Neutrinos are light, uncharged leptons. The neutrino tag should be applied to question relating to neutrino properties or interactions involving neutrinos.

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Isotropic neutrino-lepton scattering

I'm a physics student and I'm attending an introductory course of particle physics. My professor stated that, in center of mass frame, the $\nu_\mu e^- \to \nu_\mu e^-$ elastic scattering has an ...
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Current known *lower* bounds to the neutrino masses?

I started a little bit of Googling around the topic, and found very few information. There are mainly upper limits. I found lower limits only to the rest mass differences of the different neutrino ...
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Double decay $\beta\beta$ observation and neutrino mass

If the double decay $\beta\beta$ will be detected this means the neutrino is a Majorana particle coincident with its antiparticle. At the moment the half life of this decay is put to ...
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Derivation of neutrino oscillation phase factor

As we know, the neutrino $\nu_{\alpha}$ with flavor $\alpha=e,\mu,\tau$ is a linear combination of mass eigenstates: $$ |\nu_{\alpha}\rangle=\sum_iU_{\alpha i}|\nu_i\rangle,\quad i=1,2,3 $$ where the ...
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No tremendous neutrino-flux for SNIa?

Why do neutrino account for 99% of the energy release for a SN II, while it is not expected to be the case for SN Ia? Is it because the densities are not high enough to induce inverse beta-decay? ...
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Icecube experiment at the North pole instead of the South?

Is there a particular reason, why the Icecube experiment has been installed at the South pole and not at the North pole?
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1answer
124 views

What is chirality?

I actually wanted to make the title as "What is the difference between chirality and helicity"? But I didn't do that because I don't understand properly what chirality is. I have gone through this ...
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Solar neutrino problem in 1968 and experimental verification of neutrino oscillation in 2001. Why the huge delay?

Solar neutrino deficit was first observed in the late 1960's. And theory of neutrino oscillation was developed in 1967. But,in 2001, the first convincing evidence of solar neutrino oscillation came in ...
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Put yourself in the shoes of Wolfgang Pauli (1930): How could Pauli have narrowed the culprit down to one particle, instead of many?

A while ago, during my introductory physics course, my professor purposefully neglected to tell us about the existence of the anti-electron neutrino in beta decay; he made it an assignment(on our ...
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Does the Standard Model require neutrinos to be massless?

I am an undergraduate student in Physics, I have a basic understanding of Particle Physics and Quantum Mechanics but none whatsoever of Quantum Field Theory. I know that Neutrino mixing requires ...
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Neutrino mass difference and mixing angles

What are the most recent values of the mixing angles associated with the 3 neutrinos flavors and what are their mass differences? Have they been measured in the first place?
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What exactly is an anti-neutrino?

According to the the definition of anti-particles, they are particles with same mass but opposite charge. Neutrinos by definition have no charge. So, how can it have an anti-particle?
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1answer
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Distance and time measurement in the famous Superluminal Neutrinos Experiment

I tried to understand the technical aspects of the OPERA/CERN experiment, but apparently it takes some professional experience. Therefore I would like to ask someone better acquainted with such ...
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Mass eigenstate of neutrinos [duplicate]

Isn't mass a fixed and an intrinsic property of a particle? How can we talk about eigenstates of the mass in the context of neutrinos?
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If a neutrino has a rest frame, why can't a photon have a rest frame as well?

Concerning Rest Frame Wikipedia states: For example, in the rest frame of a neutrino particle travelling from the Crab Nebula supernova to Earth the supernova occurred in the 11th Century AD ...
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1answer
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Weak interaction and Neutrino

I have heard that Neutrino is the only particle affected by the Weak Interaction. How is a Neutrino affected by Weak interaction? I would like to ask the detail. Are there any relationships between ...
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55 views

Which particles can go right through the atom?

Can elementary particles (like the electron, photon, or neutrino ) go through an atom (not the nucleus)?
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92 views

Why are neutrino and antineutrino cross sections different?

Particularly in the case of Majorana neutrinos, it seems a little odd that the particle and antiparticle would have differing cross sections. Perhaps the answer is in here, but I've missed it: ...
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Why are we blind for the era before the recombination?

At recombination, Universe became transparent to electromagnetic radiation after universe expanded enough to cool down to form neutral atoms. Before that, the matter plasma was effectively opaque to ...
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Will it ever be possible to observe the cosmic neutrino background?

Is there any foreseeable technology which would facilitate the direct observation of the cosmic neutrino background? Would the ability to warp spacetime have any application here?
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1answer
107 views

What is the meaning behind the neutrino oscillation parameter?

As far as I can tell, there are 6 parameters that describe how a neutrino oscillates: 2 mass squared differences, 3 mixing angles and another parameter I don't understand at all (delta). Thus I have ...
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1answer
35 views

Experimental evidence for the relic neutrinos

What are the experimental (indirect) evidence for the cosmic neutrino background? Where can I read more about this? The discussion on the wikipedia page about the C$\nu$B seems to me to be more ...
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Can a neutrinos mass oscillate in a similar way to its flavour?

