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17
votes
2answers
3k views

How do microwaves heat moisture-free items?

Today I learnt that microwaves heat food by blasting electromagnetic waves through the water molecules found in the food. Does that mean food with 0% moisture (if such a thing exists - dried spices?) ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it possible to shield a camera so as to record from the inside of a running microwave oven?

Would it be possible to create shielding for a camera, allowing it record food being cooked from the vantage point of the inside of a consumer microwave oven without the camera being damaged? ...
9
votes
4answers
455 views

Can we detect whether food has previously been heated in a microwave oven?

An acquaintance told me that she refuses to eat microwaved food because she read that the microwave changes the molecules of the food somehow. Her statement is vague and her sources are dubious but I ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Can microwaves affect WiFi?

I listen to the radio via my iPad with wifi. When I switch the microwave oven on, the radio cuts out. When the microwave oven is finished, the radio comes back on. (This is 100% reproducible!) So - ...
8
votes
2answers
286 views

Is it really possible to “discover” the speed of light with a microwave oven?

I've seen a number of sites/videos online that describe a method for measuring the speed of light, using a microwave oven and a chocolate bar. For example, this video on youtube. The basic idea is to ...
7
votes
1answer
702 views

Why when I put a teabag into microwaved water does the water fizz? [duplicate]

When I am in a rush, I will heat up water in a cup in the microwave for tea. I usually put the cup on high for 2 mins. When I put the teabag in, the water starts to fizz almost like it is ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How could we see microwave radiation with our eyes?

A few years ago I read a short little article about how big our eyes would have to be to observe microwaves (or any long-wave radiation for that matter). I don't remember enough about the article, or ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Do Microwave oven cook times grow linearly with Wattage? Calculating optimal cook time

So this is a completely random and trivial question that was prompted by looking at my microwave oven and the back of a TV dinner and my google searching failed to produce a meaningful answer so ...
6
votes
3answers
9k views

Why do metal objects in microwaves spark?

I heard that electrons accumulate at points on metals, and this clearly explains the arcing phenomenon, but how does a microwave make an electron imbalance on the fork?
6
votes
3answers
606 views

Why doesn't visible light generate sparks in aluminum foil when microwaves do?

When aluminum foil is placed in a microwave, I see sparks generated by what I assume is dielectric breakdown. However, if I put aluminum foil in visible light (assuming the same intensity), there are ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

How does the grid on the microwave oven window prevent microwave radiation from coming out?

If I look through the microwave window I can see through, which means visible radiation can get out. We know also that there is a mesh on the microwave window which prevents microwave from coming out. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do we use microwaves in microwave oven?

We know that any object above absolute zero emits electromagnetic radiation. So hotter the object shorter the wavelengths. In the electromagnetic radiation spectrum radio waves has the longest then ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Does a domestic microwave work by emitting an electromagnetic wave at the same frequency as a OH bond in water?

I was told once that microwaves work by exciting water molecules in food. Also that this worked because the frequency in the microwave was the same as that in the bond between Oxygen and Hydrogen in ...
5
votes
1answer
636 views

Does the cavity magnetron in a microwave oven produce x-rays?

It seems like it should due to bremsstrahlung, since we're talking about electrons with 5-7KeV of energy slamming into the walls of the device, but I've found no information about this online, so I'm ...
5
votes
2answers
300 views

Impossible microwave interference?

I was doing a microwave experiment with the following set up: there is a Gunn diode which emmits microwave radiation and a receiver (both work with polarised light). The strange thing is that when ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

How can laser communication be faster than microwave?

My textbook states that "Laser communication is much faster than microwave communication." But, how can that be? Both are electromagnetic waves with different frequencies but, how can the speed be ...
4
votes
2answers
305 views

How can we detect cosmic background radiation?

From what I understand, CMB is the left over radiation from the Big Bang. As all matter, including the Earth, was made during the Big Bang and then as the universe expanded that matter/energy got ...
4
votes
1answer
859 views

Microwave oven heating time

It's logical to think that the time it takes a microwave to heat the food would be proportional to the mass heated. But since a microwave is based on dielectric heating, I think that if you increase ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

Why do some food items leak water on heating in microwave?

As seen in photo (delicious gulab jamun) after heating a certain food item that contains water, simply leaks it out. The sugary syrup seen in photo was not present with the sweets before heating but ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What properties make a good barrier for microwave (oven) radiation?

Suppose I have plenty of food I want to heat (which will provide load) in the microwave, and one item I don't want to heat. What properties would make a material a a good shield, to reduce or prevent ...
3
votes
1answer
833 views

Does a microwave resonantly excite the rotational levels when cooking?

Wikipedia states there is no resonance absorption, but says at the same time that the molecules are oscillating like dipoles, which is kind of the same if you are exciting the rotational levels ? The ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Why do rings form on microwaved CD/DVDs?

Here's a microwaved CD. As you can see, the disc has been destroyed, but there are very clear circular rings bridged with lines. Why are rings formed when microwaving discs?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Will a microwave heat sand?

I want to cook Turkish coffee on heated sand at school. I have difficulty accessing some easier method of heating, so I was going to try to heat sand in a microwave. It was then pointed out to me that ...
2
votes
1answer
451 views

If a microwave oven disk rotates to warm up food, why doesn't it go up/down/sideways?

This has been in my mind for a while... Well, actually everytime I heat any food with a greater amount of liquid in it: a microwave oven warms up food by inducing polar molecules in the food to ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

What would a graph of temperature increase of a cup of water in a microwave look like?

