The study of the performance of ultra-small structures, materials, and devices, usu. usually 0.1 to 100 nm; also, the study of manipulating materials on an atomic or molecular scale. Nanoscience is sometimes used interchangably with Nanotechnology, which is the manipulation of matter on an atomic ...

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7 views

type of photoluminescence depending on the FWHM

Depending on the FWHM of CdSe quantum dots, is it possible to estimate the type of dominant photoluminescence in question, as in excitonic luminescence is supposed to have a narrower spread than ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the difference between agglomeration and aggregation of nanoparticles?

I've been working with colloidal nanoparticles. Most of papers are about nanoparticles' aggregation while most of people I know use the term "agglomeration". Reading wikipedia convinced me that both ...
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1answer
88 views

Why are agglomerated gold nanoparticles black?

I put a drop of aqueous red colloidal gold on a glass. After the drop dried I saw that remaining nanoparticles were black instead of red. Why black? Does it mean that plasmon resonance is so strong ...
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0answers
27 views

References on Josephson ring modulators

I would like some good references on Josephson junctions and, in particular, Josephson ring modulators. I know that Devoret has written a handful of papers and notes on JJs, but I am hoping to find ...
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0answers
24 views

How to create linear parallel magnetic field lines

I am trying to make ferrofluids create a flat surface between two points. Most of the magnet configurations I have seen have field lines that arc. So I'm asking if there are any circumstances where ...
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0answers
27 views

Ferrofluids and normal-field instability

Could someone explain whether the spikes and uneven surfaces you see in ferrofluids being attracted or repelled away away from (against gravity) the surface of ferrofluids would happen if the fields ...
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1answer
22 views

cicumfernatial vector

Once a sheet of graphite is rolled up into a nanotube, the allowed values of k are constrained by the imposition of periodic boundary conditions along the circumferential direction. this periodic ...
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1answer
21 views

magnetic nanoparticle

What magnetic force(I need also an equation) acts on one domain magnetic particle in nonuniform magnetic field? In a case when one domain magnetic particle is magnetic nanoparticle. Thank you in ...
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1answer
33 views

Can conductivity (or resistivity) value be assigned to 2D materials?

2D materials, such as graphene monolayer or graphene nanoribbon, don't really have a cross section. By definition, conductivity is $\sigma = \frac{J}{E}$, and $J$, the current density, is calculated ...
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1answer
22 views

What is the underlying transport mechanism in “ballistic transport”?

From Wikipedia: Ballistic conduction or Ballistic transport is the transport of electrons in a medium having negligible electrical resistivity caused by scattering. Without scattering, ...
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1answer
30 views

Metallic and Semiconducting Nanotubes, symmetry discussion

I'm interested in band gaps of Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs). I know that there are three kinds of SWNTs: Zigzag : $(n,0)$ Armchair : $(n,n)$ Chiral : $(n,m)$ Electical properties of ...
3
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0answers
16 views

How does flow rate affect plume dynamics and film properties in PLD?

So I use a home-built Pulsed Laser Deposition(PLD) system to deposit metal oxide thin films. I use a $ 248\ \mathrm{nm KrF}$ laser. I recently deposited two films under slightly different conditions. ...
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0answers
19 views

Why do magnetic forces scale down so poorly?

Im told by experts in MEMS and nanotech that magnetic forces scale down very poorly. This is one reason we have many MEMS devices based on electric forces/electrostatics but not on magnetics. Can ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the phase (state of matter) of a single particle? [duplicate]

Compressing a gas (or reducing its temperature) can form "agglomerations" in the form of liquid drops and solid grains. But if there's only one particle in the system, can it be assigned with a phase ...
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2answers
24 views

How is the color difference of CdS nano-particles related to the “particle in a box” problem in quantum mechanics?

