In this paper, Localization of an atom by homodyne measurement. A. M. Herkommer et al. Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 8 no. 1, p. 189 (1996) (paywalled). the authors are able to localize atoms using ...
If you strip the valence electrons apart with a very short intense electromagnetic field the remaining core explodes in a so called coulomb explosion. But experiments have shown that under certain ...