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3
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2answers
1k views

Complete vs General Integral of first order PDE

The following is an excerpt from Landau's Course on Theoretical Physics Vol.1 Mechanics: ... we should recall the fact that every first-order partial differential equation has a solution depending ...
29
votes
5answers
1k views

In quantum mechanics, given certain energy spectrum can one generate the corresponding potential?

A typical problem in quantum mechanics is to calculate the spectrum that corresponds to a given potential. Is there a one to one correspondence between the potential and its spectrum? If the ...
9
votes
4answers
507 views

Why must the field equations be differential?

In Landau–Lifshitz's Course of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 2 (‘Classical Fields Theory’), Ch. IV, § 27, there is an explanation why the field equations should be linear differential equations. It goes ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

Fourier analysis in crystallography

What is the best reference for an introduction to the use of Fourier analysis in crystallography?
3
votes
1answer
634 views

Numerical computation of the Rayleigh-Lamb curves

The Rayleigh-Lamb equations: $$\frac{\tan (pd)}{\tan (qd)}=-\left[\frac{4k^2pq}{\left(k^2-q^2\right)^2}\right]^{\pm 1}$$ (two equations, one with the +1 exponent and the other with the -1 exponent) ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

differential equation with periodic conditions

given the differential operator Eigenvalue problem $ -D^{2}y(x)=E_{n}y(x) $ with boundary periodic conditions $ y(x)=y(x+1)$ my question is if there is a similar probelm for the Dilation operator $ ...
13
votes
1answer
576 views

How come random matrices can predict energy spectra of heavy atoms?

Some of the applications of random matrices is to find the spectra of heavy atoms in nuclear physics which are usually difficult to find otherwise. How can starting from randomness of some kind, ...
12
votes
5answers
983 views

Examples where an ill-behaved function leads to surprising results?

In mathematical derivations of physical identities, it is often more or less implicitly assumed that functions are well behaved. One example are the Maxwell identities in thermodynamics which assume ...
3
votes
2answers
419 views

Pade Approximant

I have some questions about Pade approximants. Given a divergent power series $ \sum_{n >0} a(n)x^{n} $ can we use a Pade Approximant to it $ R(x)$ so we can obtain a SUM of the series for every ...
9
votes
1answer
646 views

Discrete gauge theories

I'm trying to understand a particular case of gauge theories, namely discrete spaces on which a group G can act transitively, with a gauge group H which is discrete as well. From what I've already ...
11
votes
1answer
242 views

Can Fermionic symmetries be fully integrated into geometric deformation complexes or symplectic reduction?

How should a geometer think about quotienting out by a Fermionic symmetry? Is this a formal concept? A strictly linear concept? A sheaf theoretic concept? How does symplectic reduction work with odd ...
7
votes
3answers
895 views

What is a basis for the Hilbert space of a 1-D scattering state?

Suppose I have a massive particle in non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Its wavefunction can be written in the position basis as $$\vert \Psi \rangle = \Psi_x(x,t)$$ or in the momentum basis as ...
4
votes
1answer
713 views

Physical significane and context in which Dirac introduced the Dirac Delta function

I'd like to know the exact context in which Paul Dirac introduced the Dirac delta function. What was the physical significance of the Dirac delta function when he first used it in Physics ?
5
votes
0answers
103 views

What can quantum adiabatic computation provably accomplish?

Let's say I have a quantum adiabatic computer in a black-box that works perfectly, doesn't suffer from decoherence/noise problems, etc. Are there any proven bounds for an adiabatic algorithm that ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

Question on energies obtained via WKB approximation

Suppose we are given an ODE problem $$ y''(x)+V(x)f(x)=E_{n} y(x) $$ with boundary conditions $ y(0)=y(\infty)=0$. Here $V(x)$ is a potential function. Then is it always true that (for $n ...
13
votes
2answers
428 views

The entropic cost of tying knots in polymers

Imagine I take a polymer like polyethylene, of length $L$ with some number of Kuhn lengths $N$, and I tie into into a trefoil knot. What is the difference in entropy between this knotted polymer and ...
5
votes
2answers
347 views

Proof that Statistical Mechanics is a model of Themodynamics

The laws of thermodynamics are essentially four axioms of a mathematical theory. The expectation values of a statistical ensemble are supposed to satisfy the axioms of thermodynamics (under the ...
7
votes
1answer
432 views

The role of metric in the Wave Equation

The wave equation is often written in the form $$(\partial^2_t-\Delta)u=0,$$ involving the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$. However, the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is defined only in the ...
6
votes
1answer
514 views

Boundary Conditions Invariant Under Conformal Transformations in Electrostatics?

in two dimensional electrostatics it is assumed that the whole physical system is translationally invariant in one direction. Here, the two-dimensional Laplace equation $$\Delta \phi(x,y) = ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

Did classical applications of density functional theory precede its use as an electronic structure method?

