A smaller body orbiting a larger, primary body, where the primary body is not a star.

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22 views

How does the Giant Impact Hypothesis resolve impulse for orbital insertion?

The Giant Impact Hypothesis describes that Earth's moon was formed from collision between a proto-Earth and another Mars-sized object. This collision ejected mass from the Earth into orbit, whereupon ...
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1answer
36 views

From where do tides get their energy [duplicate]

We all know that tides are caused by the Moon's gravity. In this process the water in the ocean gains energy (in the form of tides, which can be harnessed to get tidal energy). Where does the ...
17
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6answers
5k views

Why can we see the moon when it is between the Earth and the Sun? [duplicate]

A rather stupid question, why can we see the moon when it is between the Earth and the Sun?
-4
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1answer
28 views

What changes in the moon light (spectrum, intensity, etc…) after the spring equinox? [closed]

There must be a correlation between the earth moon system and the sun during spring, just after the spring equinox.
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0answers
39 views

What is the difference between the light coming from Moon and the Sun? [duplicate]

The moon surface is reflective so, we should have the same light spectrum. And yet there is a difference in the quality of these two lights.
5
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2answers
63 views

How much mass must Earth lose to lose its Moon?

Maybe I am wrong about the basic concept here, but for my curiosity: how much mass would need to leave the Earth (like satellites and rockets) to create an imbalance between the Earth and Moon so that ...
52
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4answers
5k views

Why does the sun have to be nearly fully covered to notice any darkening in an eclipse?

I was looking at eclipse footage and I noticed that it doesn't get any noticeably darker until the very end when it suddenly all the light is gone. As the moon blocks out the Sun, I would expect that ...
2
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1answer
49 views

Tidal effect on planet with two moons

If an Earthlike planet had two moons, one relatively smaller and closer while the other was bigger and farther away, and one had a prograde orbit while the other had a retrograde orbit, in what ways ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Where does gravity get it's energy to cause tides? [duplicate]

The moon's orbital radius is fixed as a function of its velocity (I know it is actually drifting..). Since there is nothing in space to resist this velocity, it will continue orbiting "forever". Now ...
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0answers
32 views

Heliocentric Cartesian position of moons

I have a working Kepler orbit system that is GPU accelerated to allow precision, speed and parallelism and more importantly allow as many factors as possible in calculation. For various reasons I ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Gravity Sun Earth Moon [duplicate]

The gravitational pull the Sun has on the Moon is roughly two times greater than the pull the Earth has on the Moon. If this is the case, why does the Sun's gravity not pull the Moon away from the ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Can we calculate the point on Earth nearest to the Moon?

We have the ability to calculate the Moon's orbit in order to predict Lunar and Solar eclipses precisely. Using our known calculations of the Moon's orbits, can we calculate the closest point (city ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Which force transfers angular momentum in tidal locking?

The moon is in tidal lock with the earth, but a long time ago it was not. As the moon became tidally locked with the earth, its angular momentum changed and the delta went into it's orbit and possibly ...
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0answers
44 views

How to find out diameter of some crater on moon using meteorite size and velocity?

I am looking for a formula to find out the diameter of a crater using meteorite size and velocity.
51
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4answers
4k views

Why does moonlight have a lower color temperature?

Moonlight has a color temperature of 4100K, while sunlight has a higher color temperature of more than 5000K. But objects illuminated by moonlight don't look yellower to the eye. They look bluer. ...
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1answer
48 views

Will the Earth ever show synchronous rotation? Why and when?

In this answer to the question "why does the moon have the same rotation and revolution periods?", we read: The mass and speed of rotation of the Earth influence the moon in that some of its ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Why is the moon white? [duplicate]

Why is the Moon white? What is it's geological composition and how does that relate to it's apparent "color"?
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2answers
86 views

Is Moon too hot?

I find it puzzling that Moon's maximum "daily" equatorial temperature is almost 400K. Earth's theoretical black body temperature would be 279K at 1AU, and Moon is the same distance from Sun, yet its ...
5
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1answer
83 views

Strength of moonlight

So I read this xkcd, and thought it was kind of cool. However, I showed it to my engineer father and physics undergrad brother and neither seem to find the explanation very convincing (though they ...
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1answer
17 views

By which factors are tides and waves affected?

To my understanding, the tides and waves on Earth's oceans are caused by various factors such as the moon's gravity, the water cycle (rains, storms, evaporation), Earth's rotation, etc. Although the ...
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2answers
75 views

Why are Lunar Eclipse more common than Solar Eclipse?

Why are Lunar Eclipse more common than Solar Eclipse? Chapter from Light My thoughts; Eclipse can only occur at new moon and moon orbit is inclined at an angle of about 5 degrees to the earth's ...
3
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2answers
147 views

How does the Moon influence atmospheric pressure?

I have just read in the Telegraph an article entitled Moon overhead makes rainfall lighter, scientists conclude. In that article there is the following statement: When the moon is overhead, its ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Optimal time for satellite rocket launch considering moon gravity [closed]

As per this The Gravitational Force of the Earth and Moon on Each Other Moon is pulling us with a force equal to 1/300,000th of our weight. I have read this Is the fuel burn for a satellite launch ...
1
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1answer
114 views

How much force would it take for you stop the Moon from crashing into the earth once it has started to fall?

In my previous question, I asked how much force it would take to destabilize the Moon's orbit enough for the moon to start falling into the Earth and collide. Assume this has already happened. Now, ...
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1answer
89 views

How much force would be required to destabilize The Moons orbit enough for it to crash into the Earth?

