# Tagged Questions

The Navier-Stokes equations describe fluid flows in continuum mechanics.

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### Why can't the Navier Stokes equations be derived from first principle physics?

At the 109th UCLA Faculty Research lecture, Seth Putterman gave a talk on Sonoluminescence. During the lecture he emphasized that "The Navier Stokes equations cannot be derived from first principles [...
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### What is the mystery of turbulence?

One of the great unsolved problems in physics is turbulence but I'm not too clear what the mystery is. Does it mean that the Navier-Stokes equations don't have any turbulent phenomena even if we solve ...
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I have some questions about this paper: Lagrangian/Hamiltonian formalism for description of Navier-Stokes fluids. R. J. Becker. Phys. Rev. Lett. 58 no. 14 (1987), pp. 1419-1422. After reading ...
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### How to calculate the upper limit on the number of days weather can be forecast reliably?

To put it bluntly, weather is described by the Navier-Stokes equation, which in turn exhibits turbulence, so eventually predictions will become unreliable. I am interested in a derivation of the time-...
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### What do mathematicians mean by Navier Stokes existence and smoothness problem?

I still don't know what mathematicians mean by Navier-Stokes existence and smoothness. Since there is a reward for proving it, it seems important to them. (in past several months I've read online ...
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### Is there a nice way to write Navier-Stokes equations in exterior calculus

I'm considering to study some high-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. One problem is to do write the viscous equation for vorticity, helicity and other conserved quantities. I think it might be ...
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### Stokes law in 2-dimensions

Stokes' law states that force on slow moving sphere (i.e. $Re\ll1$) in liquid is $$F_d = 6 \pi \mu R V$$ In two dimensions we are in trouble (flow around disk in 2d or around cylinder in 3d), ...
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### Velocity profile of a viscously damped wave

For a test case, I want to determine the velocity profile of a viscously damped standing wave. By linearizing the density ($\rho=\rho_0+\rho'$) and velocity ($ux=ux'$), the continuity and Navier-...
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### Explicit form of the entropy production in hydrodynamics

I'm trying to understand how hydrodynamics arise from a precise, mathematical formulation of thermodynamics, learning mostly from Landau's "Hydrodynamics". So Landau starts from formulating the ...
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### Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics

Difference between Eulerian and Lagrangian formulation of Fluid Dynamics. I am completely new to fluid mechanics. Until now definition $F = ma$ was sufficient for me to solve any rigid body problems ...
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### Non-dimensionalizing incompressible Navier-Stokes

I have a question about non-dimensionalization of the incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations. My understanding is that the purpose of non-dimensionalization is to "collapse" solutions onto one ...
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### Why is the Reynolds number “the way it is?” Why is its order the way it is?

Why is the Reynolds number “the way it is?” Why is its order the way it is? I'm not sure if this is an appropriate question for this context, but I would like more intuition on this matter and so I'...
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When deriving the sound wave equation: $${1 \over c^2} {\partial^2 p' \over \partial t^2 }= \Delta^2 p'$$ by linearizing the Euler equation: $$\rho {d v \over dt }= - \nabla p$$ and the continuity ...
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### What is the velocity in the Navier-Stokes equation?

I have been looking at the Navier-Stokes equation, and can't seem to find anywhere a clear description of what velocity it represents. From what I have read it could be any of the following: The '...
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### Stress Force - Understanding Cauchy Stress Tensor

I've been trying to understand the derivation for the Cauchy Momentum Equation for so long now, and there is one part that every derivation glides over very quickly with practically no explanation (I'...
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### Difference between a “source dipole” and a “force dipole”

I know quite well what a dipole is and in general what multipole moments are (in the context of, for instance, electrodynamics). What I find myself confused by is something called a "force dipole" in ...
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### What is the physical application of Navier-Stokes existence and smoothness?

Recently, mathematician Mukhtarbay Otelbaev published a paper Existence of a strong solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, in which he claim that he solved one of the Millennium Problems: Existence ...
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### Boussinesq approximation for the Navier Stokes' equation - discrepancy

In the Navier Stokes' equation: $\rho_0 \left( \frac{\partial v}{\partial t} + v \cdot \nabla v\right) = -\nabla p + \mu \nabla^2 v + \hat{f}$ I included the temperature variation of density as ...
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### Inertial Waves - Why neglecting the advecting term?

I'm trying to derive the dispersion relation for Inertial waves. In Cartesian coordinates: Inviscid and incompressible fluid is rotating uniformly with Angular Velocity: $\Omega = (0, 0, \Omega)$ ...
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### Analytical solution of transient barometric formula for fluid in one dimension

Consider a column of fluid of length $L$, with initial density $\rho_0$ and initial velocity ($u_0 =0$) everywhere. Now at time $t=0$ gravity is switched on. No-slip boundary conditions are assumed at ...