The variables used in general relativity to describe the shape of spacetime. If your question is about metric units, use the tag "units", and/or "si-units" if it is about the SI system specifically.

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113 views

Help understand article on thin shell formalism

I've been learning the Israel formalism (see original article here, although I prefer the exposition given by E. Poisson in his book A Relativist's Toolkit) for thin shells. I think I understand the ...
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1answer
54 views

Calculate the mass of a Schwarzchild black hole with Komar integral

In Wald's GR, Komar integral is Eq. (11.2.9): $$M=-\frac{1}{8\pi}\int_S\epsilon_{abcd}\nabla^c\xi^d$$ $S$ can be chosen as a 2-sphere, the boundary of a spacelike hypersurface $\Sigma$ such that the ...
1
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1answer
89 views

Higher-Dimensional Metrics in (Hyper)-Spherical Coordinates

I want to compute the components of the Riemann curvature tensor (for a case similar to the Schwarzschild solution) in 4 + 1 dimensions, but I want to use a higher-dimensional analogue of spherical ...
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77 views

Can some components of metric be Finslerian while the others be Riemannian?

A Finsler metric reduces to a Riemann metric in case it loses its dependence on velocities. Now, my question is this: Can we have a Finsler metric in which some components of the metric have velocity ...
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145 views

Penrose diagram for spacetime which flows to $AdS_{2}$ at infinity

Consider I have the following 2 dimensional spacetime $(t,z)$: $$ds^2=\frac{4}{z^{2}}\left(1+\frac{1}{z}\right)^{-1}(-dt^{2}+dz^{2}).\tag{1}$$ When $z\rightarrow \infty$ we have ...
4
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54 views

Why is the Taub-NUT instanton singular at $\theta=\pi$?

Consider the following metric $$ds^2=V(dx+4m(1-\cos\theta)d\phi)^2+\frac{1}{V}(dr+r^2d\theta^2+r^2\sin^2\theta{}d\phi^2),$$ where $$V=1+\frac{4m}{r}.$$ That is the Taub-NUT instanton. I have been ...
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97 views

Dirac equation in curved spacetime - found second derivatives of the metric, violation of the principle of equivalence?

I am working on the Dirac equation on curved spacetime. A Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation was applied to obtain the semiclassical limit of the equation to study the dynamics of the spin of the ...
4
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425 views

How to prove that Weyl tensor is invariant under conformal transformations?

I need to verify that the solution for vanishing Weyl tensor is conformally flat metric $g_{\mu\nu} = e^{2\varphi}\eta_{\mu\nu}$. The most convenient way to show this is to prove that Weyl tensor is ...
3
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0answers
102 views

Question about derivation of tensor in Di Francesco's CFT

This is a question for anyone who is familiar with Di Francesco's book on Conformal Field theory. In particular, on P.108 when he is deriving the general form of the 2-point Schwinger function in two ...
3
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0answers
49 views

Sign convention with the $AdS$ metric

One would say that $AdS_n$ satisfies the equations for the scalar curvature (R) and Ricci tensor ($R_{\mu \nu}$), $R = - \frac{n(n-1)}{L^2}$ and $R_{ab} = - \frac{n-1}{L^2}g_{ab}$. But do the signs ...
3
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165 views

Squashed 3-sphere?

What is a squashed 3-sphere? In context of quantum gravity. I stumbled upon a term 'squashed 7 sphere' but that's concerning supersymmetry. Is it just normal 3-sphere metric, that is just 'squashed' ...
3
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125 views

About Dirac equation in curved spacetime (spherical)

I would like to ask you about the separation of variables of the Dirac equation in curved space-time. The metric is given by $$ds^{2}=-dt^{2}+dr^{2}+r^{2}d\theta^{2}+\alpha^{2}r^{2}\sin^{2}\theta ...
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0answers
51 views

Gravitational multi instantons

I was reading "GW Gibbons and SW Hawking, Gravitational multi-instantons, Physics Letters B 78 (1978), no. 4, 430–432." I had a few questions regarding the metric they define. I was wondering how ...
2
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0answers
60 views

What's the meaning when Kerr-Newman metric's mass is zero?

Kerr-Newman metric represents the spacetime of a charged and rotating black hole. If the mass parameter is zero, this metric is still not the Minkowski spacetime. What's the meaning of a charged and ...
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0answers
46 views

In KK theory, is proper time defined using the 5 dimensional or the 4 dimensional line element?