It is known that the moon slowly drifts away from the Earth. How much force would be required to destabilize it in the opposite direction enough for it to accelerate and crash into the Earth? What ...
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0answers
14 views

Tidal Bulge on Earth due to Line of Action [duplicate]

I am in an intro to Statics course, and we briefly went over why tidal bulges occurred due to vectors in the line of action between the earth and the moon. I am confused because I do not understand ...
2
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0answers
52 views

How deep would a moonbase have to be dug for radiation protection?

The atmosphere of the earth protects us from cosmic rays and other kinds of space radiation. On the moon there is little to no atmosphere so anyone on the surface of the moon is directly exposed to ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Reconciling geosynchronous orbits and why the moon is moving away

First time on PSE, and forgive me if the question doesn't make sense. Everything I've read, and the explanations make perfect intuitive sense, for why the moon is moving away from the earth is ...
4
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3answers
2k views

How can we see the moon while it's between the Earth and the Sun? [duplicate]

I know this sounds like (and probably is) a stupid question, but I can't figure it out. As far as I know, the crescent shape of the moon is when the moon is on the sunny side of the Earth, but that ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Could self-powered human flight be possible in a pressurized dome on the moon? [closed]

Given on the moon (or other place with 1/6th the gravity of the earth, though let's use the moon to keep this anchored in a real scenario) a "flying room" within which to fly, such as a large enough ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Weight difference on full moon and no moon day [duplicate]

Since Moon has an impact of gravity, would same piece of mass be heavier on a no moon day (since moon is at opposite side, thus pulling downwards) and lighter on full moon day (since the moon is at ...
2
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0answers
21 views

The moon affects the motion of the oceans, but can the motion of the oceans affect the moon? [duplicate]

Obviously the earth's oceans have mass and therefore they have an attractive force upon the moon. However, let's say that we were to cover most of earth with tidal power generators that extract some ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Based on measurements of a moon's orbit with respect to the planet, what can one calculate?

Question: "We observe a very small moon orbiting a planet and measure the moon's min. and max. distances from the planet's center, and the moon's maximum orbital speed. Which of the following CANNOT ...
1
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1answer
100 views

What is the outward force on the Moon that makes it go in orbit rather that falling straight to the Earth? [duplicate]

So, we know that the gravity is responsible for pulling the Moon towards the Earth. But because it moves in an orbit, it makes me think that there must be a force that is causing the moon to travel in ...
3
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1answer
129 views

What will be destroyed? The Moon or the Death Star?

The situation: Suppose Death Star passes by the Earth towards the Moon (near speed of light) and fires its laser (starting from the center of Death Star) against the Moon. If the laser gets to the ...
-2
votes
1answer
134 views

Why the moon doesn't fall down to earth? [duplicate]

Why the moon doesn’t fall down to the earth? We know that the moon travels in speed perpendicular to the gravity of the earth so that it doesn’t fall down to earth. But what if we supposed that the ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Why does Moon always poses the same face towards Earth?

If both Earth and Moon are rotating as well as revolving around some focus, shouldn't they have drifted out of phase with each other long ago? So, why do we always see the same side always?
4
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2answers
884 views

Why Does The Moon Apear White/Grayish and The Sun Yellow? [duplicate]

The Sun, as we all know, is white. Because our atmosphere scatters light the sun appears yellow to us hear on earth. So, why isn't the moon also yellow. Doesn't our atmosphere scatter its light. How ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Will climate change cause the Moon to move away from the Earth at a faster rate?

The Moon is moving away from the Earth at a rate of 38.08 ± 0.04 mm/year. This is caused by the tidal bulges being pushed ahead of the Moon as the Earth rotates and the landmasses interact with the ...
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0answers
54 views

Do I weigh less during high tide? [duplicate]

Given weight = mass * gravity do I weight less during high tide and more when tide recedes? My guess is weight = mass * gravity * gravitational pull of moon factor
1
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1answer
375 views

Why doesn't the moon crash into the Earth?

I was searching about 'why do not moon crash to earth due to its gravity?'Then by reading physics stake exchange existing questions I came to know that its the sideways motion of the moon that keeps ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Why is space black? [duplicate]

We on earth see the space black only at night. But on moon it observed that the space is black in both day and night even though the source is same for both ( the sun).Why? And also there are many ...
1
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2answers
79 views

Gravity underground on the moon?

They say that gravity Decreases as we dig into the earth. But I also read that gravity increases for the first approx. 2000km of distance underground. Using this rational, could we dig about 200 to ...
18
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5answers
3k views

Why is the surface of the Moon white?

Why is the surface of the Moon white? Rather, what makes the surface white?
12
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2answers
384 views

Will Neil Armstrong's moon boot marks really last for thousands of years?

This question concerns the residual heat (if any) contained within the Earth's moon. At the time of the Apollo moon landings, it was widely reported that the boot marks left by the astronauts would ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Gravity between Moon and Earth [duplicate]

It's known that the greater the mass the stronger its gravitational force. Hence, Sun's gravity is definitely stronger than Earth's. So the question arises that why does the Moon orbit around the ...
0
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2answers
147 views

Is it possible to apply Newton's equation of gravitation to attractive force between the moon and the ocean? [closed]

Someone was asking me how much force is acting on the waves when the moon is closest to the earth. Of course the first thing I tried to do is apply Newton's equation for universal gravitation $$F = G ...
0
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1answer
142 views

Is sunlight like a spotlight? [closed]

It is believed that if earth would have no atmosphere then the sunlight would fall on earth like a spot light. According to this fact the sunlight on moon must fall like a spot light. Does it? Then ...
0
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1answer
90 views

How bright would the Earth be at night without the moon?

How bright would the Earth be at night without the moon? Specifically, how much light would reach the surface of the Earth at sea level?
0
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1answer
43 views

Inconsistencies between reported temperatures for objects on the surface of the moon

I'm involved in a bit of a debate over the temperatures of different objects on the surface of the moon during the moon landings. I've seen it said that the cameras only had to survive around between -...