In my lecture on quantum mechanics, I was told that nano-particles of CdS with different sizes of have different colors and that this fact is a direct consequence of the "particle in a box" problem. ...
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0answers
59 views

Pseudo-Perpetual Motion Machine

Clearly, the Second Law of Thermodynamics precludes the existence of any theoretical device that would continue running throughout the lifetime of the universe. However, is it possible to construct a ...
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2answers
75 views

Smallest object resolvable by optical microscopy

I am wondering what is the smallest object you can resolve with an optical microscope. I am aware of the equation $\delta=\frac{\lambda}{2\textrm{NA}}$ that basically gives you the resolution. ...
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0answers
49 views

Formulation of Hamiltonian for an oscillating electron cloud?

How do I formulate the Hamiltonian of an electron cloud oscillating about a nanoparticle induced by an electromagnetic wave. Will the Hamiltonian be different if I consider the electron cloud as a ...
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0answers
9 views

Fabrication of highly ordered arrays of metallic nanorods

In this paper the authors are able to fabricate ordered arrays of tilted silicon nanorods in square and triangular lattices. It is also possible to fabricate arrays of metallic tilted nanorods. ...
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1answer
129 views

What happens to charge during laser ablation in water?

One of my friends from lab makes gold nanoparticles in the following manner: He puts a gold plate in water (without surfactants or other additives) He fires laser at the plate After 5 minutes ...
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0answers
168 views

Particle aggregation: difference between coagulation and coalescence?

I know there are different processes involved in particle aggregation, and that depending on temperature and other factors one of them may be more significant. I know that particles can aggregate, ...
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0answers
3 views

characterizing a nerve cell on a silicon surface with etches.how can i do it with SEM?

what do i need to do if i want to study the surface topography of a silicon material containing a single nerve cell using any of the methods below? thank you Scanning electron microscopy; ...
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0answers
30 views

What reasons might one have for thinking that the brownian motion of nanoparticles might improve a nanofluid's thermal conductivity?

I've been reading some papers regarding determination of the thermal conductivity of nanofluids recently. It seems that there is a big debate over whether or not the Brownian motion of these ...
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1answer
44 views

Is graphene on a sticky tape strong enough to compete with my hand stretching it?

As we know we can make graphene using sticky tape so after we make graphene on a sticky tape will that thin sheet of graphene on a sticky tape be strong enough to compete with my hand trying to ...
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1answer
216 views

Why is graphene stronger than graphite?

Why is graphene stronger than graphite when graphene is just a single layer while graphite is multiple layers of graphene? And can't we say that diamond and coal also consist of layers of graphene as ...
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0answers
27 views

Magnetic levitation manipulation

Suppose a small crystal or mineral piece with a completely known structure was held by magnetic levitation. Would it be possible to orientate the piece by manipulating the magnetic field so that a ...
4
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2answers
105 views

Could a long carbon nanotube be broken by hand?

Assuming we could get a single nanotube a metre long, would it be possible to break it by hand or would it slice through just about everything including flesh and bone? Could we even grip it, or would ...
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2answers
616 views

Have they really photographed light behaving both as a particle and a wave?

I just came across this article where they are claiming that they have photographed light behaving both as a wave and a particle! The paper has been published in Nature Communications and I read the ...
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0answers
45 views

Activation energy as a function of defects

Electrical conductivity has a form of Arrhenius equation. It is assumed that activation energy decreases with defect density in the insulating state and becomes zero in the conducting state. Can one ...
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0answers
45 views

Fresnel equations of S and T waves and Isofrequecy Curves: Feeling confused

First of all sorry for my (probably) bad english. I've been studying propagation of light in anisotropic media from the Born and Wolf and from Landau "electrodynamics in continuous media" and I'm ...
2
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2answers
54 views

How can you add an exactly one-atom-height layer upon your material?

So for example let's say I have a 2cm x 2cm x 2cm cube of gold powder. Now I want to add just another layer of 2cm x 2cm x 1 atom upon it. It's been a long time since I last read some physics but I ...
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4answers
361 views

Can a single molecule have a state?

