# Tagged Questions

The variables used in general relativity to describe the shape of spacetime. If your question is about metric units, use the tag "units", and/or "si-units" if it is about the SI system specifically.

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### Finding the Riemann tensor for the surface of a sphere with sympy.diffgeom

I have implemented a SymPy program that can calculate the Riemann curvature tensor for a given curve element. However, I am encountering problems solving for the case when the curve element is the ...
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### Absolute direction in space [closed]

Rotation, from my understanding, is basically the "exchanging of different spatial dimensions with eachother", with $x^2+y^2=d^2$ being the "relationship" between any two spatial dimensions, aka. if ...
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### Lowering/raising metric indexes

So, I was chatting with a friend and we noticed something that might be very, very, very stupid, but I found it at least intriguing. Consider Minkowski spacetime. The trace of a matrix $A$ can be ...
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### Minkowski metric and Null tetrad metric

I'm starting with the Newman-Penrose formalism and have a very basic question that I'm very confused about. The standard Minkoswki metric is $\eta_{ab}=\mathrm{diag}(-1,1,1,1)$. Is then the null ...
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### Tetrad formalism vs coordinate formalism example

Sources I have been reading Chapter 11 and 25 of Andrew Hamilton's amazing notes which has some material on tetrad formalism in general relativity (formulating GR in coordinate-free fashion). ...
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### Is it true that GR waves can interfere if and only if the change to the metric can take negative values?

This appears to be a unique question compared to other topics about electromagnetic waves or quantum mechanics already on Stack Exchange. The topic on resonance doesn't really answer this question. ...
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### Norm of Dilatation operator [closed]

The dilatation operator is given by $$D=x^{a}\frac{\partial}{\partial x^{a}}+z\frac{\partial}{\partial z}$$ How the norm can be $$D^{2}=\frac{L^{2}}{z^{2}}(\eta_{\mu\nu}x^{\mu}x^{\nu}+z^{2})$$ where ...
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### Schwarzschild metric in lower-dimensional spaces

I was trying to explain the consequences of the Schwarzschild metric to someone last night and obviously it's pretty difficult to conceptualize in four-dimensional spacetime. Elementary googling has ...
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I am trying to understand what gradient one-form means actually. In the book that I'm following (A first course on General Relativity by Schutz) it's told that gradient is a one-form and it's ...
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### Physically what does warping (of space-time) mean?

So there's general relativity and Einstein's field equations that tell us "mass(or equivalently energy) warps space-time, and the warping tells mass how to move", but I'm still having trouble ...
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### Most general Ansatz for cylindrically symmetric metric in GR?

How would the most general Ansatz for a cylindrically symmetric metric in GR look like? To make this question more substantial, here is an example of what I have in mind. I ask this question in the ...
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### Non-local gravitational energy tensor

The well-known derivation of the Landau-Lifshitz gravitational energy pseudotensor, relies on several requirements: 1) that it be constructed entirely from the metric tensor 2) that it be index ...
$\newcommand{\d}[1]{\mathrm{d} #1}$In one lecture (around 1:33:15) of the series of lectures "Theoretical Minimum" of Prof. Susskind he talks about black holes and the Schwarzschild metric: $$\d \tau^... 1answer 131 views ### How is the Lagrangian defined in GR? Reading about the Schwarzschild metric in general relativity I see that sometimes$$L=g_{\mu\nu}\dot{x}^{\mu}\dot{x}^{\nu}$$and sometimes$$L=\sqrt{g_{\mu\nu}\dot{x}^{\mu}\dot{x}^{\nu}}. Which is ...
For example, imagine a magnetic field $B_x$ directing in $\hat{x}$ direction filling all the space. What is its associated metric field? I can construct the electromagnetic stress-energy tensor for ...