgwt) and 9.8 m/s^2 (g)? What is difference between kg weight and gravity? I am not so good in physics so please explain in a lot of detail (but sorry for this silly ...
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2answers
89 views

Difference between gravity and standing on a platform accelerating upwards at 9.81 m/s^2

So, according to Einstein's theory of general relativity, gravity is not a force instead it is a consequence of objects with mass deforming spacetime, right? And so, according to him, there is no ...
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3answers
76 views

Why do objects with mass have gravitational force that is proportional to their mass?

Why do objects with mass have gravitational force that is proportional to their mass, i.e the larger the object the more gravitational force it has?
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0answers
21 views

Books on Celestial Mechanics [duplicate]

My background is mathematics. I would like to study celestial (not classical) mechanics and looking for an appropriate book. I found that somebody has already asked a similar question "How to learn ...
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0answers
62 views

Binding energy of a galaxy?

I'm a novice in physics and new to the forms, so please forgive me if this is a dumb question or if this is in the wrong section to be posted, but how would one find the gravitational binding energy ...
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0answers
24 views

Relations between Maxwell-Boltzmann's distribution and the n-body problem velocities distribution

Solving the n-body problem numerically and finding the velocities distribution, one finds that it's quite similar to Maxwell-Boltzmann's velocity distribution. This is quite suprising because of the ...
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1answer
45 views

Force of Gravity of a stationary object acting on another object moving through space

Story: I have x and y positions of a spaceship as it moves through space to some goal location at [1000, 700]. A record of its movement is given by: ...
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1answer
31 views

Explanation of a Mechanical Situation [closed]

The box sitting on the table top has some mass $m$ (I would refer to the weight of the box just as $\mathbf{W}$), and its net acceleration which I call $\mathbf{a}$ is zero, for the time being. This ...
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0answers
60 views

How to visualize gravity fields? [closed]

I'm creating a tool for intuitively prototyping routes through space. Part of this requires visualizing gravity. This is the formula for working at how much gravity is at a particular location: ...
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3answers
62 views

If two objects have the same drag coefficient, but one is much heavier, would it fall faster?

Not sure this is a good example but imagine we have two feathers, both with exactly the same drag coefficient, they have the exact same shape and everything, but the only difference is that one of ...
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2answers
50 views

What effect does the Moon and Sun have on gravity? [duplicate]

I know that every object has a gravitational pull regardless of how far or how small it is. It's just that generally this force is negligible. Does the force produced by the sun and moon have any ...
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2answers
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Do animals defy gravity? [closed]

I am a beginner and trying to understand the concept of gravity Do animals defy gravity? If yes, which animal defies and in what way it does? Sorry had I asked something wrong
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1answer
65 views

What would happen to the orbital radius of the Earth if the radius of the Sun is decreased but without any loss of its mass?

What would happen to the orbital radius of the Earth if the radius of the Sun is decreased but without any loss of its mass? According to Newtonian gravity the acceleration due to gravity will ...
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1answer
50 views

Satellite and gravitational acceleration

According to $0.5gt^2$ object will fall 5m in first second. Earth curve is 5m for 8km So if we can project object at 8000 m/s speed object will never fall into ground. Above scenario is correct ...
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1answer
56 views

Classical gravitational waves, again [duplicate]

I'm basically duplicating this question, because I'm not satisfied with the answer. Here's why I'm not satisfied. If we know that "gravity travels at a finite speed", then it seems obvious that it ...
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4answers
1k views

What Keeps a Pendulum Moving In a Circular Path?

From the figure, we know that $F_{net} = mg\sin\theta$. Now, this force $\vec{F_{net}}$ is in the direction of the velocity $\vec{v}$ of the bob, both are tangent to the path. Therefore, the net ...
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1answer
62 views

Can the constant $k$ from Kepler's third law be independent of the mass of the planet?

Consider Kepler's third law The square of the orbital period $\tau$ of a planet is directly proportional to the cube of the semi-major axis of its orbit $a$. $\frac{\tau^2}{a^3}=k$ The ...
4
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1answer
108 views

Why is Newtonian cosmology correct for curved space?

The Newtonian model of an expanding Universe gives Friedmann's equation exactly for non-zero spatial curvature $k$ (see http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/astro/expuni.html). Instead of using ...
2
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2answers
51 views

Mass required to prevent sign falling over with a set wind load - activity stations for disabled children

I'm currently working on my thesis and I'm stuck on a question. I'm designing activity stations for disabled children to be used for equine therapy. The stand is 9ft tall and I've calculated the the ...
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4answers
85 views

What is the Role of gravity?

I am new to physics and I understand gravity is a pulling force. Let's assume a ball has been placed on the ground. Does gravity has any role after I placed an object (e.g. ball) on ground? ...
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1answer
26 views

Why does the kinetic energy work theorem apply to inclined surfaces?

Work is supposed to be force x distance, how did we end up with work equaling the difference of hights x gravitational acceleration ? Sorry for my poor understanding :D
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1answer
64 views

A simple explanation of Kepler's Third Law

Is there a simple way to explain how Kepler's third law follows from the inverse square law that of gravity (and laws of motion) For example for Kepler's second law we can say it's because Gravity ...
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2answers
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Is Keplers First Law a consequence of the conservation of angular momentum?

It would seem that once you have deduced that the angular momentum is conserved then you can deduce: $r^2\dot{\theta}=h$ is constant Combining this with the radial equation of motion then yeilds a ...
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2answers
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Does surface tension play a role in planet's shape?

I'm thinking that when the planets and stars were forming along with gravity surface tension also could have played a role in making them spherical. Am I correct?