The Newtonian model of gravity in which the force between two objects is given by GMm/r^2.

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Would an Object Near a Pre-Blackhole Star Experience the Same Gravity as Post-Blackhole?

My question was inspired by this question, which got me thinking. According to Newton's Law of Gravitation, $$F = G\frac{m_1m_2}{r^2},$$ the gravity of an object is inversely proportional to the ...
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2answers
1k views

Does the mass of a star change as it collapses into a black hole?

I know (I think!) that when a really big star collapses on itself it creates a black hole. My question: When a star collapses, is the mass equal to the mass of the star when it's not a black hole? Or ...
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4answers
944 views

Gravity force between two objects with different mass

We know thanks to Newton that: $$F=G\frac{m_1\cdot m_2}{r^2}$$ Where $G$ is the Gravitational Constant that is about $6.673\cdot10^{-11}$ $m_1$ and $m_2$ are the masses of two different objects ...
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2answers
11k views

Loop-the-loop question [closed]

Problem: The marble rolls down the track and around a loop-the-loop of radius R. The marble has mass $m$ and radius $r$. What minimum height $h$ must the track have for the marble to make it around ...
4
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3answers
810 views

Does gravity cause Archimedes' principle and how?

Why do lighter objects float and denser sink? I understand this from the perspective that if the object can displace the equal mass of water it will float, but I wonder from the perspective of ...
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3answers
54 views

Gravitional force

Does the gravitation of Earth have a limit? when a body projected vertically with $v=11km/s$ (escape velocity) from Earth's surface does this means that it does not return back to Earth?
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3answers
371 views

Why aren't there more natural satellites orbiting the Earth than just the Moon?

Considering that there's a lot of debris in space and that impacts fling out rocks into space all the time, why do we only have one large natural satellite - the Moon? Shouldn't there be all kinds of ...
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1answer
269 views

A zero gravitational potential and non zero gravitational field

Give an example of a situation in which there is a non-zero gravitational field and a zero gravitational potential at the same point? $$dV=-\vec E\cdot d\vec r.$$ The above equation implies that ...
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2answers
247 views

Is it possible to prove that planets should be approximately spherical using the calculus of variations?

Is it possible to use the Lagrangian formalism involving physical terms to answer the question of why all planets are approximately spherical? Lets assume that a planet is 'born' when lots of ...
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0answers
40 views

Dependence of Force as a function of Distance? [duplicate]

Why is the strength of a field (i.e. gravitational or electric) inversely correlated to the square of the radius? It is clear to me why the further you get a way from a field, the field's enacted ...
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4answers
157 views

Gravity and acceleration

I've imagined this little scenario to help me conceptualize things. Let's say we have a doughnut-shaped object with a hole whose diameter is greater than that of a sphere. Let's say that the sphere ...
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1answer
113 views

Calculating Gravitational Attraction Involving Massless Objects

Using the formula $F=G\frac{m_1m_2}{d^2}$ where $m_1$and $m_2$ are the masses of two objects, $G$ is the gravitational constant, and $d$ is the distance between the objects, it is possible to ...
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2answers
479 views

Potential and kinetic energy on spherical surface

A small particle of mass $m$ is atop of a semi-sphere as shown in the figure. A little push was given to the particle. Prove that the particle will leave the spherical surface at a height of ...
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3answers
168 views

Electrostatic and gravitational forces? [closed]

Electrostatic force between two charged particles depends on the magnitude of the charges and the distance between them. If the charges have mass $m$ and $m'$ then, what will be the total force ...
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4answers
4k views

Why do objects fall at the same acceleration?

I read these two posts and now I am more confused. Do heavier objects fall faster? Don't heavier objects actually fall faster because they exert their own gravity? I was going to ask: if mass ...
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1answer
116 views

Gravitation - why is it so confusing?