Density Functional Theory (DFT) is usually considered an electronic structure method, however a paper by Argaman and Makov highlights the applicability of the DFT formalism to classical systems, such ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the mathematical problems in introducing Spin 3/2 fermions?

Can the physics complications of introducing spin 3/2 Rarita-Schwinger matter be put in geometric (or other) terms readily accessible to a mathematician?
6
votes
1answer
465 views

Why Zeta regularization is not valid for multiple-loops?

Why zeta regularization only valid at one-loop? I mean there are zeta regularizations for multiple zeta sums. Also we could use the zeta regularization iteratively on each variable to obtain finite ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

What is sector decomposition

What is sector decomposition and how can it be used to 'disentangle' UV and IR divergences? I have read about it in the paper SecDec: A general program for sector decomposition, but I have no idea ...
2
votes
2answers
600 views

Operator relation involving the logarithm of an operator?

Dirac gives the relation: $\exp(iaq)f(q,p) = f(q, p - a\hbar)\exp(iaq)$ where $\hbar$ is Planck's constant. Can anybody give me the corresponding relation when the $\exp$ function is a $\ln$?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there books on Regularization and Renormalization in QFT at an Introductory level?

Are there books on Regularization and Renormalization, in the context of quantum field theory at an Introductory level? Could you suggest one? Added: I posted at math.SE the question Reference ...
3
votes
2answers
975 views

Why was the truncated icosahedron (i.e. soccer ball) geometry chosen for the implosive lenses in the “Fat Man” atomic bomb?

Quoting from Wolfram Mathworld: " It is the shape used in the construction of soccer balls, and it was also the configuration of the lenses used for focusing the explosive shock waves of the ...
4
votes
10answers
2k views

Addition of different physical quantities

We all know the "apples and oranges" rule which says that it's meaningless to add or subtract two different quantities like apples and oranges. But the same rule doesn't hold for the multiplication ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Gelfand-Yaglom theorem for functional determinants

What is the 'Gelfand-Yaglom' Theorem? I have heard that it is used to calculate Functional determinants by solivng an initial value problem of the form $Hy(x)-zy(x)=0$ with $y(0)=0$ and ...
8
votes
1answer
616 views

Iterated dimensional regularization

Given a 2-loop divergent integral $\int F(q,p)\,\mathrm{d}p\mathrm{d}q$, can it be solved iteratively? I mean I integrate over $p$ keeping $q$ constant Then I integrate over $q$ In both iterated ...
6
votes
2answers
400 views

Lagrangians combining terms with 1 and 2 derivatives

How are field theory Langrangians treated when some terms have 2 derivatives but others have only 1? Because the number of derivatives in a Lagrangian term is more easily even than odd, the ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What does a frame of reference mean in terms of manifolds?

Because of my mathematical background, I've been finding it hard to relate the physics-talk I've been reading, with mathematical objects. In (say special) relativity, we have a Lorentzian manifold, ...
2
votes
6answers
3k views

real world applications of Mathematics which use functions with singularities, not just as a matter of mathematical taste but for conceptual reasons

EDIT [for aptness of this question to this site, read 'real world applications' as 'applications in Physics'] The concept of function (of the form $f : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ ) has been used in ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

In a gas of particles, how is the displacement vector related to the number density?

Suppose I have a gas of particles that is initially uniformly distributed so that the number density is $n_0$ (number of particles per unit volume), and then I displace the particles by the vector ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Church–Turing Thesis

Can the Church–Turing Thesis be proved assuming classical mechanics, how is the proof or disproof? Edited: I was looking for a proof of "everything computable by a device obeying CM is computable by ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Length of a curve in D dimensional euclidean space

In a book I am reading on special relativity, the infinitesimal line element is defined as $dl^2=\delta_{ij}dx^idx^j$ (Einstein summation convention) where $\delta_{ij}$ is the euclidean metric. Next, ...
2
votes
2answers
529 views

How do you find conserved quantities for linear second order ODEs?