Let's consider five dimensional KK theory. This is Klein's metric $\hat{g}_{AB}= \begin{pmatrix} g_{00}+A_{0}A_{0}&g_{01}+A_{0}A_{1}&g_{02}+A_{0}A_{2}&g_{03}+A_{0}A_{3}&A_ 0\\ ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Unknown Function in the Tolman-Bondi-de Sitter Metric

I've been working with some dust solutions in General Relativity, practicing calculating the Riemann curvature tensor, and I came across an odd metric: the Tolman-Bondi-de Sitter metric. A quick ...
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0answers
53 views

Laplacian in 4 spatial dimensions; 4th dimension warped

How can I prove the form of the Laplacian in four spatial dimensions, using the identification $y = y + 2\pi R$ for the fourth dimension and assuming the others as the usual Cartesian ones? I want to ...
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0answers
45 views

Metric to describe an expanding spacetime from coordinates reflecting the perspective of a local observer

The FLRW metric describes the metric expansion of spacetime from the perspective of comoving coordinates. Given the way this metric is usually formulated, comoving distances stay constant, and the ...
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94 views

General formula to compute the redshift (first order perturbations)

Consider an expanding universe with the following metric in conformal time/co-moving coordinates: ...
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84 views

Physical interpretation of a certain Hamiltonian

Consider a $2 \times 2$ Hermitian (or symmetric) matrix-valued function $$g(x) = \{ g_{jk}(x)\}_{j,k=1,2}, \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^{2},$$ such that $0 < m_{-}I \leq g(x) \leq m_{+}I$, for some ...
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60 views

(Scalar) Ricci flatness of a metric

What is the physical meaning to vanishing Ricci scalar $R=0$ of a metric in general relativity? Note that this is not the same questions as the geometric meaning of $R_{\mu\nu}=0$ which has been asked ...
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41 views

Conditions for a diagonal induced metric?

Let $M$ be a manifold of dimension $n$ with a (say Lorentzian) metric $g$, that is diagonal in some choice of local coordinates. Let $S$ be manifold of dimension $k<n$ , embedded in $M$ by some ...
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71 views

Metric with 5D signature: +---+

From a paper that a friend sent to me (on inflation theory which I am still in learner mode) a 5D signature +---+ was specified with the 5th dimension being a velocity dimension. I didn't know that ...
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30 views

Supergravity solution, metric for the total space, and connection

In supergravity solutions, one sometimes encounters the case where the manifold may be a bundle over some base space, and one has to write down the explicit metric regarding such bundle. I would like ...
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78 views

How to test that a flat metric represents a global three-torus geometry

When introducing Robertson-Walker metrics, Carroll's suggests that we consider our spacetime to be $R \times \Sigma$, where $R$ represents the time direction and $\Sigma$ is a maximally symmetric ...
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76 views

Radial Null Geodesics in Static Maximally Symmetric DeSitter Space

Given a DeSitter-space metric from the line element: $$ ds^2=\left(1-\frac{r^2}{R^2}\right)dt^2-\left(1-\frac{r^2}{R^2}\right)^{-1}dr^2-r^2d\Omega^2 $$ Where $R=\sqrt{\frac{3}{\Lambda}}$, and ...
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66 views

Lagrangian for FRW metric

For the metric $$ds^2=-dt^2+a^2(t)(dx^2+dy^2+dz^2),$$ $$L= \sqrt{-g_{\alpha\beta}\frac{dx^\alpha}{dt}\frac{dx^\beta}{dt}}$$ How does this become $$L= \sqrt{1-a^2 (\frac{dx}{dt})^2}~? $$ I guess ...
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99 views

Are standard and isotropic forms of Schwarzschild metric truly equivalent?

My admittedly rudimentary understanding of physical meaning of conformal flatness - as pertaining to a stationary observer exterior to a spherically symmetric static gravitating mass $M$: Locally ...
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0answers
117 views

Covariant Derivative with a Torsion Free Metric

Where $\triangledown$ is the covariant derivative and we are to assume that the connection is torsion free (that is, we can exchange the lower indices of the connection coefficients), how can I prove ...
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0answers
154 views

Understanding spherically symmetric metric

In these lecture notes the static isotropic metric is treated as follows (p. 71): Take a spherically symmetric, bounded, static distribution of matter, then we will have a spherically symmetric ...
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87 views

Ricci scalar higher dimensions

I was wondering if there is a straightforward way to compute the Ricci curvature of a metric that has the form (à la Kaluza-Klein): $g_{MM}\equiv\begin{pmatrix}g_{\mu\nu}&g_{\mu ...
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76 views

The time dilation in an oscillating elevator

Suppose you are in an elevator which oscillates vertically with a frequency $\nu$. How will we find the time dilation in this oscillating reference frame ? If the lift is accelerating upward or ...
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0answers
117 views

Linearized gravity and symmetries

I have naive question. When we analyzing weak gravity field we introduce expression for metric tensor as $$ g_{\mu \nu} = \eta_{\mu \nu} + h_{\mu \nu}, \quad \eta_{\mu \nu} = diag(1, -1, -1, -1), ...
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0answers
84 views

Null vector fields given Bondi metric

I'm trying to understand how to compute the null future-directed vector fields if I have a given (Bondi) metric $g=-e^{2\nu}du^{2}-2e^{\nu+\lambda}dudr+r^{2}d\Omega$ with $d\Omega$-standard metric ...
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63 views

Singularities in Schwarzchild space-time

Can anyone explain when a co-ordinate and geometric singularity arise in Schwarzschild space-time with the element $$ ...
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0answers
51 views

How to prove the derive the expression for space part of Riemann tensor for homogeneous and isotropic space-time?

