# Tagged Questions

The result of sampling the property of a system

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### Are there any industry usage for gas thermometer? [on hold]

I've been searching on this for a while now. Are there any specific advantages and disadvantages for using gas thermometer? Are there any specific industry usage for this kind of thermometer?
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### Is there an official list of independent units of measurements?

When I say 'independent units', I mean those which cannot be broken down anymore, and simultaneously forms the basis for any more, complex measurements. For example, height, length, and width can all ...
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### What are the tools used by Newton to measure motion?

I was wondering how did Sir Newton measured motion of objects (non celestial ones). What was his toolskit at the time?
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### Can conductivity (or resistivity) value be assigned to 2D materials?

2D materials, such as graphene monolayer or graphene nanoribbon, don't really have a cross section. By definition, conductivity is $\sigma = \frac{J}{E}$, and $J$, the current density, is calculated ...
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### most efficient set of weights with whole number mass to n-power for balancing unknown mass on vertex of regular triangle

I saw this qustion: http://puzzling.stackexchange.com/questions/186/whats-the-fewest-weights-you-need-to-balance-any-weight-from-1-to-40-pounds Suppose you want to create a set of weights so ...
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### Projection operators in quantum mechanics

I'm reading a book on quantum mechanics and a topic in there was not well explained. I couldn't find an answer on the web. Say $\psi(x)$ is a position wave function of a one dimensional free particle,...
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### Measuring force of a punch

I'm trying to build a device that can mesure the force of a punch. ​ My initial plan was to build a platform with 4 springs (one at each corner) and an accelerometer in the middle. But, if the ...
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### Using a magnetometer in a sub-sea application, how to get a good magnetic bearing?

Mechanical engineer here, getting in over my head concerning magnetic sensors, electronics and the like :-) Quick situation description:For a work-application I am looking at using a MEMS based 3 ...
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### Non linear QM and wave function collapse

I heard that there have been some propositions about describing the collapse of the wave-function by adding non-linear terms, but I couldn't anything in any any textbooks or even articles (probably ...
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### How to determine the three-velocity measured by a single observer?

In this question the issue of extracting the three-velocity of a test particle in some frame arose. The answer provided by @PaulT and in this paper (arXiv) seems to me to give rise to ambiguity when ...
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### How the data or models given in physics or mathematics problems can be obtained in real life? [closed]

When ever there is physics or mathematics problem. we are already given a mathematical model. Can't we make own models from given diagrams or data collected from the problem? sometimes angle is given ...
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### How well can we localize gravitational wave sources?

A recent question cited a story about the recent gravitational wave detection saying that we can use the gravitational wave sensing to find supernova earlier in their process of collapse: [with ...
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### What are the effects of compositional changes in a thermocouple's junction?

We use thermocouples (type B) to measure the temperature of metals (Fe, Ag, Pd, etc) in a furnace under pressure. We weld two thermocouple wires together using an arc welder. This junction then comes ...
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### Error Analysis involving random errors

The question goes like this: In an experiment, the time period of an oscillating object in five successive measurements is found to be $0.52$s, $0.56$s, $0.57$s, $0.54$s, $0.59$s. The least count ...
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### Measuring very long half lives accurately

There are already some questions about long half life times for radioactive elements, explaining how to calculate the half life time. Now I am wondering: When you have some radioactive material and ...
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### Measurement on two Qubits

Assuming I have two Qubits, i.e. a four-dim. Hilbert space. In the following, I choose the basis {|11>,|10>,|01>,|00>}. I want to have a look on the non-diagonal part <11|$\rho$|00>. How can I ...