DO NOT USE THIS TAG just because the involved physics is based on a model. All physics descriptions are inherently model-based. This tag is reserved specifically for addressing model development, validity, simplification, or other meta-model questions.

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68
votes
11answers
8k views

Why must a physical theory be mathematically self-consistent?

I always read in modern physics textbooks and articles about the need for physical theories to be mathematically self-consistent, which implies that the theories must not produce contradictions or ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How the data or models given in physics or mathematics problems can be obtained in real life? [closed]

When ever there is physics or mathematics problem. we are already given a mathematical model. Can't we make own models from given diagrams or data collected from the problem? sometimes angle is given ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

Ionospheric electron density measurements

I've been working on measuring total electron column density (TEC) with multi frequency GPS data. In theory, signal delay caused by TEC differences should affect the code and carrier nearly evenly in ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Simple mobile - From data points to model?

Here is some background : I'm taking part in a programming challenge in which you control a racing pod that has to go from checkpoints to checkpoints to win a race. You are allowed to specify the ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Equations involved in freezer burn

Assuming a sphere with a given percentage of moist uniformly distributed through the sphere. It's surrounded by air with no humidity. How could I model the sublimation of the sphere's moist into the ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Modeling stilts with equations

I'm trying to make a set of stilts 20 ft in the air that someone could wear to run/jog with, but I was advised that I should first start by modeling the system (user + environment + stilts) in the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Goodness of fit for two different properties of the same model?

This is a question about statistics and optimisation. I have a model which produces two different distributions of the same dimension. Let's say they are the mean velocity distribution $\langle v(r) \...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Modeling: State variables and algebraic variables

I am new to modeling of differential-algebraic systems. I dont understand the coherence between: state-variables, differential variables and algebraic variables. Standard form of the system: $F(x'(t),...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

Appropriate fit function for $\phi$ meson mass from $K^{+}K^{-}$ pair

I am attempting to measure the mass of the $\phi$ meson using the decay mode $\phi \to K^{+}K^{-}$. I have isolated the $\phi$ meson candidates using this decay mode, and have constructed the graph ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Light curve analysis: how to estimate temperatures of Binary star system

I'm stuck at a binary star system lightcurve analysis. I have to set initial values for the bodies temperatures and then improve their accuracy by fitting. I know that the system type is WUMa. How ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why is Bohr's explanation called Bohr's model and not Bohr's theory?

I have seen an answer which tells the difference between model (specific) and a theory (general). And it makes sense 'coz Bohr explained it for the hydrogen atom only. But did he not make a set of ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Can Quantum Field Theory be right even though it doesn't include gravity? [closed]

Quantum Field Theory doesn't include gravity, so does that mean it can't be right?
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Why is that a question can be answered with several theories? [closed]

This may be silly and I am sorry for that but it is confusing me. My teacher was teaching us about path of electrons around a nucleus. He told us that many theories have been proposed about path of an ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Understanding the basic concepts of quantum mechanics using a model [duplicate]

I'm not an expert and I don't know if already exists something like the following model, but I wrote a simple (mental) model to understand the basic concepts of quantum mechanics. I want to know if ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

How to model a water plant valve

I'm looking for a mathematical model of resistance in valve. Some relation between drop of pressure $\Delta p$ and volumetric flow rate $Q$. I got this tip from some colleague to use formula for ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Quantification of uncertainty, or information loss, when modeling a physical system?

Say I have a physical circuit (say a battery, wires and an incandescent lamp) that I want to model. To model it I could perhaps use: traditional circuit theory some kind of finite element analysis ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

What is the difference between toy models and normal models? [closed]

Here is the short description of scientific model: an imperfect or idealized representation of a physical system And the definition of toy model: a simplified set of objects and equations ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

The counterfactual possibility to explain discrete energies in Thomsons plumpudding model

In the german edition of "Tipler: Physics for scientists and engineers" there i a small text about the plum pudding model of the atom. i give a direct translation: "Thomsons plumpudding model of a ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Coupling of LC circuits

I am reading an old article in a physics journal in which the author explains that the frequency between two identical, but capacitively coupled oscillators becomes $\omega_\pm=\omega_0\sqrt{1\pm\...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Systems with elements having size which tends to zero

[Question] If I have an element whose size(as in physical dimensions) tend to 0 but is NOT 0 (very very very small). If I create a system from these elements based on (say) the fractal concept (...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Mooney-Rivlin coefficients sign

I'm doing a fitting of uniaxial compression data of a isotropic polymer using the Mooney-Rivlin model: $\sigma=\left( 2C_1 + \frac{2C_2}{\lambda} \right )\left( \lambda ^2- \frac{1}{\lambda } \right)$...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Is it possible for an object to have mass but zero volume?

Can there exist a particle/object in the universe having mass but no volume? Is it possible that mass can exist without volume and density? We think we know that matter is anything having mass and ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

M-theory and Mathematics [closed]

If the framework of M-theory is the right path for a unification of gravity with quantum mechanics, is it obligatory to believe that, at a certain level, reality is not just easily describable by ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Good broad review of agent-based modeling?

Trying to find some good review of agent-based models and networks, covering opinion dynamics, correlated behavior, phase transition analogies, etc. Are there any articles or books that cover major ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

On deriving a fluid flow pressure drop model using either physical theory or empirical methods

I'm trying to derive a model from physical principles of fluid flow, a simple quadratic model that tends to well fit actual pressure-flow data. For (real) subsonic air flow (ideally adiabatic) ...
1
vote
2answers
270 views

Is there a simple equivalent to Ohm's law for gas (pressure=R*throughput)?