First, does gravity emit from all directions around a star or planet equally. Secondly, how is it that gravity pulls a planet closer, then it goes further out, without the planet changing orbit ...
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1answer
111 views

What are Lagrange points in gravitation fields? [closed]

What are Lagrange points in gravitation fields? Additionally, what are their properties? For example, if a satellite or asteroid rested at a Lagrange-point.
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6answers
2k views

Is gravitational force affected by intervening medium?

If we leave a iron ball and feather into the water, feather returns to the surface and floats or moves into the water slowly. On the other hand, iron ball (of certain mass greater than mass of ...
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3answers
283 views

Pendulum (highschool)

I have a question concerning pendulum. On our physics lessons we built simple pendulum consisting of weight and a thread ($\ell=0.31$ m). We tried to calculate $g$ from the well known formula $$T_m ...
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1answer
109 views

Is a scaled-up aircraft carrier 'ski-ramp' a viable system to impart enough velocity to significantly assist a spacecraft to orbit? [duplicate]

Not a boost straight up to escape velocity, just sufficient added momentum to make a significant economic saving on fuel cost, mass and complexity of a standard launch. It seems ludicrous to me how ...
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3answers
421 views

Home experiment question

I want to make a home experiment where I roughly explain the phenomenon of water remaining in a straw if you close one end of the straw. So I'm thinking that the weight of the water is pulling it ...
18
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3answers
2k views

How is gravity consistent when you split an object into multiple pieces?

Here's the picture: In picture 1: Assume that we have 2 objects, namely A, and B. Object A with mass $2M$, and object B with mass $m$; and their distance is $r$. Then the gravitational force of A ...
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0answers
249 views

Finding gravitational potential due to ring [closed]

A point P lies on the axis of a fixed ring of mass M and radius R at a distance of 2R from its centre O. A small particle starts from P and reaches O under gravitational attraction only.its speed at O ...
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2answers
217 views

Sun's tidal force on Earth

My question is regarding effect of Sun's gravity on earth. I want to know that if Sun's gravity can change Earth's landscape in long duration (i.e. billion of years) or not? Means if earth is dead ...
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1answer
75 views

Integrating for speed [closed]

Trying to determine the speed of a falling body with respect to traveled distance and initial speed. I've been provided with the following equation for acceleration as a function of distance and the ...
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0answers
29 views

What will change if we have another Earth in the space near Earth? [duplicate]

If a new Earth came and orbit our Earth within 300,000 km to Earth? I just did not know. thanks.
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0answers
68 views

Free fall from space [duplicate]

If you leave a ball weighing 10 kg at a height of 500 km above sea level (neglecting air friction). How can calculate how long the ball hits the ground and what will be its speed? I know that: On ...
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2answers
552 views

Can effect of gravity be broken (counteracted) by electric force?

Can we make a jacket using an electronic circuit that uses electric force to cancel the effect of gravity so that we get lifted in air.
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0answers
40 views

Choosing proper centripedal force in Newtonian gravitational forces [closed]

I am trying to do an orbit simulation, I took Newton's law of Newtonian gravitational forces. It seems to work correct, but I can't really determine the velocity of an object needed to stay in free ...
2
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1answer
299 views

Free fall time with non uniform acceleration and some initial velocity

Free-fall time for two objects on a radial path (starting from rest) is given by: $t(y)=\sqrt\frac{y_0^3}{2u}\biggl(\sqrt{\frac{y} {y_0} \bigl({1} -\frac{y}{y_0}}\bigr) + ...
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1answer
1k views

free falling object with air resistance?

we already know that if we plot speed vs time of free falling object it will be y=gx graph because we know the acceleration is gravity. If it have air-resistance acceleration will be change right?. ...
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1answer
217 views

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation for extended objects

Carroll and Ostlie write, in their book An Introduction to Modern Astrophysics (second edition), at the page 33, right after deriving Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation for two point masses using ...
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1answer
387 views

Calculating pitch and roll with accelerations greater than +/- 1g

I'm looking to compute the pitch and roll of a device fitted with a three axis accelerometer when it is not at rest or moving at a constant velocity. Most applications I've seen so far are for ...
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2answers
110 views

A small object on the opposite side of the earth's orbit with 0 velocity,“in line” with the core - would it collide with the earth?