I was studying a book about thermodynamics of nanosystems and I got stuck with this question in my mind which I couldn't find an answer for. For instance, does a single water molecule have a state, ...
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0answers
80 views

Ratings for my solar car using brushless dc motor

I need help to decide the ratings of motors,solar panels,battery ratings for my solar car.. I want my solar pannels to charge the battery while the car is running at speed nearly 70-80 km-ph. since I ...
1
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0answers
38 views

How come plasmon resonances of metals are capable of being tuned to different wavelengths?

I read in this article that plasmon resonances though being a pre-determined property of a metal are capable of being tuned to other wavelengths when these same metals are made into tiny ...
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2answers
131 views

Software for analysing SEM or TEM images

I am looking for a software to analyse SEM and TEM images of some PLD experiments because I want to characterize the samples, like calculate the concentration of nanoparticles, size, and do some ...
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2answers
163 views

Can there be a string so thin as to be invisible, but that can still support a visible weight?

A spider web thread is very thin, yet it can support a spider. Given that the human eye visual acuity is finite, are there materials, natural or man-made, sufficiently thin that a string made from ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Au, Ag nanoparticles plasmon peak position?

Is the interaction between metallic nanoparticles (~ 20 nm) and light in the UV-Vis-NIR range governed by Mie theory or by Rayleigh scattering theory? Where are the Au and Ag plasmonic peaks located? ...
1
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1answer
534 views

How to calculate the differential scattering cross section?

I am doing some simulations with the Meep code to study some properties of a metal nanoparticle. The situation is this: an incident electromagnetic wave on a metal nanoparticle. By now I know how to ...
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3answers
267 views

Is duplication of nucleus, electron and proton (sub-atomic particles) possible? [closed]

usually a single cell develops into a huge mass to form a substance or an organism. is this happening because of multiplication of sub-atomic particles? if yes, then is it possible to multiply the ...
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0answers
135 views

Radius dependence of Energy levels of spherical Quantum dots

I have frequently read in articles that the energy level of spherical quantum dots depends on radius. We simply match the wave functions inside and outside the particle and find the intersection of ...
1
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2answers
363 views

Why are carbon nanotubes are so difficult to create?

I have heard that the future of the techonolgy are the carbon nanotubes due to their resistance and conductivity, but why are they so difficult to create?
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1answer
224 views

Is phosphorene a topological insulator?

All of the other "-ene" materials (silicene, germanene, stanene, and even graphene) are topological insulators. Phosphorene and these other materials all have honeycomb lattices and would appear to ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Nanooptics microscopy limit

The limit of microscopes is 200nm, but apparently STED improves this according to this coverage of the Kavil prizes 2014 : http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=56255 What is the current limit ...
2
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2answers
61 views

What is light localisation?

Reading about plasmonic nanoparticles I faced the term "localised light". How can one localise light? What are applications of it?
2
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1answer
132 views

Electric field inside a metal nanoparticle?

In localized surface plasmon resonance, the conduction electrons of a metal nanoparticle oscillate in tune with the frequency of the incident electromagnetic wave . The effect is dominated by ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Having nano-scale holes in metal, possible today?

I am considering to design a gas filtering system that is based on the size of gas molecules. Basic idea is to flow mixed gas in a long pipe, and to allow CO2 to get of pipe through nano-size holes ...
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1answer
103 views

What is Nanotechnology, basically? [closed]

Can someone elaborate Nanotechnology? Google has made me confused.
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0answers
33 views

Can unexposed PMMA be reused (successfully exposed) after development?

Can unexposed PMMA be reused (successfully exposed) after development? To clarify, PMMA is exposed using an electron beam in an SEM, and then the exposed areas are removed using a developer solution, ...
4
votes
3answers
176 views

Why can we quantize macro(meso)scopic harmonic oscillator?

It is well known that we have got many kinds of quantized macro(meso)scopic harmonic oscillators or so in tiny mechanical systems. People are talking about cavity cooling and so on. However, it is ...
1
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2answers
219 views

Estimating the number of atom/nuclei in a single quantum dot

I often read in introductions about quantum dots that depending on the fabrication method, a single dot contains about 100 - 100000 atoms. Assuming a self-assembled dot of lens or pyramid (cone) ...