So I've been reading up on neutrino oscillations and I think I'm making some progress in understanding it, but I'm still a long way off. As I understand it, you can 'classify' neutrinos in two ways; ...
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1answer
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Concerning a previous possible tachyon observation? [duplicate]

A few years ago there was a story about the Large Hadron Collider where a possible tachyon was supposedly observed. It was later shown it didn't occur yet the incident made me think. If a large ...
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1answer
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Mass scales in See-saw mechenism

Are both types of Majorana masses $$\mathcal{L}^L_M=-\frac{m_L}{2}[\overline{(\psi_L)^c}\psi_L + \overline{\psi_L}(\psi_L)^c]$$ and $$\mathcal{L}^R_M=-\frac{m_R}{2}[\overline{(\psi_R)^c}\psi_R + ...
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Unitarity of PMNS matrix

Why should the neutrino mixing matrix (PMNS matrix) be unitary? Is the unitarity dictated by experiments or is it a theoretical demand?
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Little confusion with see-saw mechanism

Neutinos are either Dirac particles or Majorana particles but can’t be both at the same time. Then how can we write a general mass term as the sum of a Dirac mass term and a Majorana mass term? When ...
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1answer
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Majorana Mass For Neutrinos In Standard Model

Neutrinos can't be given Dirac masses because there is no $SU(2)_L$ singlet right handed neutrinos in the standard model. But can neutrinos be given Majorana masses in the standard model? EDIT: Why ...
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Oscillations and Majorana Neutrino

In neutrino oscillations, neutrinos can convert from one flavor to another. This implies individual lepton number is not conserved. Doesn't it also imply that, if the neutrinos have mass, the mass ...
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Question about Majorana fermion and Majorana representation

In Chiral representation, a Majorana spinor looks like: $$\psi=\begin{pmatrix} \psi_L\\ -i\sigma^2\psi_L^*\end{pmatrix}$$ In this representation the Right handed field is the charge-conjugate of ...
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Confusion With Neutrino Oscillation

Neutrinos produced in the weak interaction are eigenstates of the weak interaction hamiltonian or flavor eigenstates. Right? If this is so, then $\nu_e,\nu_\mu,\nu_\tau$ should be the stationary ...
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Neutrino Nuclei Coherent scattering and the Dark Matter lower wall

Suppose that current and new forthcoming dark matter direct detection experiments find no evidence of Dark matter events and exclude interactions of hypothetical DM particles (like LSP or similar) in ...
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Writing Dirac Mass Term For Massive Neutrinos

How does one write down the following Dirac mass term for a collection of "massive" neutrinos? \begin{equation} -[\overline{(\psi_R)}M_D\psi_L+\overline{(\psi_L})M^\dagger_D\psi_R] \end{equation} I ...
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How does beta+ decay actually occur? [duplicate]

I'm having difficulty in understanding beta plus decay. How can a proton which has slightly less mass than neutron transform into a neutron, positron and neutrino? Form where does the extra mass for ...
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Neutrinos and anti-neutrinos in the Standard Model

In standard model neutrinos and the left handed electron forms SU(2) doublet. What about the anti-neutrinos in the standard model? Do they also form some doublet? If neutrinos have tiny masses will ...
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Fusion of two neutrinos

What are the results of fusing an electron neutrino and a muon neutrino? If you have an answer, then why? I looked this up and searched for stuff on Google, Wikipedia and a few other sites, but all ...
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Sterile Neutrinos and Supersymmetry

Just read a Scientific American review of a recent article which suggests evidence for sterile neutrinos: ...
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Do neutrinos not couple to the Higgs field?

I was reading the CernCourier, my favorite source of message on Higgs and friends. I was rather shocked, when I saw this: "The mechanism by which neutrino mass is generated is not known." What? ...
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1answer
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Mass corrections to fermions proportional to the mass?

In this post regarding quantum corrections to a massless fermion field, the answerer stated that quantum corrections to the mass will always be proportional to the mass (at least in QED). This point ...
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Massless neutrinos and Chirality

The massless neutrinos can be represented by two component Weyl spinors. Then how does one say that it is an eigenstate of the chirality operator $\gamma^5$, which is a $4\times 4$ matrix and can act ...
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1answer
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Matrix representation of a triplet state

The $SU(2)$ triplet state is typically given in the fundamental representation as a column vector, e.g. \begin{equation} \vec{\Delta} = \left( \begin{array}{c} \delta^{++} \\ \delta^+ \\ ...
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1answer
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Non-vanishing commutator of potential and mass matrices for Majorana fermions interaction theory

Consider 2 different Majorana fermions $\Psi_{L}, \Psi_{R}$ (physically, neutrinos). In general case I can write the massive part of lagrangian of these fermions in the form $$ L_{m} = (\bar ...
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Weinberg dimension 5 operator

How to prove that the $\Delta L=2,$ dimension=5 Weinberg operator $LLHH$ is the unique operator which violates lepton number by two units, without derivative couplings, etc.??
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Do solar neutrinos actually oscillate between electron, mu and tau?

I was reading up on the history of the solar neutrino problem, and as far as I can understand it, neutrinos supposedly oscillate from one form to another, thus explaining why there were only one-third ...
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1answer
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Why positronium can annihilate in vacuum?

I thought that the annihilation process of positronium cannot take place without a third-party particle. This can be directly derived from energy & momentum conservation: energy conservation: ...
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370 views

Do neutrinos travel faster than light in air?

I read in wiki that the speed of light is 88km/s slower in air than it is in a vacuum. Do neutrinos travel faster than light in air?
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1answer
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Is a Betelgeuse supernova able to neutralise earth's nuclear arsenal?

According to an article on newscientist.com, a neutrino beam could neutralise nuclear bombs by inducing a slow meltdown of the nuclear fuel. The neutrino generator would need to be more than a ...
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Interaction between neutrino and an anti-neutrino?

What happens when a neutrino and an anti-neutrino interacts together? For example, what does a muon neutrino and anti-muon neutrino produce? it says in my book that it creates "muons and antimuons". ...
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1answer
71 views

Neutrino mass and energy question

If a neutrino has mass then it travels less than the speed of light. Suppose I boost myself to the rest frame; i.e. bring it to rest in the laboratory. Now if it oscillates between different states ...
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271 views

What are mass eigenstates?

According to Wikipedia Neutrino oscillation arises from a mixture between the flavor and mass eigenstates of neutrinos. That is, the three neutrino states that interact with the charged leptons in ...