It's not a homework!! For spheric, hyperbolic and flat case $$ dl^{2} = R^{2}\left(d \psi^{2} + sin^{2}(\psi )(d \theta^{2} + sin^{2}(\theta )d \varphi^{2})\right), $$ $$ dl^{2} = R^{2}\left(d ...
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75 views

When is spacetime homogenous and isotropic?

When is spacetime homogenous and isotropic? For example, some metric $g_{\mu \nu}$ is homogeneous and isotropic. We now construct effective metric $$n_{\mu \nu} ~\rightarrow~ g_{\mu \nu} + ...
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48 views

Computing the Ricci Tensor for a Spherically Symmetric Spacetime

For a homework question, we are given the metric $$ds^2=dt^2-\frac{2m}{F}dr^2-F^2d\Omega^2\ ,$$ where F is some nasty function of $r$ and $t$. We're asked to then show that this satisfies the Field ...
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0answers
36 views

Uniqueness of the Einstein tensor

This is related with an exercise 17.4-a in MTW Here what i want to show is the Einstein tensor $G_{\alpha\beta} = R_{\alpha\beta} - \frac{1}{2} R g_{\alpha \beta}$ is the only second-rank, symmetric ...
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0answers
50 views

Extracting something from Schwarzschild metric

In Papapertrou's lecture book on General Relativity he said in p 137 that from the metric $$ ds^2= e^\nu dt^2-e^\mu dr^2 -r^2(d\theta^2 +\sin^2\theta d\phi^2)$$ one deduces that $$\sqrt{-g} ...
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0answers
49 views

Schwarzschild metric in Isotropic coordinates

As one wants to jump to Isotropic coordinates in order to write the Schwarzschild metric in terms of them, one does this coordinate transformation: $$r=r'(1+\frac{M}{2r'})^2$$ So we start with the ...
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0answers
81 views

Minkowski to Euclidean

When dealing with solutions to Einstein's equations given by a 4d metric with signature $(-,+,+,+)$, we're able to move to Euclidean space using some transformation so that our signature is now ...
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0answers
45 views

Metric convention conversions between expressions

I'm sure this has caused many people headaches. First, is there a metric $(-+++)\leftrightarrow(+---)$ convention conversion chart where many common expressions are listed? Thank you in advance for ...
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0answers
42 views

Compactification and off-diagonal terms of the metric tensor

In standard 3+1 dimensional spacetime, the metric tensor is of order 4 and had ten independent coefficients, hence there are 6 terms off the diagonal in the corresponding $4\times 4$ real symmetric ...
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82 views

Why such hypersurface orthogonal vector leading to $g_{0i}=0$ for $i=1,2,3$?

Suppose that the hypersurface orthogonal co-vector $W$ us perpendicular to the family of hypersurface defined by a function $\varphi$ with $\varphi=constant$. If we choose a coordinate in which ...
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94 views

Curvature based derivation of Schwarzchild Metric

I'm a third year maths undergrad and I'm trying to find (and follow) a curvature based derivation of the Schwarzchild metric, if there exists such a proof?
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72 views

Angular Momentum with Upper Index

I am asked to show $[L^2,L_i] = 0 $, but with the definition : $L^2 \equiv L_i L^i$ I tried this: $[L_i L^i,L_i] = L_i [L^i,L_i] + [L_i,L_i]L^i$ We know that : $[L_i,L_i]$ = 0 , so we have, $[L_i ...
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0answers
53 views

metric extension outside the light cone

Could anyone explain what "extending the solution" beyond the past light cone means? Say, for example, if I have a metric (no coordinate singularities), how can I extend it to the outside of the past ...
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0answers
166 views

The interior of a cylinder as an Einstein manifold

The interior of a curved cylinder is an Einstein manifold (the Ricci Curvature Tensor is proportional to the Metric $R_{\mu\nu}=kg_{\mu\nu}$) since it has a constant curvature. Using the metric $$ ...
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59 views

Switching from an accelerated frame of reference to a locally inertial reference system

Using the equivalence principle, show that the interval for an accelerated observer ($\textbf{g}$ uniform and constant) has the form $$ ds^2|_{\text{first order in ...