If a small object (say mass 1 kg), at the opposite side of the earth's orbit (six months away), was placed in the same orbital position as the earth's core, at zero velocity in all directions, would ...
2
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1answer
307 views

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? [duplicate]

Why do the planets orbit the Sun? If it's because the gravity of Sun then why don't they just fall in and burn up?
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4answers
885 views

Can you lift yourself standing on a wooden block using pulley mounted on block? [duplicate]

I am new to this site. Please help me figure out this problem. Is it possible to lift oneself like shown in schematic? Waiting for good suggestions. Chirag
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1answer
125 views

Is speed squared constant?

q. A heavy particle is projected at speed $U$ at an angle $\alpha$ to the horizontal. The particle is subject to air resistance which is experimentally found to vary proportionally to the square ...
1
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1answer
748 views

3D ballistic trajectory with quadratic drag. Calculating position and velocity at time $t$

A particle starts at the origin and has an initial velocity represented by a 3D vector. The particle experiences gravity and air resistance with quadratic drag (based on velocity^2). What I've been ...
0
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1answer
328 views

Calculate impulse based on mass, acceleration and time elapsed [closed]

I want to move to Sprite Kit framework offered by apple which has physics integrated right into it. The back bone of the physics engine is famous Box2D. Sprite Kit has made it pretty easy by wrapping ...
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0answers
188 views

Calculate trajectory of projectile with gravity from disk planets in 2D?

I'm making a 2D game where you control a spaceship and fly between disk-formed planets of differing size (mass/pull). The planets are small and you can fly near several at once. I need to calculate ...
17
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7answers
619 views

What is potential energy truly?

I have a problematic question for which I have been unable to attain a satisfactory answer. What is potential energy truly? - I have read about how potential energy can be seen as the "highering" ...
7
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1answer
479 views

Was Einsteins work with relativity necessary for successful space travel?

So I know that Einstein and general relativity had huge impacts on the way we view the world, but how crucial were these scientific advancements to the success of our space programs? Would Newtonian ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Convert constant of gravitation to days and AUs

I'm working on a problem with celestial bodies and for my purpose days and AUs are more appropriate units than seconds and meters. So I tried to convert the constant of gravitation, $G$, like this: ...
2
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2answers
129 views

Finding sphere of influence in multibody system

I would like to draw a boundary illustrating the sphere of influence of each body in a 3 body system. What is the best way to find such a boundary? My understanding is at the edge an SoI is the ...
3
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3answers
83 views

Position of two bodies as a function of time, special case [closed]

I'm looking for a closed equation like $x=f(t)$ (if there is) for a simplified case of the two bodies problem: Suppose that we have two point-like objects with the same mass, nothing more than their ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Could moving land mass alter Earths gravity?

This is potentially a very stupid question but I'm going to ask it anyway. With all these huge buildings such as the Abu Dhabi Mosque, where an unbelievable amount of materials such as marble was ...
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2answers
51 views

In how big percentage of gravity core does play role in?

If something would take whole core of earth and done this $(((coreearth)-(restofearth)):coreearth)*100=X$ What would X be? In short, which part of our planet ...
0
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3answers
672 views

In what situations do water levels not reach equilibrium?

I have been taught that water levels will always equal out. However, now I find that sumps and some other setups allow for water not to become equal. What other arrangements allow for the water levels ...
0
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1answer
261 views

Determining the horizontal position of an object [closed]

In my calc-physics class we were given the following question: A movie stuntwoman drops from a helicopter that is $30.0 m$ above the ground and moving with a constant velocity whose components are ...
1
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1answer
146 views

Inward Pressure of Gravity

We are looking at White Dwarfs in Quantum and specifically how they are stabilized between gravitation pressure inwards balanced by the Fermi pressure due to electrons. To start the problem off ...