Question I have the feeling gas cannot have an equivalent of Ohm's law, tying pressure and throughput via some kind of fluid resistance constant depending on the geometry of the obstacle considered. ...
26
votes
3answers
4k views

Why can't the Navier Stokes equations be derived from first principle physics?

At the 109th UCLA Faculty Research lecture, Seth Putterman gave a talk on Sonoluminescence. During the lecture he emphasized that "The Navier Stokes equations cannot be derived from first principles [...
8
votes
2answers
11k views

What is the difference between a “model” and a “theory”?

In my past questions I have used the terms "model" and "theory" interchangeably. So we have statements along the lines of The Standard Model is our best theory of particle physics but I have also ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Does model theory in mathematics have any usefulness in the modeling of physical systems?

The term Model Theory in mathematics seems to have a somewhat precise definition here. Reading through that reference you'll largely see discussions strictly relating to mathematical concepts, but one ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Accuracy of differential equations [closed]

We use differential equations to model the world around us. For example, the logistic differential equation $$\frac{dx}{dt} = rP\left(1-\frac PK\right)$$ is used to model population. However, it ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Deriving effective model without integrating out degrees of freedom in path integral formalism?

In path integral formalism of quantum field theory (particle physics or condensed matter), one can in principle integrate out part of the degrees of freedom so as to attain an effective model ...
0
votes
3answers
146 views

Is it acceptable to base a physical theory on a philosophical idea?

Are theories that are based on the philosophy acceptable in Physics? If the theory is based on the philosophy that obtained from laboratory experiments, can it be accepted?
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Is metric tensor invariant under rotation?

It is said that metric tensor depend on the local coordinate system and therefore are not intrinsic to the surface of an 3d-object? How is it possible, kindly provide any proof or discussion. Also is ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

What experiments don't confirm Poincare group-based representation of particle behavior

What experiments don't confirm Poincare group-based representation of particle behavior? Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Particle_physics_and_representation_theory http://en.wikipedia.org/...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Building blocks of particles in different theories

If I understand it correctly, in most theories in physics we exploit the notion of point, i.e. we have e.g. point-like particles. In string theory, we don't have points, but a notion of string. What ...
3
votes
2answers
289 views

Mathematical approximation to physics

Why is it often said that any mathematical theory is just an approximate theory of the universe? Wouldn't there be accurate mathematical structures repressing the physical entities of the universe ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Deviation from 2D trajectory [closed]

I need to find out how far a ball is from the predicted trajectory in 2 dimensional space and I know the start and end position of the ball in both dimensions. Along with that I know the initial ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Model to convert radiation data from one tilted surface to a different one?

I have measuring data of global radiation on a tilted surface (a solar collector surface). Now I need to do 2 things: split the tilted global radiation into its diffuse and beam parts calculate ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Why do we consider the electric field of an infinite plane? [closed]

I never understood why one would calculate the electric field surrounding an infinite plane, if such thing does not exist. Is there physical motivation for using this model? Are the results applicable ...
0
votes
2answers
275 views

Mathematical description of electron configuration

Does there exist a mathematical model for determining the electron configuration of an atom? I mean the theory which would generalize the notion behind the informal elements of the Aufbau principle.
2
votes
0answers
178 views

Balloon tethering cable tension model (catenary tether)

If a moving balloon (let's say it's a blimp system with some rotors for movement) is connected to the ground by a cable that describes a catenary curve, how can we model the tension being applied on ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

How does a plasma globe work?

I am trying to simulate a plasma globe using computer. But I do not know how to model the motion of its filaments. My first guess is to construct a potential field. And the filaments are the paths ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

physics of wet hair

I'm curious about the physics behind the clumping of wet hair. More specifically, how the amount of water in hair and distance between hairs affect the clumping process. I know intuitively that when ...
1
vote
4answers
719 views

How long does it take for an electric car to go from 0 to 60 mph?

I found the freefall motion equation which describes terminal velocity of a falling body, but I can't find a similar equation for a vehicle subject to constant traction force, so I tried determining ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Should theory be the appropriate term? [duplicate]

Should theory be the appropriate term? I mean, for example, because of the quantum field theory we have been able to find the subatomic particles that it theorized and make the Standard Model. Why ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

model for flexible stick

I'm trying to model a flexible stick with a partial differential equation. I want one of the ends to be fixed and the other end to swing. Do you guys know of any good models I can use? Any ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Identifying an optics equation in a code refactoring project

I apologise if this a somewhat naive post. My knowledge of optics is limited, and I am learning on the job, so to speak. I'm a computational biologist, dabbling in a bit of physics. I'm currently ...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

Sampling a distribution (from a galaxy model)

I am reading the following article: http://www.kof.zcu.cz/st/dis/schwarzmeier/galaxy_models.html and am currently at section 5.6 (positions of bodies in a galaxy). I am trying to redo the simulations ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Why would an electron in an orbit be accelerating continuously and would thus radiate away its energy and fall into the nucleus in a classical model? [duplicate]

I was reading this answer by madame anna v: You are right, the planetary model of the atom does not make sense when one considers the electromagnetic forces involved. The electron in an orbit is ...