I have a differential equation of the form $ \frac{d^2 y}{dt^2} + f(t) \frac{dy}{dt} + g(t) y = 0 $ where $f$ and $g$ are known functions of time. Is there a systematic (or otherwise) way of ...
2
votes
2answers
293 views

a question on Lagrange's equation when the time derivative of the generalized co-ordinates is constant

Consider a system whose generalized co-ordinates are $q_i$ and is under the constraints $\dot{q_i} = K_i \forall i = 1,2,3,...$ where $K_i$ are constants. I have a problem in writing the Lagrange's ...
2
votes
1answer
429 views

significance of maxima and minima of time varying kinetic energy of a system

Consider a system of particles where the kinetic energy of the system is varying with time. I'd like to know the significance (or meaning) of the time derivative of the kinetic energy being zero at a ...
4
votes
1answer
951 views

Rayleigh-Lamb dispersion curves

In an infinite plane elastic plate of thickness $d$, it is shown that the modes of oscillation corresponding to a fixed time-frequency $\omega$ have wave-numbers given by solutions of the ...
1
vote
0answers
458 views

errata for Morse & Feshbach - Methods of Theoretical Physics [closed]

Anyone knows where I can find an errata (or any related material, such as solution sheets, etc) for this book? Thanks. Note: This is not a physics question, but this book is so popular among ...
2
votes
2answers
741 views

Helmholtz decomposition in the plane

Prove or disprove the following proposition: For any smooth plane vector field $\mathbf{H}=\left(H_x,H_y\right)$, there exist scalar potentials $\phi$, $\psi$ such that $H_x=\frac{\partial \phi ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Uniqueness of Helmholtz decomposition?

Helmholtz theorem states that given a smooth vector field $\pmb{H}$, there are a scalar field $\phi$ and a vector field $\pmb{G}$ such that $$\pmb{H}=\pmb{\nabla} \phi +\pmb{\nabla} \times \pmb{G},$$ ...
38
votes
4answers
4k views

Trace of a commutator is zero - but what about the commutator of $x$ and $p$?

Operators can be cyclically interchanged inside a trace: $${\rm Tr} (AB)~=~{\rm Tr} (BA).$$ This means the trace of a commutator of any two operators is zero: $${\rm Tr} ([A,B])~=~0.$$ But what about ...
1
vote
2answers
154 views

A question on a system of particles governed by laws of gravity and electromagnetic field

Consider a system of many point particles each having a certain mass and electric charge and certain initial velocity. This system is completely governed by the laws of gravitation and electromagnetic ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Convergence of periodic single fermion operators

First, a quick remark: I'm a mathematician, now working on some problems coming from physics (in particular Ising models on quasiperiodic chains). A few things I find rather mysterious. I would ...
0
votes
1answer
176 views

A question on smooth 1-manifolds

Consider two people living on two different smooth 1-manifolds $S$ and $T$ as shown in figure 1. The manifold $S$ is a bump function joining the points $A$ and $B$ and the manifold $T$ is formed by ...
6
votes
0answers
287 views

1-form formulation of quantized electromagnetism

In a perpetual round of reformulations, I've put quantized electromagnetism into a 1-form notation. I'm looking for references that do anything similar, both to avoid reinventing the wheel and perhaps ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Integral of the product of three spherical harmonics

Does anyone know how to derive the following identity for the integral of the product of three spherical harmonics?: $\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^\pi ...
4
votes
4answers
852 views

How to calculate the quantum expectation of frequency of a particle?

I know how to calculate the expectation of < $\Psi$|A|$\Psi$ > where the operator A is the eigenfunction of energy, momentum or position, but I'm not sure how to perform this for a pure frequency. ...
4
votes
1answer
486 views

What are Grassmann (even/odd) numbers used in superalgebras?

Are Grassmann numbers a concept of graded Lie algebras or is something specific to superalgebras? What are they (i.e: how are they defined, important properties, etc.)? Is there a reasonable ...