My lunch had been in the microwave for a minute or so, and I was wondering if I took it out 10 seconds early, would the amount of temperature it increased in that 10 seconds be more significant, less ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

Heating effects of microwaves

I understand the heating effect(dielectric heating) of microwaves. This heating is caused by using a frequency of 2.45 GHz and this is the same frequency at which Bluetooth works and the L and S ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Microwave oven and heating my sons milk

I heat up my sons milk in the microwave... I use the same volume all the time and always punch in 42 seconds (on high) and his milk comes out the perfect temp every time. However, sometimes he ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Why can't microwaves use molecules' dipole moments to cool?

My understanding is that microwaves use the dipole moments of water molecules to heat things. The microwaves resonate with the dipole moment, and add energy to the system. How exactly does the ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Why does aluminium foil spark in the microwave? [duplicate]

I don't understand fully why aluminium foil sparks in a microwave oven? I think what is happening is the oven sets up an electric field, and the field induces a current in the foil (how?), and ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

How come a current sheet of $J_s = J_0 \hat{x}$ produces plane wave solution?

Given in the picture. There is a current sheet $J_s = J_0 \hat{x}$. Supposedly Jo is not oscillating. So, how does this thing create a plane waves propagating away from the current sheet? Shouldn't ...
2
votes
2answers
535 views

Why do microwave ovens use radiation with such long wavelength?

According to Wikipedia: Consumer ovens usually use 2.45 gigahertz (GHz)—a wavelength of 12.2 centimetres (4.80 in). Typically, I put the dish inside the oven in its center. I suspect most ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Could we really charge metal plates using microwaves?

While skimming through Dielectric heating, I read that they use microwaves to charge the plates. How do they do that?
2
votes
0answers
23 views

In theory, Is it possible irradiate a blob of matter -for instance- with microwaves in order to that matter emit more energy than has received?

Suppose that you want coerce a block of matter to lose his energy. I mean thermal energy. This should be done by irradiation of more energy. The final thermal energy should be lower that the original ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Does humidity affect passage of microwaves?

Does the humidity level in air affect the passage of microwaves? I've heard people say water is radio opaque, so could a high humidity level lead to faster signal degradation? As an example, would ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

Effects of microwaves on optical properties of human eye [closed]

I have read a long series of paragraphs on wiki. Previously I thought that microwaves are not harmful to living beings but Wiki does not claim this explicitly. while doing an experiment in my college ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Does a source emitting visible light also emit infrared, microwave and radio waves?

I have a bulb which is hot enough to emit visible light and obviously it's hot enough to emit radiation which lies before the visible light temperature i.e. radio waves, microwaves, and infrared ...
1
vote
2answers
471 views

2.4Ghz microwaves have a 12cm wavelength. How do microwave ovens leak radiation, since any gap in the shielding is much smaller than that wavelength?

I've read (I think on wikipedia, but I can't find the reference) that microwave oven leakage is often due to faulty seals on the door. Given that any gap in the door is going to be far smaller than ...
1
vote
2answers
183 views

Is preheating plates in microwave dangerous? If so, why?

My understanding of microwaves was that due to the high frequency they are easily absorbed into any material. The more "loose" the material, the easier the absorption. I know it's dangerous to let ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Microwaves and state of matter

Does the heating efficiency of a microwave oven depend on the state of matter that it heats? If yes, how?
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Generator phase noise influence on its averaged signal

I need to estimate averaged signal of a generator with known phase noise and the amplitude noise can be neglected. The averaged signal of the generator is expressed as: $$ \langle A\exp{i(\Omega t + ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Microwave Farraday cage shielding

After a decade of using a microwave oven in my house I figured out I never cared to connect the grounding cable. So my question is regardless of electrical shock risk, does the Microwave Faraday cage ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Light / TEM wave in a hollow waveguide

I'm cramming for my EMF exam, and a question came up: Light in free space is an example for a TEM wave, isn't it? (Maybe thats already my mistake) And we learned that in a hollow waveguide only TE ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Can a microwave oven induce an accumulation of static charge in food?

I often "touch test" microwaved food to see if it is heated up enough to my preference. In doing so, I sometimes notice the characteristic tingle of a static discharge between the food and my finger ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

I need to remove water from a system [closed]

I work in an industry and I need to remove water from a system. The scenario: There is a washer and a blower on a conveyor belt. The item being washed is plastic (not sure what type) and can't be ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Why does plastic wrap grow, then shrink, then grow again when microwaved?

The other night I was reheating a bowl of leftovers in the microwave. There was a fair amount of liquid in the bowl, so I covered the bowl with plastic wrap when I put it in the microwave. When I put ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Why do (most) metals cause problems in a microwave oven? Which metals (if any) don't? [duplicate]

Most of us have seen microwave ovens with metal racks or shelves, which challenges the common notion that you can't (safely) put metal in a microwave oven. What's going on here? Is it a matter of ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

If halving signal strength is only a 3db drop, why can't cell phones be much lower powered?

My phone can receive a signal that's -90dBm. That's roughly one-billionth of a milliwatt. Cutting a signal's strength in half only drops the signal by 3dBm. Apart from slightly higher range, is there ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Shape of metal to be heated in consumer microvave oven? [closed]

I tried to use a common 900 W microwave oven melt some alloy with low melting point (138 deg C, eutectic bismut/tin). The metal did not heat up, neither did the metal container, which makes me think ...
0
votes
2answers
207 views

Does the cell phone make dipole particles in our body dance the same way Microwave oven does in food

I am a non-physics person trying to wrap my head around some EM radiation facts. Please help me with this. I have read about Dielectric Heating on Wikipedia. And watched quite a few videos on ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Distance of electromagnetic waves based on frequency

I would like to ask your opinion regarding this matter: Based on the relation of frequency and wavelengths, the higher the frequency, the shorter the wavelengths and therefore the distance of travel ...